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   The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition.  2000.
 

Appendix I

Indo-European Roots
 
ENTRY:orbh-
DEFINITION:To change allegiance or status. Oldest form *3erbh-, colored *3orbh-. Suffixed form *orbh-o-, “bereft of father,” also “deprived of free status.” a. orphan, from Greek orphanos, orphaned; b. robot, from Czech robota, compulsory labor, drudgery, from Old Church Slavonic rabota, servitude, from rab, slave, from Old Slavic *orb; c. Gastarbeiter, from Old High German arabeit(i), labor, from Germanic *arb-aithi- (source of suffix uncertain). (Pokorny orbho- 781.)
 
 
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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