|Maternal & Paternal|
(1) Nicholas Kellogg,
born about 1488, as is shown in his deposition of 1548, and buried in Debden,
17 May 1558; married Florence
buried in Debden 8 November 1571, daughter of William
of Debden, Essex Co., England, and his wife, Florence.
Where he came from, or if his ancestors had lived for many generations in Essex Co., is not known. He was in Debden, and was a witness to the will of William Hall, his father-in-law, on 4 October 1515. In 1525 he and William Kellogg were taxed in the earliest Subsidy Returns for Debden now found. From that time until his death in 1558, his name appears at various times in the tax rolls. The names of all of his children are not known since he did not mention them in his will, and theearliest entries in the parish register are in the year of his death. The Manorial Court Rolls indicate that he had at least two sons, William and Thomas. From the frequency of the name in the registers of Debden, it would seem to have been the home of several Kellogg families, and the similarity of given names of Kelloggs in neighboring parishes a generation later indicates that they were all descended from the Debden family.
In the Court of Requests (a court of equity for poor persons), in London, a lawsuit was filed against Nicholas Kellogg, which is interesting from the picture it presents of the customs of the period, and it shows the first recorded Kellogg in a favorable light. In 1546, the thirty-eigth year of the reign of King Henry VIII, Thomas Colain, or Coleman, complained that Nicholas Kellogg, Robert Write, and William Gardiner, without either right, or color of title, with force and arms, entered the church house in Debden, which he had occupied for twenty years, and expelled him therefrom, and took certain goods and chattels to the value of 20 pounds, and would not allow him to occupy the said messuage, nor deliver to him the said goods and chattels “to the utter impoverishment of said complaintant forever, unless your Highness moved with pity, make some order herein.” He prayed process of Privy Seal against said Kellogg, Write and Gardiner, as “your orator is a very poor man, and not of habeylyte to pursue any suit against them, commmanding them to appear at your Grace’s Whythall at Westminster, there to make answer to the premises.”
In their answer, the defendants said that the bill of complaint was “most untruly fayned and imagined by the compleynaunt by sinister ayde and amintenance of certain persons” whereof defendants prayed to have remedy and advantage. Furthermore, the messuage mentioned in the bill was the property of the church and the defendants, as church wardens, did demise and lease on 1 June 38th Henry VIII (1546) for seven years to farm the said messuage to the said Nicholas Kellogg, to hold from the feast of St. Michael the Archangel, then following. They denied that they took any of the plaintiff’s goods and chattels and said that Nicholas Kellogg, at the time of his entry into the church house, found many possessions belonging to the complainant, at which time said Kellogg “in presence of divers of his honest neighbors caused an inventory to be made,” so that the said complainant might take and have them without interruption of said defendants or either of them.
As a witness that they told the truth, Thomas Nutlake, parson of the parish church, in his deposition, quiantly said:
“Forasmuche as it is a dede of charite to testifye the treuth in matters of variances whereby all dowghts and Ambyguytes the reyther may be removyed and the right trowth more playnlye may apere and be knowen, I thomas Nutlake, parson of the parish churche of Depden . . . rede a certain copy in wryting of the ordre or decre made in the Kings honorable Curt of his Whitall the last Trinite term in his secunde yere of his most gracious reigne which was upon a Sundaye immediately after hye masse whereas I dyd calle Wyllyam Gardyner and Nycholas Kellogge to here the said wryting redde . . . . and the said partys answeryd thay would delyver the sayd goods and the twysdaye next after they desired me to go with them and to meet said Coleman and to deliver said goods, and that day said Coleman did not come while I was there.”Nicholas' own testimony completely demolished Coleman’s case:
“Xvi die Novembris Anno 2 Edward VI [A.D. 1548], Nicholas Kelhoge of the age of iii/xx [three score] saith upon his oath that he was ready at the comying of Colman and would have delyvered the goods demanded but he could get no rowme to put theym notwithstandyng that he requyred the parson ther to have had a rowme to put the goodes but the parson sayd that he was a besy [mischief maker] he shulh have noo house ther.”The descent of property from William Hall to the son and great grandson of Nicholas Kellogg may be traced by the wills of William and Alice Kellogg and the rolls of the Manorial Court of Debden.
(2) Thomas Kellogg resided in Debden. At the Manorial Court of Debden in 1571, he succeeded his mother in possession of the tenement and land called Mondes as appears in the Manorial Court record as follows:
“Whereas Florence Kellogge, widow, late wife of Nicholas Kellogge, deceased, held for term of her life, a customary tenement with a house thereon and 10 acres of customary land formerly called Webbs and now called Mondes with a pightel planted with osiers etc., reversion therof after her death to Thomas Kellogge and his heirs as appears by the rool of 5 Edward VI [A.D. 1551]. Now comes the said Thomas and prays to be admitted in reversion and he is so admitted.”In Court on 12 May 1568, Thomas surrendered to William Kellogg two acres of Wymonds. Thomas' wife remains unidentified. Father of:
(3) Phillippe Kellogg,
first appears in Bocking, Essex County, a parish adjoining Braintree, on
15 September 1583, when his son, Thomas, was baptised. Two years later
he was in Great Leighs, where his son, Robert, was baptised in 1585, the
first time that the name Kellogg appears in the registers of that parish.
Baptismal records for all his children have not been found, as is shown
by the burial of his unrecorded daughter, Annis, in Great Leighs, on 25
May 1611. The registers of Great Leighs exist back to 1558.
A search of the Court rolls of Great Leighs fails to reveal the name of Kellogg. No record of his death has been found, and since the records of Great Leighs are quite full, it is probable that he did not die there. He may have removed to Braintree and had other children, but the records of Braintree extend no farther back than 1660 and the earliest known date of a Kellogg in Braintree was in 1623, when Moses Woll mentioned Phillippe’s son, Robert, in his will.
|Alice Kellogg, born 1612 in England, died December 1680; married in 1635 in Hartford, Connecticut, John Bouton, born about 1615 in France and emigrated in 1635 to Boston, Massachusetts, aboard the ship Alliance. Though Alice's exact parentage has not been established, she is known to have been a close relative (perhaps a daughter, sister or niece) of Nathaniel Kellogg, a founder of Hartford, Connecticut, and thus a member of the Great Leighs clan. Nathaniel's nephew, Joseph Kellogg, was an early settler in nearby Farmington, Connecticut.|
(4) Martyn Kellogg, baptised in Great Leighs, Essex Co., England, 23 November, 1595; married in St. Michael’s Bishop’s Stortford, County Hertford, 22 October, 1621, Prudence, daughter of John Bird, of Bishop’s Stortford. She probably died before 20 May 1671, since her name does not appear in Martyn's will. He died in Braintree between 20 May 1671, when his will was made, and 20 September 1671, when it was proved.
(5) Lt. Joseph
baptized 1 April 1626, in Great Leighs, Essex Co., England, died between
27 June 1707, when his will was dated, and 4 February 1708, when it was
proved; married first probably in England, Joanna,
died in Hadley, Massachusetts, on 14 September, 1666. He married second
Abigail Terry, born 21 September 1646 in Windsor, Connecticut, daughter
of Stephen Terry, born 25 August 1608 in Stockton, Wiltshire, England,
and his wife Elizabeth. Abigail died between 29 May 1717, when her
will was dated, and 31 October 1726, when it was proved.
It is not known in what year Joseph came to America, but he was in Farmington, near Hartford, Connecticut, in 1651, where he was an early settler and served several terms as selectman. He and his wife Joanna were “joined” to the church on 9 October 1653. His home lot, consisting of four acres, was purchased from John Andrews, from whom he also bought a twelve-acre lot of plowing land curiously called “Nod Land.” He sold this property in February 1655 and removed about 1657 to Boston, Massachusetts, where on 16 October 1659 “Joseph Kelog, weaver, late of Farmington, in the colony of Connecticut, now of Boston,” bought from Peter Oliver and his wife “their dwelling-house, fronting to the street leading to Roxbury, for one hundred and forty pounds starling.” Joseph and Joanna “Kelog” mortgaged the same premises on 18 November 1659 to Sgt. Thomas Clarke, to secure the payment of one hundred pounds to be paid “in good wheate, pork and pease at merchants’ currant price.” They sold the same premises to John Witherden on 13 June 1661. That plot of land which Joseph bought for seven hundreds dollars in 1659, covered in recent years in part by the Advertiser Building on Washington Street, is one of the most valuable parcels of land in Boston. Joseph and Joanna removed from Boston to Hadley, Massachusetts, where he was one of the proprietors. In 1661, the town made an agreement with him that he could keep the ferry between Hadley and Northampton, and he built his house on a small home lot which had been reserved by the town for a ferry lot.
In January 1675, a committee appointed by the Court made an agreement that Joseph was to have a boat for horses and a canoe for persons, and to receive for man and horse, 8d in wheat or other pay, or 6d in money; for single persons, 3d, and when more than one, 2d each. On worship days, people passing to and from Lecture, if six or more went over together, were to pay 1d each. Troopers passing to and from exercises were to pay only 3d for man and horse. He was also granted liberty to entertain travelers. On 1 June 1677, the Court ordered that “Joseph Kellogg, ferryman of Hadley, be paid forty pounds for loss of his team impressed for the country’s service and with reference to his ferriage of souldjers.” In 1687, another agreement was made with him, and he was allowed to take double price after dark until 9 o’clock; at later hours, and in storms and floods, those who would cross must agree with the ferryman; others might not carry over persons within fifty rods of the ferry place, except men to their day-labor. Joseph and his son, John, and grandson, James Kellogg, kept the ferry until 1758, almost a century; Stephen Goodman, who married a daughter of James Kellogg, kept it still later, and from him it received its last name, “Goodman’s Ferry.”
Joseph was a selectman in Hadley in the years 1665, 1674, 1677, 1679, 1681, 1685 and 1692. In 1686, he was on the committee “to consider the method that may be best for laying out of the common lands.” In the division which followed, he and his sons, John, Edward and Nathaniel, received grants of land on the “Highway which runs down to Foot’s Folly from New Swamp.” He was on committee for the purchase of Swampfield from the Indians, for which the Indians received 26 pounds. From Swampfield were formed, in whole or in part, the towns of Sunderland, Montague and Leverett. He was a member of the school committee in 1686, and opposed taking the management of Hopkins School from the committee. After a sharp contest, the committee succeeded in having the management of the school retained in their hands.
Early in the history of New England, military companies or “train bands” were formed to protect the settlers. As early as 16 May 1661, Hadley voted there should be a training. The County Court approved the choice of Joseph Kellogg as Sergeant of the Company in March 1663. The General Court of Massachusetts appointed him on 9 May 1678 as Ensign in the Foot Company in Hadley, and on October 7th of the same year as Lieutenant in the same company. He served in that office until 1692, his military service thus extending over twenty-nine consecutive years. That he received no further promotion may be accounted for by that fact that Aaron Cook, Jr., who was appointed Captain when Lt. Joseph was made Ensign, held that office for thirty-five years, or until 1713.
Joseph shared his part in the struggle of the settlers against the Indians, and was in command, as Sergeant of the Hadley troops at the famous Turner’s Falls fight on 18 May 1676, which broke the power of the river tribes.
In 1661, when he settled in Hadley, his estate was assessed at 100 pounds, and at the time of his death his personal estate alone was inventoried at about 400 pounds, and he had previously given various sums to his children. He was the father of twenty, fourteen of whom reached maturity, and well exemplified the biblical signification of his name, “He Shall Add.” He seems to have been energetic, of a strong, sturdy character, an affectionate husband and father, and to have borne a creditable part in the struggles of the early settlers. His wife, Abigail, in 1673, was among those presented by the jury at the March Court of Hampshire as persons of small estate who “use to wear silk contrary to law.” She was acquitted, but the attempt to enforce the sumptuary laws against her showed that her husband’s estate was below the 200 pounds needed to allow her to wear “gold or silver lace, gold or silver buttons, bone lace above 2s per yard, or silk hoods of scarfs,” which the good men of that period looked upon as extravagance in dress. Joseph’s will was proved in the Hampshire County Probate Court in Northampton on 10 February 1708.
Children of Joseph and Joanna Kellogg:
(6) Edward Kellogg, born 1 October 1660 in Boston, Massachusetts; married Dorothy. He went with his father to Hadley, Massachusetts, and removed to Brookfield, Massachusetts, where in 1701 he had a grant of land, which he sold to Ebenezer Howe, being lot numer 107 near where the bay path from Hadley intersected the path to Boston and Springfield. He signed a petition to the General Court on 13 October 1706 asking them to continue their “Goodness and bounty to us for the coming year, else we shall starve & pine away for want of that spiritual food with which through your Honor’s liberality we were last year so plentifully fed with.” He removed to Lebanon, Connecticut, before 30 January 1730, when in a deed of land in Brookfield to his son, Thomas, he was described as late of Brookfield. It is not known if he left Lebanon, and it may be that both he and his wife died there.
(7) Edward Kellogg, born 25 August 1713, died probably before 1753; married 4 January 1737/1738 in Lebanon, Connecticut, Jemima Bartlett. They were admitted to the church in Goshen, Connecticut, on 8 October 1738. She married second 18 November 1767 Thomas Betts, of Colchester.
(8) Elijah Kellogg,
born in 1751, died 14 February, 1819, aged 68; married Tryphenia
born 1753, died 29 March 1815, aged 62. Early in 1766, Elijah Kellogg came
to Shoreham, Addison Co., Vermont, with Col. Doolittle, Paul Moore, Samuel
and 12 or 14 other men from Worcester County, Massachusetts, and built
a log house in which they lived together as one family, taking turns in
housework and cooking and working together at clearing and improving the
land which they had jointly purchased. Elijah Kellogg was an uncle of General
Amos Kellogg and came from Sheffield, Massachusetts. He removed to Sheffield
and lived there until the close of the Revolutionary War, afterwards he
returned to Shoreham, where he died.
He was a soldier in the war and served at various times in 1775, 1777, 1778 and 1781. In 1775, he was one of Col. Ethan Allen’s party in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga and is said to have been the first man who entered the fort after Allen and Benedict Arnold. Not long after Ticonderoga was evacuated by St. Clair, Elijah Kellogg was taken prisoner together with Lieutenant Elias Hall during a battle between a small party of Americans from a recruiting post at Castleton, New York, and a foraging party of Burgoyne’s army under Captain Fraser. They were confined in a barn at Ticonderoga for three months with some three or four hundred others. He afterwards escaped with the Hall brothers and crossed Lake Champlain to Shoreham in safety.
Children (First three born in Sheffield, Massachusetts; others in Shoreham, Vermont):
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Learn about the ancient Kelloggs of Scotland at Robert Kellogg's site History of the Clan Kellie