Churchyard

St. Mary's Churchyard

   

        The ground upon which the Old Church sits was purchased by John Tatham, Edward Hunloke, Nathaniel Westland and others "for the Conveniency of a burying place for themselves and also for all other Christian people" in July 1695. This land was supplemented by additional purchases and bequests in 1702. The earliest known headstones date from 1706 and 1707, respectively marking the graves of Mary and Edman Steward. Also buried within the Churchyard are Bowes Reed, a Revolutionary leader and mayor of Burlington; Joseph Bloomfield, a Revolutionary War officer, mayor and governor of New Jersey; Elias Boudinot, patriot, president of the Continental Congress, and director of the U.S. Mint; William Bradford, Boudinot’s son-in-law and Attorney General of the U.S.; and, several bishops of the Episcopal Church (G. W. Doane, William H. Odenheimer, and Wallace John Gardner). A few distinguished parishioners, such as Colonel Daniel Coxe, and the first rector, John Talbot, were accorded the ancient honor of being buried within Old St. Mary’s Church.

     The burying ground was expanded several more times in the 19th and 20th centuries.

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Churchyard Table of Contents

Please click on heading below to take you directly to the topic.

 

Edman and Mary Steward 

The earliest legible gravestones belong to Edman Steward and his daughter Mary Steward, dated 1707 and 1706 respectively.  The stones are excellent examples of early 18th century styling preferences.  The arched stones depict two columns or pilasters and an hourglass, reminding us of the shortness of life. 

 

John TalbotTalbot Memorial tablet            

The first rector of St. Mary's was buried beneath the church that he helped found.  Born in 1645, Talbot joined the work of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (SPG) in 1702 and became rector of the parish in 1704.  He advocated ardently for a bishop in North America and even procured John Tatham's "Stately Palace" for a bishop's residence.  On a trip to England in 1720-22, he was consecrated a bishop by non-jurors, bishops who remained loyal to the Stuarts. Talbot's enemies proclaimed his disloyalty to the Hanoverian monarch George I and Talbot was forced to resign his position as rector of St. Mary's.  He died November 30, 1727 in Burlington.

  

 

 

Charles H. WhartonCharles Warton, Rector 1796-1833

The seventh rector of St. Mary's was born in St. Mary's County, Maryland on May 25, 1748.  Originally raised a Roman Catholic, Wharton was ordained a priest in the Roman Church in 1772.  He converted to the Episcopal Church in 1783 and became rector of St. Mary's in 1796.  He was elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society in 1786 and served briefly as president of Columbia College in 1801.  He died on July 23, 1833, having served the longest tenure as rector, 36 years. 

 
Daniel Coxe

Colonel Daniel Coxe was the son of Dr. Daniel Coxe, physician to Queen Anne and a proprietor West New Jersey. He was a strong supporter of the Church of England, contributing generously to St. Mary's and the Trenton parish and working diligently to obtain a bishop for the colonies.  An associate justice for New Jersey, Coxe was also the Worshipful and Grand Master of the Free Masons in North America.  He died in 1739.

 

 

Joseph Bloomfield     

Link to Congressional biography  Photo of Grave

Born in Woodbridge, Bloomfield served as captain and major of the Third New Jersey Regiment during the American Revolution.  Wounded at the Battle of Brandywine, Bloomfield resigned, married Mary McIlvaine and practiced law in Burlington.  In 1783, he was appointed registrar of the Court of Admiralty.  From 1795 to 1800,   he was mayor of Burlington and was elected governor of New Jersey in 1801, an office he held until 1812.  He served as a general during the War of 1812 commanding troops on the Canadian border.  From 1817 to 1821, he was a Congressman and on occasion served as presidential elector.   Bloomfield was the president of the first Society for Abolition of Slavery and died October 3, 1825 at the age of 70. Bloomfield, New Jersey was named in his honor.

   

 

Bowes Reed        Additional link

Mayor of Burlington (1780), Bowes Reed was the brother of Joseph Reed, aid-de-camp to Washington and later president of Pennsylvania.   Reed has served as colonel of the Burlington County militia during the Revolution.

 

   
Miner K. Knowlton

Born in Connecticut in 1804, Knowlton graduated from West Point in 1829.  He served with the French Army as aid to Marshall Beaugand in Algeria in 1845 and with the U.S. Army in the Mexican War.  He was an instructor of mathematics, French, artillery and cavalry tactics at West Point for 14 years, instructing many of the noted Civil War generals, including U.S. Grant. He died in 1870.

   
 

Sir Andreas B. Engstrom

Born in Arendal, Norway in 1794, Engstrom was Knight of the Order of St. Olaf.  He taught art at St. Mary's Hall for  36 years and died in 1874.  He resided at 303 Wood Street in Burlington.

  
 

Rowland Ellis Photo of grave

A 19th-century stone marks the grave of this early schoolmaster of Burlington, who taught between 1711 and 1722.

  
Charles Ellis, M.D.

A physician, vestryman of St. Mary’s, and Burlington County Freeholder, Dr. Ellis was born in 1801 and died in 1885. His father, lumber merchant Charles Ellis, was on the committee that oversaw construction of the Burlington County Prison in Mount Holly (1810) and was responsible for bringing architect Robert Mills to work on alterations to Old St. Mary’s.

  
 

William Henry Odenheimer

Bishop William Henry Odenheimer

Third bishop of the Diocese of New Jersey and first bishop of the Diocese of Northern New Jersey (Newark).   Odenheimer was born in Philadelphia in 1817, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania and General Theological Seminary, and was rector of St. Peter's, Philadelphia prior to his election to the episcopate in 1859.  He died August 14, 1879.

Photo of Grave

 

 
Elias BoudinotElias Boudinot

Congressional biography Photo of Grave

The son of French Huguenots, Boudinot was born in Philadelphia on May 2, 1740.  He studied law under Richard Stockton of Princeton and married Stockton's daughter, Annis.  During the American Revolution, Boudinot sided with the rebels and was made commissary-general of prisoners.  He was elected to the Continental Congress in 1777 and served as its president in 1782.  During this time, the Treaty of Paris, ending the war, was signed.  Under the new Constitution, Boudinot was elected to represent New Jersey.  In 1796, Washington appointed him Director of the U.S. Mint, to succeed David Rittenhouse, who had died.   After ten years, Boudinot resigned and retired to Burlington, where he built a house(225-227 W. Broad St.) and devoted his life to the study of religious matters.   He was a founding member of the American Bible Society in 1816 and that same year published Star of the West, in which he proposed that Native Americans were descendants of the lost tribe of Israel.  Boudinot was a trustee of Princeton University.    He died in October 24, 1821. 

 

William Bradford Photo of Grave

Attorney General of the U.S. under President Washington, Bradford was born in Philadelphia in 1755.  He graduated from Princeton in 1772 and read law with Edward Shippen.  He fought in the American Revolution and became attorney general and justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court.   He married Susan Boudinot, daughter of Elias Boudinot, and was named to succeed Edmund Randolph as U.S. Attorney General by Washington in 1794.  His career was cut short when he died a year later, on August 23rd.

 

James W. Wall       Congressional biography

Mayor of Burlington, U.S. Senator.  Wall was the son of Garrett Wall.  He formed attachments to prominent Southerners prior to the Civil War and was accused of treason in 1861.  He was dragged from his house (now Temple B'nai Israel) by an armed guard and taken to Fort Lafayette.  He was released two weeks later and returned to Burlington amid cheers.

   
Bishop George Washington Doane

George Washington Doane

Photo of Grave    Anglicans Online link

Born in Trenton on May 25, 1799, Doane was the son of Jonathan Doane, a builder and architect of New Jersey's first State House.  He grew up in Geneva, New York, and graduated from Union College in 1818.  The following year he became a candidate for Holy Orders.  While studying for the ministry, he taught in a classical school for boys, which earned him a professorship at Trinity College in 1825.  Prior to his election as second bishop of New Jersey in 1832, he served as rector of Trinity Church, New York, taught at Washington College in Connecticut and was rector of Trinity Boston.  He was offered the rectorship of St. Mary's upon the death of Charles Wharton.  While in Burlington, he established St. Mary's Hall and Burlington College (1837), started 54 new parishes, and wrote several hymns and numerous poems.  One of his most significant contributions is to American architecture.  Work with two noted ecclesiastical architects, Richard Upjohn and John Notman, Doane built the earliest English Gothic Revival structure in North America (New St. Mary's, 1847-54) and earliest Italianate villa (his residence, Riverside, in 1846).  His death, on April 27, 1859, was mourned by the entire city.

   

 

Franklin D'Olier       Photo of Grave

D'Olier (1877-1953) was the first national commander of the American Legion and one of the early presidents of Prudential Insurance Company.

  
 

Wallace John Gardner

Sixth Bishop of New Jersey.  Born July 25, 1883 in Buffalo, New York.   Educated at St. Stephen's College and General Seminary.  Rector of St. Paul's Flatbush, Brooklyn and Vicar of Chapel of the Intercession, New York City.  Elected diocesan in 1937, Gardner was born in Buffalo in 1883.  He died on October 22, 1954.

           

 

Frederick Engle

Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy.

 

Bishop Alfred Lothian Banyard

Alfred Lothian Banyard

Seventh Bishop of New Jersey.   Born July 31, 1908 in Merchantville, New Jersey, Banyard graduated from the University of Pennsylvania and General Theological Seminary.  He was diocesan bishop from 1955 to 1973 and died in 1992.

             

George Wattson Hewitt

Hewitt (1841-1916) was an architectural partner with Frank Furness of Philadelphia.  The firm worked on the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the Library of the University of Pennsylvania, banks, and several private residences.  Hewitt was an ardent photographer and created a wonderful collection of scenes of St. Mary's and Burlington in the late 19th century.

       

E. Burd Grubb        Photo of Grave

Grubb had a distinguished military career, rising through the ranks from a second lieutenant to general.  Born of an old Burlington family in 1841, her served during the Civil War in the Fourth and 23rd New Jersey Regiments and later became colonel of the 37th Regiments Volunteers, which was nicknamed "Grubb's Game Chickens."  Grubb's brother, Parker, was adjutant and died at the siege of Petersburg.  Colonel Grubb was brevetted general for meritorious services in that battle.  He later served as a U.S. Ambassador to Spain (1890-92) and was captain of Philadelphia' famed First City Troop from 1878 to 1896.

 

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   The guide to St. Mary's Churchyard was prepared by Lawrence Schmidt. 

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