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   The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition.  2000.
 

Appendix I

Indo-European Roots
 
ENTRY:ghabh-
DEFINITION:Also ghebh-. To give or receive.
Derivatives include give, able, malady, prohibit, duty, and endeavor.
1. Form *ghebh-. a. give, from Old English giefan, to give, and Old Norse gefa, to give; b. forgive, from Old English forgi(e)fan, to give, give up, leave off (anger), remit, forgive, from Germanic compound *far-geban, to give away (*far-, away; see per1). Both a and b from Germanic *geban. 2. Suffixed form *ghebh-ti-, something given (or received). gift, from Old Norse gipt, gift, a gift, from Germanic *giftiz. 3. O-grade form *ghobh-. gavel2, from Old English gafol, tribute, tax, debt, from Germanic *gab-ulam, something paid (or received). 4. Form *ghabh--. a. able, binnacle, habile, habit, habitable, habitant, habitat; avoirdupois, cohabit, exhibit, inhabit, inhibit, malady, prebend, prohibit, provender, from Latin habre, to hold, possess, have, handle (> habitre, to dwell); b. debenture, debit, debt, devoir, due, duty; endeavor, from Latin dbre, to owe (d-, away from; see de-). (Pokorny ghabh- 407.) Compare kap-.
 
 
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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