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Lithuanian language

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Lithuanian  Lietuviu Kalba  East Baltic language most closely related to Latvian; it is spoken primarily in Lithuania, where it has been the official language since 1918. It is the most archaic Indo-European language still spoken.

A Lithuanian literary language has been in existence since the 16th century, the earliest document being translations of the Lord's Prayer, a creed, and the Ave Maria, made…


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More from Britannica on "Lithuanian language"...
71 Encyclopædia Britannica articles, from the full 32 volume encyclopedia
>Lithuanian language
East Baltic language most closely related to Latvian; it is spoken primarily in Lithuania, where it has been the official language since 1918. It is the most archaic Indo-European language still spoken.
>Lithuanian literature
body of writings in the Lithuanian language. In the grand duchy of Lithuania, which stretched in the 14th and 15th centuries from the Baltic to the Black Sea, the official language was Belorussian, and later Latin. In the 16th century the temporary spread of Protestantism, and thereafter the Counter-Reformation, led to the writing of religious works in the vernacular.
>Slavic languages
group of Indo-European languages spoken in most of eastern Europe, much of the Balkans, parts of central Europe, and the northern part of Asia. The Slavic languages are most closely related to the languages of the Baltic group (Lithuanian, Latvian, and the now-extinct Old Prussian), but they share certain linguistic innovations with the other eastern Indo-European ...
>Latvian language
East Baltic language spoken primarily in Latvia, where it has been the official language since 1918. It belongs to the Baltic branch of the Indo-European family of languages. (See Baltic languages.) In the late 20th century Latvian was spoken by about 1.5 million people.
>Baltic languages
group of Indo-European languages that includes modern Latvian and Lithuanian, spoken on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea, and the extinct Old Prussian, Yotvingian, Curonian, Selonian, and Semigallian languages. The Baltic languages are more closely related to Slavic, Germanic, and Indo-Iranian (in that order) than to the other branches of the family. Speakers of ...

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5 Student Encyclopedia Britannica articles, specially written for elementary and high school students
Indo-European
   from the language article
The family to which English belongs is the Indo-European family. It consists of many groups of languages. The Germanic, or Teutonic, group includes the Scandinavian languages—Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, and Icelandic. German is commonly divided into High German and Low German. High German includes the dialects of southern Germany, the dialects of Austria, and the German ...
History
   from the Kiev article
People have lived on the site of Kiev since ancient times. The village that became the modern city may have been founded as early as the 6th century AD. In about 882 it became the center of Kievan Rus, the first state ever established by the East Slavs. Its domain extended over a wide area of Eastern Europe. This state endured until 1240, when Kiev was sacked by Mongols. ...
Latvia
Latvia was one of the three Baltic states that established democratic governments after the Russian Revolution of 1917 but lost independence in 1940 when they were incorporated in the Soviet Union. After more than 50 years under Soviet rule, Latvia again gained its independence in the dramatic year of 1991. (See also Estonia; Lithuania.)
People and Culture
   from the Scotland article
The Highlanders are of Celtic descent, and a small number of them still speak Gaelic, an ancient Celtic language. The Lowlanders are descended from the Anglo-Saxons, and thus seem much like the people of northern England, though their Scots dialect, which also is called Lallans, is distinct—and Scotland is a country in which individualism flourishes. Immigration brought ...
People and Culture
   from the Poland article
The population of Poland totals about 38 million. It increases yearly by some 10.5 people per 1,000. During World War II 6 million people—about one sixth of the population—died, including nearly 3 million Jews murdered in Nazi death camps (see Holocaust). After the war most of the population of German origin was expelled, while some Ukrainians were resettled in the Soviet ...