Author of TeX, (and associated tools) the
typesetting software. Author of one of the all-time classic
computer science textbooks. He also created a
sadly-underutilized system for literate programming called
Lead author and maintainer of Apache's mod_perl, offerring
superior perl integration with the Apache web server.
Lead developer of ACE; long
time contributor of open source code, including GPERF and a
high performance CORBA 2.2 compliant ORB. Frequently gives
patient answers to questions on the ACE, TAO, and CORBA
The original author of sendmail. While working
at the University of California, he got involved with the
early Unix effort at Berkeley. Over the years, he wrote a
number of utilities that appeared with various releases of
BSD, including the -me macros, tset, trek, syslog,
vacation, and of course sendmail.
The people behind
fractint, a wonderful fractal-visualization tool for
DOS. Fractint was developed collaboratively over compuserve
and internet email long before "open source" was even two
words next to each other. This group is also responsible
"Stone Soup" characterization of open source.
Early (1980s) distributor of
free and public domain software, mostly for the Amiga. The
"Fish Disks" were a great number of people's introduction
to the world of free software and prompted many of them to
go on to contribute themselves. Also ported GNU software to
the Amiga and BeOS.
Created the Python programming language. (Larry Wall says
the Dr. Dobbs prize Mr. van Rossum won this past year
doesn't affect the FSF's award)
His developments include groff, sgmls, SP, Jade, XT and XP.
He has been heavily involved with standards bodies (ISO
SC34 and W3C), and was the technical lead for the
development of XML. His software is noted for its attention
to internationalization issues.
One of the driving forces behind gnome; also the main author of
Midnight Commander, a very popular non-GUI (i.e. console)
file manager. He was also heavily involved in one of the
Linux kernel ports, and is heavily involved in developing
Gnumeric (the GNOME spreadsheet) and Bonobo (the GNOME
Creator of Minivend,
free software-based e-commerce. Also responsible for the
CGI::Imagemap perl module
The people behind
MRTG, a tool to visualize network traffic.
Journalist; colunmist for
linuxworld and infoworld, The editor of NC World before it
Olivetti Research Laboratories
The creators of VNC (Virtual
Network Computing, a remote display system) and omniORB (a
small and fast CORBA implementation). Note that since the
start of 1999 they haven't existed as "Olivetti Research
Laboratories" but as "AT&T Labs Cambridge".
Author of XFce, a
lightweight and easily configurable environment for X11.
Silicon Graphics Inc. In
addition to their more conventional software and hardware
activities, they do development work on the linux kernel,
have released their XFS journaling filesystem under the GPL
and have open-source'ed GLX.
Core PHP developer. (And
I suspect more; any help on this?)
Main author of the Allegro
graphics/sound/input/etc library for DJGPP.