Extensive amounts of cedar and hoop pine had been removed from the area by the time the first settlers arrived. They chose to live on the heavily timbered hills and ignored the lowlands. These areas later proved to be very fertile. Arrowroot and cotton were the first successful crops grown here and these were exhibited in the London Exhibition of 1862. Later sugar was grown and cattle grazing undertaken.
A former grazing lease along the Pine River estuary and Bald Hills Creek has now been preserved as the Tinchi Tamba Wetlands. This region incorporates many habitat types including paperbark, casuarina, and dry eucalypt forests, as well as areas of mangroves, salt marshes, swamps, and remnant grasslands. The area is also home to a wide variety of bird life, particularly waterbirds, including the increasingly rare osprey. Over 200 species of crab were recorded here in a recent survey and numerous frog species live here. The Deepwater Bend reserve remains a popular fishing spot with local anglers.
The Brisbane Wildlife Survey of 1980-81 reported 70 species of birds; native mammals included bandicoots and flying foxes, and there were 2 species of reptiles.