An explanation of what functional incontinence is and what its risk factors are
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Functional incontinence occurs when a person does not recognise the need to go to the toilet, recognise where the toilet is, or get to the toilet in time. The urine loss may be large. Causes of functional incontinence include confusion, dementia, poor eyesight, poor mobility, poor dexterity, or unwillingness to toilet because of depression, anxiety or anger.
Environmental factors also contribute to functional incontinence, such as poor lighting, low chairs that are difficult to get out of, and toilets that are difficult to access.