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Dependent States

Year in Review 2004
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Europe and the Atlantic.

For a list of populated Dependent States, see Table.


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On Aug. 4, 2004, the 300th anniversary of the day that Gibraltar was captured from Spain by an Anglo-Dutch fleet, some 17,000 Gibraltarians (roughly half the colony's population) linked hands in a human chain that encircled the famous Rock. As part of the yearlong tercentenary celebration, the U.K.'s Princess Anne made a formal visit in June. British Defense Secretary Geoffrey Hoon attended the official ceremonies on August 4, despite protests from Madrid. On June 10, over the objections of the Spanish government, Gibraltarians voted in the European Parliament elections. Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Angel Moratinos, meeting in October with British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw, acknowledged for the first time that the citizens of Gibraltar should be consulted regarding the colony's future.

The no-fly zone that Buenos Aires had instituted in late 2003, denying airplanes (mainly tourist charters from Chile) bound for the Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas the right to fly over Argentine territory, seriously hurt the British islands' economy. In March 2004 the U.K. filed a formal protest that the Argentine ship Almirante Irizar had entered Falklands waters and harassed fishing vessels that were legally licensed by the Falklands government.

At a ceremony in Greenland, U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell, Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Møller, and Greenland's local home-rule government minister Josef Motzfeldt signed a historic agreement granting the U.S. permission to upgrade its strategically important Thule Radar Station in Greenland as part of an expanded missile-defense program. Inuit who had been evicted from the region in 1953 took their fight to regain the land to the European Court of Human Rights in May.

A divided vote in the January 20 general election in the Faroe Islands led to intense negotiations to form a new government. Although the pro-independence Republican Party had the most seats (8) in the 32-seat Lagting (parliament), on February 3 the Union, Social Democratic, and People's parties—each with 7 seats—formed a broad-based coalition, with Social Democrat leader Jóannes Eidesgaard as prime minister.

Melinda C. Shepherd
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More from Britannica on "Dependent States :: Europe and the Atlantic."...
12 Encyclopædia Britannica articles, from the full 32 volume encyclopedia
>Europe and the Atlantic.
   from the Dependent States article
For a list of populated Dependent States, seeTable.
>Europe and the Atlantic.
   from the Dependent States article
(For a list of populated Dependent States, seeTable.)
>Europe and the Atlantic.
   from the Dependent States article
(For a list of populated Dependent States, seeTable.)
>Europe and the Atlantic.
   from the Dependent States article
(For a list of populated Dependent States, see Table.)
>Europe and the Atlantic.
   from the Dependent States article
For a list of populated Dependent States, seeTable.

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