User:Iopq/Slovianski-N/Grammar

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Contents

Majority of grammar

IJzeren Jan already described most of Slovianski-N grammar:

http://www.langmaker.com/db/User:IJzeren_Jan/Slovianski/Grammar

Modifications

Orthography

I use a different orthography, so that has to be accounted for. One thing that has to be changed is how before vowels IJzeren Jan uses i but at the end of the word he uses '. This means he has a special rule to remember to change the ' to i when before a vowel. It also looks really ugly in Cyrillic, not to mention the fact he doesn't distinguish between a few cases like Marija and Marja (short for Marjana). He would write Maria for both.

Phonology

Slovianski doesn't have m', but instead replaces any soft labial with a combination of the labial and a j. So zem' (gen. pl. zemja) would be written zemj. All soft fricatives are replaced by similar means. desiat' > desjat', and dev'at > devjat'.

Grammar

Feminine singular instrumental should be ženoju, zemjoju, jednostju; this is to combine the Czech (ou) and Ukrainian(oju) versions. It is also similar to the Russian(oj) version. This is both for adjectives and nouns. Present second person singular of "to be" is jesi.

Additions

Derivation

Words are formed by adding prefixes and suffixes to existing words or roots. The conjugational suffixes of the word and soft signs are dropped before such derivation. If adding a suffix to the end of a word like -ni will cause the last consonant of the word to palatalize.

  • k > č
  • g > ž
  • h > š
  • (e)c > eč

Examples:

  • oblak > oblačni
  • nog-a > nožni
  • vozduh > vozdušni
  • ovc-a > ovečni
  • konec > konečni
  • kost' > kostni