"The Defiance Campaign"
The Defiance Campaign against Unjust Laws was launched on 26 June 1952 by
the ANC together with the South African Indian Congress. More than 8,500
volunteers or 'defiers' were imprisoned for peacefully refusing to obey
apartheid laws. The campaign, which carried on into 1953, attracted thousands
into political activity.
- Exchange of Correspondence between the
African National Congress, the South African Indian Congress, and the Prime
Minister of the Union of South Africa between 21 January and 20 February 1952
- The Story of Defiance, Drum,
- 'We defy', Ten Thousand volunteers
protest against 'unjust laws', by Nelson Mandela, Drum, August
- The Defiance Campaign Recalled. Paper
by M.P. Naicker, from "Notes and Documents", No. 11/72, June 1972.
Published in connection with the twentieth anniversary of Defiance Campaign
- American Supporters of the Defiance Campaign.
Statement by George Houser at a meeting of the United Nations Special Committee
against Apartheid on 25 June 1982, to commemorate the 30th anniversary of
the "Campaign of Defiance against Unjust Laws".
- Defiance Campaign in South Africa, Recalled.
Article by E.S. Reddy, Asian Times, London, 26 June 1987
- The Defiance Campaign: After 50 years, the spirit
of service and sacrifice lives on. Article in ANC Today, Vol.2,
No.25, 21 June 2002