The Babi and Baha'i Religions: An Annotated Bibliography

Anti-Baha'i Polemics

1. 'al-Baha'iyun fi Misr: Fu'ad Siraj al-Din yatastaru 'ala 'udwiyya muwazzafin kubbar fi <<'l-Baha'iyya>>' [Baha'is in Egypt: Fu'ad Siraj al-Din conceals the membership of high officials in the Baha'i movement].' al-Khalij (Sharjah) (1 April 1985a): Argues that officials in the Egyptian Ministry of the Interior between 1950 and 1951 were Baha'is, but that the then Interior Minister (and leader of the Wafd party) concealed this fact.

2. ' 'Aqa'id' [Beliefs].' al-Musawwar (Cairo) (2014 17 May 1963):

3. '<<al-Muslimun tuhakim al-Baha'iyin: 56 miliyunan saqatu fi shibak al-Baha' wa Qurrat al-'Ayn' [Al-Muslimun puts the Baha'is on trial: 56 million have become ensnared in the toils of Baha' and Qurrat al-'Ayn].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (44 7 December 1985a): 1. Preliminary to a longer piece in the same issue (item x). The figure of 56 million is a gross overestimate.

4. ''ala raghm istimrariha fi asa'a mu'amalatihim, Tihran awqafat i'dam al-Baha'iyin li-tahsin suratiha fi 'l-'alam' [In spite of continuing mistreatment of them, Tehran has halted the execution of the Baha'is in order to improve its international image].' al-Jumhuriyya (Cairo) (29 November 1985): A report from London, via Reuters.

5. ''Arrab al-Baha'iyin: yuhajam 'Abd al-Nasir... wa ya'ti 'l-Yahud haqqan fi filastin... wa yankuruhu 'ala 'l-filastiniyin!!' [The Godfather of the Baha'is: he attacks [president] 'Abd al-Nasir...gives the Jews the right to Palestine...and denies it to the Palestinians!].' al-Khalij (Sharjah) (2, 177 1 April 1985b): 13. A critique of statements made by the Egyptian Baha'i Husayn Bikar.

6. ''Ulama' al-Khalij yu'akkkiduna: al-id'a' bi-anna 'l-sa'a sa-taqumu 'am 1710 H. junun' [Scholars from the Gulf emphasize: the claim that the Day of Judgement will arrive in 1710 AH is madness].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (11 20 April 1985b): 8-9.

7. '21 Mars 'id Baha'i: manshurat fi 'l-Khalij tuhajim fikra 'id al-umm' [21 March is a Baha'i festival: pamphlets in the Gulf attack the idea of Mother's Day].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (10 13 April 1985a): 1. Text of the pamphlet printed separately (item x)

8. '300 Muslim divines declare unlawful the further continuance of the war between Iraq and Iran: text of the final statement and resolutions of the popular Islamic conference, Baghdad, April 1985.' al-Watan (Kuwait) (17 May 1985):

9. '7 'Ulama' yusharikun fi muhakamat al-Baha'iyin' [Seven scholars participate in putting the Baha'is on trial].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (45 14 December 1985a): 1. Preliminary to a longer article in the same issue (item x).

10. 'A Baha'i deserves the penalty of an apostate... one who should either be brought to repentance or killed.'.' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (23 January 1986):

11. 'A call to impose severe penalties on claimants to prophethood in Egypt: the Azhar [University] has no part in these deviant ideas.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (17 April 1986):

12. 'A complete account of the thoughts of Burayqi, the claimant to prophethood in Alexandria.' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (30 January 1986a):

13. 'A legal suit aims at the removal of Bi kar from the Egyptian Journalists' Union.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (8 March 1986a):

14. 'A Letter.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (27 April 1985):

15. 'A proposal to the People's Assembly: Death or hard labour for claimants to prophethood and those who follow them.' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (3 April 1986,):

16. 'A sign of the times: claims to prophethood.' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (30 January 1986b):

17. 'A Warning from South Africa: the dangers of Qadiyanism increase.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (1 February 1986b):

18. 'Abbasi , Halmi  al-. 'Qissat al-Baha'iyin fi Misr wa 'l-'alam' [The story of the Baha'is in Egypt and the world].' Majallat al-idha'a al-tilivi zyun (sic) (Cairo) (2487 25 March 1972): 26-27.

19. 'Abd al-'Al Muhammad-'Ali, Shaykh. 'As'ilatukum al-diniyya: "al-Baha'iyya" wa ra'y al-Islam fiha: ma hiya 'l-Baha'iyya? Wa ma hiya mabadi'uha? wa ma ra'y al-Islam fiha?' [Your religious questions: Baha'ism and Islam's view of it: What is Baha'ism, what are its principles, and what is Islam's view of it?.' al-Anba' (Kuwait) (8 March 1985): 7.

20. 'Abd al-'Al, Siham. 'The lawyer intervening in the Baha'i case says to al-Sharq al-awsat: "The propagation of the Baha'i message is an affront to the feelings of every Muslim".' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (24 February 1986):

21. 'Abd al-Ghani, Mustafa. " Review of Qara'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya by 'A'isha 'Abd al-Rahman (Bint al-Shati') [item xx].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (21 March 1986):

22. 'Abd al-Hami d, Muhsin [Dr. Muhsin Abdul-Hameed]. Haqiqat al-Babiyya wa' l-Baha'iyya [English title page as: The Reality of Babism and Bahai (sic)]. 4th ed.; 1st. ed., Beirut 1389/1969, 226 pp.; 2nd. ed., Beirut, al-Maktab al-Islami, 1395/1975, 266 pp.; 3rd. ed., Baghdad 1397/1977; also 3rd. ed., [Beirut/Damascus], al-Maktab al-Islami, 1985, 255 pp.; 5th. ed., Cairo, Dar al-Sahwa li 'l-Nashr, 1985, 198 pp.; Turkish trans. by M. Saim Yeprem & Hasan Gulec: Islama yanelen yikici hareketler (Babilik ve hailigin icyu zu) Istanbul, 1970, Ozdemir Matbaasi ed., 198, [2] pp. Baghdad: Matba'a al-Watan al-'Arabi, 1400/1980. One of the most influential and widely-quoted modern Arabic works on the subject. Instrumental in popularizing the theory of Babism and Baha'ism as tools of imperialism and world Jewry. Translated into several languages.

23. 'Abd al-Hamid, Subhi. 'Baha'ism is a false creed.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (11 April 1986):

24. 'Abd al-Qadir Shibat al-Hamd. 'Baha'iyya ihda' mataya al-isti'mar wa 'l-sahyuniyya' [Baha'ism is a donation from the tools of Zionist imperialism].' Majallat al-jami'a al-Islamiyya 4 (2 Oct. 1974): 13-26.

25. 'Abd al-Rahim, Haji Shaykh. Rajm al-Shaytan fi radd ahl al-Bayan. n.p. [Iran?]: n.d. On the surface, this appears to be a Muslim refutation of an anonymous Babi apologia entitled Kitab al-iman fi izhar Nuqtat al-Bayan. However, the latter work is quoted in full with only brief passages refuting it, all of them extremely weak, and it has been suggested that the entire volume is really the work of a Babi writer. It is discussed by Browne in Materials (section x, item xx) pp.192-3 (the title given there being incorrect).

26. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas (4)>> Jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-tamwih wa 'l-tawriyya' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism: falsification and ambiguity].' al-Ittihad (Abu Dhabi) (20 December 1985a):

27. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> (7) Jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: halqa mabtura' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism: a severed link].' 'Uman (Muscat) (10 January 1986a):

28. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> al-'ashir Ramadan' [This is a proclamation to the people: the tenth of Ramadan.].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (29 May 1985): 14.

29. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-muratib al-gha'iba' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism: the hidden degrees].' al-Ittihad (Abu Dhabi) (17 January 1986a):

30. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-tamwih wa 'l-tawriyya' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism: falsification and ambiguity].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (20 December 1985b): Citations from a short Baha'i dictionary of technical terms (al-Mawjiz -- section x, item xx) to demonstrate layers of meanings in the Baha'i writings.

31. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-taqiyya... wa 'l-nifaq' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism: dissimulation and hypocrisy.' al-Watan (Kuwait) (27 December 1985):

32. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: halqa mabtura' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism: a severed link].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (10 January 1986b): 12. A discussion of aspects of Babi and early Baha'i history.

33. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: mudhakarat al-Shaykh 'IsaM al-Nakrani' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism: the reminiscences of Shaykh 'Isa al-Nakrani].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (3 January 1986):

34. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism].' 'Uman (Muscat) (29 December 1985):

35. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: 'Abd al-Baha': ghusn a'zam [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: 'Abd al-Baha': the most great branch.' al-Watan (Kuwait) (26 May 1985a):

36. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-khalaya al-mutaba'ida' [this is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the scattered cells].' al-Ittihad (Abu Dhabi City) (24 May 1985a):

37. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-qanun mu'attal, wa 'l-dawla la tadri' [A reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the law is in abeyance, and the state does not know].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (23 May 1985a): 13. Further details of legal proceedings against Baha'is in Egypt.

38. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-saratan' [this is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the cancer].' 'Uman (Muscat) (30 May 1985): 10. Details of the legal situation of the Baha'is in Egypt arounbd 1940.

39. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-saratan' [this is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the cancer].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (31 May 1985a): 5.

40. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-shawaghil al-sawarif' [this is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: distracting preoccupations].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (3 June 1985): 12.

41. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-tufan [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the Flood.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (16 June 1985): 13.

42. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: bayt al-'ankabut' [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the spider's web].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (15 June 1985a): 10.

43. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: dars asri fi huquq al-insan' [this is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: a contemporary lesson in human rights].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (2 June 1985): 12.

44. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: fi ma'tam huquq al-insan' [this is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: at the funeral of human rights].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (1 June 1985): 10. Condemns Baha'i attempts to obtain UN support against human rights abuses directed at their community. (Also published (all 1 June 1985): al-Ray', Amman, Jordan; al-Ahram, Cairo; al-'Uman, Muscat.)

45. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: nihayat al-umma al-Muhammadiyya, w qiya al-sa'a' [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the end of the Muhammadan community and the coming of the last hour].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (7 June 1985): 15. Alleges Baha'i influence on the development of theories concerning the number 19 in the Qur'an and prophecies based on it.

46. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: shi'ar al-kufr' [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the slogan of misbelief].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (22 May 1985a):

47. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: wa ma khafiya' [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the worst lies hidden].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (31 May 1985b): Treats Baha'ism as a secret organization operating underground.

48. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: wakr al-Shaytan [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: Satan's nest].' 'Uman (Muscat) (27 May 1985): 8. Also published in al-Ra'y, Amman, 25 May; Kayhan al-'Arabi, Tehran, 5:536:18, 7 July 1985. On Zionist plotting during and after World War I. The home of 'Abbas Effendi in Haifa is depicted as a centre of intrigue.

49. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: wara'a 'l-hudud' [this is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: beyond the frontiers].' 'Uman (Muscat) (25 May 1985a): 8.

50. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: yawm al-furqan' [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the day of proof.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (5 June 1985a):

51. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). ''<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-madkhal wa 'l-dhara'i'' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the way in and the pretexts].' al-Ittihad (Abu Dhabi City) (4 June 1985,): On Baha'ism as a post-colonial means of infiltrating Islamic countries with Western ideas.

52. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). ''<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-madkhal wa 'l-dhara'i'' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the way in and the pretexts].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (4 June 1985a): 12.

53. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). '(2) Jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: qablu hazriha bi-Misr wa ba'duhu' [New documents of Baha'ism: before and after its proscription in Egypt].' al-Ittihad (Abu Dhabi) (6 December 1985a): 7. Detailed account of legislation and litigation concerning the Baha'is in Egypt.

54. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Azmat al-fikr al-dini wa 'l-Baha'iyya ' [The crisis of religious thought and Baha'ism].' 'Uman (Muscat) (21 May 1985a): Also published....

55. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Azmat al-fikr al-dini wa 'l-Baha'iyya' [The crisis of religious thought and Baha'ism].' al-Ray' (Amman, Jordan) (21 May 1985,): 14.

56. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas. Jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya' [This is a proclamation to the people. New documents of Baha'ism].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (29 November 1985): Contains the text of a letter from Justice Nabil Ahmad Sa'id, a former commissioner at the Supreme Adminnistrative Council, explaining the grounds for passing a Baha'i appeal to the Higher Constitutional Court. Also published al-Ittihad, Abu Dhabi, 29 November 1985; al-Ahram, Cairo, (29 November?).

57. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: 'alayha tis'a 'ashar' [This is a proclamation to the people: over it are nineteen].' 'Uman (Muscat) (10 June 1985): 8.

58. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: 'alayha tis'a 'ashar' [This is a proclamation to the people: over it are nineteen].' al-Ray' (Amman, Jordan) (15 June 1985b):

59. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: (2) jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: qablu hazriha bi-Misr wa ba'duhu' [This is a proclamation to the people: new documents of Baha'ism: before and after its proscription in Egypt].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (6 December 1985b):

60. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: al-'adad al-Baha'i tis'a 'ashar' [This is a proclamation to the people:the Baha'i number nineteen].' al-Ray' (Amman, Jordan) (9 June 1985):

61. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: azmat al-fikr al-dini wa 'l-Baha'iyya' [This is a proclamation to the people: the crisis of religious thought and Baha'ism].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (21 May 1985b):

62. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: fi layali al-i'tikaf' [This is a proclamation to the people: on the nights of seclusion].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (8 June 1985a): 10.

63. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: innaha la-ihda 'l-kibr' [This is a proclamation to the people: it is a monstrous matter.' al-Ray' (Amman, Jordan) (12 June 1985):

64. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: innahu kid sahir' [This is a proclamation to the people: it is the deceit of an enchanter].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (11 June 1985):

65. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: kashf al-ghita'' [This is a proclamation to the people: the veil removed].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (13 June 1985): 13. Further remarks on the number 19, with citations from Baha'i works on prophecy.

66. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: fi layali al-i'tikaf' [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: on the nights of seclusion].' al-Ray' (Amman, Jordan) (8 June 1985b):

67. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: tajawub al-asda'' [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: a harmony of echoes].' al-Ray' (Amman) (6 June 1985a):

68. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: <<al-salasil wa 'l-aghlal>>' [This is a proclamation to the people: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: chains and fetters].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (28 May 1985a):

69. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: tajawub al-asda'' [This is a proclamation to the people: a harmony of echoes].' 'Uman (Muscat) (6 June 1985b): 10. Parallels between Baha'i Qur'an interpretation and that of some modern allegorizers.

70. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: wasiyya ila ummati' [This is a proclamation to the people: a counsel to my people.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (17 June 1985):

71. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Hadha balagh li 'l-nas: yawm al-furqan' [This is a proclamation to the people: the day of proof.' 'Uman (Muscat) (5 June 1985b): 8.

72. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Jadid min watha'iq al-Baha'iyya (3): asrar... wa rumuz' [New documents of Baha'ism: secrets and symbols].' al-Watan (Kuwait) (13 December 1985):

73. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Mother's Day: Our Deep Rooted Heritage...& the Baha'i Intrusion.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (21 March 1986):

74. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'New Documents of Baha'ism: Ambiguity and Equivocation.' 'Uman (Muscat) (20 December 1985c):

75. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya' [A reading of the documents of Baha'ism] = '<<Hadha balagh li 'l-nas>> Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-qanun mu'attal, wa 'l-dawla la tadri' [A reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the law is in abeyance, and the state does not know]``.' 'Uman (Muscat) (23 May 1985b): 10. Also published.....

76. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: <<al-salasil wa 'l-aghlal>>' [A reading of the documents of Baha'ism: chains and fetters].' 'Uman (Muscat) (28 May 1985b): 8.

77. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: 'Abd al-Baha': ghusn a'zam [A reading of the documents of Baha'ism: 'Abd al-Baha': the most great branch.' 'Uman (Muscat) (26 May 1985b): 8.

78. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-khalaya al-mutaba'ida' [A reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the scattered cells].' 'Uman (Muscat) (24 May 1985b): 6.

79. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-madkhal wa 'l-dhara'i'' [A reading of the documents of Baha'ism: a reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the way in and the pretexts].' 'Uman (Muscat) (4 June 1985b): 8.

80. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: al-qanun mu'attal, wa 'l-dawla la tadri' [A reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the law is in abeyance, and the state does not know].' al-Ra'y (Amman, Jordan) (23 May 1985c): 10.

81. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: shi'ar al-kufr' [A reading of the documents of Baha'ism: the slogan of misbelief].' al-Ray' (Amman, Jordan) (22 May 1985b):

82. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya: wara'a 'l-hudud' [A reading of the documents of Baha'ism: beyond the frontiers].' al-Ray' (Amman, Jordan) (25 May 1985b):

83. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'This is a Proclamation to the People: A Reading of the Documents of Baha'ism: The Law is In Abeyance... and the State Does Not Know.' al-Watan (Kuwait) (23 May 1985d):

84. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'This is a Proclamation to the People: A Reading of the Documents of Baha'ism: The Scattered Cells.' al-Watan (Kuwait) (24 May 1985c):

85. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'This is a Proclamation to the People: New Documents of Baha'ism: Ambiguity and Equivocation.' al-Watan (Kuwait) (20 December 1985d):

86. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). 'This is a Proclamation to the People: New Documents of Baha'ism: The Hidden Degrees.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (17 January 1986b):

87. 'Abd al-Rahman, 'A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). Maqalat wa abhath 'an al-Baha'iyya. Also issued [1987], [Egypt], Matba'a al-Safadi ed., 269 leaves. 'Amman, Jordan: National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is of Jordan, 1987. Compiled by the NSA of the Baha'is of Jordan [although the contents are antipathetic].

88. 'Abd al-Rahman, A'isha (Bint al-Shati'). Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya. 356. Cairo: Markaz al-Ahram li' l-tarjama wa' l-nashr, 1406/1986.A disappointing diatribe by an eminent Arab literary critic, concentrating on hackneyed themes of a Zionist-Baha'i conspiracy against Islam. Valuable, however, for its discussion of Egyptian legal cases and legislative debates regarding the Baha'is and the issue of freedom for religious thought. {rewrite note]

89. 'Abd al-Rahman, Mayisa. 'al-Baha'iyya... da'wa Sahyuniyya... wa mu'taniquha murtadd 'an al-Islam... al-i'jaz al-Qurani li 'l-raqm (19)... iftira' wa tadlil mudabbir' (Baha'ism...Zionist propaganda...its followers apostates from Islam...the Qur'anic miracle consists in the number l9... a falsehood and the misdirection of a schemer.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (8 March 1985):

90. 'Abd al-Wahid, Dr. Mustafa. 'Forgotten Pages From the History of the Baha'i Misteaching in Egypt (4): Campaign of al-Manar and fatwas of the Doctors of Law.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (9 April 1986):

91. 'Abd al-Wahid, Dr. Mustafa. 'Forgotten Pages From the History of the Baha'i Misteaching in Egypt (5): The Experience of a Writer Whom They Tried To Bring Into Their Movement.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (14 April 1986):

92. 'Abd al-Wahid, Dr. Mustafa. 'Pages From the History of the Baha'i Misteaching in Egypt (1): The Baha'i Leader's Visit to Egypt 75 Years Ago: Its Reasons Exposed.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (24 March 1986):

93. 'Abd al-Wahid, Dr. Mustafa. 'Pages From the History of the Baha'i Misteaching in Egypt (2): The Newspaper Misr al-Fatah Unveils the Truth About the Baha'is and Their Proclamation Activity.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (26 March 1986):

94. 'Abd al-Wahid, Dr. Mustafa. 'Pages from the History of the Baha'i Misteaching in Egypt (3): What Did al-Ahram Say About the Baha'i Leader?.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (7 April 1986):

95. 'Ahad al-Muslimi n al-Khayri n', ('A pious Muslim') [Mirza Abu Talib Turab al-Huda'i  al-'Iraqi?]. Baha'iyyat din nist ['Baha'ism is not a religion']. 144. Tehran: Shirkat-i Taban, 1370. Murad, p. 133. Notes that Tehrani says author's name was Mirza Abu Turab al-Hada'i al-'Iraqi

96. 'Ahmadism and Bahaism in the Same Boat.' The Moslem World 31 (1 Jan. 1941): 94-95. Collins 11.34

97. 'Akhbar Islamiyya: al-Masuniyya ta'lan al-harb 'ala 'l-Islam' [Islamic News: Freemasonry declares war on Islam].' al-Qabas (Kuwait) (7 January 1986): Refers to Baha'ism as part of an international anti-Islamic conspiracy along with Freemasonry and Zionism.

98. 'al-'Allaqa al-ghamida bayna 'l-Baha'iyya wa nawadi al-Rutari wa 'l-Liunz: hal 'adat al-Masuniyya ila 'l-bilad al-Islamiyya min al-bab al-khalfi?' [The obscure relationship between Baha'ism and the Rotary and Lions Clubs: has Masonry returned to the Islamic lands by the back door?].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (7 23 March 1985a): 6-7. All the organizations named are fronts for a wider Jewish/Zionist plot. Baha'ism only mentioned in passing.

99. 'al-Azhar yu'akidu: al-Baha'iyya tanzim munharif 'an al-Islam. Tashkil lajna min kubbar al-'ulama' li 'l-radd 'ala 'l-afkar al-haddama' (The Azhar [University] affirms: Baha'ism is an organization that has deviated from Islam. The setting up of a committee of leading religious scholars to refute destructive opinions).' al-Liwa' al-Islami (165 21 March 1985a): 16.

100. 'al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya wa silatuhuma li 'l-mukhattatat al-isti'mariyya al-sahyuniyya.' Filasti n al-Thawra (Beirut) (163, pp. 28-31; 164, pp. 30-31 29 Sept., 3 Oct. 1985):

101. 'al-Babiyya' [Babism].' al-Dawha (Doha, Qatar) (July 1985): Brief reply to a reader's query.

102. 'al-Baha'iyun fi Misr yatlubuna tashri'an jadidan' [The Baha'is in Egypt want a new religious law].' Uktubir (Cairo) 493 (6 April 1986): 75.

103. 'al-Baha'iyun yu'qiduna mu'tamarahum fi Jambiya; mudir al-markaz al-Baha'i; Isra'il hiya 'l-mumawwil al-awwal li-nish'atiha' [The Baha'is hold their conference in Gambia; the director of the Baha'i centre; Israel is the primary source of funds for its setting up].' al-Islah (Dubai) (62 Rajab 1403 [April-May 1982)): 24.Argues that the Baha'is receive funding from Israel, the USA, the UK, and the Vatican (!) to work for the destruction of Islam. BWC index Pam 140-1107 (title appears corrupt)

104. 'al-Baha'iyun.' Manbar al-Hasib (Kuwait) 2 (2 ?): BWC index Pam 142-236

105. 'al-Baha'iyya fi 'l-siyasa al-mu'asira' [Baha'ism in contemporary politics].' al-Mukhtar al-Islami (Cairo) 7 (41 April 1986): 42-50.

106. 'al-Baha'iyya fi mizan al-Islam' [Baha'ism weighed in the balance of Islam].' Risalat al-Imam (Cairo) (2 June 1985): BWC index Pam 142-941

107. 'al-Baha'iyya tanshat fi 'l-khafa' ' [Baha'ism is secretly flourishing].' al-Mujtama' (Kuwait) 16 (757 4 Mar, 1986): 38-39.Consists of translations of two letters circulated in the German Baha'i community, a Baha'i newsletter, and a communication from the German Association for Baha'i Studies. BWC index Pam 143-145

108. 'al-Baha'iyya tatullu bi-ra'siha 'l-bashi' min jadid. 135 'aman min al-'alaqa ghayr al-shar'iyya bayn al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Sahyuniyya' [Baha'ism rears its ugly head again: 135 years of illicit liaison between Baha'ism and Zionism].' al-Khalij (Sharjah) (2, 174 29 March 1985): 11. Part of a series on Palestine.

109. 'al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-'aqida wa 'l-hurriyya' [Baha'ism, belief, and freedom].' Uktubir (Cairo) (437 10 March 1985): 17-20. A discussion of the problem posed by Baha'ism for the concept of 'freedom of belief' in the Egyptian constitution.

110. 'al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Islam: wa ma huwa ra'yu 'l-Azhar?' (Baha'ism and Islam: what is the opinion of the Azhar [University]?).' al-Liwa' al-Islami (165 21 March 1985b): 1. Brief link to an article on page 16 (item x)

111. 'al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Yahudiyya' [Baha'ism and Judaism].' al-Risala (Kuwait) 27 (1241 28 June 1987): 38.

112. 'al-Baha'iyya, al-akhawan Subh-i Azal wa Baha' Allah za'imaha yatanaza'an 'ala 'l-uluhiyya' [Baha'ism: the brothers Subh-i Azal and Baha' Allah its leaders contest with each other the station of divinity.' al-Quds (57 Apr. 1985a): 62-67.

113. 'al-Baha'iyya.' al-I'tisam (Cairo) 49 (2 June 1987): 30-32.

114. 'al-Baha'iyya.' al-Wa'y al-Islami (Kuwait) (Aug. 1974): 105-106.

115. 'al-Baha'iyya.' Jawhar al-Islam 4 (8 May 1972): 69-78.

116. 'al-Baha'iyya... hadha 'l-da' al-Masuni al-Sahyuni al-khatir. Al-rassam Bikar al-ab al-ruhi laha. <<Qiblatuhum fi 'l-salat>> madina Hayfa al-muhtala' [Baha'ism...this dangerous Masonic Zionist disease: the artist Bi kar is its spiritual father. Their "prayer direction" is the occupied city of Haifa.].' al-Khalij (Sharjah) (2, 153 8 March 1985): 12. Based substantially on an article by Mustafa al-Tarabishi in al-Ahram from 1 March (item x).

117. 'al-Baha'iyya: haraka mu'adia li 'l-Islam, sana'aha 'l-Yahud wa naffadhuha bi-wasita asma' Islamiyya' [Baha'ism: a movement hostile to Islam; the Jews brought it into being and spread it under Islamic names].' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (167 4 April 1985): 3-5. Part of a report of a meeting on anti-Islamic movements held at the Islamic Club in Isma'iliyya. Comments by four panelists.

118. 'al-Duktur al-Tihami al-Wakili: al-Hunud wa 'l-fara'ina sabaqu 'l-Baha'iyin fi 'l-la'b bi 'l-arqam' [Doctor al-Tihami al-Wakili: the Indians and Pharoahs played games with numbers before the Baha'is].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (11 20 April 1985a): 8.

119. 'al-Hukm fi qadiyyat al-Baha'iyya 2 Disambir. al-Baha'iyya <<ridda>> wa 'l-qanun al-jina'i la yu'aqib 'alayha!' [Decision in the Baha'i case due on 2 December: Baha'ism is apostasy and the criminal code has no penalty for it!].' al-Ittihad (Abu Dhabi City) (18 October 1985): Report of deferment of the Baha'i case by 'Abidin court. At the end, the State Security Prosecutor's Office is quoted to the effect that it was not among the aims of the Baha'is to foment sedition, denigrate any of the divine religions, to undermine state unity or public order, and that the only grounds for their indictment were non-compliance with the decree of 1960 disbanding Baha'i assemblies.

120. 'al-Ifraj 'an <<al-Baha'iyin>> al-Misriyin' [The release of the Egyptian Baha'is].' al-Qabas (Kuwait) (6 March 1985a): On temporary release of 41 Baha'is in Egypt.

121. 'al-Ifraj 'an jami' afrad majmu'at al-Baha'iyin al-Misriyin' [Release of all members of the Egyptian Baha'i community].' 'Uman (Muscat) 5 (1392 7 March 1985): On the temporary release of 41 Baha'is arrested in Egypt.

122. 'al-Islah tanshar hadhihi 'l-awraq al-sirriyya li 'l-ta'ifa al-Baha'iyya' [al-Islah publishes these secret documents relating to the Baha'i sect].' al-Islah (Dubai) 9 (98 Mar. 1986): 22-23.

123. 'al-Islam bari' min al-Baha'iyya' [Islam has nothing to do with Baha'ism].' al-Taqwa 1 (9 January 1989): 25-29.

124. 'al-Kumbyutir yashtaraku fi mu'amara al-raqm 19. Id'a' Baha'i: al-'alam yantahi sana 1709 H.' [The computer shares in the number 19 conspiracy. Baha'i claim: the world ends in 1709 AH].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (8 30 March 1985a): 1. First of two articles in the same issue on the alleged conspiracy to interpret the Qur'an on the basis of occurrences of the number 19 (a Baha'i sacred number).

125. 'al-Ma'arik al-kubra fi 'l-Islam: sira' hukumat Iran didda 'l-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya' [The great battles of Islam: the struggle of the government of Iran against Babism and Baha'ism].' al-Quds (57 Apr. 1985b): 68-70.

126. 'al-Madhahib al-dalla/nadwa al-ra'y' [Errant creeds/ Forum of opinion].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (21 29 June 1985): 23. Announcements for two television programmes, the first dealing with religious sects deemed dangerous to Islam, the second with the number 19 controversy.

127. 'al-Mu'amara mustamirra: al-kumbyutir yashtarik fi mu'amara al-raqm 19: maza'im al-kumbyutir hawla nihayat al-'alam ba'da 300 sana: muhandis al-kumbyutir al-Baha'i yaz'amu ma'rifata ma fi 'l-arhamÆ [The conspiracy continues: the computer joins in the conspiracy of the number 19: claims of the computer about the end of the world after 300 years: the Baha'i computer expert claims to know what is in the wombs].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (8 30 March 1985b): 6.

128. 'al-Munharifun bi-fikrihim 'an al-Islam murtaddun: wa hum yuhawiluna hadm al-Islam min dakhilihi' [Those whose thoughts deviate from Islam are apostates and they attempt to destroy Islam from within].' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) 4 (177 13 June 1985): 3-4. Report of a religious gathering at the vilage of Dayrut.

129. 'Al-Muslimun discusses the question of false prophets: the positive law is not commensurate with the ugliness of the crime.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (5 April 1986a):

130. 'Al-Muslimun reveals the secrets of the Baha'i movement: how did the painter Bi kar fall into the trap of the Baha'is: Baha'ism is a way to fame and money.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (16 March 1985a):

131. 'Al-Muslimun tuhakim al-Baha'iyin (2): sab'a min al-'ulama' yusharikun fi muhakamat al-Baha'iyin' [al-Muslimun puts the Baha'is on trial (Part 2): Seven Islamic scholars participate in the trial of the Baha'is.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (45 14 December 1985b): 12-13. The participants in this newspaper trial were: al-Husayni Hashim, al-Tayyib al-Najjar, Jamal al-Din Mahmud, 'Abd al-Wadud Shibli, 'Abd al-Jalil Shibli, Muhammad 'Abd al-Mun'im Khafaji, Salih 'Abd Allah Kamil.

132. 'Al-Muslimun tuhakim al-Baha'iyin (3): shahid min al-Maghrib yu'akkid: <<Bikar>> safara ila 'l-Maghrib fi 'l-arba'inat li 'l-tarwij li-'aqidatihi: kull alladhina hukimu fi 'l-sittinat darasu fi Titwan' [al-Muslimun puts the Baha'is on trial (3): Moroccan witness reaffirms Bi kar travelled to Morocco in the Forties to promote his beliefs: all those who were put on trial in the Sixties studied in Tetouan.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (46 21 December 1985a): 12-13. Includes interviews with 'witnesses' to Baha'i activity in North Africa and Kuwait.

133. 'Al-Muslimun tuhakim al-Baha'iyin: al-muttaham al-awwal Husayn Bikar yu'tarif: ana Baha'i wa 'l-Baha'iyya diyana mustaqilla: Baha' Allah mawjud fi 'l-kutub al-muqaddasa' [Al-Muslimun puts the Baha'is on trial: the principal accused Husayn Bikar confesses "I am a Baha'i, and it is an independent religion": Baha' Allah is to be found in [all] the holy books.].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (44 7 December 1985b): 12-13. A lengthy article posing as a mock trial of the Egyptian Baha'i Husayn Bikar, conducted in the absence of the accused, and using statements made by Bikar to the Egyptian authorities. Reprinted in al-Sharq al-awsat (London), 7 December 1985 (vol. 1, issue 4, pp. 14-15).

134. 'al-Muslimun amongst the documents in the Baha'i case.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (22 February 1986a):

135. 'al-Qurra' yastaftuna: al-Baha'iyun wa hukm al-ridda' [Readers seek advice: the Baha'is and the law of apostasy].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (3 December 1985): 10. Reply to a question from a reader studying in the United States. Laments the fact that Westerners construe the application of Islamic penalties as 'barbaric' etc.

136. 'al-Qurra' yastaftuna: hal al-Baha'iyun Muslimun?' [Readers seek advice: are Baha'is Muslims?].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (8 October 1985): 12. English translation in Arab News (item x).

137. 'al-Qurra' yastaftuna: wad' al-Baha'iyin fi Iran wa Amrika' [Readers seek advice: the situation of the Baha'is in Iran and America].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (4 December 1985): 12. Argues that the persecution of Baha'is in Iran is merited.

138. 'al-Qurra' yastafuna: Qiblat al-Baha'iyin' [Readers seek advice: the Qibla of the Baha'is].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (1 December 1985): 10.

139. 'Al-raqm 19 akhir fada'ih al-haraka al-Baha'iyya. 'Ulama' al-Islam yaquluna: hadaf al-la'ba shughl al-Muslimin 'an mashakilihim al-haqiqa.' (The number 19 is the latest scandal of the Baha'i movement, say the Ulama: the purpose of the game is to distract the Muslims from their true concerns).' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (9 6 April 1985): 1. Summary of fuller article in the same issue (item x)

140. 'al-Raqm 19 laysa mu'jiza li 'l-Qur'an al-karim. Madha qalat al-suhuf al-Saudiyya 'an maza'im al-kumbyutir? al-shifra al-qur'aniyya bid'a dalla wa jahl bi 'l-Qur'an. al-Baha'iyun yuqaddisun al-raqm <<19>> wa ya'tabarunahu 'l-mihwar al-markazi m li 'l-kawn wa nizamuhu 'l-kulli' [The number 19 is not a miracle of the Qur'an. What does the Saudi press say about the claims of the computer? The 'Qur'anic code' is a specious innovation and reflects ignorance of the Qur'an. The Baha'is venerate the number 19 and consider it the central pivot of creation and its general governing principle.].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (10 13 April 1985b): 6-7.

141. 'Al-Siyasa confirms its success in uncovering the secrets of the Baha'is: all Fatwa committees are unanimous in declaring the Baha'i s to be infidels and in cautioning against following their vain and empty teachings.' al-Siyasa (Kuwait) (14 March 1986a):

142. 'al-ta'amur al-Yahudi wa 'l-Baha'i sabab al-thawra fi Iran' [The Jewish-Baha'i conspiracy is the cause of the Iranian revolution].' al-Da'wa (Egypt) 27 (403 October 1978): 18. BWC Pam 139-874

143. 'al-Tabib al-Misri al-dajjal yu'linu tawbatahu' [The Egyptian quack doctor announces his repentance].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) 7 (2295 11 March 1985): 1. Report on recantation of Salah Burayqi', a claimant to prophethood, and on the temporary release of all 41 Baha'i detainees in Egypt.

144. 'Alam, Hasan. 'Shaykh al-Azhar li-Akhir Sa'a: al-Islam karam al-'amm wa hunak 'idayn faqat , wa 21 Mars li 'l-Baha'iyin' [The Rector of the Azhar (University) to Akhir al-Sa'a: Islam is a mercy to mankind, and has only two festivals, whereas the 21st of March is a Baha'i festival].' Akhir al-Sa'a (Cairo) (1987 (?)):

145. 'Ali Sa'd, Zayd. 'Special session in the People's Assembly to discuss the phenomenon of false prophets: anyone who claims prophethood is an infidel and whoever follows him is an infidel and liable to the penalty for apostasy.' al-Akhbar (Cairo) (10 April 1986):

146. 'Allahu akbar: al-Muslimun's campaign against the Baha'i aberration has begun to bear fruit -- banning of Baha'i writings and graphics from Egyptian newspaper is a first step.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (22 February 1986b):

147. 'Allahu-Akbar! First victory against Baha'ism: the campaign of al-Sharq al-awsat and al-Muslimun has succeeded.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (14 February 1986a):

148. 'Amira, 'Abd al-Husayn. al-Madhahib al-mu'asira wa mawqif al-Islam minha (Modern schools of religion and the attitude of Islam towards them). 344. Beirut: Dar al-Ji l, 1985.

149. 'Ammar, Kamal. 'The Preliminary Seance.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (18 January 1986):

150. 'An attempt to bring the Baha'is to repentance.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (22 February 1986c):

151. 'An important Iranian meeting in Dubai: the participants decide to institute a secret organization to promote the aims of Cento.' al-Tali'a [check spelling] (Kuwait) (22 May 1985):

152. 'An international campaign against Baha'ism. Mecca: the Islamic World League declares war on the Baha'is everywhere. Amman: the Council Of Islamic Organizations calls upon Islamic governments to execute them.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (19 April 1986b):

153. 'And the Devil returns again.' Kayhan al-'Arabi  (London) (7 July 1985):

154. 'application of the shari'a will put an end to all crimes, The.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (1 February 1986a):

155. 'Aqa-yi Falsafi guftand: tuda'iha tasavvur mikardand firqa-yi Baha'i bara-yi anha bi-manzila-yi Kirinski ast ka rah-ra bara-yi quwwa-i musallahana-yi kumunistha baz khwahad kard' [Mr Falsafi has said: the members of the Tuda party believed they could use the Baha'i sect as a sort of Kerensky to open the way for armed Communist uprisings].' Ittila'at-i haftigi (Tehran) 15 (715 29 Urdibihisht 1334/19 May 1955): 4.

156. 'Are Bahais Muslims?.' Arab News (22 Nov. 1985): 7. Collins 11.55 Translation of letter originally published in al-Sharq al-awsat (item x). [Put this there?]

157. 'Arid, Ahmad Salim al-. 'Ma'awil al-hadm... wa 'l-Islam: al-Baha'iyya' [The instruments of destruction... and Islam: Baha'ism].' al-Mawaqif (Bahrain) (759 4 September 1989): 8-9.

158. 'Arrest of 40 of the followers of Baha'ism in Egypt.' Al-Ittihad (Abu Dhabi City) (26 February 1985,):

159. 'Asrar al-haraka al-Baha'iyya: al-mahakim al-Misriyya tarfidu 'l-i'tiraf bi-zawaj al-Baha'iyin' [Secrets of the Baha'i movement: the Egyptian courts refuse to recognize Baha'i marriage].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (6 16 March 1985b): 1. Introduction to a longer article in the same issue (item x).

160. 'Awf, Ahmad Muhammad. Khafaya al-t a'ifa al-Baha'iyya [Secrets of the Baha'i sect]. 177. Cairo: Dar al-Nahda al-'Arabiyya, 1972.

161. 'Azhar affirms: Baha'ism is an organization that has deviated from Islam: formation of a committee of top-ranking scholars to counter destructive ideas, The.' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (21 March 1985c):

162. 'Azuz, Hashim 'Aqil. al-Baha'iyun mudallalun [The Baha'is are misguided]. 83. Adwa 'ala 'l-Baha'iyya, Jidda: Dar al-Qibla li 'l-Thaqafa al-Islamiyya, 1986a.

163. 'Azuz, Hashim 'Aqil. al-Baha'iyya. 64. Adwa' 'ala 'l-Baha'iyya [Light on Baha'ism], Jidda: Dar al-Qibla li 'l-Thaqafa al-Islamiyya, 1986b.

164. 'Azuz, Hashim 'Aqil. al-Qiyama wa 'l-hayat ba'da 'l-mawt [The Resurrection and Life after Death]. 77. Adwa' 'ala 'l-Baha'iyya, Jidda: Dar al-Qibla li 'l-Thaqafa al-Islamiyya, 1986c.

165. 'Ba'da 25 sana: yasduru 'l-Azhar tahdhirahu 'l-thani' [After 25 years: The Azhar [University] issues its second warning].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (8 30 March 1985c): 6. Brief piece on Egyptian fears of a Baha'i resurgence.

166. 'Ba'dama a'tabarahum Shaykh al-Azhar <<murtaddin>> al-suhuf al-Misriyya tuhajim al-Baha'iyin' [After the Shaykh of the Azhar [University] pronounced them apostates, the Egyptian press attacks the Baha'is].' al-Nahar (Beirut) (16 March 1985c): 12.

167. 'Bab va Baha dar Iran.' Shahfaraz-i Aryan (Stuttgart, Germany) (32 1990a): 13.

168. 'Bad' al-tahqiq ma'a a'da' al-tanzim al-Baha'i fi Misr wa itlaq al-rassam Bikar' [Commencement of the interrogation of members of the Baha'i organization in Egypt and the release of the artist Bikar].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) 7 (2285 1 March 1985a): 2.

169. 'Bad' al-tahqiqat maa 'l-majmu'a al-Baha'iyya allati yataza'muha al-fannan Bikar. Al-Baha'iyun la yu'minuna bi 'l-anbiya' wa 'l-adyan... wa yatawajahuna fi salatihim ila Hayfa.' (Start of Investigations into the Baha'i group led by the artist Bikar: the Baha'is do not believe in the prophets and the religions...and they turn in their prayers to Haifa).' al-Wafd (Cairo) 1 (51 28 February 1985a): 1. Selective statements from a deposition made by leading Egyptian Baha'i, Husayn Bikar, under interrogation by the State Security Prosecutor's Office.

170. 'Baha'i case in Egypt: the defence tries to postpone the verdict.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (29 March 1986a):

171. 'Baha'i Members of the Espionage Network Executed.' Imam (Feb. 11, 1982): 22. Collins 11.113

172. 'Baha'i religion in my town, The.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (19 April 1986a):

173. 'Baha'i temple costing millions of dollars.' al-Huda (Abu Dhabi) (21 March 1986a):

174. 'Baha'is in Iran, The.' Imam (London) 2 (5-6 June-July 1982): 20-21. Collins 11.152

175. 'Baha'ism a False Cult.' The Sunday School Times (28 July, 1956): 594. Collins 11.166

176. 'Baha'ism.' Church News (May 1966): [16]. Collins 11.165

177. 'Baha'ism.' Kayhan-i Hava'i (1 November 1989):

178. 'Baha'ism: deviant thinking that empties man of his belief: Masonry and Baha'ism are two sides of one coin: international Zionism..' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (13 February 1986a):

179. 'Bahai Church, a Mohammedan Sect, The.' Sunday Letter of Catholic Mission Mankon, Bamenda, Cameroon (24 Feb., 1980): [2-3]. Collins 11.81 Reissued in Youth Tower, Bamenda, Cameroon, Mar. 1980, pp. [1-2]

180. 'Bahai.' The Presbyterian Herald (Sept. 1945): 4-5. Collins 11.75

181. 'Bahais "Deviants", Tools of Zionists -- al-Azhar.' Al-Islam (1984): 16. Collins 11.147

182. 'Bahaism.' Evangelical Christendom (Nov./Dec. 1912): 192-3. Collins 11.164a

183. 'Bayan li 'l-nas min mashyakhat al-Azhar al-sharif' [Announcement to the public from the body of shaykhs of the noble Azhar (University)].' Majallat al-Azhar (Cairo) (Sha'ban 1405/April-May 1985): 1269-1270. Complete text of a widely-reported statement on the Baha'is.

184. 'Bayan li 'l-nas min mashyakhat al-Azhar: al-Baha'iyun murtaddun 'an al-Islam: al-ta'amul ma'ahum haram... wa ta'amuhum mahram' (Statement to the people from the professoriate of the Azhar [University]: the Baha'is are apostates from Islam: it is forbidden to have dealings with them... and their food is prohibited).' al-Akhbar (Cairo) (15 March 1985a): 3.

185. 'Bi kar... and the accusation of belonging to the Baha'i organization.' al-Qabas (Kuwait) (26 December 1985):

186. 'biggest Islamic demonstration in Cairo demands that Baha'ism be combated and its figureheads opposed, The.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (8 February 1986a):

187. 'biggest religious gathering in the Egyptian Parliament to discuss the phenomenon of movements making claims to prophethood, The.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (26 February 1986):

188. 'Bihtarin matalib-i taza va daqiq dar bara-yi Hazirat al-Quds -- kanun-i Baha'iyyat -- ka in hafta bi-vasila-yi quva-yi intizami ishghal gardid' [The best of the new and precise issues concerning the Hazirat al-Quds -- the centre of Baha'ism -- which was occupied this week by the security forces].' Ittila'at-i Haftigi (Tehran) 15 (714 22 Urdibihisht 1334/12 May 1955): 3-4, 33.

189. 'Bikar li 'l-Musawwar: <<qultu li 'l-muhaqqiq uktub filastin la Isra'il>>!' (Bikar to al-Musawwar: 'I said to the examining magistrate, Write Palestine, not Israel!.' al-Musawwar (Cairo) (3, 153 15 March 1985b): 97. Insert to article by Ahmad Hamdi (item x)

190. 'Biller a Baha'i Artist!.' al-Sabah (Tunis) (5 March 1985):

191. 'Book of the Week: The Baha'i religion in the service of colonialism.' Kayhan al-'Arabi (London) (1 August 1985):

192. 'Cairo: postponement of the verdict in the Baha'i case until the recusation appeal is settled.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (1 April 1986):

193. 'Cairo: Sentence in the Baha'i case to be pronounced next month.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (4 February 1986a):

194. 'Che cos'è il Bahaismo?' [What is Baha'ism?].' Rivoluzione Islamica [Italy] (2 1982): 26-27, 39. BWC

195. 'Claiming prophethood is an extension of Baha'ism and Freemasonry: the sentence to deter is death.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (5 April 1986b):

196. 'Colours and shadows: the praise of all things.' al-Akhbar (Cairo) (7 June 1985):

197. 'Communists and missionaries compete with one another to strangle Islam in Africa: from Botswana in the south of the continent of Africa I salute.....' al-'Arab (London) (21 November 1985):

198. 'Cultic Deceit Revisited.' Shocks (June 1943): 1. Collins 11.305

199. 'Da'ian li-ijtinab al-Baha'i yin wa mud'i al-nubuwwa: Shaykh al-Azhar: al-Baha'iyya jama'a siyasiyya takhda'u li 'l-Sahyuniyya' [Calling for avoidance of the Baha'is and claimants to prophethood: the Rector of the Azhar: the Baha'is are a political grouping subservient to Zionism].' al-Siyasa (Kuwait) (15 March 1985c): 19.

200. 'danger of Qadiyanism, The.' Al-Huda (Abu Dhabi City) (2 March 1985):

201. 'Deferment of the verdict in the Baha'i  case until the recusation plea is settled.' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (3 April 1986):

202. 'Die Bahai-Legende: Ursachen und Hintergrunde' [The Baha'i legend: motives and background].' Bulletin der Botschaft der Islamischen Republik, Iran (Vienna, Austria) (1 June 1984): 15-19.

203. 'Dolgoruki', 'Count Dimitri Ivanovich'. "I'tirafat-i siyasi ya yad-dashtha-yi Kinyaz Dulquruki [Political Confessions, or the Memoirs of Count Dolgoruki].' In Salnama-yi Khurasan [Khurasan Yearbook], Historical Section, 1st. Reprinted Tehran, 1323 Sh/1943-44; many later editions with numerous alterations, some in newspapers. No proper publishing history for this document exists. (Give details of other known editions, including Arabic versions) ed., Vol. Mashhad, Iran: 1322 Sh/1942-43. Purporting to be memoirs of the diplomat Prince Dmitrii Ivanovich Dolgorukov (Russian minister in Tehran 1845-54), this document has become the chief source in Iran for claims that Babism was part of an imperialist conspiracy. Although the whole thing is a transparent forgery, and several Iranian writers have condemned it as such, its contents are still widely believed and cited. See Bahthi dar radd-i yad-dashtha-yi maj'ul [section x, item xx].

204. 'Don't involve the computer in the Book of God: sham plot against the Muslims under cover of the computer.' al-Bayan (Dubai) (9 September 1985):

205. "'Dr. 'Abd al-Ghaffar 'Aziz, member of the Egyptian Parliament: bills designed to introduce the Islamic penalty for apostasy.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (23 March 1986a):

206. 'Egypt interdicts writings and drawings of Baha'is: the rector of the Azhar calls for a stand to be taken against the Baha'i threat.' al-Sabah (Tunis) (16 February 1986):

207. 'Egypt: temporary release of 41 Baha'is.' al-Sabah (Tunis) (6 March 1985b):

208. 'Egyptian Parliament decides: hard labour for life for pretenders to prophethood, The.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (30 March 1986):

209. 'Egyptian People's Assembly begins debating the phenomenon of false prophets, The.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (10 April 1986):

210. 'Fatwa Committee in Kuwait forbids the Muslims from celebrating Mother's Day since it is against religious law.' al-Wahda (Abu Dhabi) (23 March 1986b):

211. 'Fi zilal al-Islam: Qurrat al-'Ayn al-Baha'iyya [sic]: khanat wa qatalat wa kafarat' [In the shadow of Islam: Qurrat al-'Ayn, the Baha'i (sic): she betrayed, she killed, and she became an unbeliever].' Sayyidati  [Jidda] 5 (261 10 March 1986): 72. BWC index Pam 143-144

212. 'Firqa-yi dalla-yi "Baha'igari".' Shahfaraz-i Aryan (Stuttgart, Germany) (30 1989-90): 11-12.

213. 'Fitna-yi Bab va paydayish-i Babigari dar Iran [The rebellion of the Bab and the emergence of Babism in Iran].' Ittila'at-i Haftigi [Tehran] (2262 8 Aban 1364/30 October 1985): 40-41. BWC index Pam 142-1909

214. 'Freemasonry, Baha'ism and freedom of the enemies of religion.' al-Sha'b (Cairo) (12 March 1985):

215. 'goodly example... the diagnosis... and the remedy, The.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (18 April 1986,):

216. 'goodly example: the People's Assembly responds favourably, The.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (28 February 1986,):

217. 'goodly example: what is wanted of the People's Assembly, The.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (14 February 1986b):

218. 'Hadatha fi mithli hadha 'l-yawm' [It happened on a day like today].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (12 June 1985): Notes that it was on this date the Babi movement was started.

219. 'Hadhihi haqiqatuhum' [This is the truth about them].' al-Khalij (Sharjah) (2146 1 March 1985b): 4. A short letter from 'An Arab studying in America', showing an advertisement placed in a university newspaper by the Baha'i Club, who were showing a film entitled 'Israel: The Holy Land'.

220. 'Hamiyan-i huquq-i bashar' [The defenders of human rights].' Payam-i Inqilab [Tehran] 6 (153 14 Daymah 1364 [4 January 1986]): 48-50.Deals mainly with the Baha'i issue. BWC index Pam 142-1908

221. 'Haraka munawi'a li 'l-Islam: al-haraka al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya' [A movement opposed to Islam: the Babi/Baha'i movement].' al-Balagh (Kuwait) (28 Sept. 1986): 30-33.

222. 'Head of the Muslim League in Fiji: immunization of the youth against Baha'ism.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (15 February 1986):

223. 'History relates the collapse of false claims to prophethood.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (5 April 1986c):

224. 'Hudur-i qutb-i Baha'iyan muqim-i Bilzhik dar jashn-i salgard-i fitna-yi Khumayni' [The presence of the leader of the Baha'is resident in Belgium at the anniversary of the Khumayni revolution].' Junbish/Djonbesh mouvement (Brussels) 4 (74 21 March 1983): 8-22.Reports on how a member of the Baha'i national assembly of Belgium attended a new year gatheing at the Iranian embassy, and remarks on his 'unfortunate comments'. BWC index Pam 140-317

225. 'Id al-umm aw al-usra, huwa 'id al-Baha'iyin al-kafara' [The Festival of the Mother or the Family is really the Festival of the unbelieving Baha'is].' al-Wa'y al-Islami (Kuwait) 272 (Apr. 1987): 120-121.

226. 'Id al-usra... am 'id al-Baha'iyin?' [The festival of the family... or festival of the Baha'is?].' al-Mujtama' (Kuwait) 17 (760 25 March 1986): 9.

227. 'In the mail box: letters addressed to Dubai, Israel, and persons unknown to me, with no indication of date of receipt.' al-Watan (Kuwait) (10 January 1986):

228. 'In the realms of religion: Baha'ism...the visible face and the hidden threat.' al-Nasr (Constantine, Algeria) (6 January 1986):

229. 'In yaquluna illa kadhiban' [They say nothing but lies].' Usrati [Cairo] (50 1 Feb. 1986): BWC index Pam 143-211

230. 'Islam Sikritir al-tanzim al-Baha'i' [Secretary of the Baha'i organization becomes a Muslim.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (39 2 November 1985): 24. On the conversion to Islam of Zahir Qushayri, former secretary of the Egyptian Baha'i youth committee.

231. 'Islamic Library: the sedition of the twentieth century, The.' al-Qabas (Kuwait) (28 February 1986):

232. 'Islamic News: condemnation of Baha'ism in Egypt.' al-Qabas (Kuwait) (14 March 1986b):

233. 'Islamic Research Academy at the Azhar affirms: to become a Baha'i means to deviate from Islam...and to destroy the pillars of the Faith, The.' Anwar al-Tunisiyya (Tunis) (9 March 1986):

234. 'Islamic Research Academy held extraordinary meeting to discuss the Baha'i case.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (13 February 1986b):

235. 'Islamic Research Academy in Cairo calls for a stand to be made against Baha'ism and the Baha'is, The.' al-Rayah (check) (Doha) (22 January 1986):

236. 'Islamic Research Academy proclaims: the Baha'is are apostates from all religions: any religion not divinely revealed is rejected, The.' al-Akhbar (Cairo) (21 January 1986a):

237. 'Itlaq al-majmu'a al-Baha'iyya fi Misr' [Release of the Baha'i group in Egypt].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) 7 (2290 6 March 1985c): A short report on the temporary release of a second group of Baha'is arrested at the end of February.

238. 'Jama'at al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya: al-nushu' wa 'l-mu'assis' [The Babi-Baha'i community: its development and its founder].' al-Jami'i  [Dubai] (Summer 1986): 5. BWC index Pam 143-730

239. 'Jordan: the claims of Baha'ism in a book.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (8 February 1986b):

240. 'Judgement pronounced in Baha'i case the day after tomorrow: millions of Muslims await judgement: new legislation needed to make a misdemeanour into a crime.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (29 March 1986b):

241. 'lawyer of the Baha'is confesses: "Whoever deviates from Islam becomes an apostate", The.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (1 March 1986a):

242. 'Laying claim to prophethood is a crime: an Egyptian bill tightens up the penalty for embracing Baha'ism.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (22 February 1986d):

243. 'Le Bahaisme.' Ere nouvelle (Dhakar, Senegal) (5 May-June 1989): 20-22.

244. 'Madhahib dalla wa 'aqa'id munharifa: al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya' [Errant sects and deviant beliefs: Babism and Baha'ism].' al-Khayriyya (Kuwait) 1 (2 May 1989): 32-33.

245. 'Madhahib mu'asira. al-Baha'iyya <<al-Babiyya>>' [Contemporary creeds: 'Babi' Baha'ism].' al-Riyad (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia) (6182 27 May 1985): 11.

246. 'Madhbihat al-Muslimin' [The killing of Muslims].' al-Hawadith (Beirut) (1172 20 April 1979): 13. BWC Pam 139-956

247. 'Majara-yi Baha'iha' [The incident of the Baha'is].' Tihran-i Musawwar (Tehran) (116 Urdibihisht 1334 [April-May 1955]): 5-7, 39. BWC index Pam 141-1027

248. 'Members of the network.' al-Safi r (Beirut) (4 March 1985):

249. 'Millions await the verdict on the Baha'is the day after tomorrow: 3 years' imprisonment is the maximum penalty that can be given!.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (29 March 1986c):

250. 'Minkum wa ilaykum' [From you and to you].' Manar al-Islam (Abu Dhabi] (2 Feb. 1976): 129.

251. 'Misr: i'tiqal 40 Baha'iyan' [Egypt: arrest of 40 Baha'is].' al-Qabas (Kuwait) (4594 26 February 1985): Brief report on arrests in Egypt.

252. 'Mu'amara al-raqm 19: taqdis al-raqm 19 zahira mushtaraka bayna 'l-Baha'iyin wa 'l-Masun.' [The conspiracy of the number 19: veneration of the number 19 is a feature common to the Baha'i s and Freemasons.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (7 23 March 1985b): 1. Intimations of a plot involving Baha'is, Freemasons, Rotary Clubs, and Lions Clubs. (See further item x, from the same issue.)

253. 'Mufaja'a fi muhakamat al-Baha'iyin' [Surprise in the trial of the Baha'is: Moroccan witness affirms Bikar travelled to Morocco to promote his beliefs].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (21 December 1985b): Preliminary to longer article in the same issue (item x). Attempts to tie in the Egyptian Baha'i Husayn Bikar to Baha'i activity in Morocco in the 60s.

254. 'Mufti Misr yutalib bi-muhakamat al-murtaddin wa yunadi bi-sur'a ilgha' al-qawanin al-muta'arida ma'a 'l-shari'a. Shaykh al-Azhar: al-shari'a wahduha sataqdi 'ala 'l-salbiyyat wa 'l-inhirafat' [The Mufti of Egypt demands that the apostates be brought to trial, and calls for the rapid abolition of laws that conflict with Islamic law. Shaykh of the Azhar: only the law of Islam will pass judgement on negativism and deviancy.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (5 9 March 1985): 1. Report of an interview with Shaykh 'Abd al-Latif Hamza, Egypt's chief Mufti, calling for implementation of full Islamic legal penalties against apostates.

255. 'Muqtatafat Islamiyya: yadkhaluna fi din Allah afwajan' [Islamic news briefs: 'The people shall enter into the religion of God by troops'].' al-Siyasa (Kuwait) (27 December 1985): 6. On the conversion to Islam of Baha'i Zahir Qushayri.

256. 'Muslims Help, so Bahaiis [sic] Rejoice.' Al-Islam 2 (1 Dec. 1984-Jan. 1985): 1. Collins 11.728

257. 'Mustafa Amin yudafi'u 'an al-kuffar. Yastaghillu <<Fikra>> difa'an 'an iqama tanzim li-hadm al-Islam' (Mustafa Amin defends the heretics: he exploits his column <<Fikra>> to defend the formation of an organization committed to the destruction of Islam.' al-Nur (Cairo) 4 (156 6 March 1985d): Amin's column <<Fikra>> (Idea) appeared in the newspaper al-Akhbar and in the London-based paper al-Sharq al-awsat (item x)

258. 'Nash'a Baha'i fi Wizarat al-Ashghal al-'Amma' [The emergence of a Baha'i in the Ministry of Public Works].' al-Mujtama' (Kuwait) 319 (5 October 1976): 11.Deals with the employment of a Baha'i, Khusraw Khusravi, as head of planning in the construction department of the Kuwaiti Ministry of Public Works. BWC Pam 142-686

259. 'Nass al-manshur al-Islami alladhi wuzzi'a fi mudun al-khalij: 21 Mars 'id al-Baha'iyya al-Masuniyya' [Text of the Islamic pamphlet distributed in the towns of the Gulf: 21 March is a Baha'i Masonic Feast].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (10 13 April 1985c): 6-7. Argues that the introduction of Mother's Day celebrations to Muslim countries is a Satanic plot.

260. 'New bill to combat the phenomenon of destructive religious creeds.' al-Ittihad (Abu Dhabi) (18 March 1986a):

261. 'New documents condemn Baha'ism.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (8 February 1986c):

262. 'new spirituality: the other face of Freemasonry, The.' al-Watan (Kuwait) (30 August 1985):

263. 'Next Monday in Cairo: the verdict in the case of the fifty persons accused of engaging in the activity of the Baha'i assemblies.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (28 March 1986):

264. 'No-one can know the time of the Last Hour... the reason for the world ending in 2280 or 1710 AH is that they are both divisible by 19, and this is what Baha'ism wants!.' al-Watan (Kuwait) (10 May 1985):

265. 'opinion of al-Muslimun: the head of the viper, The.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (8 March 1986b):

266. 'Persian Rival to Jesus and His American Disciples, The.' The Moslem World 6 (2 Apr. 1916): 203. Collins 11.797 (title suggests that this is by Robert P. Richardson -- same as his article in The Open Court)

267. 'Picture of the verdict reveals the belief.' al-Siyasa (Kuwait) (3 September 1985):

268. 'Plans to introduce protective deterrent legislation to fight Baha'ism in Egypt.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (23 February 1986):

269. 'Postponement of the verdict in the Baha'i case Till 4 May.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (15 April 1986):

270. 'Public opinion awaits the judgements of the Egyptian court: al-Muslimun demands a stiffening of the penalty.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (22 February 1986e):

271. 'Qadiyanism infiltrates into some Islamic states: the Israeli authorities are in constant contact with the leaders of the false sect.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (19 April 1986c):

272. 'Qadiyyat al-Baha'iyya wa ma'ziq al-hukuma al-Misriyya' [The Baha'i law-case and the dilemma of the Egyptian government].' al-Islah (Dubai) 8 (87 May 1985): 56-59.

273. 'Qarar al-majma' al-fiqhi hawl al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-intima' ilayha: al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Babiyya khuruj 'an shari'at Allah' [Decision of the Juristic Council on Baha'ism and affiliation to it: Baha'ism and Babism are departures from Shari'a law].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) 1 (10 13 April 1985d): 6.

274. 'Qu'est-ce que le Bahisme [sic]?' [What is Bah(a)'ism?].' Etudes islamiques (Dakar, Senegal) 5 (21 February 1984): 12. BWC Pam 141-285

275. 'Quick answers.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (1 March 1986b):

276. 'Ra'is al-tahrir yuwasil al-radd 'ala za'im al-Baha'iyin' [The editor persists in refuting the leader of the Baha'is].' al-Hadara (Cairo) (2 Safar 1407/Oct.-Nov. 1986): 40-42.

277. 'Rector of the Azhar calls on the Muslims to resist the contumacious creeds: the Ministry of Awqaf forbids Mother's Day celebrations if they should coincide with Baha'i festivities, The.' al-Siyasa (Kuwait) (21 March 1986b):

278. 'Rector of the Azhar in his statement about Baha'is and Baha'ism: "Baha'ism is a false creed, and whoever follows it is an unbeliever and an apostate from Islam, The.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (2`1 January 1986):

279. 'Release of the Egyptian Baha'i s.' al-Watan (Kuwait City) (6 March 1985e):

280. 'Religion and life: a new Islamic study about Baha'ism: thought and belief 2: a refutation of Babi and Baha'i claims and an exposition of the falsity of their creed.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (18 March 1986b):

281. 'Religious War.' al-Sabah (Tunis) (8 February 1985):

282. 'Risala Baha'iyya: al-Baha'iyya al-dalla ta'mil fi 'l-khafa' ' [A Baha'i mission: misguided Baha'ism functions in secret].' al-Balagh (Kuwait) (853 3 Aug. 1986): 16-17.

283. 'Sahib kitab fi 'l-'aqida al-Baha'iyya al-kafira, Mirza 'Ali Muhammad al-Shirazi' [An author on the beliefs of unbelieving Baha'ism, Mirza 'Ali Muhammad Shirazi].' Zahrat al-Khali j (Abu Dhabi) 8 (370, p. 73; 371, p. 73 26 Apr., 3 May 1986):

284. 'Salat batila wa 'l-imam Baha'i' [Wasted prayer, and the prayer leader is a Baha'i].' al-Hawadith (Beirut) (1169 30 March 1979): 19. BWC Pam 139-919

285. 'Salatless "Saviours" of Islam?.' Al-Islam 2 (2 Feb./Mar. 1985): 1, 6. Collins 11.892 'Salatless' refers to the fact that Baha'is do not perform the Muslim ritual prayer or 'salat' (although they do have their own form of salat).

286. 'Secretary of the Baha'i organization in Sudan becomes a Muslim.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (8 February 1986d):

287. 'Sentence in the Baha'i case due 31 March.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (4 February 1986b):

288. 'Shaykh al-Azhar: al-Baha'iyun adwat li 'l-Sahyuniyya fa 'hdaruhum wa 'ba'duhum 'an al-marakiz al-mu'athira' [Shaykh of the Azhar [University]: "The Baha'is are tools of Zionism: beware of them and remove them from influential positions].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) 7 (2299 15 March 1985d): 3.

289. 'Shaykh al-Azhar: al-Baha'iyya wa id'a' al-nubuwwa irtidad 'an al-Islam' [Shaykh of the Azhar: Baha'ism and making claims to prophethood are both accounted apostasy from Islam].' al-Bayan (Dubai) (1, 750 15 March 1985e): 20.

290. 'Shaykh of the Azhar [University] urges the Egyptian government to combat the Baha'i creed and other similar movements, The.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (21 January 1986b):

291. 'Simply an opinion: I do not worship what you worship.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (31 March 1985):

292. 'Speech of the Shaykh of the Azhar [University] about the the Baha'i religion claiming prophecy.' al-Watan (Kuwait) (15 March 1985f):

293. 'Statement of account to the readers of al-Muslimun: the editorial staff received 20000 letters during the past year.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (8 February 1986e):

294. 'Stories of Husayn Bi kar and the 40 Baha'i s: the case of the year that is being heard in court next Monday.' al-Nur (Cairo) (26 March 1986):

295. 'Suppression of the Baha'i organization and the judicial inquiry of the 40 accused.' Mayu (Cairo) (25 February 1985):

296. 'Tanzim Baha'i jadid, takshifa (sic: read takshifuhu) Niyaba Amn al-Dawla al-yawm) The State Security Prosecution Office exposes a new Baha'i organization today.' al-Jumhuriyya (Cairo) 22 (11, 384 28 February 1985b): 10-line piece noting report by Raja' al-'Arabi, head of Egypt's State Prosecution Office, on the arrest of 40 Baha'is.

297. 'Tarikhcha-yi madhhab-i Bab va Baha' '[A short history of the Bab and Baha'].' Sipi d va siyah (Tehran) 2 (40 24 Urdibihisht 1334/14 May 1955): 10-11.

298. 'Tatiq al-shari'a al-Islamiyya yabda'u min al-usra; wa 'l-mujtama' qadir an yaja'ala 'l-shari'a mutbiqa fi'lan' [Application of the Islamic shari 'a starts at home, and society is capable of applying it in its entirety straight away.].' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (6 June 1985): 3. Report of a seminar held at the Arabic Language College of Mansura Unniversity, with comments on Husayn Bikar and the punishment for apostasy (which is defined as the death penalty).

299. 'Tazahura' [Demonstration].' al-Mujtama' (Kuwait) 16 (755 18 Feb. 1986): 19.

300. 'Telegrams to al-Muslimun on the occasion of the first anniversary of its publication.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (8 February 1986f):

301. 'To Professor Khalid: Muhammad Khalid.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (17 June 1985):

302. 'truth about Baha'ism, The.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (25 October 1985):

303. 'Ukasha, Rida'. 'al-Baha'iyya: kayfa bada'at wa min ayna ja'at?' [Baha'ism: how did it start and where did it come from?].' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (28 March 1985): Some serious errors of fact. Calls for the death penalty for Baha'is.

304. 'Ukasha, Rida'. 'Bint al-isti'mar... wa umm al-Baha'iyya: al-Babiyya. Li-madha sama nafsahu bi 'l-Bab wa li-madha atlaqa 'ala 'atba'ihi kalima <<Hayy>>?' [Daughter of mperialism...and mother of Baha'ism: Babism. Why did he give himself the name Bab, and why did he apply the term <<the Living>> to his followers?].' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (167 4 April 1985): 17.

305. 'Ukasha, Rida'. 'The case of the Baha'i organization: the attempt to delay the judgement.' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (17 April 1986):

306. 'Umran, 'Abd al-Mu'ti. 'al-Liwa' al-Islami takshifu 'l-tazyif alladhi hatha hawla 'l-raqm (19)' [al-Liwa' al-Islami exposes the distortions of fact surrounding the number 19].' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (166 28 March 1985): 1, 3-5.

307. 'Umran, Maha. 'al-Baha'iyya min 'Abbas Afandi ila Jamal 'Abd al-Nasir' [Baha'ism from 'Abbas Effendi to Jamal 'Abd al-Nasir].' Sabah al-Khayr (Cairo) (1, 524 21 March 1985): 24-25, 45. BWC Pam 142-1549 Interviews with two Egyptian authorities: Dr. Ahmad Shalabi and Attorney General Raja' al-'Arabi.

308. 'Umran, Mustafa. Tahafut al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya fi  daw' al-'aql wa 'l-naql [The confutation of Babism and Baha'ism in the light of reason and tradition], Cairo, Dara al-Taba'a al-Muhammadiyya, 1977, 150 pp.

309. 'Umri, Muwaffaq Mustafa al-. al-Masuniyya wa' l-Baha'iyya, aw Banu Sahyun, wa tabaqatuhum al-mufsida ['Freemasonry and Baha'ism, or the Sons of Zion: their corrupt system']. 70-104. Baghdad: al-Hawadith Press, 1976.Contains material concerning Iraqi legislation about the Baha'is.

310. 'Uways, Dr. 'Abd al-Halim. 'al-Madhahib al-haddama: khataruha wa wujub muqawimatiha (5): al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya min al-madhahib al-kafira' [The destructive creeds: the danger they present and the duty of resisting them: Babism & Baha'ism are false faiths].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) 7 (2337 22 April 1985): 13.

311. 'Weekly Letter: Secretary General of the Islamic World League: 4000 missionary institutions at work in Muslim lands: Qadiyanism and Baha'ism among the most dangerous enemies of Islam.' al-Siyasa (Kuwait) (3 January 1986a):

312. 'What is Baha'ism?.' The Banner (April 20, 1973): p.9.

313. 'What is the Baha'i Cause?.' Awake! (Sept. 22, 1957): 17-20. Collins 11.1075 A Jehovah's Witness critique

314. 'What the papers said we say.' Imam (London) (46 Jamadi al-Thani 1406/February 1986): BWC Pam 143-619 Refers to a piece in the International Herald Tribune (21.11.1985)

315. 'Zawaj al-Baha'iyya mahdur shar'an wa qanunan ila an tu'mina bi-diyana samawiyya' [A Baha'i woman may not be taken in wedlock in either religious or civil law until she embraces a heavenly creed].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (3 January 1986b): Short report of a statement by former Head of the Court of Cassation in Cairo, Ahmad Hasan Haykal.

316. Simple Steps Why Bahai Philosophy Is Not the Answer. 1. n.p. [St. Louis, Mo.]: n.d. [1975]. Collins 7.2558

317. What is Bahai'ism? : see item.

318. M. T., Dr. Muhakama wa bar-rasi  dar pi ramun-i 'aqa'id wa adab wa ahkam wa tari kh-i Bab-i Baha' [Title differs slightly from vol.1 -- item x]. 3rd. ed., Vol. Vol. 2. Tehran: Intisharat-i Burhan, 1344 Sh/1965a. Second of three volumes using Baha'i texts as a basic for (unfavourable) comment. This volume has sections on history, personal laws, general legislation, and an overview of Babi/Baha'i literature.

319. M. T., Dr. Muhakama wa bar-rasi  dar 'aqa'id wa ahkam wa adab wa tari kh-i Bab wa Baha'. 3rd. ed.,Vol.1. Tehran: Intisharat-i Burhan, 1344 Sh/1965b. The first of three useful volumes based entirely on Babi and Baha'i sources, though heavily antipathetic in orientation. Arranged under a discussion of ten 'basic principles of Islam', the author examines Babi and Baha'i teachings on God, worship, resurrection, prophecies, etc. There is also a short section on social and administrative teachings. The citations from Babi and Baha'i texts are often out of context, but are still valuable.

320. M. T., Dr. Muhakama wa bar-rasi  dar 'aqa'id wa ahkam wa adab wa tari kh-i Bab wa Baha' [Title differs slightly from vols 1 and 2 -- items x, xx]. 3rd. ed. Vol.3. Tehran: Mu'assisa-yi Intisharat-i Islami , 1386/1966-67. A continuation of the author's earlier studies, based on 22 Babi/Baha'i books previously unavailable to him. The first 200 pages are largely taken up with historical matters, followed by sections on social teachings, laws, and Babi/Baha'i writings (this latter particularly valuable).

321., Ahmad A. Danistaniha'i dar bara-yi naqsh-i siyasi-yi rahbarani Baha'i (Facts concerning the political programme of the Baha'i leadership). Tehran: 1344 Sh/1965. Listed Ahmad, 'Conspiracy Theories', Encyclopaedia Iranica, p. 145

322. H. B., [= 'Abd al-Karim Malik]. Wasila-yi sa'adat ya ahkam-i Baha'iyyat-i Aqdas. 3rd. printing. Reissued 1347 Sh./1969 as Baha'iyyat [sic] -i gumrah-ra bi-shinasid, with the author's name in full ed., 176. [Tehran]: Privately printed, 1341 Sh./1963.The author appears to have been a merchant with little knowledge of his subject. The text, which concentrates on the laws of the Kitab al-aqdas, has even more errors than usual. Murad gives name of author as Muhammad Hasan Burushaki [?]

323. Sadruddin, Maulana. Hujjat-i baligha dar radd-i Baha'iyyat (The complete proof in refutation of Baha'ism), London, al-Shirkat al-Islamiyya, 1986, 82 pp. An Ahmadi publication.

324. Waki l, 'Abd al-Rahman. al-Baha'iyya: ta'ri khuka wa 'aqi datuha wa silatuha bi 'l-Batiniyya wa 'l-Sahyuniyya, Cairo, Matba'a al-Sunna al-Muhammadiyya, 1962; 2nd. ed., Jeddah, Dar al-Madani, 1986.

325., S. M. Haqiqat-i madhhab-i Bab wa Baha' ['The truth about the religion of the Bab and Baha' ']. 42. Listed Murad

326. ??? Rujum al-shayatin fi 'l-radd 'ala Karim Khan al-mutasammi  bi 'l-Rukn al-Rabi' ['Stoning the devils: a refutation of Karim Khan, the so-called "Fourth Support"]. Iran: A diatribe against the Shaykhi leader Hajj Muhammad Karim Khan Kirmani, including a separate attack on the Bab Murad p. 136, from al-Dhari'a. Double-check: is this a confusion with Karim Khan's Rujum al-shayatin?

327. A Look at the Baha'i Faith and Its Great Plan. [4]. El Cajon, Calif.: Universal Evangelism, n.d. [196-?]. Collins 7.1437

328. A'zam, Mas'ud. Chara wa chaguna? 8. Tehran: A'zam, 1353 Sh./1974-75.

329. A'zami, Muhammad Hasan al-. Haqi qat al-Baha'iyya wa' l-Qadiyaniyya. 1st. ed. (?), 1373/1953-54, 300 pp. Beirut: Mu'assisa al-A'lami li' l-matbu'at, 1393/1973, 192 pp.A study of Babism, Baha'ism, and the Ahmadiyya sect of Islam by an Arab author and graduate of al-Azhar resident in Pakistan

330. Abu Hilw, Husayn. 'Wa ila' l-liqa': akhtar anwa' al-ghazw' [Au revoir: the most dangerous kind of invasion].' al-Bayan (Dubai) 5 (1742 7 March 1985): On Baha'ism as a new face of colonialism.

331. Abu Jabal, Muhyi 'l-Din. 'The Musaylima of the Twentieth Century.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (1 March 1986):

332. Abu Khalid, Ibrahim. 'The al-Muslimun Post Box: Mother's Day Is a Baha'i Innovation.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (22 March 1986):

333. Abu Madthara, (Batil-Shikan Qalam). 'Baha'i Tahrik.' al-Haqq (Karachi) 13 (9 July 1978): 13-25. Urdu

334. Afrasiyabi, Bahram. Baha'iyyat bi-rivayat-i tarikh [Baha'ism according to the testimony of history]. 279. [Tehran]: Nashr-i Parastish, 1366/1988.A basic history with copious reproduction of photographs and documents. Very similar to the author's Tarikh-i jami'-i Baha'iyyat [item x]

335. Afrasiyabi, Bahram. Tarikh-i jami'-i Baha'iyyat -- Naw-masuni) [A comprehensive history of Baha'ism -- Neo-Freemasonry]. 791. Tehran: Instisharat-i Sukhan, 1368 Sh./1990.Basically an expanded version of the author's Baha'iyyat bi-rivayat-i tarikh (item x). For a book of its size, it has a disconcertingly tiny bibliography. Numerous photographs and documents are reproduced.

336. Ahmad A., Murtada. Danistaniha'i dar bara-yi tarikh wa naqsh-i siyasi-yi rahbaran-i Baha'i. 2nd. printing.; 3rd. printing 1346/1967-68 ed., 96. Tehran: Intisharat-i Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyya, 1345/1966-67.

337. Ahmad ibn Hajar [Al Butami Binali?]. 'al-Firaq al-batiniyya: 1) al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya.' al-'Ahd (Qatar) 12 (621 28 Apr. 1987):

338. Ahmad, 'Abd al-Mun'im Mustafa. 'al-Baha'iyya, al-khatar al-yahudi al-zahif 'ala 'l-Muslimin' [Baha'ism, the Jewish danger creeping up on Islam].' Manar al-Islam (Abu Dhabi) 10 (9 June 1985): 146-55. A strained 'expose' of links between Babism, Baha'ism and Zionism, imperialism, Freemasonry, etc.

339. Ahmad, Shahid. 'Criminals and Stooges Under the Bahai Cover.' Crescent International 2 (10 Aug. 1-15, 1983): 5. Collins 11.33

340. Ahmadi, Muhammad Sharif. Kashf al-ghita' 'an wajhi shari'at al-Baha' [Removing the veil from the face of the law of Baha' Allah]. 24. Haifa, Palestine: Matba'at al-Ahmadiyya, 1367/1947-48. A publication by the Ahmadi movement.

341. Akgun, M. Zerrin. Islamiyet bakimandan Babilik, Bahailik ve hukuki durumlari, yargitay kararlari, Ankara, Kalite Matbaasi, 1975, xvi, 144 pp. (Spine title: Islamiyet bakimandan Bahailiki.) Examines the legal status of the Baha'is in Turkey.

342. Akgun, M. Zerrin. Islamiyet bakiminden Babilik, Bahailik ve hukuki durumlari - yargitay kararlari. xvi+144. Ankara: Kalite Metbaasi, 1975.

343. Akhundi , Murtaza Ahmad. Danistanha'i  dar-bara-yi tari kh wa naqsh-i siyasi -yi rahbaran-i Baha'i  (Tales concerning the history and political scheme of the Baha'i leaders), 3rd. printing, Tehran, Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyya, 1967 ? 1968?, 96 pp.

344. Al Haj Garba Isa. 'Opposed.' The Middle East (105 July 1983): 5. Collins 11.36

345. Al Kashif al-Ghita', al-'Allama al-Shaykh Muhammad al-Husayn. al-Ayat al-bayyinat fi qam' al-bid' wa' l-dalalat. 152. Najaf, Iraq: 'Alawiyya Press, 1345/1926-27. A general study of heresy by an eminent Shi'ite cleric of Iraq (1877-1954: see Wa'iz-i Khiyabani, Kitab-i 'ulama'-i mu'asirin, pp. 194-201), containing 60 pages in refutation of Baha'ism.

346. Al Nuri, 'Abd Allah. al-Baha'iyya sarab ['Baha'ism is a mirage']. 48. Kuwait: al-Muqhawi Press, 1375/1956.

347. al-'Iraqi, 'Atif. "Review of 'A'isha 'Abd al-Rahman, Qira'a fi watha'iq al-Baha'iyya.' 'Alam al-kitab (Cairo) 12 (Oct./Dec. 1986): 14-15.

348. al-A'zami, Muhammad Hasan. al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Qadiyaniyya [Baha'ism and Qadiyanism]. Beirut, Lebanon: Mu'assisa al-A'lami li 'l-Matbu'at, 1393/1973.

349. al-A'zami, Muhammad Hasan. Naqi bat al-Baha' (The character of Baha' [Allah]), [Lebanon?], 1973, 192 pp.

350. al-Baha'iyya fi khidmat al-isti'mar [Baha'ism at the service of imperialism]. Tehran: Munazzama al-I'lam al-Islami  (Sazman-i Tabli ghat-i Islami ), 1405/1985, 38 pp..Covers alleged Baha'i connections with Russia, Britain, Israel, America, and the regime of Muhammad Rida Shah.

351. al-Darsh, Dr. Sayyid. 'Readers Seek Guidance: False Prophets.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (18 March 1986):

352. al-Dasuqi, Muhammad. 'What Comes After the Azhar's Statement About Baha'ism?: The Muslim Clergy Seek the Application of the Penalty for Apostasy to the Baha'is.' al-Huda (Abu Dhabi) (14 February 1986)

353. al-Fasi , Muhammad 'Allal. al-Islam wa tahaddiyya al-'asr (Islam and the menace of the age), Rabat, Nashr wa Tawzi' Maktbat Matba'a al-Ummiyya, 1978, 31 pp. (Part of a series, Silsila fi  sabi l al-Islam ?). Al-Fasi  (1906-73) was a cleric and a founder and leader of the Moroccan Istiqlal Party. He led a campaign against the Baha'is in Morocco in 1962 and 1963.

354. al-Hadidi al-Tayr, Mustafa Muhammad. al-Qawl al-h]aqq fi 'l-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Qadiyaniyya wa 'l-Mahdiniyya [sic] [The Truth about Babism, Baha'ism, Qadiyanism, and Mahdism]. 151. Cairo: al-Dar al-Misriyya al-Lubnaniyya, 1986.

355. al-Hamawi, 'Abd Allah Salih. al-Babiyya. 52. Silsila harakat al-ridda al-mu'asira, Riyad, Saudi Arabia: Maktabat al-Sarwat, 1983b.

356. al-Hamawi, 'Abd Allah Salih. al-Baha'iyya. 56. Silsila harakat al-ridda al-mu'asira, Riyad, Saudi Arabia: Maktabat al-Sarwat, 1983a.

357. al-Hasani, 'Abd al-Razzaq. al-Babiyun fi' l-ta'rikh. 26. Sidon, Lebanon: Matba'a al-'Irfan, 1931. Reprint of article in 'Irfan magazine

358. al-Hasani, 'Abd al-Razzaq. "al-Babiyun fi' l-ta'rikh.' al-'Irfan, 1930,

359. al-Hay'a al-Khayriyya al-Islamiyya al-'Alamiyya. Lajna Muslimi Asiya. Nida' min Lajna Muslimi Asiya ila al-muslimin fi kulli makan. [6] folder. [Kuwait]: Dar al-Fajr, [1989] This is a statement from the Asian Muslims' Committee of the International Islamic Charitable Association.

360. al-Hayani, Dari Muhammad. al-Baha'iyya, haqiqatuha wa ahdafuha. 175, [1]. Baghdad: Dar al-'Arabiyya, 1989.

361. al-Hazib, Muhibb al-Din. al-Baha'iyya. 30. Cairo: Wa'zi [sic] Muhibb al-Din al-Hazib, 1355/1936-37.

362. al-Huda'i [al-'Iraqi], Mirza Abu Turab. Baha'iyyat din nist. 3rd. ed., 227. Tehran: Mu'assisa-yi Intisharat-i Farahani, c. 1370/1951. In spite of the title, this is a relatively standard attack. The concept that Baha'ism is not a religion, however, has acted as a spurious legitimation for anti-Baha'i activity in Iran.

363. al-Husayni, Manzur Ahmad. Madhhab-i Baha'i. 25 leaves. London: 1989.

364. Al-Jalali, Muhammad Baqir. Al-Haqa'iq al-diniyya fi 'l-radd 'ala 'l-'aqida al-Baha'iyya. Najaf: 1369/1949-50. [In al-Hasani biblio.]

365. al-Jalali, Muhammad al-Baqir. al-Haqa'iq al-diniyya fi' l-radd 'ala' l-'aqida al-Baha'iyya ['The religious truths refuting the beliefs of the Baha'is']. 189. Najaf, Iraq: al-Zahra' Press, 1369/1950.Includes a statement by the Shi'ite cleric, Muhammad Husayn Al Kashif al-Ghita' (see item X).

366. al-Jazzar, Shaykh 'Abd al-Mu'izz 'Abd al-Hamid. 'Hukm al-Islam fi 'l-Baha'iyya' [The verdict of Islam on Baha'ism].' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (167 4 April 1985): 8. A short reply to a reader's query.

367. al-Jibali, Ahmad. al-Baha'iyya bayna 'l-madi wa 'l-hadir [Baha'ism between past and present]. 92. Alexandria, Egypt: al-Markaz al-'Arabi li 'l-Nashr al-Tawzi', 1985. BWC index Pam 143-43

368. al-Jizawi, Mahmud. 'The Whole Story of the Relationship Between Zionism, Babism and Baha'ism: Why Did Baha' Appoint Haifa as the Direction to be Faced in Prayer...How Did He Come to Assign to Palestine the Appellation of "Land of Return"?.' al-Umma al-Islamiyya (Cairo) (1 April 1985):

369. al-Jundi, Anwar. al-Baha'iyya min al-da'wat al-haddama [Baha'ism is among the destructive propaganda organizations]. 23. Tunis: Dar al-Busalama li 'l-Taba'a wa 'l-Nashr wa 'l-Tawzi', 1985.

370. al-Kalak, Idris 'Abd al-Hamid. 'al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya.' al-Balagh (Kuwait) (850 13 July 1986): 18-21.

371. al-Kalak, Idris 'Abd al-Hamid. 'Shay' 'an al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Babiyya.' al-Balagh (Kuwait) (853 3 Aug. 1986): 12-15.

372. al-Kawi ra, 'Abd al-Salam. al-Baha'iyya rabiba Isra'il [Baha'ism is the confederate of Israel], Tetuan, Morocco: Disbris, 1978, 77 pp.

373. al-Kazimi al-Qazwini, al-Sayyid Muhammad [Amir Muhammad al-Kazimi]. al-Baha'iyya fi' l-mizan ['Baha'ism in the balance'], Sidon: 'Irfan Press, 1366/1947, 88 pp.

374. al-Khalisi, Shaykh Muhammad ibn Muhammad Mahdi. al-Shaykhiyya wa' l-Babiyya aw al-mafasid al-'alamiyya ['Shaykhism and Babism, or international chicanery']. 244. Baghdad: al-Ma'arif, 1951. Unusual for the viciousness of its attack on Shaykhism.

375. al-Khatib, 'Abd al-Karim. 'al-Baha'iyun... wa bi-ayyi din yudinuna?' (The Baha'is: what religion do they believe in?).' al-Akhbar (Cairo) (15 March 1985): 3. A singularly inaccurate account, confusing the Bab and Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of the Ahmadi sect.

376. al-Khatib, al-Sayyid Muhibb al-Din. al-Baha'iyya. Also issued in same year, with intro., 40 pp.; 2nd. ed., Egypt, al-Matba'a al-salafiyya, 1393/1973-74, 30 pp.; reissued 1983, Beirut, al-Maktab al-Islami, 48, [2] pp. ed., 48. Beirut: Maktab al-Islami li' l-taba'a wa' l-nashr, 1390/1970-71. Listed Murad, p. 97; other eds. from BWC list (latter fuller in detail)

377. al-Khatib, Muhibb al-Din. 'al-Baha'iyya'. 30. Cairo: al-Matbu'a al-Salafiyya, 1955 or 1963. BWC Pam 137-2672

378. al-Khatib, Muhibb al-Din; Mansur, 'Ali 'Ali; Kurd 'Ali, Muhammad; Fadil, Muhammad. Darasat 'an al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Babiyya. [4], 120. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islami, 1397/1977.

379. al-Khidr Husayn, al-Shaykh Muhammad. al-Qadiyaniyya wa' l-Baha'iyya. Also issued 1975, [Cairo?], al-Matba'a al-Ta'awaniyya, 84 pp. ed., 80. Cairo: Dar al-Kitab al-'Arabi, n.d. Originally part of a lecture series at al-Azhar by a shaykh at the university.

380. al-Khidr Husayn, Muhammad, et. al. al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya fi 'l-mizan. 144. [Cairo]: Majallat al-Azhar, 1405/1984-85.

381. al-Khidr Husayn, Muhammad. al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya. 45. [Cairo]: Matba'at al-Azhar, 1389/1969-70.

382. al-Majadi, Amir. 'Haqa'iq jadida fi 'l-Shaykhiyya wa 'l-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Qadiyaniyya.' al-Mu'allim (Kuwait) 20 (946 14 Dec. 1989): 20-22.

383. al-Mallah, Mahmud 'Abd Allah Yunis. al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya. Baghdad: Matba'a As'ad, 1374/1955, 100 pp.

384. al-Najjar, Dr. Muhammad al-Tayyib. 'al-La'b bi 'l-raqm 19 la yu'akkid wa la tanfi 'l-haqa'iq al-kawniyya: sahib al-la'ba istakhdama 'l-haqq li-yasilla ila 'l-batil' [Playing games with the number 19 can neither affirm nor negate the realities of the universe: inventor of the game has used truth to arrive at falsehood.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (6 April 1985): Views of various Muslim clerics on the 'Number 19 Plot'.

385. al-Najrami, Dr. Muhammad Yusuf. al-Harakat al-munahida li 'l-Islam. 88. n.p. [Jidda, Saudi Arabia?]: Dar al-Fikr, 1980. A study of Freemasonry, Baha'ism, and the Ahmadi sect. Pages 35-61 are devoted to the Baha'is.

386. al-Nimr, 'Abd al-Mun'im. al-Nihla al-laqita al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya: ta'rikh wa watha'iq. 249, [7]. Algeria: Shirkat al-Shahab li 'l-Nashr wa 'l-Tawzi', [198?]. [double entry, see below]

387. al-Nimr, Dr. 'Abd al-Mun'am Ahmad. al-Nihla al-laqita: al-Babiyya wa' l-Baha'iyya, ta'rikh wa watha'iq ('The Foundling Sect: Babism and Baha'ism, History and Documents'). 252. [Cairo]: Maktaba al-Turath al-Islami, 198-?Vicious attack based on stereotyped notions of a Zionist-Baha'i plot against Islam. The last chapter of Section 2, on the Baha'is and freedom of thought, is worth reading. Contains useful appendices of Egyptian legal materials regarding Baha'ism.

388. al-Nuri, 'Abd Allah. al-Baha'iyya sarab [Baha'ism is a mirage]. 2nd. ed., Cairo, Matba'at al-Sa'ada, 1390/1970, 83 pp. ed., 47. Kuwait: Matba'a al-Maqhwa, 1375/1956.Rehearses standard arguments. Has a section on Baha'i Qur'an interpretation. [earlier entry for this above?]

389. al-Sa'id, Sana'. 'Khalid Muhammad Khalid yaqulu li-Akhbar al-yawm: al-Baha'iyya 'aqida mariqa 'an al-Islam' (Khalid Muhammad Khalid says to Akhbar al-yawm: 'Baha'ism is a creed that has deviated from Islam.' Akhbar al-yawm (Cairo) (3, 005 2 March 1985): 7. Part of a longer interview on religious themes by an eminent Muslim humanitarian thinker. Khalid (b. 1919) is a leading figure of the Islamic 'left wing' in Egypt, advocating a liberal interpretation of the Qur'an and religious law. His views on the Baha'is are, however, quite orthodox.

390. al-Sa'idan, Hamd. 'The Misty Window: The Day of the Spring Equinox.' al-Siyasa (Kuwait) (26 March 1986):

391. al-Sahmarani , As'ad. al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Qadiyaniyya. 168. Beirut: Dar al-Nafa'is, 1987, 168 pp.

392. al-Salihi, Shaykh 'Abbud. Hadhihi, hiya' l-Baha'iyya ['This is Baha'ism']. London: 1965. Listed in Murad, p. 111, with refs

393. al-Samara'i, 'Abd Allah Salum. al-Qadiyaniyya wa 'l-Isti'mar al-Injli zi. 269. Baghdad: Wizarat al-Thiqafa wa 'l-I'lam (Ministry of Culture and Information), 1981. The book is devoted to a study of the Ahmadi (Qadiyani) sect of Islam, but the last sections are devoted to links between it and Baha'ism.

394. al-Samara'i, Qasim. al-Usul al-ta'rikhiyya li-nihlat al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya. 62. Cairo: Dar Umiyya, 1407/1986.

395. al-Samawi, Qasim. 'al-'Alim al-Bakistani Ihsan Ilahi Zahir: idha aradna ma'rifa haqiqat al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya fa-linanzur fi nash'atihima wa 'l-jihat allati tad'amuhuma' the Pakistani scholar Ihsan Ilahi Zahir to al-Sharq al-Awsat: if we wish to learn the truth about Babism and Baha'ism we should look to their origin and the parties that back them.].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (10 September 1985): 10. Interview with the author of al-Baha'iyya: naqd wa tahlil (item x), a popular refutation of Baha'ism.

396. al-Sha'rawi, Muhammad Mutawalli (Shaykh). 'Hiwar maftuh ma'a al-Shaykh al-Sha'rawi...li-madha hadhihi 'l-dajja hawla qanun al-ahwal al-shakhsiyya' [An open interview with Shaykh al-Sha'rawi... Why is there such an uproar about the personal status law?].' Akhir al-sa'a (Cairo) (2643 19 June 1985):

397. al-Shahristani, al-Sayyid Hibbat al-Din Muhammad 'Ali. "al-Radd 'ala' l-Babiyya ['A refutation of Babism'].' al-Manar (1329/1911): Cairo. Listed Mansur, p. 105

398. al-Shandwili, Muhammad. 'Claimants To Prophethood: How Should We Deal With Them? The Penalty is Insufficient to Deter Those Who Transgress Against the Faith.' al-Liwa' al-Islami (Cairo) (3 April 1986):

399. al-Sharabati, Dr. Ahmad. 'al-Baha'iyya mu'amara 'ala 'l-Islam' (Baha'ism is a conspiracy against Islam, [Pt. 2].' al-Nasr (Constantine, Algeria) (16 June 1985): On Babi doctrine, Baha' Allah, and the Kitab al-aqdas.

400. al-Sharabati, Dr. Ahmad. 'al-Baha'iyya mu'amara 'ala 'l-Islam' (Baha'ism is a conspiracy against Islam, [Pt. 3].' al-Nasr (Constantine, Algeria) (17 June 1985): Includes a survey of the role of Baha'ism in Egypt.

401. al-Sharabati, Dr. Ahmad. 'al-Baha'iyya mu'amara 'ala 'l-Islam' (Baha'ism is a conspiracy against Islam, [Pt. l].' al-Nasr (Constantine, Algeria) (15 June 1985): Concentrates on the Bab.

402. al-Shimri, Muhammad Sulayman. 'Anwar Islaiyya: sura hukm yafdah 'aqida' [Islamic lights: a court ruling exposes a creed].' al-Siyasa (Kuwait) (1 September 1985): Reminiscences of 'Ali 'Ali Mansur, an Egyptian judge who turned down a request from the Egyptian Baha'is in 1952 for recognition of their religion. He also comments on Baha'ism in Libya

403. al-Shimri, Muhammad Sulayman. 'Exclusive to al-Siyasa: Publication of Secret Correspondence of Baha'is around the world: Baha'ism apreads through science, art, and 70 prominent officials around the World receive backing under the cover of "Peace".' al-Siyasa (Kuwait) (28 March 1986):

404. al-Shubayli, 'Abd al-Rahman 'Abd al-'Aziz. 'The Black Claws of Hatred.' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) (3 March 1986):

405. al-Tarabishi, Mustafa. 'al-Ifraj 'an al-rassam Bikar wa habs 36 muttahaman fi qadiyyat al-Baha'iyin' (Release of the painter Bikar and detention of 36 suspects in the Baha'i Case).' al-Ahram (Cairo) (35, 873 1 March 1985): 1, 18.

406. al-Tarabishi, Mustafa. 'Niyaba Amn al-Dawla al-Ulya: al-Baha'iyun murtaddun wa kana yata'ayyanu tatbiq ahkam al-shari'a 'alayhim' [The Chief State Prosecution Office: the Baha'is are apostates and should have been liable to the penalties of shari'a law.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (20 June 1985): An important statement setting out the official position on legislation affecting freedom of religion.

407. al-Tu'ma, Sayyid Hashim Husayn Fath Allah. Ruman al-shaykh wa' l-shabb fi radd al-Baha'i wa' l-Bab ['The novel of the old man and the youth, in refutation of the Baha'i (sic) and the Bab']. 1st ed., Baghdad: 1331/1913. 2nd. ed. Najaf 1347/1928-29. Listed Murad p. 137 from Mu'jam al-mu'allifin al-'Iraqiyin

408. al-Tunisi, Khalifa 'Abd Allah. 'Da'wat al-iltiqa' bayna 'l-Muslimin wa ahl al-Kitab mardud 'alayha dinian wa siyasian' [A call for dialogue between Muslims and people of the book is objected to on religious and political grounds].' al-Siyasa (Kuwait) (25 October 1985): Review of 'Ala mizan al-Qur'an al-karim by Husayn Naji Muhammad Muhyi 'l-Din, in which proposals in an earlier book for dialogue between Muslims, Jews and Christians are rejected. Baha'is are mentioned a couple of times.

409. al-Wakil, 'Abd al-Rahman. al-Baha'iyya: ta'rikhuha wa 'aqidatuha wa sillatuha bi' l-Batiniyya wa' l-Sahyuniyya ['Baha'ism: its history and beliefs, and its relationship to the Batiniyya and Zionism']. 352. Cairo: al-Sunna al-Muhammadiyya Press, 1381/1962.Links the Babis and Baha'is to earlier Islamic sects.

410. al-Wali, Taha. "[Baha'ism].' al-'Alam (London) (27 April 1985):

411. al-Zamzami, Muhammad. al-Baha'iyya kuffar yuharibun al-Islam wa 'l-Muslimin. 51. Tetuan, Morocco: 1389/1969-70.

412. al-Zarqani, Muhammad. 'Boycott of the Baha'is: The Shaykh of the Azhar Calls on the Muslims to Have No Dealings With Any Baha'i: Buying and Selling, Barter and Marriage With Baha'is Are Forbidden By Law.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (15 March 1986):

413. Ali, Maulana Muhammad. History and Doctrines of the Babi Movement. Lahore, Pakistan: Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at-i-Islam, 1933, ii, 94 pp. A polemic by one of the leaders of the Ahmadiyya sect, a Muslim group itself accused of heresy by the mainstream and often bracketed with the Baha'is as latter-day enemies of Islam. Collins 7.45

414. Ali, Moulvi [i.e. Maulana] Mohammad. The Babi Religion. 52. Lahore: The Mohammadan Tract and Book Depot, n.d. [192-?]. Collins 7.46

415. Ali, U. Babism and Bahaism Examined. 69. New Kotwali, Agra: S.R. & Bros., 1956. Collins 7.47

416. Alter, S. Neale. Studies in Bahaism. 72 leaves. Beirut: American Press, 1923.Based on the author's doctoral dissertation [xxxx]. A hostile account from a Christian missionary perspective. Collins 7.51

417. Amin, Mustafa. 'Fikra' [A thought].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) 7 (2285 1 March 1985): 3. An unusual defence of the Egyptian Baha'i leader Husayn Bikar. Amin's defence was subsequently attacked in the pages of al-Nur (item x).

418. Amirpur, 'Ali. Khatamiyyat wa pasukh bi-sakhta-ha-yi Baha'iyyat. 194. Tehran: Sazman-i chap wa intisharat-i Marjan, 1340/1961 Reprinted 1343/1964; 1351/1972. A general Shi'ite refutation, summarizing Babi and Baha'i history, writings, and laws. The second half, however, is devoted to a consideration of the theological problems surrounding the Babi/Baha'i claims that Muhammad was not the Seal of the Prophets and that the Day of Judgement has arrived.

419. Anderson, Norris. Baha'i, a Problem of Logic. Manila: OMF, 1976, 10 pp..Christian polemic. Collins 7.59

420. Anjuman-i Hujjatiyya: nasli ma'yus az harakat wa inqilab [The Hujjatiyya Society: a generation deprived of movement and revolution]. 136. [Tehran]: Intisharat-i Rah-i Mujahid, 1368 Sh./1990.An important collection of articles from the radical revolutionary journal Rah-i Mujahid, dealing mainly with the ideological failings of the Hujjatiyya Society, a Muslim group originally formed to combat Baha'ism in the 1950s. The articles touch on the Baha'is and the reciprocity of their activities with those of the Hujjatiyya, both groups being accused of promoting the separation of politics and religion as part of an imperialist scheme.

421. Anon. "Review of Miller, Baha'ism: Its Origin, History and Teachings (item xx), Book Review Digest (New York), , PP- 729-730.' ((I93I)):

422. Anon. "Review of Miller, The Baha'i Faith (item xx) Choice (Middletown, Conn.),, I323.' ( (Dec. I975)):

423. Anon. "Review of Miller, The Baha'i Faith (item xx) Presbuteros (Baltimore, Md.), , p. 4.' ((Nov. I974)):

424. Anon. The Origin of Baha'ism? Shiraz, Iran: n.d. A short (34 small pp.) booklet written by a Muslim group for Western Baha'is, in which standard accusations of Babi and Baha'i collusion with imperialist powers are trotted out in highly deficient English.

425. Anon. Yak namuna kashf shuda az jinayat-i Baha'iha ba qatl-i faji' wa dilkharash dar Abarquh ['An example of the crimes of the Baha'is, involving a dreadful and heart-rending murder in Abarquh']. 3 ed., 16. Yazd, Iran: Gulbahar, Listed Murad p. 142

426. Anwar, Muhammad. 'al-Ifraj 'an 7 min jama'at al-Baha'iyin. al-Azhar: al-Baha'iyun kharijun 'an al-din al-Islami' (Release of 7 of the Baha'i group: al-Azhar: the Baha'is are outside the pale of the Islamic religion).' al-Akhbar (Cairo) 33 (10, 229 1 March 1985): 1, 5. Based on a statement prepared for Egypt's State Prosecution Office by Dr. Muhammad al-Husayni Hashim, Secretary of the Islamic Studies Academy.

427. Ardakani, Hajj 'Ali Asghar Yazdi. al-Hidaya al-Mahdawiyya fi radd al-ta'ifa al-Babiyya. 263 pp. Tehran: 1325/1907. [in possession] Listed Murad p. 142 Mainly in the form of a dialogue with a Baha'i teacher.

428. Ardakani, Sayyid Isma'il ibn Muhammad al-Husayni al-. al-Ibtal fi' l-nubuwwa wa' l-imama. 244. Tehran: 1312/1894-95. Listed al-Dhari'a 1:66, 10:188

429. Argues that the Baha'is were, not only the main supporters of the Shah of Iran, but also major influences on the entourage, ideas, and behaviour of Egyptian president Anwar Sadat. BWC Pam 139-954

430. Arsharuni, A. M. [Russian?]. Baha'iyyat. 62, [3] leaves. Translated by 'Ali Akbar Furutan. Iran: Furutan, 1930?

431. Ayati, 'Abd al-Husayn (Avara). Damima-yi Kashf al-hiyal. 44. Tehran: Chapkhana-yi Khavar, 1307/1929. Supplement to his Kashf al-hiyal (Item x)

432. Ayati, 'Abd al-Husayn (Avara). Kitab-i kashf al-hiyal. Reissued Tehran, 1961 ed., 225. Tehran: Matba'a Farush, n.d. [195-?]. An influential attack by the former official historian of the movement, the author of al-Kawakib al-durriyya (section x, item xx)

433. Ayati, 'Abd al-Husayn (Avara). Takmil-i Kitab-i kashf al-hiyal wa bayan al-haqa'iq. 96. [Iran]: Kitabfurushi-yi Hafiz, [196-?].

434. Badawi, Jamal. 'Ihtaris: al-Baha'iyya ilhad wa zindiqa (2): al-mahafil al-Baha'iyya hukumat khafiyya tantashiru ka 'l-saratan fi khidmat al-quwa al-'alamiyya wa markazuha al-ra'is fi shikaghu. Qurrat al-'Ayn... al-mar'a al-la'ub allati aqna'at shuyukh al-madhhab bi-ibtal al-shari'a wa 'l-insilakh niha'ian 'an al-Islam' (Beware: Baha'ism is unbelief and atheism. The Baha'i assemblies are secret governments spreading like cancer in the service of the international powers, with their headquarters in Chicago. Qurrat al-'Ayn, the flirt who encouraged the sect's leaders to abrogate the religious law and finally to abandon Islam.).' al-Wafd (Cairo) (14 March 1985): 15.

435. Badawi, Jamal. 'Ihtaris: al-Baha'iyya ilhad wa zindiqa, wa 'l-Islam bari' minha' (Beware: Baha'ism is apostasy and heresy and Islam has nothing to do with it).' al-Wafd (Cairo) (7 March 1985): 3. First part of a series. Focuses on Egypt.

436. Badri, Muhammad Ibrahim 'Abd Allah al-. Bayn al-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Masuniyya nasab [A Link Exists between Baha'ism and Freemasonry]. 142. Cairo: Silsilat al-buhuth al-Islamiyya [al-Azhar], 1986.

437. Baghdadi, Hasan al-. 'al-Baha'iyya wa akhawatuha, khatar qadim... jadid' [Baha'ism and its sisters, an old... new danger.' al-Mujtama' (Khartoum, Sudan) (28 Mar. 1972): 10-13. On links between Baha'is and Israel and the USSR.

438. Baha'i Movement -- The Truth Behind It! 1. Yarmouth, England: Upper Room Tracts, n.d. [19484]. Collins 7.363

439. Baha'i. [11]. Bromley, Kent: Christian Information Centre, n.d. [197-?].Antagonistic pamphlet by a member of the New Religious Movement, The Children of God, and not, therefore, conventionally Christian in approach. Collins 7.112

440. Baha'is, The. 2 leaves. Modern Heresies, 10, Croydon, S. Australia: St. Barnabas Church, 1959. Collins 7.484

441. Baha'ism. 16. St. Louis, Mo.: Concordia Tract Mission, n.d. [196-]. Collins 7.490

442. Baha'ismus? 5 leaves. Islamische Studienserie, 2, Aachen, W. Germany: United Muslim Student Organization in Europe, 1965. BWC index Pam 141-1583

443. Bahai God, The. Reissued between 1964 and 1973 as An Enquiring Letter Written by a Friend to the Bahai Community ed., iii, 25. Tehran: P.O. Box 865, n.d. [1964]. Collins 7.246; 7.846

444. Bahaism. St. Louis, Miss.: Concordia Tract Mission, n.d. A 16-page booklet rehearsing standard Evangelical Christian criticism of Baha'ism.

445. Bahaism: its origin and its role. 2nd. ed., 1987/1407, Tehran, Islamic Propagation Organization ed., 54. The Hague: Nashr-i Farhang-i Inqilab-i Islami, n.d. [1983]. A poorly written attack on Baha'ism by an agency of the Islamic Republic. Depends heavily on the forged 'Memoirs of Count Dolgorouki' [see section x, item xx] for historical information. Later sections reiterate allegations of Baha'i conspiracy with British, Americans, and Zionists. Reproduces several interesting documents, mainly reports by agents of the Shah's internal security service (SAVAK) on Baha'i activities. Defends Baha'i executions in Iran.

446. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'Sunduq al-dunya. (2) al-khatim' [The box of delights (2): the seal].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (30 June 1985):

447. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'Sunduq al-dunya: al-aqni'a' [The box of delights: the masks].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (6 July 1985):

448. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'Sunduq al-dunya: al-badaya' [The box of delights: the beginning].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (2 July 1985): On the early Babis and supposed Russian involvement.

449. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'Sunduq al-dunya: al-Baha'iyya' [The box of delights: Baha'ism].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (1 November 1985): The article consists almost entirely of a letter from Dr. Ahmad al-Najjar, the Secretary General of the Union of Islamic Banks, condemning leniency towards the Baha'is.

450. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'Sunduq al-dunya: al-Baha'iyya' [The box of delights: Baha'ism].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (29 June 1985):

451. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'Sunduq al-dunya: al-dasturiyya' [The box of delights: constitutionalism].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (7 July 1985): A letter addressed to an advocate in the Court of Cassation on civil legislation and Islamic law, referring to the disbanding of Baha'i assemblies.

452. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'Sunduq al-dunya: al-gha'ib' [The box of delights: the hidden one].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (1 July 1985):

453. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'Sunduq al-dunya: hulafa' al-Baha'iyya' [The box of delights: the allies of Baha'ism].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (5 July 1985): The usual suspects: British imperialism, Freemasonry, Zionism. Claims that Baha' Allah was sent by the British to India.

454. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'Sunduq al-dunya: ightiyal' [The box of delights: assassination].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (3 July 1985): Arguing that Russia provided ideological support and weapons to the Babis.

455. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'Sunduq al-dunya: milad ta'is' [The box of delights: a wretched nativity].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (4 July 1985): On Baha' Allah's early attempts to create a role for himself within the Babi movement.

456. Bahjat, Ahmad. 'The Box of Delights: Mother's Day.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (14 February 1986):

457. Bahrami, Hasan. Sarab. 13. n.p. [Tehran?]: Bahrami, 132 B. E./1975-76.

458. Bahri, Jamil al-. 'Abd al-Baha' 'Abbas wa' l-diyana al-Baha'iyya. 10. Haifa: al-Wataniyya, 1921.

459. Beckwith, Francis. Baha'i. 63. Minneapolis, Minn.: Bethany House Publishers, 1985.Christian attack concentrating on alterations to the text of Esslemont's Bahá'u'lláh and the New Era. Collins 7.542

460. Bi nali , Ahmad ibn Hajar Al Butami . al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya wa ahdafuhuma fi  dawa' al-nubuwwa wa 'l-radd 'alayhima (Babism and Baha'ism and their goals in the light of Prophethood, with a refutation of them), [Qatar], Matabi' Qatar al-Wataniyya, ?1983, 1984, 107 pp.

461. Bikar, Husayn and Salah Muntasir. 'Mujarrad ra'y' [Just a thought: from and to Bi kar].' al-Ahram (Cairo) (17 April 1985): 7. A brief correspondence between the Baha'i artist Husayn Bikar and a colleague, Salah Muntasir, who praises his art but condemns his beliefs.

462. Bixby, James T. 'Babism and the Bab.' New World 6 (Dec. 1897): 722-50. Collins 11.204

463. Bixby, James T. 'What is Behaism?.' North American Review (195 June 1912): 833-46. Collins 11.205 Add note on controversy this caused

464. Boykin, John. 'The Baha'i Faith.' In A Guide to Cults and New Religions, ed. Ronald M. Enroth. 25-41. Downers Grove, Ill.: Inter-Varsity Press, 1983.

465. Boykin, John. The Baha'i Faith. Downers Grove, Ill.: Inter-Varsity Press, 1982. 32-page booklet from an evangelical Christian viewpoint.

466. Braswell, George W. Chapter on Baha'ism in Understanding Sectarian Groups in America: the New Age Movement, the Occult, Mormonism, Hare Krishna, Zen Buddhism, Baha'i and Islam in America, rev. ed., Nashville, Tenn., Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1994, vii, 375 pp.

467. Brown, Charles E. The Ghost of Mohammedanism (Bahaism). 32. Anderson, Ind.: Gospel Trumpet Company, n.d. Collins 7.589a (from Bjorling)

468. Buchanan, C. M. "Review of Wilson, Bahaism and Its Claims (item x).' The Moslem World (Hartford, Conn.) 6 (3 July 1916): 325-6.

469. Burnside, George. Why I am Not a Baha'i. 8. [Australia]: [Burnside], n.d. [197-?].Polemic by a Seventh-Day Adventist author. Collins 7.599

470. Burushki (?), Hajj Muhammad Hasan. Ahkam-i Baha'iyyat ya wasilat-i sa'adat. Listed Murad p. 130

471. Bustani, Mahdi Jawab Habib. 'Watha'iq 'Uthmaniyya ghayra manshura 'an nishat al-Babiyin wa 'l-Baha'iyin fi 'l-'Iraq' [Unpublished Ottoman documents concerning the Babi and Baha'i movements in Iraq].' al-Risalat al-Islamiyya (Baghdad) (233 ?): 99-121.

472. Caby, Philippe and Pref. and postscript by Rev Fr Harry Peeters. The Baha'i Faith Explained and Refuted. [4], 28. Bambui, Cameroon: Regional Major Seminary, n.d. [197-].A Roman Catholic attack. Collins7.600

473. Canada, Anglican Church of. Bahá'í. 9. Fredericton, N.B., Canada: Diocese of Fredericton, 1971. Collins 7.61

474. Carus, Dr. P. "??????????" Open Court (1910):

475. Carus, Dr. Paul. 'A New Religion: Babism.' Open Court Vol.18 (1904): pp.355-72, 398-420.

476. Chahardihi, Nur al-Din. Baha'iyyat chiguna padid amad? [How did Baha'ism appear?]. 2nd.; 1st. ed. as Chiguna Baha'iyyat padid amad, Tehran, Intisharat-i Fathi, 1366/1987, 350 pp. ed., 350. Tehran: Intisharat-i Afarinish, 1369 Sh./1991.Severely unsystematic treatment, relying heavily on other sources.

477. Chaudhri, A. R. 'Bahai Doctrine of Manifestation Examined.' The Islamic Review 32 (5 May 1944): 160-82. Collins 11.266

478. Cole, J. R. 'Rashid Rida on the Baha'i Faith: A Utilitarian Theory of the Spread of Religions.' Arab Studies Quarterly 5 (1983): 276-91. A study of the writings on Baha'ism of a leading Egyptian Muslim thinker (d. 19--)

479. Conway, J.D. 'What Would You Like to Know About the Church.' The Catholic Digest (Jan. 1964): 124-7. Collins 11.289 Discusses Baha'ism from a Catholic viewpoint

480. Cult of the Month, Bahá'í. Reprinted c.1979, Chicago, Jesus People USA, 7p. (from Cornerstone) ed., [8]. Chicago: Jesus People USA, 1976. Collins 7.782, 783

481. Daghistani, Husayn Quli al-. Kashf al-zulma 'an mu'taqidat al-Babiyya wa bayan mu'taqidat al-Masihiyya [or al-Masi hi yi n] [Removing the darkness from the beliefs of Babism and an explanation of the beliefs of Christianity]. [Cairo], al-Matba'a al-Ami ra al-Sharafiyya [al-Sharqiyya?], 1906, 182 pp.

482. Dahlun, John E. 'Bahaism.' The Discerner 2 (9 Jan-March 1958): pp.11-15.

483. Danklefsen, Bob. The Founding of the Baha'i Cult. 3. South Bend, Ind.: South Bend School of Personal Evangelism, n.d. [1973?]. Collins 7.790

484. Dasuqi, Taha. al-Baha'iyya wasa'il wa ghayat. 270. [Egypt]: Dar al-Huda li 'l-Taba'a, 1985.

485. David, Moses [pseud.]. Bahai Shrine Prophecy. Dallas, Tex.: Children of God, n.d. [I97-?][4]. n.d. [197-?]. 7.I586.

486. David, Moses [pseud]. "The Temple Prophecy". 4. London/Dallas: Children of God Trust, 1971 (My copy has 1971 alongside the publishing details on p.2, but has Copyright 1973 on p.1, suggesting a 1973 reprint of a 1971 first edition.). A very strange document of two and a half pages, written by the American founder of the Children of God movement. David recounts visions in the Shrine of the Bab (incorrectly called a Temple) in Haifa. After a rambling account of his experiences and various prophecies, he appears to conclude that Baha' Allah was once a true prophet but that he had later become false.

487. Di'bis, al-Hamza. 'Kufr <<bawah>> yajibu 'l-tasadda lahu (!)' (Flagrant heresy must be resisted).' al-Nur 4 (156 6 March 1985): 'Kalimat al-Nur' column. Editorial comment by the paper's Managing Director on the cover story (item x) about Mustafa Amin's defence of the Baha'i Husayn Bikar.

488. Donaldson, Dwight M. "Review of Miller, The Baha'i Faith (item xx) ,The Muslim World (Hartford, Conn.], v.65 no.4 , pp. 298-299.' ((Oct. I975)):

489. Duma, Sayyid Abu. 'Shaykh Muhammad al-Ghazali Says: The (Muslim) Missionaries Should Take Action to Counter Movements Aiming at the Subversion of Islam and Come to Terms with Concerns of the Age.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (7 February 1986):

490. Dunya, Hamid. 'al-Hamdu li 'llah.' Uktubir (Cairo) (20 Apr. 1986):

491. Durri, Jalal. Chahar shab-i jum'a [Four Thursday evenings]. 72. [Tehran]: Shirkat-i Chapkhana-yi Firdawsi, 1353/1934.A record (apparently authentic) of four meetings held on Thursday evenings in 1933. The text recounts a series of discussions between the author and three Baha'is and is free of the rancour normally found in these materials.

492. Easton, Peter Z. 'Bahaism, a Warning.' Evangelical Christendom (Sept./Oct. 1911): 166, 186-8. Collins 11.357a

493. Easton, Peter Z. 'The Babis of Persia.' The Missionary Review of the World 17 (June 1894a): 451-3. An unusually violent attack for the period by an American Presbyterian missionary to Iran. This article inspired the Baha'i author Gulpaygani to write his XXXXXX. Collins 11.357

494. Easton, Peter Z. 'The Message of Bahaism.' The English Churchman and St. James's Chronicle (3587 July 1894a): 626. Collins 11.357b

495. Easton, Rev. Peter Z. 'The Babis of Persia.' Missionary Review of the World Vol.17 (June 1894b): pp.451-53. The first of several attacks by American Prebyterian missionaries. Highly unsympathetic to what he regards as 'this devilish, this satanic system'.

496. Easton, Rev. Peter Z. 'Wahabiism and Babism: Bibliography.' Missionary Review of the World Vol.17 (July 1894b): pp.529-30. A very short listing of works on Babism, together with titles on the earlier Arabian sect of Wahhabism. [Also place under 'bibliography'.]

497. Easton, Rev. Peter Z. Evangelical Christendom : [Article referred to in Balyuzi, 'Abdu'l-Baha, pp.149-50.] [Also check which article is the one to which Gulpaygani replied.]

498. Elder, Dr. Earl. E. 'The Moral and Spiritual Situation in Iran.' Moslem World Vol.38 (1948): pp.100-112. Includes references to Baha'i celebrations of their centenary, defections from the movement in Iran, and the dictatorial nature of the Baha'i administrative system.

499. Ellwood, Robert S. "Review of Miller, The Baha'i Faith (item xx) ,Missiology (Scottsdale, Pa.), v.3 , pp. 387--389-.' ((July 1975)):

500. Elwell-Sutton, L.P. "Review of Miller, The Baha'i Faith (item xx) ,Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (London), no.2 , pp. 157--158.' ((1976)):

501. Erlandson, Seth. 'How Baha'i Interprets the Bible and the Last Times.' The Discerner 10:12 (Oct.-Dec. 1982): pp.10-12.

502. Evenhouse, Bill. 'Baha'i -- The Children of Light.' In Reasons I. Sects and Cults with Non-Christian Roots, ed. Bill Evenhouse. 38-48. 2nd. rev. ed. ed., Vol. Grand Rapids, Michigan: CRC Publications, 1990.

503. Fada'i , Yusuf. Tahqiq dar tarikh wa falsafa-yi Babigari, Baha'igari, wa Kasravigara'i (sic). 2nd. ed., 1977, 336 pp. ed., 274. Tehran: Mu'assisa-yi Matbu'ati-yi Farrukhi, n.d. [1972]; 6th. ed., Tehran, Ata'i, 1984 (?), 292 pp.. A critical survey of Babism, Baha'ism, and what the author terms 'Kasravi-ism' (i.e. the ideas of the late Ahmad Kasravi). Fada'i wrote the present work while completing his doctoral thesis in religious studies at Tehran University. The book is intended as an impartial academic study, and although it falls short of that ideal (see particularly the note at the beginning), it is at least an attempt in a difficult climate.

504. Fadil, Jihad. 'al-Baha'iyya.' al-Hawadith (Beirut) 23 (1159 19 Jan. 1979): 3, 44-46. BWC index Pam 139-957

505. Fadil, Muhammad. al-Hirab fi sadr al-Baha' wa' l-Bab ['Spears through the hearts of Baha' and the Bab']. 376. Cairo: Dar al-Taqaddum, 1329/1911. (in possession) Lengthy attack based on a limited range of materials. The first part contains some useful quotations from Egyptian newspapers and journals concerning 'Abd al-Baha'.

506. Fakhir, Muhammad Shu'a'. 'Hadhihi hiya 'l-Baha'iyya' [This is Baha'ism].' al-'Alam (London) (68 1 June 1985): A letter criticizing an earlier article by Taha al-Wali (item x) and offering to send further letters to correct its inadequacies. An editorial note accepts his offer.

507. Fali al-Musawi, al-Sayyid Ahmad al-Sayyid 'Aziz al-. al-Baha'iyya hizb la mabda' ['Baha'ism: a sect without an origin']. 112. Najaf, Iraq: al-Adab, 1385/1965. Seems same as other al-Fali

508. Fali, Ahmad al-Musawi al- (ed.). Mudhakirat Dalkuruki [Memoirs of Dolgorukov]. 92. Karbala', Iraq: Matabi' Qidmus al-Jadida, 196-? An Arabic edition of the forged memoirs of Count Dolgorukov (see item x)

509. Fali, Ahmad al-Musawi al-. al-Baha'iyya, hizb la mabda' [Baha'ism, a party without an ideology]. 2nd. ed., 160. Beirut: Dar al-Sadiq, 1973.

510. Fansa, Nadhir. 'Sura min qarib li 'l-Baha'iyya wa 'l-Baha'iyin' [A close-up picture of Baha'ism and Baha'is].' al-Sharq al-awsat (London) 1 (8 14 December 1985): Inspired by Qabadaya's earlier article (item x). Concentrates on Baha'is in Iran under the Shah.

511. Farhat, Yasir and Muhammad al-Dasuqi Muhammad. 'Egyptian Public Opinion Awaits the Verdict in the Baha'i Case: A Unanimous Call For the Application of the Law of God to the Baha'is....' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (15 March 1986):

512. Farhat, Yasir. 'al-Baha'iyya ta'ifa tad'u ila 'l-fasq wa 'l-fujur wa 'l-ibahiyya' [Baha'ism is a sect that preaches wickedness, debauchery and dissoluteness].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (35 5 October 1985): 22. Part of a fuller report of comments made by rhe Egyptian Minister of Religious Endowments, Dr. Muhammad al-Ahmadi Abu 'l-Nur at the Islamic Centre in Hong Kong.

513. Fashahi , Muhammad Rida. Vapasi n junbish-i qurun-i vusta'i  dar dawran-i fiudal [The last medieval movement during the Feudal era'], Tehran, Javidan Press, 1977, 219 pp.; another ed. (?), Tehran, Muhammad Hasan 'Ilmi , [197-]

514. Ferguson, Charles Wright. 'Bahaism.' In The New Books of Revelation, pp.231-50. Originally published as The Confusion of Tongues, Garden City, NY, Doubleday, Doran and Company, 1928 English ed., Vol. New York: Doubleday, Doran and Company Inc., 1928.

515. Fi l, Suhayr Muhammad 'Ali . al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya wa mawqif al-Islam minha (Babism and Baha'ism, and the position of Islam in regard to them). [Cairo], Dar al-Manar, 1991, 267 pp. Vol. 3 in the series Silsilat 'aqa'id ba'd al-tayyarat al-fikriyya al-mu'asira wa mawqif al-Islam minha.

516. Figlagli, Ethem Ruhi. Babilik ve Bahailik. 72. Islami boluc cereyanlar, 1, Turkey: Hilal Cild ve Matbaacilik, 1981. BWC index Pam 139-788 (add to accents from reference)

517. Frame, Dr. J. Davidson. 'Bahaism in Persia.' Moslem World Vol.2 (1912): pp.236-44. A brief article by another American Presbyterian missionary resident in Iran.

518. Friend', 'A. The Bahai God. [Tehran]: n.d. A short (25pp.) English-language booklet written by a Muslim group in Iran, aimed at European and American converts to Baha'ism. The author cites Qur'anic verses on the nature of God before quoting numerous passages from writings of Baha' Allah in which he identifies himself as the divinity.

519. Fuda, Faraj 'Ali. 'A Calm Reply to a Great Man.' al-Ahram (Cairo) (1 July 1985):

520. Garrison, W.E. "Review of Miller, Baha'ism: Its Origin, History and Teachings (item xx), 'Oriental Cult or Universal Religion', The Christian Century (Chicago), , pp. I559--I560.' ((Dec. 9, I93I)):

521. Geijbels, M. "Review of Miller, The Baha'i Faith (item xx), Bulletin of the Christian Study Centre (Rawalpindi, Pakistan), , pp. I53-I54.' ((I976)):

522. Ghalwash, Mustafa. Khatar al-Babiyya wa 'l-Baha'iyya ['The danger of Babism and Baha'ism], al-Zaqaziq, Egypt, Dar al-Arqam li 'l-Taba'a wa 'l-Nashr wa 'l-Tawzi', 1990, 202 pp.

523. Ghanim, Amir. 'Wa nahnu nuwaddi'ukum: al-Baha'iyya fi Misr... mara ukhra' [We bid you farewell: Baha'ism in Egypt... once again].' Kayhan al-'Arabi (London) (9 June 1985): Alleges close links between the Baha'is and the Egyptian government (which is seen as pro-Zionist and pro-Israeli).

524. Goodpasture, Henry McKennie. " Review of Miller, The Baha'i Faith (item xx) ,The Presbyterian Outlook (Richmond, Va.),, p. I5-.' ( (Sept. 22, I975)):

525. Gruss, Edmund C. In Cults and the Occult in the Age of Aquarius, pp.84-91. Grand Rapids, Miss.: Baker Book House, 1974.

526. Gulpaygani, Mahdi Qasimuf. Baha'iyyat wa Susiyalism ['Baha'ism and Socialism']. Listed Murad p. 133. No further details [is this a Baha'i title, as listed in BW?]

527. Hafiz, Hisham and Muhammad 'Ali. 'Letter From the Publisher.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (22 February 1986):

528. Hafiz, Hisham and Muhammad 'Ali. 'Publisher's Letter.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (15 March 1986):

529. Hafiz, Hisham and Muhammad 'Ali. 'Publishers' Letter.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (12 April 1986):

530. Hafiz, Hisham and Muhammad 'Ali. 'Risalat al-nashir' [Letter from the Publisher].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (14 December 1985``): 1. An expression of support for an anti-Baha'i campaign as outlined by the editor, Salah Qabadaya, in an article for al-Sharq al-awsat (item x).

531. Hafiz, Hisham and Muhammad 'Ali. 'Risalat al-nashir' [Letter from the publisher].' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (4 January 1986): Expressing pleasure at the volume of readers' letters inspired by articles on Baha'ism and other topics.

532. Halqaha-yi yik zanji r [Links of a single chain]. 26. Iran: 1975.

533. Hamadani, Aqa Muhammad Taqi. Ihqaq al-haqq. 474. n.p.: n.d. [about 1326/1908].Despite its many defects, this work was regarded by Browne as 'on the whole the best refutation of thirty heretical Babi and Baha'i doctrine from the Muhammadan point of view which I have met with'. Criticizes at length Gulpaygani's Fara'id [Section x, item xx]. The 'thirty heretical doctrines' are summarized by Browne in Materials [section x, item xx], pp.325-39. (The date may be conjectured from the appended commendations from two mujtahids, both dated 4 Muharram 1326/7 February 1908.)

534. Hamadani, Khaliil. Dinsazan-i qarn-i bistum [Founders of false religions in the twentieth century]. 55. n. p. [Tehran?]: Sahil Press, 1352 Sh./1974. The title notwithstanding, the book deals only with the Babis and Baha'is.

535. Hamani, Ahmad ibn Muhammad. Risalat al-dala'il al-badiyya 'ala dalal al-Babiyya wa kufr al-Baha'iyya [The Epistle of Obvious Proofs Concerning the Misguidedness of Babism and the Unbelief of Baha'ism]. 293, [1]. Algeria: Dar al-Shahab li 'l-Taba'a wa 'l-Nashr, 1984.

536. Hamda, 'Abd al-Hamid. 'Qurrat al-'Ayn was corrupt...They claimed that she was pious.' al-Muslimun (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) (8 February 1986):

537. Hamdi, 'Ali. 'Naqd bar risala-yi khaluya ya Iqan-i Ustad Muhit-i Tabataba'i' [Muhit-i Tabataba'i's criticism of the letter to the maternal uncle, or the Iqan].' Gawhar (Tehran) 6 (3 [1978]): 257-8.This article follows on Tabataba'i's earlier piece in the same journal (item XXX) BWC index Pam 141-248

538. Hamdi, Ahmad. 'al-Qissa al-kamila li 'l-Baha'iyya fi Misr. <<Tahaqqaqa 'l-wa'du 'l-ilahi wa 'staqarat al-dawla al-Isra'iliyya fi 'l-aradi 'l-muqaddasa>> Shawqi 'Abd al-Baha' [sic]' (The full story of Baha'ism in Egypt. <<The divine promise has been fulfilled and the state of Israel has been established in the holy land>> Shawqi 'Abd al-Baha').' al-Musawwar (Cairo) (3153 15 March 1985): 94-98.

539. Haque, Serajul. 'Bahaiism, a Neo-Crusade.' The Islamic Times 3 (14 June 1984): 5-7, 9-10, 30. Collins 11.462

540. Hashimi, Abdul Quddus. 'No. 19 Theory on the Qur'an aids and Advances the Cause of Bahaism.' The Muslim Digest (JULY-AUG. 1981): 137-41. One of several criticisms by Muslim writers, directed against a theory advanced by Rashad Khalifa that the text of the Qur'an is built around the number 19. See, in particular, 'A'isha 'Abd al-Rahman (item xxx) Collins 11.468

541. Hatam, Majid Muhammad. 'al-Baha'iyya fi khidmat al-isti'mar.' (Baha'ism in the service of imperialism) al-'Alam (London) (243 8 Oct. 1988): 34-36.

542. Haydon, A. Eustace. "Review of Miller, Baha'ism: Its Origin, History and Teachings (item xx), 'The Religion of Baha'i', World Tomorrow (New York), V.I5, p. 27.' ( (Jan. 1932)):

543. Heer, Johannes de. 'Baha'i' in Anti-Christelijke Stroomingen [Anti-Christian movements], Zeist, the Netherlands, 1900 (?0, 1985, 238 pp.

544. Hijazi, Sayyid Muhammad Baqir. 'Islam va Mahdaviyyat' (Islam and Messianism).' Vazifa (Tehran) (41 18 Mihr 1323 Sh./10 October 1945): Claims evidence for authenticity of the Memoirs of Dolgorouki.

545. Hilal, Marzuq; 'Isa Murshid; Muhammad Hasan al-Banna'. 'Qararat wa tawsiat hamma li 'l-mu'tamar al-'alami al-rabi' li 'l-sira wa 'l-sunna al-nabawiyya al-yawm. Bayan shamil li-Fadila Shaykh al-Azhar fi 'l-jalasa al-khitamiyya' [Important decisions and recommendations from the Fourth International Conference on the Life and Way of the Prophet Today. A comprehensive speech by his excellency the Rector of the Azhar (University) in the course of the final session].' al-Akhbar (Cairo) (7 November 1985): 8.

546. Hilal, Marzuq; 'Isa Murshid; Muhammad Hasan al-Banna'. 'Recommendations of the Fourth International Conference on the Way and the Life of the Prophet.'