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This week in History
Extra Dates: 25 May 2008 - 31 May 2008

June  - Youth Development Month. http://www.nyc.gov.za/calendar/calendar_of_events.htm

1 June - International Children’s Day. http://www.nyc.gov.za/calendar/calendar_of_events.htm

1 June - National Day of Tunis. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

1 June 1773 - The Jonge Thomas, a Dutch East India ship, is wrecked in a gale near Salt River mouth in Table Bay. Wolraad Woltemade, passing by on horseback, makes seven trips to the wreck and saves fourteen people. On his eighth trip, he and his horse are drowned when others, frantic in their efforts to be saved, grab hold of the animal and pull both horse and rider under the waves. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).
http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1532108,00.html

1 June 1777 - Captain Robert Gordon, who named the Orange River after the Prince of Orange in 1779, arrives in South Africa.
http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1532108,00.html

1 June 1824 - The name of Lord Charles Somerset, governor of the Cape, is linked to Dr James Barry (who performed the first caesarean in the colony and was allegedly a woman) in a scurrilous placard in the Heerengracht, Cape Town. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau; Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 2 p. 186).

1 June 1879 - Eugene Louis Jean Joseph Napoleon, the 22 year old Prince Imperial of France, is killed in the Anglo-Zulu War when he and a British reconnaissance party are attacked by about forty Zulus in the vicinity of Itelezi Mountain and Ityotyozi River in Zululand. The prince's horse, "Fate", bolts and the prince, in attempting to mount his fleeing horse, is stabbed to death.
http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1532108,00.html

1 June 1880 - Empress Eugenie keeps an all-night vigil at the spot in Zululand where her son, the Prince Imperial of France, was killed on this day the previous year.
http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1532108,00.html

1 June 1891 - The so-called Adendorff trek to Banjailand (Southern Rhodesia) would have started on this day, but Pres. Paul Kruger imposed a ban on it because he wished for Britain’s support for the taking over of Swaziland. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

1 June 1903 - E.J. Grobbelaar Versekering, first Afrikaans burial society, is founded. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

1 June 1926 - Cecil Edwin Frans Skotnes, S.A artist, is born in East London, Eastern Cape. (Rankin: Images of Wood, p. 167).

1 June 1937 - Ezrom Kgobokanyo Sebata Legae, SA artist, is born in Vrededorp, Johannesburg.  He studied at the Polly Street and Jubilee Art Centres under Cecil Skotnes and Sydney Kumalo.  When Kumalo retired in 1964 Legae became the art instructor at Jubilee Art Centre.  In 1970 he was awarded a travel scholarship sponsored by USSALEP and visited the USA.  From 1972 to 1974 he was director of the art programme at AMDA (African Music and Drama Association).  In 1980 and 1981 he was instructor at FUBA.  Between 1966 and 1987 he exhibited numerously in SA and abroad. (Sack, S. (1988). The Neglected Tradition, Johannesburg: Johannesburg Art Gallery, p. 108).

1 June 1939 - The South African Police takes over the tasks of the German South-West African police. 423 members of the disbanded police force are incorporated into the force. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau). http://www.news24.co.za

1 June 1940 - Jan F.E. Cilliers (70), SA poet of “Die Vlakte” and other poems, dies in Harrismith, OFS. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

1 June 1943 - WWII: According to an entry in the squadron’s diary, 28 Squadron of the SA Air Force is formed as a transport squadron at the SAAF Base Depot Almaza, Cairo. (Steenkamp, G. (2004). Historical Overview: 28 Squadron, Air Force Base Waterkloof. Unpublished.)

1 June 1945 - Natives (Urban Areas) Consolidation Act No 25 commences. www.sahistory.org.za

1 June 1949 - Mzolisi Goodman Diliza, businessman and Chief Executive of the Chamber of Mines of SA, is born. He was the first Black to be appointed Administration Control Officer (Hospital Administrator) in 1974. (Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who’s Who of Southern Africa 2001 …, Graighall: Jonathan Ball.)

1 June 1955 - Habib Bourguiba, Tunisian nationalist, returns from exile on Iles de Groix (off the Bretagne coast, France). http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0601.htm

1 June 1956 - Bantu (Black) Administration Amendment Act No 42 commences. www.sahistory.org.za

1 June 1958 - Caswell Sipho Makama, advisor to the minister of public works and chair of Onderstepoort Biological products as well as director of several companies, is born in Soweto, (Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who’s Who of Southern Africa 2001…, Graighall: Jonathan Ball).

1 June 1959 - The constitution of Tunisia, independent since 20 March 1956, is promulgated. Now a National Day.
http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun01.htm

1 June 1960 - The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) establishes Radio Bantu, consisting of Radio Zulu, Radio Xhosa and Radio Sesotho. (Burger, D. (ed)(2002). South Africa Yearbook 2001/02, Pretoria: GCIS, p. 122).
http://pumamouse.com/SABbrbHistory

1 June 1968 - The government announces in a White Paper plans to re-organise the administration of South-West Africa, which will give Pretoria considerably more authority over the affairs of the Territory. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

1 June 1971 - A Legislative Assembly is instituted in the Venda homeland, with partial self-government granted on 1 Feb. 1973. (Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 12, p. 40).

1 June 1972 - The Bophuthatswana Legislative Assembly is proclaimed with Lucas Mangope as chief minister. (Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v.  12, p. 38; Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

1 June 1972 - The planned reopening of the University of the North (Turfloop) fails. Every major Black campus endorses strike action. http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/chronology/special-chrono/black_%20consciousness.htm

1 June 1972 - The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Seals, to which SA is a party, is signed in London. (Burger, D. (ed)(2002). South Africa Yearbook 2001/02, Pretoria: GCIS, p. 222).

1 June 1975 - Rhodesian police shoot and kill eleven Blacks from amongst those rioting in Salisbury.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0601.htmhttp://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1532108,00.html

1 June 1979 - KwaZulu: Criminal Procedure Act No 14 commences. www.sahistory.org.za

1 June 1979 - Rhodesia formally ends nearly ninety years of White minority rule and declares it will now be known as Zimbabwe-Rhodesia. http://www.news24.co.za
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/24/newsid_2537000/2537969.stm

1 June 1980 - Umkhonto weSizwe strikes at the Sasol Complex, causing damage estimated at R66 million. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

1 June 1981 - Festivities to mark the twentieth anniversary of the South African Republic reach a climax with a massive military display in Durban, attended by P.W. Botha, the Prime Minister. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

1 June 1981 - Three offices of the PFP are petrol-bombed in Johannesburg. The South African Liberation Support Cadre (SALSC) claims responsibility. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

1 June 1982 - The inquest into Dr. Aggett’s death is adjourned for the third time when police object to the use, as evidence, of a statement made by Neil Aggett fourteen hours before his death, in which he declares under oath that he has been assaulted and tortured.  (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

1 June 1983 - An inquest into the death of Ernest Dipale, who had died in custody in Johannesburg Security Police headquarters in August 1982, finds no one criminally liable for his death. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

1 June 1987 - The US government orders its diplomats around the world to boycott South African Republic Day functions.
http://www.news24.co.za

1 June 1990 - Lindiwe Maziya (wife), Zwelakhe and Elizabeth (all relatives of the chairperson of the Vosloorus Crisis Committee, Ali Maziya), are killed by unknown gunmen. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 252.)

1 June 1990 - Bella Motsupi, grandmother of Vosloorus activist Thuli Motsupi, is killed in Vosloorus. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 252.)

1 June 1992 - Justice R.J. Goldstone, Chairman of the Commission of Inquiry Regarding the Prevention of Public Violence and Intimidation, expresses concern at the manner in which its second interim report had been "unfairly and selectively used" by the South African authorities. www.sahistory.org.za

1 June 1994 - South Africa rejoins the Commonwealth after an absence of thirty-three years.  (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.) http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun01.htm

1 June 1994 - South Africa and Syria establish diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

1 June 1996 - Bafana Bafana, the SA soccer team, wins 1-0 against Malawi in an away game. (----,  (2004). ‘Footballer of the decade: Bafana Bafana record’. Kick Off. Special ed. 1994-2004, p. 10).

1 June 1998 - Ferdi Barnard, former member of the CCB (Civil Cooperation Bureau) is found guilty of the murder in Johannesburg on the activist Dr David Webster, nearly ten years previously. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

1 June 1998 - Ex-president Kenneth Kaunda is released after a decision not to prosecute him after a planned coup in October 1997. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

1 June 2000 - A UN tribunal for Rwanda's 1994 genocide sentences a Belgian-born radio journalist to twelve years in prison for broadcasts that encouraged the slaughter. http://www.news24.co.za

1 June 2001 - The statue of former SA Prime Minister J.G. Strijdom (Hans) on Strijdom Square, Pretoria, collapses. (---, (2005). ‘Pretoria 1855-2005: Chronologie 1798-1935’, Bylaag tot Rekord.)

1 June 2002 - Hansie Cronje (32), former SA cricket captain, is killed when a light plane in which he was travelling crashes into a mountain near George, Western Cape.
http://www.supercricket.co.za/default.asp?id=55774&des=article&scat=supercricket/domesticcricket
http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun01.htm
 
1 June 2004 - Start of National Environment Week. (GIED: Celebrating 10 years of Freedom, 2004).

1 June 2005 - In a meeting at the White House President Thabo Mbeki urges President George W. Bush to deliver more African aid support. The two presidents voice concern about the situation in Zimbabwe. http://www.news24.co.za

1 June 2006 - SA Safety and Security Minister Charles Nqakula says in parliament during a discussion on his budget vote: "They can continue to whinge until they're blue in the face... be as negative as they want to, or they can simply leave this country …" He adds: “it is significant that complaints always come from people with surnames such as Jankielsohn, King and Groenewald. His insensitive remarks cause an outcry throughout SA, where the crime rate is exceptionally high.
http://www.news24.com/News24/South_Africa/Politics/0,,2-7-12_1944201,00.html


2 June 1619 - England and the Netherlands conclude an agreement to control trade between them in the East. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1670 - Pieter Hackius becomes Governor of the Cape and succeeds Jakob Borghorst who returns to The Netherlands because of poor health. http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,6119,2-1602-1492_1710530,00.html

2 June 1685 - Guy Tachard, a French astronomer who set up an observatory in die Company Gardens in the Cape, makes his first observations. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1857 - A treaty between the Orange Free State and the Transvaal is concluded. http://www.news24.co.za

2 June 1875 - Paul de Waal, SA rugby Springbok, is born in Stellenbosch. http://www.genslin.us/bokke/SARugby.html

2 June 1879 - Jacob Ludwig Döhne (67), missionary of the Berlin Bible Society and translator of the New Testament in Zulu, dies. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1879 - A 1000-strong search party finds the body of the Prince Imperial of France, Louis Napoleon, who was killed when Zulu warriors attacked a small British reconnaissance party in the vicinity of Italezi Mountain and Ityotozi River in Zululand the previous day. http://www.news24.co.za

2 June 1887 - The seven-year long construction of Delagoa Bay railway line starts.   (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1890 - Ruth Elizabeth Arndt, pre-school educationist, is born in Toronto, Canada. (Verwey: New Dictionary of South African Biography).

2 June 1897 - Barney Barnato, with his family and Solly Joel, leaves Cape Town for Southampton on board of the Scot to escape from work pressure. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1902 - Anglo-Boer War 2: British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour reads the terms of surrender to the House of Commons in London after the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging in Pretoria on May 31 which brought the Second South African (Anglo-Boer) War to an end. (Source unknown.)

2 June 1902 - Anglo-Boer War 2: When W.J.C. Brebner reports the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging (surrender to the British after the Anglo-Boer War 2) to the paralysed President Steyn of the Orange Free State, he was devastated and said: ‘Had I not wife and children, death would have been welcome’. (Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 10, p. 288).

2 June 1908 - Sir Redvers Henry Buller, British general during Anglo-Boer War 2, dies. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1933 - Hermanus Stephanus Bosman (84), co-founder of the South African Council of Churches and champion of Christian National Education (‘CNO’) schools, dies. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1935 - The SA cricket team beats England for the first time on Lords. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1944 - WWII: North Africa. North Africa is used as a base of operations for Operation Frantic – 130 Flying Fortresses fly to Russia, bombing targets in Rumania and Hungary as they go. http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0602.htm

2 June 1953 - Queen Elizabeth II of the British Empire, including SA at that stage, is crowned in Westminster Abbey. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).
http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun01.htm

2 June 1956 - The SA rugby team beats Australia 9-0 in Brisbane and wins the series 2-0. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1959 - Banishment of Ex-Chief A. J. Luthuli to the Lower Tugela District. www.sahistory.org.za

2 June 1964 - The Palestinian Liberation Organisation is formed in Jerusalem. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau). http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun01.htm

2 June 1965 - Angela Thoko Didiza, SA minister of agriculture, is born. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau). http://www.gcis.gov.za/gcis/gcis_profile.jsp?id=1023

2 June 1966 - The four former ministers sentenced to death for treason, murder, and an attempted coup by Joseph-Désiré Mobutu's military government in the Congo are hanged. http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0602.htm

2 June 1967 - The language committee of the FAK is instituted to advise the organisation on the assertion of Afrikaans. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau.)

2 June 1972 - Student protest erupts into violence outside St. George’s Cathedral in Cape Town. Force is used to dispel demonstrators. Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood

2 June 1972 - Admission of Persons to the Republic Regulation Act No 59 commences. www.sahistory.org.za

2 June 1975 - Under an amendment to the Suppression of Communism Act, approved without objection, it ceases to be automatically an offence to quote banned persons after their restriction order has been withdrawn, or has lapsed. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

2 June 1977 - Rhodesian forces discover fewer guerrillas in Mozambique than intelligence reports suggested, and are withdrawn. http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0602.htm

2 June 1978 - US offers to airlift French paratroopers out of the escalating violence in southern Zaire.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0602.htm

2 June 1978 - A new independent Methodist Church of Transkei is proclaimed at a conference in Umtata. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

2 June 1979 - Pope John Paul II visits his native land, Poland, for the first time in fifty-nine years. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1982 - The State President commutes the death sentences on three Black men, for their part in the attack on the Soekmekaar Police Station in 1980, to life imprisonment. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood).

2 June 1982 - Intimidation Act No 72 commences. www.sahistory.org.za

2 June 1982 - Internal Security Act No 74 commences.
www.sahistory.org.za

2 June 1984 - The SA rugby team beats England 33-15 in a test in Port Elizabeth. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

2 June 1986 - Pansu Smith, Sipho Dlamini and Busi Majola, all ANC members, are found shot dead near Mbabane, Swaziland. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 248.)

2 June 1990 - ANC Deputy President Mr. Nelson Mandela and State President F.W. de Klerk hold discussions in Pretoria on the progress, which has been made in the implementation of the Groote Schuur Minute, and on the need to use effective mechanisms to reduce the level of police violence in the country.
www.sahistory.org.za
http://www.news24.co.za

2 June 1990 - Liberia's President Samuel Doe appeals for international help to end a rebel invasion and promises not to seek re-election in an effort to appease rebels. http://www.news24.co.za

2 June 1993 - The Appeal Court in Bloemfontein sets aside Winnie Mandela's sentence of five years' imprisonment for kidnapping four youths. It also quashes her conviction of being an accessory after the fact to assault, for which she had been sentenced to one year's imprisonment. The court substitutes a fine of R15 000, or one year, plus two years, suspended for five years on the kidnapping charges. http://www.news24.co.za

2 June 1997 - In a letter to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, lawyers for the NP demand an unconditional apology from chairman Desmond Tutu and the resignation of vice-chairman Alex Boraine who had also publicly criticised De Klerk. A deadline of 4 June is set for response, but the date is later extended to 20 June 1997. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood).

2 June 1999 - Azanian People’s Organisation (AZAPO) contests the second democratic election, but performs badly and gets one seat in the National Assembly. http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/chronology/special-chrono/black_%20consciousness.htm

2 June 1999 - The African National Congress wins resoundingly in South Africa's second post-apartheid elections. (Burger, D. (ed)(2002). South Africa Yearbook 2001/02, Pretoria: GCIS, p 38).
 http://www.news24.co.za

2 June 2000 - South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission grants amnesty to apartheid death squad commander Eugene de Kock and other former police in the killings of fourteen people. http://www.news24.co.za

2 June 2002 - The game between Bafana Bafana, the SA soccer team, and Paraguay, ends in a 2-2 tie. (----, (2004). ‘Lucas Radebe: Footballer of the Decade,’ Kick Off 1994-2004, Special Edition, p. 10). 

2 June 2004 - DR Congo rebel leader Gen. Laurent Nkunda takes the town of Bukavu after a week of fighting with army troops. (BBC, (2004). ‘Key Dates’, Focus on Africa, October to December, v. 15 no. 4, p. 5).

2 June 2005 - In the Durban Supreme Court Judge Hilary Squires finds Schabir Shaik guilty on all three charges, namely, bribing Deputy President Jacob Zuma; the illegal write-off of money in his companies' books partially to hide payments to Zuma and brokering a bribe agreement between French arms company Thomson and Zuma. He is released on R100 000 bail until he is sentenced. http://www.pretorianews.co.za

2 June 2006 - Dr Sabera Bhamjee is stabbed more than sixty times in with a sharp object her consulting rooms in Pietermaritzburg.  Four of the wounds are fatal.
http://www.news24.com/News24/South_Africa/News/0,,2-7-1442_1946070,00.html


3 June 1839 - The Rev. Stephanus Johannes Gerhardus Hofmeyr, missionary in the Soutpansberg and Rhodesia, is born. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau; Swart: Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak).

3 June 1865 - The executive council of the ZAR (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek) decides that in future December 16 will be a public holiday and called Dingaan’s Day (Dingaansdag). (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau; (---, (2005). ‘Pretoria 1855-2005: Chronologie 1798-1935’, Bylaag tot Rekord).

3 June 1904 - The German Foreign Minister, Friedrich von Holstein, denounces the French plan to partition Morocco.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0603.htm

3 June 1911 - Sultan Abd al-Hafid, agrees to French demands to create a French protectorate in Morocco.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0603.htm

3 June 1935 - Two Italian outposts are attacked by Haile Selassie's troops in Ethiopia. Thirty Ethiopian soldiers are killed.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0603.htm

3 June 1940 - World War II: The withdrawal of Allied Forces from Dunkirk ends. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Dynamo

3 June 1945 - Jack Berbner (79), Union senator 1910-1940, dies. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

3 June 1946 - A bill to curtail land ownership and voting rights of Asians in South Africa is adopted by the government.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0603.htm

3 June 1946 - Natal Indian Congress (NIC) meets in an emergency session in Durban and decides on a hartal on 13 June, which was designated "Resistance Day" to mark the beginning of Passive Resistance against the Ghetto Act. www.sahistory.org.za

3 June 1948 - James M. Thaele, radical politician, journalist, teacher and co-founder of the ANC branch in Cape Town, dies in Cape Town. He was born in Basutoland (Lesotho) in 1888. (Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v. 2).

3 June 1953 - Prof. Maria van der Lingen Fismer (63), first full professor in music at the University of Stellenbosch, dies. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

3 June 1954 - South Africa's richest gold deposit is discovered near the farm Erfdeel in the Orange Free State.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0603.htm

3 June 1954 - Archaeologist Muhannam Zakaria Goneim and his team finally break through into the sarcophagus chamber of Sakhemkhet's step pyramid.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0603.htm

3 June 1955 - Tunisia achieves (limited) self-government with the return of Habib Bourguiba. Muhammad al-Amin ibn Muhammad, the Pasha Bey, will remain the head of state for two more years whilst Bourguiba consolidates his power base.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0603.htm

3 June 1964 - SA signs treaty with Southern Rhodesia on the continuation of the workman’s compensation agreement of 11 October 1958. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

3 June 1965 - President Kaunda of Zambia says that an eight million Pound Sterling air base is being built by South Africa in the Caprivi Strip and accuses South Africa of warmongering. The Minister of Transport, B.J. Schoeman, replies that the airstrip being constructed at Katimo Mulilo is intended only for administrative purposes when roads in the Caprivi Strip are impassable. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

3 June 1970 - The Prime Minister, accompanied by Dr. Hilgard Muller, visits Portugal (3-7 June), and holds several meetings with the Portuguese Prime Minister and senior ministers. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood).

3 June 1972 - The SA rugby team suffers a 9-18 shock defeat against England in Johannesburg. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

3 June 1977 - The Explosives Amendment Bill is supported by all parties. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

3 June 1978 - Security Police chief, Brigadier C.F. Zietsman, announces that about 4,000 South African exiles are undergoing guerrilla training in Mozambique, Angola, Tanzania and Libya; of these about three quarters have been recruited by the ANC.  (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

3 June 1981 - Rioting breaks out in the Coloured townships southwest of Johannesburg. A class boycott and arrests follow. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

3 June 1983 - Foreign Minister ‘Pik’ Botha meets Lesotho’s Minister of Foreign Affairs. They agree on the need to curb cross-border guerrilla activity and to place their relations on a more amicable footing. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

3 June 1983 - Prisons Amendment Act No 8 commences. www.sahistory.org.za

3 June 1988 - The Transkei administration withdraws Proclamation no 4 of 1978, declaring the Methodist Church of Southern Africa to be an undesirable organisation. (South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 110).

3 June 1989 - Austerity measures introduced by the Nigerian government trigger riots in the capital city, Lagos.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0603.htm

3 June 1992 - In a report entitled "Agenda for Peace", the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) criticises Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) leader Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi for "carrying a heavy responsibility for the escalation of violence".
www.sahistory.org.za

3 June 1992 - Goodwill Sthuli Shlaza (22), chairperson of the ANC Youth League of Piet Retief and of the ANC Youth League zonal structure, is shot dead at his home. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 255.)

3 June 1992 - Fanie Jannes Jiba (36), chairperson of SACP and MK member, is shot dead at a taxi rank in Butterworth, Transkei. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 255.)

3 June 1993 - South Africa and Swaziland sign agreements concerning the secondment of judges, officials and the training of personnel. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

3 June 1995 - The SA rugby team beats Canada 20-0 in the World Cup Rugby Tournament in Port Elizabeth. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

3 June 1997 - Talks are held between NP leader F.W. de Klerk and his Freedom Front colleague, retired General Constant Viljoen. It is agreed that an alliance or permanent co-operation agreement between the two parties is not possible, but they will co-operate on an ad hoc basis on particular issues.
(Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

3 June 1998 - Two brothers appear in court in connection with the murder of two soldiers from Tempe, near Bloemfontein and also the theft of arms, ammunition and a military truck at 44 Parachute Brigade. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

3 June 2006 - Former President F.W. de Klerk undergoes surgery for the removal of a tumour, which a few days later proved to have been malignant. http://www.news24.com/News24/South_Africa/News/0,,2-7-1442_1944991,00.html  


4 June 1684 - Sybrandis Abbema (Sibrand), who visited the Cape in 1660 as V.O.C. commissioner and instructed Simon van der Stel to do all he can to assist the free burghers and to encourage them to produce sufficient grain, dies in Maarssen, the Netherlands. (De Kock: Dictionary of South African biography, v.1, p. 1).

4 June 1787 - Leopold Marquard, SA educationist and missionary, is born in Westphalia, Germany. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

4 June 1848 - Christina Pretorius, wife of Voortrekker leader Andries Pretorius, dies near Warmbad (now Bela-Bela).
(Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

4 June 1939 - Kgalusi Seketa Masilo Ratshatsha Malaboch (Mmalebogo, Lebogo), chief of the Bagananwa in Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo) who led his followers in the Boer-Gagananwa war of 1894, dies in Bochum-Blouberg, Northern Transvaal. (Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v. 2).

4 June 1946 - Dr G.M. Naicker, President of Natal Indian Congress (NIC), warns that any Indian who accepts membership in the Land Tenure Advisory Board will be ostracised. www.sahistory.org.za

4 June 1947 - Uwe Pfaff, S.A. artist, is born in Rye, Denmark. He emigrated to SA in 1970. (Rankin: Images of Wood, p. 143).

4 June 1956 - Dr Hugo Gutsche, missionary, school inspector, composer and chief editor of the FAK-Volksangbundel, dies. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau; Swart: Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak).

4 June 1956 - Egypt announces it will not extend Suez Canal Company’s concession after expiration in 1956, leading to Suez Crisis. (The Star, June 4 2004. Milestones.)

4 June 1961 - The Iraqi Foreign Minister, Hassim Jawad, announces that Iraq will not recognise the government of South Africa because of its apartheid policies. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

4 June 1962 - SA signs agreement with Great Britain for the temporary suspension of the margin of preference on tin plate. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

4 June 1966 - Senator Robert Kennedy arrives in South Africa as the guest of NUSAS. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood).

4 June 1969 - Joseph-Désiré Mobutu's troops kill over 100 students during a demonstration in the Congolese capital Kinshasa. http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0604.htm

4 June 1969 - The Minister of Defence, P.W. Botha, accompanied by General Hiemstra, Lieutenant-General J.P. Verster, Chief of the Air Force and Lieutenant-General W.P. Louw, Chief of the Army, visits France (4-10 June). He denies that the visit involves the purchase of arms. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

4 June 1973 - Over four thousand French troops are to be withdrawn from Madagascar at the request of Gabriel Ramanantsoa, the head of the recently imposed military government.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0604.htm

4 June 1975 - Severe drought is reported in Ethiopia, over 800,000 people are in urgent need of supplies.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0604.htm

4 June 1977 - A five-year restriction order is served on Father S. Mkhatshwa, Secretary of the South African Catholic Bishops’ Conference (SACBC). (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

4 June 1978 - Despite the official announcement of the end of the Shaba War by the Zairian government last year, Moroccan troops are to be airlifted in to help peace-keeping efforts.
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0604.htm

4 June 1978 - Benjamin John Peter Tyamzashe, Xhosa composer, choir conductor and organist, dies in East London. (Verwey: New Dictionary of South African Biography).

4 June 1979 - Balthazar Johannes Vorster, non-executive president of South Africa, resigns after only eight months in office (he had previously been prime minister for twelve years). Ill health and the on-going exposure of the 'Information Scandal' are given as the reason for his departure. (Muller, C.F.J. (ed)(1981). Five Hundred years: a history of South Africa; 3rd rev. ed., Pretoria: Academica, p. 549.)
http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisday/bl-ThisDay0604.htm

http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun04.htm

4 June 1979 - Flight-Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings seizes power in his first military coup in Ghana. (Bute: The Black Handbook). http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-5353.html

4 June 1980 - Patrick Makau, ANC/MK, and his child (9) are killed in a bomb attack on two houses in Manzini, Swaziland. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 247.)

4 June 1982 - The Protection of Information Act is given Presidential Assent. Under threat of heavy penalties the Act implicitly places the onus on the press not to publish reports of a detention where this might endanger state security. www.sahistory.org.za

4 June 1982 - Revised figures for the Defence Budget indicate the funds available to the South African Defence Force have been increased to R3,068 million. www.sahistory.org.za

4 June 1982 - A senior ANC member, P. Nyaose and his wife, are killed by a car bomb in Swaziland. Alfred Nzo, the ANC Secretary-General, blames their deaths on the South African government. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

4 June 1982 - Petrus Nzima and Jabu Nzima, both ANC members, are killed by a car bomb in Mbabane, Swaziland. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 247.) http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/deathlst.html

4 June 1982 - The Supreme Court rules that the statement of Neil Aggett is admissible as evidence.
(Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

4 June 1982 - A bomb explodes in the elevator of the building in the centre of Cape Town, which houses the President's Council. One man is killed. According to Security Police, sixty attacks by insurgents belonging to the ANC were recorded the previous year. That number compares with nineteen in 1980 and twelve in 1979.
www.sahistory.org.za

4 June 1987 - President Botha visits Sharpeville. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

4 June 1990 - Nelson Mandela leaves South Africa for a thirteen-nation international tour. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

4 June 1993 - IFP members in Estcourt, Natal Midlands, kill eleven people. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 267.)

4 June 1993 - South Africa signs the Convention on Biological Diversity (1992). (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

4 June 1994 - The SA rugby team loses 15-32 against England in the first test match in Pretoria. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

4 June 1996 - The wife of detained Nigerian presidential claimant Moshood Abiola is shot and killed by unknown gunmen. http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun04.htm

4 June 1997 - South Africa announces the development of a revolutionary canon - an externally powered gun codenamed EMAK3S, designed by Denel at the request of ARMSCOR.
(Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

4 June 1997 - Bafana Bafana, the SA soccer team, loses 0-2 in a home game. (----,  (2004). ‘Footballer of the decade: Bafana Bafana record’. Kick Off. Special ed. 1994-2004, p. 10.)

4 June 1998 - Two life sentences plus sixty-three years in prison are inflicted on Ferdi Barnard, former member of the CCB (Civil Cooperation Bureau).   He was found guilty of murder on Dr David Webster and other charges. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

4 June 2002 - Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak says shortly before September 11 2001, Egyptian intelligence officers warned the US that al-Qaeda was planning an attack on an US target. (The Star, June 4 2004. Milestones.)

4 June 2004 - International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression.
http://www.nyc.gov.za/calendar/calendar_of_events.htm


5 June  - World Environment Day. http://www.nyc.gov.za/calendar/calendar_of_events.htm

5 June 1692 - Jochem Willemse saves most of the crew of the Hoogergeest when it is wrecked, together with the Goede Hoop and Oranje, near the mouth of the Salt River, Cape. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

5 June 1752 - The expedition of August F. Beutler, who left the Castle in the Cape on 29 February, reaches the Keiskamma, near Lyndrift, Eastern Cape. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

5 June 1814 - Sir John Charles Molteno, first premier of the Cape Colony, is born in London. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

5 June 1873 - The name of De Beer’s New Rush is changed to Kimberley, in honour of the Earl of Kimberley, the British minister of colonies. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

5 June 1873 - Under pressure from the British, the sultan of Zanzibar signs a treaty abolishing slavery. http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun05.htm

5 June 1899 - Negotiations at the Bloemfontein Conference between Sir Alfred Milner and President Paul Kruger end unsuccessfully. (Pakenham, T. (1991). The Scramble for Africa, Johannesburg: Jonathan Ball; Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.)

5 June 1900 - Anglo-Boer War 2: British troops enter Pretoria and Lord Roberts captures the capital of the ZAR. (Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa; ---, (2005). ‘Pretoria 1855-2005: Chronologie 1798-1935’, Bylaag tot Rekord.)

5 June 1907 -Responsible government is promulgated in the Orange River Colony. News 24 gives the date self-government was granted as 1 July 1907. (Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1979). Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika; verwerk en bygewerk deur D.W. Kruger; 3de bygewerkte uitg., Goodwood, Cape Town: NASOU, p. 457.) http://www.news24.co.za

5 June 1916 - Lord Kitchener drowns when the SS Hampshire sinks after being hit by a German mine near the Orkney Islands. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau). http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun05.htm

5 June 1918 - The Afrikaner-Broederbond, a confidential cultural organisation, is founded in Johannesburg by a group of young Afrikaners.   Its aim was to promote unanimity and to advance the cultural traditions of the Afrikaans section of the population. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau; Swart: Afrikaanse Kultuuralmanak).

5 June 1928 - The Iron and Steel Industrial Corporation Act is accepted by the SA parliament, thereby paving the way for the founding of ISCOR. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

5 June 1928 - Sir James Hulett (90), politician and sugar magnate, dies in Berea, Durban. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

5 June 1938 - David Nthubu Koloane, SA artist, is born in Alexandra, Johannesburg.   He received his art training at the Bill Ainslie Studios from 1974-1977.  In 1977 Koloane co-founded an art gallery in Johannesburg.  He participated in the Thupelo Workshops in Johannesburg and the Triangle Artists Workshop in New York, USA.  In 1985 he was awarded a Diploma in Museum Studies from the University of London and he was curator of the FUBA Gallery.   He was judge for the 1988 Cape Town Triennial. He exhibited in SA, USA, England, Botswana and Zimbabwe. (Sack, S. (1988). The Neglected Tradition, Johannesburg: Johannesburg Art Gallery, p. 106).

5 June 1952 -The monument at Delville Wood, unveiled on 10 October 1926 to honour the thousands of SA soldiers who were killed there during the Battle of the Somme, WWI, is rededicated to include WWII. (Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 3, p. 638).

5 June 1963 - SA signs treaty with Great Britain on the release from the bound margin of preference of ten percent ad valorem on certain preserved fruit granted to South Africa. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)
5 June 1964 - Dr. Verwoerd says that the government has no intention of trying to incorporate Bechuanaland, Basutoland or Swaziland into South Africa. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.

5 June 1964 - A resolution to expel South Africa from the Universal Postal Union is approved by the Union’s congress in Vienna, by fifty-eight votes to thirty, with twenty-six abstentions. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

5 June 1965 - The Constitution Amendment Bill of South Africa provides for an increase in the number of members of Parliament from 160 to 170. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

5 June 1967 - The Six Day War between Israel and its neighbouring countries Egypt, Jordan and Syria breaks out with Israel launching air strikes on Egypt, destroying most of that country's air force on the ground. Syria, Jordan and Iraq enter the conflict. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau). http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1939909,00.html http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun05.htm

5 June 1968 - SA signs a multilateral treaty on wheat trade. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

5 June 1969 - A Bill is tabled in Parliament banning henceforth any merger between newspapers published in South Africa, unless authorised by the relevant ministry. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

5 June 1974 - The Japanese government announces that South Africans will no longer be granted visas to enter Japan … (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

5 June 1975 - The Suez Canal is re-opened after eight years. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau). http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1939909,00.html http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun05.htm

5 June 1975 - The Cape Supreme Court, sitting in Port Elizabeth, sets aside the 1973 election of Lennox Sebe and three other members of the Ciskei Legislative Assembly on the grounds of irregularities at the capital, Zwelitsha. Lennox Sebe is accordingly ineligible for the office of Chief Minister. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

5 June 1981 - The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention reports that five gay men in California are suffering from a rare pneumonia found in patients with weakened immune systems. These are the first recognised cases of what became known as Aids. http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1939909,00.html

5 June 1981 - Constance Annie Nothard, nursing sister and recipient of the Florence Nightingale Medal, highest award of the International Red Cross Society, and the first Gold Medal of the South African Nursing Association, dies in Johannesburg. (Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v. 2).

5 June 1982 - Prime Minister P.W. Botha persuades a combined gathering of the Provincial and Parliamentary caucuses of the National Party to accept the new constitutional proposals. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

5 June 1982 – The Commissioner of Police reports a wave of bomb attacks on major government installations. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

5 June 1986 - SA signs treaty with Botswana, Mozambique and Zimbabwe relative to the establishment of the Limpopo Basin Permanent Technical Committee. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

 

5 June 1987 - Electoral Amendment Act No 7 commences.
www.sahistory.org.za

5 June 1987 - Nkosinathi S. Shabangu, SOSCO and Senoane Secondary School pupil, is shot dead in Soweto. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 249.)

5 June 1989 - Cassim Mahomed Lakhi, lecturer, and later head of the Department of History of Art in the University College for Indians (now University of Durban-Westville), dies in Durban. (Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v. 2).

5 June 1990 - The Chairman of the Venda Council for National Unity, Colonel Gabriel Ramushwana, announces the lifting of the state of emergency and the unconditional release of all political prisoners in Venda. www.sahistory.org.za

5 June 1991 - The South African Parliament adopts the Abolition of Racially Based Land Measures Bill. www.sahistory.org.za
 http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun05.htm

5 June 1991 - OAU summit decision to continue sanctions against SA, and to review them.
www.sahistory.org.za

5 June 1991 - Algeria's president declares a state of emergency in the capital following a crackdown on protests by Muslim fundamentalists. The country's first multiparty parliamentary elections are postponed. http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1939909,00.html

5 June 1993 - Forces of Somali warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid ambush UN soldiers in Mogadishu, killing twenty-two Pakistani soldiers. http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1939909,00.html

5 June 1994 - The ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front and its allies score an overwhelming victory in elections for a new assembly. http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun05.htm

5 June 1995 - Letter of intent concerning arts, culture, science and technology and sport between South Africa and Bulgaria. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

5 June 1995 - Protocol on consultations between the Department of Foreign Affairs of South Africa and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
(Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

5 June 1997 - The first multiparty parliament elections are held in Algeria, but the Islamic party that was set to win the cancelled 1992 elections is banned from participating, and international observers criticize the conduct of the election. http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1939909,00.html

5 June 1998 - Thulane Sugarboy Malinga, SA super middleweight, wins the World Boxing Federation (WBF) title. http://www.mnet.co.za/carteblanche/display/display.asp?id=1091

5 June 1999 - Bafana Bafana, the SA soccer team, beats Mauritius 2-0 in a home game. (----, (2004). ‘Lucas Radebe: Footballer of the Decade,’ Kick Off 1994-2004, Special Edition, p. 10). 
 
5 June 2001 - The United Nations marks the 20th anniversary of the first official report on Aids. An estimated 58 million people have contracted HIV, and more than 22 million of them have died in the last two decades. http://www.news24.com/News24/On_this_day/On_this_day/0,,2-1602-1492_1939909,00.html

5 June 2006 - The Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) lists itself and, staying true to tradition, asks those invited to the listing breakfast to wear hats. http://www.businessday.co.za/articles/article.aspx?ID=BD4A211490

5 June 2006 - News 24 reports that South Africa will foot an R11.2m bill to upgrade a monument in Mbuzini, south of Komatipoort, at the site of the plane crash that killed President Samora Machel and thirty-three other Mozambican government officials on October 19 1986. http://www.news24.com/News24/South_Africa/News/0,,2-7-1442_1945731,00.html


6 June 1488 - Bartolomeu Dias erects the second padrão, that of St. Philip, at Cape Maclear, west of Cape Point, on his return journey.
(Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau, v. 4, p. 34).

6 June 1652 - Bernert Willemsz Wijlant, the first White baby, is born at the Cape.  (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

6 June 1853 - The first church meeting of the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk takes place. The Rev. Dirk van der Hoff is appointed as first minister. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

6 June 1898 - Jacobus Johannes (Jim) Fouché is born in Wepener in the OFS. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

6 June 1899 - The Orange Free State Volksraad adopts a motion supporting President Kruger’s franchise proposals at the Bloemfontein Conference as an “extremely fair concession”. (Cloete, P.G. (2000). The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology, Pretoria: Lapa.)

6 June 1899 - Sir Henry Binns (61), sugar cane farmer, founder of the Umhlanga Valley Sugar Estate Company and Natal politician, dies in Pietermaritzburg. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau; Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 2, p. 328).

6 June 1904 - Winston Joseph Field, Rhodesian premier in 1962, is born in Bromsgrove, England. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

6 June 1931 - Joyce Barker, SA soprano, is born in Mooi River, Natal. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

6 June 1939 - Nganani Enos John Mabuza, Chief Executive Councillor of KaNgwane, 1977, is born at Sheba Gold Mine, Barberton. (Gastrow: Who’s Who in South African Politics).

6 June 1940 - Anthony Mnoneleli Bam, current professor of economic development studies and member of several Black empowerment boards, is born. (Hayes, S. (ed)(2000).  Who’s Who of Southern Africa 2001 …, Graighall: Jonathan Ball.)

6 June 1943 - Duke Ketye, SA artist, is born in Orlando East, Soweto. After matriculation he studied art with Sister Pientia Selhorst and Sister Johanna Sen until 1965.  While there he was awarded a bursary for a correspondence study course through the Famous Art School in Connecticut, USA. In 1968 Ketye began painting and sculpting full-time.   He founded the Mariannhill Art Centre, a gallery and studio space in Durban and held group exhibitions of the Rorke’s Drift artists, the Vukuzenzele Weaving Workshop artists and one-person exhibitions.  After learning about pottery and ceramic sculptures in Port Edward, he went to Venda where he opened a screen-print factory at Makhado.   Ketye’s work has been exhibited at the UZ African Arts Festival and he has served as a judge for the exhibition.  He exhibited several times during 1965-1986 and received four commissions, i.e. illustrations for the Zulu Bible (The Good News of God). (Sack, S. (1988). The Neglected Tradition, Johannesburg: Johannesburg Art Gallery, p. 106).

6 June 1944 - The Allied Forces land on the beach of Normandy in the largest sea and air operation in the military history of the world. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau). http://www.news24.co.za

6 June 1946 - Asiatic Land Tenure (and Indian Representation) Act No 28, granting Indians separate representation by three White members of Parliament and two senators in the Central Parliament, commences. http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/mainframe.htm

6 June 1955 - Walter Sisulu, together with a number of listed persons and members of the ANC, attend a secret meeting where plans are discussed to persuade members of the Residents Committee and Native Advisory Boards to join the ANC.
http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/mainframe.htm

6 June 1958 - Transfer of the Indian community of Pretoria to Laudium ordered.
http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/mainframe.htm

6 June 1960 - The SA Police kills eleven Pondo tribesmen when they revolt against the imposition of Bantu authorities.   (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 262.)

6 June 1962 - Guybon Budlwana Sinxo, teacher, writer, journalist and community worker, dies in Alice, Eastern Cape. (Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v. 2).

6 June 1964 - Malawi gains independence from Britain with Kamuzu Banda as prime minister. http://www.news24.co.za

6 June 1967 - The Physical Planning and Utilisation of Resources Bill is enacted. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

6 June 1967 - In response to Israel's seizure of Gaza, Egypt closes the Suez Canal and breaks diplomatic ties with the west. http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisweek/bl-tw06-1.htm

http://www.news24.co.za

6 June 1972 - A proclamation is issued under the Riotous Assemblies Act banning political gatherings, processions, and protests for five weeks in the Cape, Johannesburg, Pretoria, and thirteen other places. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

6 June 1972 - A coalmine explosion in Rhodesia kills 431 workers. http://www.news24.co.za

6 June 1975 - A proclamation is published in the Government Gazette providing for the detention of offenders for up to three years in rehabilitation centres to be set up in the homelands. The regulations are strongly attacked in the English press and controversy continues into July 1975. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

6 June 1975 - Britain, France, and the United States use their UN Security Council veto to stop a proposed arms embargo against South Africa. http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisweek/bl-tw06-1.htm

6 June 1979 - In the by-election at Randfontein (formerly Dr. C. Mulder’s seat) the National Party candidate wins, but with a much reduced majority over the Herstigte Nasionale Party. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

6 June 1980 - Dr. Renfrew Christie, an academic and former student leader at the University of Cape Town, is sentenced to ten years imprisonment, with four other sentences of five years each to run concurrently, after being found guilty on five charges under the Terrorism Act.
(Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

6 June 1980 - Public Security Further Amendment Act No 20 commences. http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/mainframe.htm

6 June 1981 - The SA rugby team beats Ireland in Durban in the second test match 12-10 and wins the series 2-0. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

6 June 1986 - Cecil Higgs, one of SA’s foremost painters, dies in Cape Town. (Verwey, E.J. (ed)(1995). New Dictionary of South African Biography, v.1, Pretoria: HSRC.)

6 June 1989 - Twelve Mdantsane men are sentenced to death on each of five counts of murder after being found guilty without extenuating circumstances in July 1988 by Judge Heath. Four youths, below the age of eighteen when they committed the crime, are each sentenced to twenty years’ imprisonment. They are all convicted for the abduction and ‘necklacing’ of five men in 1987. (South African Institute of Race Relations. (1990). Race Relations Survey 1989/90, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 486).

6 June 1993 - Mkhombiseni Buthelezi, IFP branch chair at Ekusayeniward, kwaNtewa, Natal, is shot and killed. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 257.)

6 June 1993 - At least 460 refugees, most of them women and children, are massacred in Liberia, allegedly by rebels led by faction leader Charles Taylor. http://www.news24.co.za

6 June 1994 - SA signs protocol with the government of France concerning the use of the Satellite Application Centre at Hartebeeshoek. Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

6 June 1994 - Mission of the Special Committee against Apartheid to South Africa (6-10 June), starts. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

6 June 1994 - The 50th anniversary of 'D-Day' (end of World War 2) is commemorated. http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun06.htm

6 June 1995 - The Constitutional Court abolishes the death penalty. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)
http://www.andibradley.com/whatya/jun06.htm
 
6 June 1997 - Elize Botha (75), first wife of former president P.W. Botha, dies of a heart attack in Wilderness, Western Cape. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

6 June 1998 - A SA fishing trawler, the Sudurhavid, comes to grief at the Falkland Islands and seventeen of the thirty-eight crewmembers drown. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

6 June 1998 - With a border dispute escalating into bombing raids, hundreds of foreigners scramble out of Eritrea, fearing war with Ethiopia. http://www.news24.co.za

6 June 1998 - The match between the Bafana Bafana, SA soccer team, and Iceland ends in a tie with 1-1. (----,  (2004). ‘Footballer of the decade: Bafana Bafana record’. Kick Off. Special ed. 1994-2004, p. 10.)

6 June 1998 - Maria Visser (68), mother of SA singer Worsie Visser, dies in Barkley West, a month after her son was killed in an accident.
(Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

6 June 2004 - Ghanaian musician Kiki Gyan, who played with the band Osibisa, dies aged forty-seven. (BBC, (2004). ‘Key Dates’, Focus on Africa, October to December, v. 15 no. 4, p. 5).


7 June 1703 - Adam Tas marries Elizabeth van Brakel, wealthy widow of Hans Jurgen Grimpe, and becomes the owner of the farm, which he later called Libertas. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

7 June 1802 - The Rev. Francis Owen, missionary in South Africa, is born in London. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

7 June 1862 - Britain and United States sign treaty to suppress the slave trade. http://www.news24.co.za

7 June 1877 - Hyde Villiers Clarendon, governor-general of the Union of SA from 1931 to 1937, is born. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

7 June 1898 - F.W. Reitz, former president of the OFS, becomes state secretary of the ZAR in the place of Dr W.J. Leyds, who is appointed to handle the foreign affairs of the republic. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

7 June 1900 - Anglo-Boer War 2:  The battle of Roodewal Siding takes place near Koppies, OFS.   Gen. De Wet and eighty men attack two companies (172 men) guarding a train and supplies.   Eight British soldiers are killed; twenty-four wounded and between 500 and 600 crates of ammunition are taken. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau; Cloete: The Anglo-Boer war: a chronology). http://www.news24.co.za

7 June 1900 - Anglo-Boer War 2:  units under Gen. Hunter occupy Lichtenburg. (Cloete: The Anglo-Boer War: a chronology).

7 June 1904 - Charles Barter (83), author and Natal magistrate, dies in Pietermaritzburg. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

7 June 1910 - Lt.-Gen. Sir William Francis Butler (71), commanding officer of the British forces in the Cape Province during Anglo-Boer War 2, dies in Tipperary, Ireland. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

7 June 1917 - Joshua Nkomo, president of the Zimbabwe African People's Union (Zapu) and a future vice-president of Zimbabwe, is born at a London Missionary Society station in the Semukwe tribal lands in the south-west of the country.
http://www.news24.co.za

7 June 1922 - Hubert Lawrence du Plessis, SA composer, is born on the farm Groenrivier, near Malmesbury. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

7 June 1937 - The first copy of the FAK-volksangbundel is handed in Bloemfontein to the chairman of the FAK, Dr N.J. van der Merwe. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

7 June 1951 - Pixley Seme (also called Pixley ka Isaka Seme), politician and co-founder of the African National Congress, dies in Johannesburg. His wife Harriet was a daughter of King Dinizulu of Zululand. (Sonderling, N.E. (ed.) New Dictionary of South African Biography, v. 2).

7 June 1962 - Phosphorous bombs are detonated at Algiers University by members of the Organisation de l'Armee Secrete (OAS), a secret (terrorist) French army organisation opposed to the withdrawal of French troops from Algeria. http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisweek/bl-tw06-1.htm

7 June 1965 - The Police Amendment Bill, passed unopposed, empowers the police to search without warrant any person or premises within one mile of South Africa’s borders and to seize anything found.
(Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

7 June 1967 - Israeli forces reach Suez Canal in Egypt, two days into Six-Day War. (The Star, June 7 2004. Milestones.)

7 June 1972 - The Chief Executive Councillor of Kwazulu, Chief Buthelezi, condemns plans to consolidate Zululand in terms of the 1936 Trust and Land Act. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

7 June 1980 - The South African Black Alliance (SABA)  (7-8 June) condemns the proposed composition of the President’s Council and the nomination of its members. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

7 June 1983 - Dr. Piet Koornhof declares that, pending the implementation of the Orderly Movement and Settlement of Black Persons Bill, interim steps will have to be taken to prevent too many migrant workers from qualifying for permanent residence. (Kalley, J.A.; Schoeman, E. & Andor, L.E. (eds)(1999). Southern African Political History: a chronology of key political events from independence to mid-1997, Westport: Greenwood.)

7 June 1988 - Train apartheid is scrapped in the Western Cape as the first part of a plan to eliminate discrimination on trains throughout the country. http://www.news24.co.za

7 June 1988 - The moderator of the Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk, Professor Johan Heyns, tells a conference in Harare that the NGK no longer justifies apartheid. http://www.news24.co.za

7 June 1988 - The Star reports, after interviews with ANC leaders, that the ANC plans to increase military action to raise the sagging Black morale and to undermine Whites’ faith in the government’s ability to protect them. (South African Institute of Race Relations. (1989). Race Relations Survey 1988/89, Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, p. 609).

7 June 1989 - US company Goodyear, South Africa's biggest tyre manufacturer, sells its local operations for R178-million. The operation will be taken over by Anglovaal's packaging subsidiary, Consol. http://www.news24.co.za

7 June 1989 - The young girl Joan Horn disappears mysteriously in Pretoria. It is believed that her disappearance is connected to the activities of paedophile Gert van Rooyen. (---, (2005). ‘Pretoria 1855-2005: Chronologie 1798-1935’, Bylaag tot Rekord.)
 
7 June 1990 - Pres. F.W. de Klerk lifts the state of emergency in SA. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau). http://www.news24.co.za

7 June 1991 - Phanuel Molaudzi, Rose Kota and Darkmore Tshabalala, members of the ANC and SACP, are gunned down on a train in Soweto. (Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 253.)

7 June 1991 - The United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid issued an interim report on developments in South Africa covering the first half of 1991. http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/mainframe.htm

7 June 1991 - Several Lesotho army officers are arrested after attempting a counter-coup to reinstate Major-General Metsing Lekhanya, ousted on April 30. http://www.news24.co.za

7 June 1991 - Zahi Hawass and fellow Egyptologists announce the discovery of a workers' cemetery and village just beyond Heit el-Shorab (the Wall of the Crow) near the Sphinx, Giza. http://africanhistory.about.com/library/thisweek/bl-tw06-1.htm

7 June 1994 - After two months of genocide, the United States agrees to a UN peacekeeping mission to Rwanda after receiving assurances that UN troops would not be called on to fight. http://www.news24.co.za  

7 June 1997 - Foreigners flee heavy fighting between rival militias in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo. http://www.news24.co.za
 
7 June 1998 - Hundreds of foreigners, including three SA businessmen, flee from Eritrea after a frontier dispute with Ethiopia leads to bombing attacks. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

7 June 1999 - The ANC (266 seats) wins the second democratic election.   The Democratic Party (38 seats) is the new official opposition, followed by the Inkatha Freedom Party with 34 and the New National Party with 28 seats. (Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau).

7 June 2004 - Pasteur Bizimungu, Rwanda’s post-genocide president, is sentenced to fifteen years in jail for embezzlement and inciting violence. (BBC, (2004). ‘Key Dates’, Focus on Africa, October to December, v. 15 no. 4, p. 5).

7 June 2005 - News 24 announces that SA broke the Zimbabwean boycott in March this year. Armscor has sold spare parts to the value of more than R1m to the Zimbabwean government, which will enable the country's Alouette helicopters to take to the air again despite European sanctions. In addition, the South African government donated equipment to the value of more than R3m for this purpose to Zimbabwe. http://www.news24.co.za

7 June 2005 - A human leg falls from a South African Airways plane on to a suburban New York home as the aircraft prepares to land at John F Kennedy Airport. More remains are found inside the wheel well of the SAA aircraft, arriving from Johannesburg via Dakar, Senegal. http://www.news24.co.za

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