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Himera (480 BCE)

Unless otherwise indicated, pictures on this page © Marco Prins and Jona Lendering. Photos can be downloaded and used for non-commercial purposes, but you have to acknowledge Livius.
The battlefield of Himera, seen from the town. Photo Jona Lendering. The site of the Greek camp near Himera, to the east of the town. During the battle that took pleace in the neighborhood, the Greek tyrant Gelo of Syracuse defeated the Carthaginian general Hamilcar in 480 BCE. It seems that the Carthaginians expected reinforcements from their Greek allies, and understood too late that the troops they had allowed to enter in their camp, were in fact their enemies.
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Temple of Victory at Himera. Photo Jona Lendering. Temple of Victory at Himera, on the site of the Carthaginian camp, north of the twon. According to Herodotus, Hamilcar burnt himself alive - perhaps as the ultimate sacrifice to obtain the help of the gods. But it was in vain. The Greek victory marked the end of a Carthaginian threat to the independence of the Greek towns of Sicily. However, the Greeks were internally divided, and Carthage was to strike back at the end of the fifth century.
Water sprouts of the temple of Victory. Museo archeologico, Palermo (Italy).
Water sprouts of the temple of Victory, now in the splendid Museo Archeologico Regionale "Antonio Salinas" in Palermo. Another monument erected to commemorate the Greek victory was the Temple of Athena in Syracuse, which is still in use as cathedral.
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