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Colin Powell

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born April 5, 1937, New York, New York, U.S.

Photograph:Colin Powell, 2001.
Colin Powell, 2001.
U.S. Department of State

in full  Colin Luther Powell   U.S. general and statesman. He was chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–93) and secretary of state (2001–05), the first African American to hold either position.

The son of Jamaican immigrants, Powell grew up in the Harlem and South Bronx sections of New York City and attended the City College of New York (B.S., 1958), serving in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC). …


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More from Britannica on "Colin Powell"...
61 Encyclopædia Britannica articles, from the full 32 volume encyclopedia
>Powell, Colin
U.S. general and statesman. He was chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–93) and secretary of state (2001–05), the first African American to hold either position.
>Powell, Colin Luther
On Jan. 20, 2001, the engaging former chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Colin Powell—whose leadership role in the 1991 Persian Gulf War had brought him to the attention of the American public—was sworn in as U.S. secretary of state.
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For a list of populated Dependent States, seeTable.
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5 Student Encyclopedia Britannica articles, specially written for elementary and high school students
Powell, Colin
(born 1937). A four-star U.S. general and statesman, Colin Powell was the first African American to serve as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–93) and secretary of state (2001–05). He was highly regarded by both the public and fellow politicians for his integrity and dedication to service.
The American Military Response
   from the Persian Gulf War article
Had Saddam Hussein pursued his military advantage and invaded Saudi Arabia in August 1990 there was no power in the area that could have stopped him. The American response would have been limited to air and missile attacks from the Independence aircraft carrier task force in the Persian Gulf and by B-52 bombers stationed on Diego Garcia Island, 2,500 miles (4,023 ...
Rice, Condoleezza
(born 1954). U.S. educator and politician Condoleezza Rice was the first woman and the first African American national security adviser in the United States, serving from 2001 to 2005 under President George W. Bush. She became secretary of state in 2005, during that president's second term. An influential and loyal adviser to Bush, Rice was a strong advocate of the ...
The United Nations After the Cold War
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After Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, the Security Council passed 12 resolutions against Iraq, and it authorized a U.S.-led military coalition to attack and remove Iraqi forces from Kuwait. After a 41-day war in early 1991, including a ground attack that lasted only 100 hours, the U.S.-led force was victorious. UN inspection teams were later sent to Iraq to locate and ...
Political Progress
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The voter registration drives that intensified during the 1960s finally had a payback at the end of the decade. In 1960 only about 28 percent of the black voting-age population in the South was registered and there were perhaps a hundred black elected officials. By 1969, with the number of registrants more than doubled, up to 1,185 blacks had been elected to state and ...