Ashover Protestation Return 1641/2

This information was kindly provided by Sylvia Wright.

The English Revolution (1640-60) began in November 1640 when Charles 1st. summoned Parliament to help him out of a financial crisis. Charles was very unpopular and was forced to agree to radical reforms which gave Parliament a more prominent roll in the constitution.

The political crisis escalated and the "Long Parliament" split into two opposing parties in the Autumn of 1641, forming the King's party of Royalists (Cavaliers) and the Parliamentarians (Roundheads), who demanded further political and religious reforms. The events of 1640/41 led to the Civil War which began in August 1642.

It was agreed and ordered on the 3rd May 1641, that every Member of the House of Commons should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty), which the House of Lords also agreed to the following day.

The Commons ordered the printing of the protestation and preamble on the 5th May 1641 and this was distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The protestation itself reads:-

I,-------- do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as farr as lawfully I maye, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realme, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as alsoe the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same; and to my power, and as farr as lawfully I may, I will appose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any Thing to the contrary of any Thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Feare, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation.

The printed notice of the protestation is attached to the front inside cover of the earliest surviving parish register of Ashover followed by Immanuel Bourne's written copy of the protestation and preamble, and the oath as sworn by him and the churchwardens, John Lomas, John Redfearne, and James Brough.

After the afternoon sermon on Sunday 6th March 1641, the names of those persons who subscribed were entered in the register as follows:-


Immanuel BOURNE Ecclesix Pastor.
Henry DAKEYNE Edw. BUXTON Arthur MASON
Gyles CRYCH Jo: MATHER James BEARDOW
Edward BOOTH Robt: GRACE? Edw: CHEETHAM
Samuel SLEIGHE Godfrey BOWER Richard? HARVEY
Edward NEWTON John BOORE Richard BOTTUM?
John GREGORY John FFELLEY Raphe MATHER
Gyles COLLEY Henry WATERHOUSE John ALLIN
William CRICHE John HENSTOCKE John BEARDSLEY
John BUNTINGE Tho: BARKER Abraham BROOKS
Richard HODGKINSON Tho: BEIGHTON John TAGG
George HODGKINSON Henry JACKSON Christopher BOWER
Robt: REDFEARNE Thomas BUNTINGE Godfrey ASHBY
William WHEATCROFT? Robert BOOTH John FLINT
John WHITAKER Abraham NUAM? William NEEDHAM
Richard EVERETTE William HOLLINGWORTH Thomas LOMAS
Henrie TOWNDROE Henry WAGSTAFFE Adam COWLISHA
Robt: HASLAM William ROBOTHAM Tho: HUTTON
? BRIDDON Henry CHETHAM? Robt: GARNER
Gyles or Chris CROFTS Samuel BOURNE Tho. CANTRILL
James BROUGH Elisha BOURNE Chris: SHEMILD
John REDFEARNE Samuel MOWER John RIGGOT
Phillipp FLINT Obadia? BOURNE Henry PURSGLOVE
Edward BUNTINGE Immanuell BIRK John NEWTON
Robt: BARKER Thomas TOWNDROE Henry EVERET
Francis NEEDHAM John CROFTS William KNOWLES
George SLEIGH John EVERETT Richard MATHER?
Geo: WARD Robert MASON Willm: BACON
Geo: BEIGHTON Jo: NEWTON Tho: HOLLINGWORTH
George TOWNDROW Leonard WHEATCROFT Robt: WESTON
Ffr: NEWHAM George HODGKINSON Geo: BASFORD
John TAGG George COWLISHAW Robt: LOWE
Tho: HUNT Jo: BARKER James WILLYMOTT
Willm: MONTFORD Francis? BUNTING Willm: BARKER
Edw: LOWE Phillip ASHBY Samuel MEACOCK
Willm: SMITH Jo: BANKS? Richard BURK?
Gyles HOPKINSON Ffr: BRIDDON John PURSGLOVE
Godfr: BARKER John SNEATH John NEEDHAM
Richard HAND Jo: BERKS Robt: FELL
Ffr: BEARDOW Edw: HOPKINSON Geo: COLLINS?
Willm: TOWNDROW Geo: NEEDHAM Niclass MASON?
Tho: WHELRYHT William ALSOPP Henry WRIGHT
John MASON John BRIDDON Raphe HENSTOCKE
Robert FLINTE John HASLAM Christopher DAKEYENE
John HOLLINGWORTH John SPENCER Geo: SMITH
Arthur MYCOCK Godfrey BACON Leonard WHEATCROFT
Tho: WALKER John SPENCER William HASLAM
John HASLAM Raphell SPENCER John SPATEMAN
Geo: SPENCER Robt: BAGALEY  
     
Names Subscribed June 20th
Henry BEARDSMORE Geo: WATERHOUSE Robt: WILCOCKSON
John BASFORD Henry WRAGGE Dennis FFLINT
Godfrey EGGSTOW? ? AVIERY Geo: BONSER
Geo ALLEN Geo: REDFEARNE ? PRESTIDGE
Richard SMITH George BARKER Richard BARKS or BARKER
Henry BACON Robt: COWLYSHAW Edward HODGEKINSON
Tho: BURTON Godfrey SHAW John CHADWICK
Laurance FORESBY Jno. JOHNSON Robt: SPENCER
Geo: FLINT Wfrd: HEROD Tho: SMITH
Willm: RAYNES Tho: CHEETHAM Tho: GIBSON
John CAM Tho: RAGGE Godfrey BOWER
Richard BOORE Richard CANTRILL Thos: HASLAM
George BOWER Fr: MILHOUSE Peter WATERHOUSE
Richard ALLEN Tho: HAND Robt: COWLEY
Edward HENSTOCK Richard RAYNES Tho: HITCH
Robt: GREENFIELD John ROBOTHAM Godfrey YAROWE
Edmund THORPE Geo: SPENCER Wfrd: SPENCER
Robert ALLIN Adam CRICH Tho: WATERHOUSE
Phillip WALKER? Richard HOPKINSON Tho: WEBSTER
Tho: FLINT John BUNTINGE Edw: HENSTOCKE
Leonard BACON Tho: GOODALE Evan BARNES
Richard RIGHT Samuell CROFTS Wfrd: MOORE
? FLINT Josuah CROFTS Edward BUNTINGE
? ALLIN Gyles HOPKINSON John LOWE
Thomas ? Richard COWLISHAW Robt: LOWE
Francis BACON Abraham CROFTS John MEARE
Fra: FLINT Richard HAIGHE Willm: HODGEKINSON
Fra: BROOMHEAD George HAIGHE  
     
Names Subscribed June 27th
Wm. ALLEN Robt: GREENSMITH ? FLINT
Geo: FLINT Robt: MILNES? Henry WALKER
John THORPE Thos: HENSTOCK John ALLEN
Wm? WATERHOUSE Henry HENSTOCK John BOOTHAM
Tho: TOMLINSON George WALKER John FLINT
Henri DENNIS Richard CRICH? Richard WRAGGE
Godfrey TURNER Geo: FROBEY? Thos: SCOLES
Wm: RYLIE Thomas YOULE? George MATHER
Henry BUNTING? Tho: HOLLINGWORTH Richard? STUBBING
     
Names Subscribed July 4th
George COWLEY William FRITH Robert SMITHURST
John FARNSWORTH Thom: WATERHOUSE Tho: LOWE
Robert FLINT Richard DAKEN Richard BROME
John WALTON Henry PRESTEDGE John STATHAM
Tho: ALLEN John GREEN Thom: HOLE
Tho: NIGHTINGALE ? REDFEARNE Roger FRETWELL
Robt: WARD G? SMEDLEY Charles WAGGSTAFF
Zachary HENSON Thom: HEYWOOD John BURK
Ffrancis BOWER ? WILSON Ralph SIDDON
Wm: ELSE Robt: HASLAM ? WOOD
? HOLLENWORTH Wm: KNOWLES Will? HIBBERT
Edw: BEECHAM John BOORE Godfrey BARKER
Thom: SHIMWELL Wm: WALKER ? COWLEY
William NAYLOR Wm: HASLAM X BOWER

There is no record of any person refusing to sign but the name Robt: Allen was crossed out and written underneath as Robert Allin.

The handwriting varies throughout the list which probably accounts for the different spellings of some names. Those inhabitants who could sign their own names did so and those who could not write signed between or after their name with an interesting variety of marks other than the usual X with a single letter or both initials.

Unfortunately some names are faded beyond recall, however where some letters are readable I have attempted to transcribe the name but I have not intentionally altered any name, doubt is expressed by ?. Some names appear several times, presumably of fathers, sons, cousins etc.

Ashover Protestation Return is not included in the book "Notts and Derbys Protestation Return 1641/2" so I trust this transcription will be of use to genealogists and historians.

Transcribed by Sylvia A. Wright. July 1993