new military life in an old NASA project--the X-37 technology demonstrator. The
U.S. Air Force announced today that it is developing an Orbital Test Vehicle
(OTV), based on the design of a NASA X-37 craft.
is to be designated as the X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle.
U.S. Air Force has decided to continue full-scale development and on-orbit
testing of an unmanned long-duration, reusable space vehicle.
new OTV effort dovetails off of industry and government investments by Air
Force, NASA, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
OTV effort will be led by the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office and includes
partnerships with NASA and the Air Force Research Laboratory. Boeing is the
prime contractor for the OTV program--the same firm that was lead on the old NASA
X-37 technology demonstrator.
to a statement from the Secretary of the Air Force, the OTV program will focus
on "risk reduction, experimentation, and operational concept development for
reusable space vehicle technologies, in support of long term developmental
first orbital test flight of the OTV is planned for fiscal year 2008, with a
launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on an Atlas V launch vehicle.
OTV is the first vehicle since the space shuttle with the ability to return
experiments to Earth for further inspection and analysis.
maiden orbital flight of the X-37B would demonstrate and validate guidance,
navigation and control systems - fault tolerant, autonomous reentry and landing
hardware. Also on tap is a shakeout of lightweight high temperature structures
and landing gear.
Vandenberg Air Force Base in California or Edwards Air Force Base--also in California--will conduct reentry and recovery activities.
last seen under DARPA program management, the X-37 technology demonstrator--also dubbed the Approach and Landing Test Vehicle--went through a series of
taxi and air tests out at the Mojave, California inland spaceport, toted by the
Knight is the Scaled Composites mothership used to carry the privately-built
suborbital SpaceShipOne to high-altitude release.
Beyond Future X
April 7 of this year, the robotic space plane was dropped at high altitude,
touching down under autonomous control, but encountered difficulties on landing
and rolled off the end of a runway at Edwards Air Force Base.
the X-37 was under NASA's wing in the late 1990s, it was to be the first of a
planned series of flight demonstrators under the rubric of Future X.
Boeing-built X-37 was billed at the time as an unpiloted, autonomously operated
vehicle designed to conduct on-orbit operations and collect test data in the
Mach 25 (reentry) region of flight.
early plans for the X-37 called for it to be hauled into orbit by the space
shuttle or lofted atop an expendable launch vehicle where it would be deployed
in Earth orbit. The vehicle would then fly through space for up to 21 days and
perform a variety of experiments before reentering the atmosphere and landing
on a conventional runway.
those plans were scrapped, with NASA transferring its X-37 technology
demonstration program to DARPA in late 2004.
announcement today places the robot space vehicle under the Air Force Rapid