More on Colors

 Clouds, sky, ocean, stones, flowers, birds and fishes were carefully observed by the ancient Hawaiians, and thus qualifying adjectives to describe them were coined.

BLACK

`ele`ele

Black, dark, the black color of Hawaiian eyes; to blacken, become dark; darkly. Ke hele `ele`ele nei au ( I walk in darkness).

`ele`ele pa`a

Coal-black.

hiwa

Entirely black, as of pigs offered to the gods, a desirable blackness in contrast with uli and `ele`ele which have pejorative connotations; black kapa.

hiwa pa`a

Coal-black, entirely black, solid-black.

lipo

Deep blue-black, as a cavern, the sea, or dense forest.

pano

Dark, as clouds; obscure, shiny-black, as a fathomless depth; deep blue-black, as ocean depths. A saying: He pano ke ali`i, he weo ka kanaka, the chief is obscure, the commoner is obvious.

panopano

A darkness, a dark darkness. `Ele`ele Hilo ê, ho`opanopano i ka ua, Hilo is black, darkened in the rain.

pano pa`u

Glossy, glistening black, sooty-black; black streaks in grain of wood.

pô`ele, pô`ele`ele

Black, dark; black of the middle of the night, dark blue. Fig., ignorant, benighted. Aloha pô`ele`ele! (Good night!)

polina

Resplendent, shiny black.

pouli

Dark; darkness, dark night. Eclipse.

uli

Any dark color, including the dark of black clouds, deep blue of the sea, the ordinary green of vegetation; the black-and-blue of a bruise.

uliuli

Dark-cloud black, Cerulean blue, vegetation green.

wehi

Blackness; a deep dark color. Ka`û malo `eka, kua wehi, Ka`û of dirty malo and black back, due to working in the sun.

wehiwehi

To be black or deep blue; to have dark stripes.

 

BLUE

`ainakini

Navy blue cotton cloth; blue drab.

hâuli

The deep blue sky; dark, swarthy; dark clouds.

lipo

Deep blue-black, as a cavern, the sea, or dense forest.

lipolipo

Black, deep blue. Ka moana nui lipolipo, the great blue ocean. Ka uliuli o nâ lau nâhelehele, the deep green of the forest leaves.

pano

Dark, as clouds; obscure, shiny-black, as a fathomless depth; deep blue-black, as ocean depths. A saying: He pano ke ali`i, he weo ka kanaka, the chief is obscure, the commoner is obvious.

pâuli

Blue, as the sea (pâuli ke kai); dark-colored, as in skin.

pâuliuli

Dark blue, as the sky in evening near the horizon, one of the signs of kaiko`o (high surf).

pô`ele, pô`ele`ele

Black, dark; black of the middle of the night, dark blue. Fig., ignorant, benighted. Aloha pô`ele`ele! (Good night!)

polû

Blue, as of clothes or Euro-American objects, and not of the sea or the sky. From the English word, blue.

popolohua

Purplish-blue, as the sea; dark, as a bruise.

uli

Any dark color, including the dark of black clouds, deep blue of the sea, the ordinary green of vegetation; the black-and-blue of a bruise.

uliuli

Cerulean blue, vegetation green, or dark-cloud black.

wehiwehi

To be deep blue or black; to have black stripes.

 

BROWN

hâ`ehu`ehu

Reddish-brown, as hair. Lauoho hâ`ehu`ehu, brown hair.

hâkeakea

Tan.

ka`aona

Reddish-brown, red, the color of smoked fish or the stem of a sugar cane tassel, to be used as a dart.

mâku`e

Dark brown, any dark color.

palaunu

Brown. From the English, brown.

`ula

Red, scarlet; brown as the skin of Hawaiians. `Ili `ula, brown skin.

`ula `ula

Brown, as in kâma`a `ili `ula`ula, brown shoes and kôpa`a `ula`ula, brown sugar.

 

GRAY

`âhina

Gray, as the head of an older man, he`e po`o `ahina; white-haired. Also, blue denim cloth, dungarees, blue jeans.

`âhinahina

Slate gray, gray, very light blue.

hailepo

Ash gray pallor.

hâwena

Hoariness; the whitishness of gray hair.

hina

Gray, hoary, as in hair.

hinahina

Gray, grayish.

ma`oha

Grayish, when contrasted with black, as gray hair.

po`ohina

Gray-haired, ash colored.

 

GREEN

ma`o

Green, greenness.

`ôma`oma`o

To be green or to appear green, as vegetation.

pôlolohuamea

Deep green of the sea from afar.

uliuli

Vegetation green, Cerulean blue, dark-cloud black.

 

PINK

`âkala

Pink. Also, two raspberries and thimbleberry.

loke

Rose, rosy. From the English, rose.

`ôhelohelo

Pink, rosy, of the color of `ôhelo berries; to color pink. He aloha nô nâ pua `ôhelohelo, beloved the blossoms, the pink blossoms.

weo

Rosy or red color; to blush.

 

PURPLE

poni

Purple, any purplish color; a color associated with the first glimmer of dawn; also, a variety of sweet potato; mixture of colors; light, indistinct shades of color in cloth.

popolohua

purplish-blue, as the sea; blue as the sky above on a clear day; dark, as a bruise.

`ula hiwa

purple, red, reddish-brown.

`ula `ahiahia

faded red, i.e., purple.

 

RED

hâ`ehu`ehu

Reddish brown or sandy, as hair.

hâ`ula`ula

To be a little red.

helohelo

Red, as the `ôhelo berry.

ka`aôna

Reddish brown, red, the color of smoked fish.

kolekole

Reddish, as meat half-cooked.

lelolelo

Reddish, reddened.

`ônohi `ula

Deep red.

`ula

Red, even scarlet.

`ula hiwa

Red, reddish-brown, purple.

`ula`ula

Red, reddish; blood; a red kapa.

`ula`ula `ahiahia

Faded red, i.e., purple.

we`a

Red dye, red coloring matter.

we`awe`a

Red, reddish; spotted with red.

wenawena

Red, of a reddish color; glow, as fire or sunrise, as in Kawena Pukui.

weo

Redness or rose color; to blush.

weoweo

Reddish, like fresh meat just killed.

 

WHITE

hô`ali`ali

To whiten; clear.

hû`ali

Pure whiteness; bright, clean as polished metal.

ke`o

White, clear, glistening white.

ke`oke`o

White, as cloth or paper; white, as fruit that is white.

ke`oke`o `ôlinolino

Glistening white.

kualiali

White, as lime or white paper; glistening, shining.

nôkea, nâkea

White; spotted, as the fish nôkea.

 

YELLOW

lena

Yellow, yellowish, jaunice; bile.

melemele

Yellow, blonde. To color or paint yellow.

melemele `ili `alani

  • `alani

Orange-yellow. Lit.,orange-peel yellow.

  • Orange.

`ôlenalena

Yellow, sallow.

 

BRIGHTNESS

`a`ai

Bright, vivid as with contrasting colors. `A`ai ka lei hulu melemele i ka holokû `ele`ele, a yellow feather lei appears brighter on a black Mother Hubbard.

polihiwa

Bright, shiny, as applied to clouds.

  

DARKNESSES

a`ea`e

Dark, obscure, as a vision; to assume a softer, darker shade; to mix a dark or glistening color with a lighter one.

`ele`ele

Darkly; dark-colored, black.

hâ`uli

Dark, swarthy; dark clouds; deep blue sky.

lolohumea

Appearance of the verge of the ocean to one in a canoe. It seems green or just dark-colored.

mâku`e

Any dark color; dark brown.

pala`â

Almost any dark color, brown, purple, etc.

pô`ele, pô`ele`ele

Black of the middle of the night, dark blue. Aloha pô`ele`ele! (Good night!)

polohiwa

Dark, as a black cloud or kapa; shiny black.

popolohua

Dark, as a bruise; purplish-blue, as the sea; blue, as the sky above on a clear day.

pouli

To be or become dark, as night.

wehi

A deep dark color, blackness.

 

COLOR TERMS

`ano

Color

ho`olu`u

Dye, color; to dip into coloring matter; to dye; as a garment in liquid.

muimuia

Inharmonious colors compacted, as on a sheet of kapa.

ohiohi

To have substances of several colors or shades of colors united, as mahogany timber, curly-maple, curly koa.

pa`a

Solid or fast, as in colors.

poni

Mixture of colors; light, indistinct colors of color in cloth; a variety of sweet potato, purplish in color.

wai

Color, dye; general word for anything liquid.

waiho`olu`u

To dye, color; to immerse for coloring; a color or dye.

  

VARIEGATIONS

kikokiko

Spotted; speckled in different colors, as a pig; striped.

kuhe

A change of color in the skin--purple, blue, brown, etc--as a consequence of being long in the water.

mâ`awe`awe

Spotted, variegated colors.

mâ`oki`oki

Spotted, having different colors. Kona is noted for its streaked sea or currents in the ocean.

`ônio, `ôni`oni`o

Spotted, streaked with various colors; to spot or print with colors, as kapa.

`ôpulepule

Spotted; light and shade.

pâni`oni`o

Variegated, of different colors; to print a kapa in gaudy colors.

pikapika, pikopiko

Variegated, spotted, usually applied to the smooth surface of the ocean in a calm.

pulepule

Spotted, speckled, of different colors.

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Aloha a hui hou, Leilani

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