University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire

HMONG POPULATION RESEARCH PROJECT

Population

Population Distribution | Average Year of Entry | Educational Attainment | Income Distribution
Housing Variables | Employment Status | Linguistic Isolation | Occupational Distribution

The Hmong-American immigration to the United States is fairly recent, with most immigrants arriving during the early to middle 1980s. By 1990 most of the Hmong population had settled in the Midwest and along the West Coast. According to the 1990 Census, the U.S. Hmong population totaled more than 90,000. Over half, 46,892, of the US Hmong population lived California. Minnesota had the second place with 16,833. Wisconsin came third with a population of 16,373, and Michigan had the next highest share of the Hmong population with 2,250. The remaining 7,700 Hmong residents were widely dispersed over other states.

This study employs statewide data on the Hmong population in California, Minnesota, and Wisconsin plus county-level data for all counties with Hmong populations greater than 600 in 1990. The latter include eleven counties in California, mostly located in the agricultural Central Valley; the two counties in the heart of the Twin Cities metropolitan area in Minnesota; and ten counties in Wisconsin. Information on county populations is provided in the following table:

Counties With Hmong Population Over 600 in California, Minnesota,
and Wisconsin in 1990

California

Minnesota

Wisconsin

Fresno County

19,444

 

Ramsey County

12,516

 

Milwaukee County

3,703

Merced County

6,500

 

Hennepin County

4,464

 

La Crosse County

2,022

Sacramento County

5,541

 

Marathon County

1,986

San Joaquin County

5,303

 

Brown County

1,678

Yuba County

2,393

 

Eau Claire County

1,566

San Diego County

2,035

 

Outagamie County

1,207

Tulare County

1,862

 

Sheboygan County

1,135

Butte County

1,232

 

Dane County

820

Stanislaus County

1,140

 

Winnebago County

807

Orange County

806

 

Manitowoc County

695

Santa Barbara County

705


Population Distribution | Average Year of Entry | Educational Attainment | Income Distribution
Housing Variables | Employment Status | Linguistic Isolation | Occupational Distribution

The Data

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Maintained by: Dr. Wayne Carroll, Tua Lor, Elina Camane
Contact: The Economics Hmong Research Team
Last Updated: November 2000