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T
he first Calcutta Mint was established in 1759-60 whose site is not known. At that time Calcutta Mint was producing coins with mint-name Murshidabad. In 1790 with the modern machinery brought from England, the second Calcutta Mint established at the site of Gillet Ship building Establishment which was taken over by the Stamp and Stationary Committee in 1833. All the coins issued from this mint are in the name of Murshidabad Mint and all bearing same year AH 1204. On March' 1824 the foundation of 3rd Calcutta Mint was laid on the Strand Road and was opened for production from 1st August' 1829. Before 1835 all the coins issued from this mint are also in the name of Murshidabad Mint. The building of 3rd Mint with its imposing frontage was designed on the replica of the temple of Minerva of Athens. The operative blocks were hidden out of view by the magnificent frontage. Recently, Kolkata Municipal Corporation has declared this building as a symbol of heritage.

This mint was named as "Silver Mint". At the starting time the coinage production capacity was varying between 3 lakhs to 6 lakhs pieces per day. In 1860 annexe known as "Copper Mint" was built to the north of the Silver Mint intended exclusively for copper coinage. Both Silver Mint and Copper Mint used to function  side by side and production were Bronze, Silver and Gold coins. Both Silver MInt and Copper Mint were well equiped by the coining presses supplied by Boulton and Watt of Soha, Birmingham, England. Apart from minting of coins another important function of the Kolkata Mint was the manufacturing of Medals and decorations during Bitish regime, which is still continuing, In addition to home consumption of coinage, Calcutta Mint produced coins for countries and estates within and outside India.

 

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In the late 1930's it was decided to build a new Mint at Alipore and the foundation work had been completed by early 1942. But due to 2nd World War the construction was interrupted. Later on when the Free India was a child of 5 years, Alipore Mint was opened by the Hon'ble Finance Minister of Government of India Shree C.D. Deshmukh on the 19th March, 1952. The full operation for the coinage and preparation of medals, decorations and badges started in Alipore Mint  from this date.

     


The new Mint at Calcutta had started with a coinage production capacity of about 12 lakhs pieces per eight hours shift. The coins of this period is known as "Anna/Pice series".

 

 The Denominations Are ->

  Rupee, 1/2 rupee and 1/4 rupee of Pure Nickel.  
  Two annas, One anna and 1/2 anna of Cupro-Nickel.  
  One Pice of Bronze.

 >> In 1957 the Decimal System was introduced in Indian Coinage.

 
   The Production Were of the Following Denominations:
  Rupee Coin                           1962 , 1970 Made of Pure Nickel
 

                    From  :

1975 - 1991 Cupro Nickel
  � 50 naye paise and    50 paise 1960 - 1971 Pure Nickel
                              50 paise 1972 - 1990 Cupro Nickel
25 naye and paise    25 paise 1957 - 1968 Pure Nickel
                              25 paise 1972 - 1990 Cupro Nickel
10 naye and paise    10 paise 1957 - 1967 Cupro Nickel
                              10 paise 1968 - 1971 Aluminium Bronze
                              10 paise 1971 - 1993 Aluminium Magnesium
                              20 paise 1968 - 1971 Aluminium Bronze
                              20 paise 1983 - 1994 Aluminium Magnesium
5 naye and paise      5 paise 1957 - 1966 Cupro Nickel
                                5 paise 1967 - 1993 Aluminium Magnesium
                                3 paise 1964 - 1971 Aluminium Magnesium
2 naye and paise      2 paise 1957 - 1964 Cupro Nickel
                                2 paise 1965 Aluminium Magnesium

  One naye paisa

    1957 - 1961 Bronze

  � One naye paisa &

  one paisa 1962 - 1964 Nickel Brass

    One paisa

    1965 - 1972 Aluminium Magnesium
 

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 >> Presently the Kolkata Mint is producing coins of following denominations:

 
  > Rupees 5 of Cupro Nickel from 1992
  > Rupees 2 of Cupro Nickel from 1990
  > Rupee 1 of Ferritic Stainless Steel from 1992
  > 50 paise of Ferritic Stainless Steel from 1988
  > 25 paise of Ferritic Stainless Steel from 1988
         The 10 paise new coin of Ferritic Stainless Steel was in production from 1988 but discontinued after.
 
     
 
    List of Commemorative Coins Issued  by Kolkata Mint.     
    List of Medals produced by Kolkata Mint.     
   
 
     
 
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