User:Iopq/Slovianski/Orthography

From Langmaker

a b c č d d' e f g h i j l l' m n n' o p r r' s š t t' u v z ž
а б в г д дь е ж з и й к л ль м н нь о п р рь с т ть у ф х ц ч ш

Slovianski uses two scripts: Latin and Cyrillic. They have one to one correspondence. Here IPA is used to describe the sound values of the letters and their correspondence.

Latin script:

  • Aa - [ɑ] / [a]
  • Bb - [b]
  • Cc - [ʦ]
  • Čč or Cxcx - [ʧ]
  • Dd - [d]
  • D'd' - [dʲ] / [ɟ]
  • Ee - [ɛ]
  • Ff - [f]
  • Gg - [g] / [ɦ]
  • Hh - [x]
  • Ii - [ɪ] / [i] / [ɨ]
  • Jj - [j]
  • Ll - [l]
  • L'l' - [lʲ] / [ʎ]
  • Mm - [m]
  • Nn - [n]
  • Oo - [o] / [ɔ]
  • Pp - [p]
  • Rr - [r]
  • R'r' - [rʲ] / [r̝]*
  • Ss - [s]
  • Šš or Sxsx - [ʂ] / [ʃ]
  • Tt - [t]
  • T't' - [tʲ] / [c]
  • Uu - [u]
  • Vv - [v] / [ʋ]
  • Zz - [z]
  • Žž or Zxzx - [ʐ] / [ʒ]
*Raised alveolar trill

In case the writer is forced to use ascii the digraphs listed above are used to substitute for non-ascii characters. The pronunciation listed first will be understood more often.

Cyrillic equivalents:

  • Aа = Aa
  • Бб = Bb
  • Вв = Vv
  • Гг = Gg
  • Дд = Dd
  • Дьдь = D'd'
  • Ее = Ee
  • Жж = Žž
  • Зз = Zz
  • Ии or Ii = Ii
  • Jj or Йй = Jj
  • Кк = Kk
  • Лл = Ll
  • Льль = L'l'
  • Мм = Mm
  • Нн = Nn
  • Ньнь = N'n'
  • Оо = Oo
  • Пп = Pp
  • Рр = Rr
  • Рьрь = R'r'
  • Сс = Ss
  • Тт = Tt
  • Тьть = T't'
  • Уу = Uu
  • Фф = Ff
  • Хх = Hh
  • Цц = Cc
  • Чч = Čč
  • Шш = Šš

The alternatives listed are used in case the writer does not have the first choice on his keyboard.

The sorting order for correct alphabetic sorting by the computer: a b c č d e f g h i j l m n o p r s š t u v z ž ' а б в г д е ж з и й к л м н о п р с т у ф х ц ч ш ь

Some characters from Cyrillic scripts of natural Slavic languages are written with two letters because they represent two sounds:

  • Ё - Jo / Йо
  • Є - Je / Йе
  • Ї - Ji / Йи
  • Ю - Ju / Йу
  • Я - Ja / Йа
  • Щ - Šč / Шч or Št / Шт

Examples:

  • jod / jод or йод - iodine
  • joga / jога or йога - yoga
  • Rosija / Росиjа or Росийа - Russia
  • shema / схема - scheme
  • ščuka / шчука - pike
  • d'avol/дьавол - devil
  • l'ubit'/льубить - to love