Livestock's long shadow: environmental issues and options




LIVESTOCK'S LONG SHADOW

environmental issues and options



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    FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2007


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Table of contents

Part I   [253 Kb]

    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    Executive Summary

Part II   [187 Kb]

    01. Introduction

Part III   [664 Kb]

    02. Livestock in geographic transition
    2.1 Trends in livestock-related land use
    2.2 Geography of demand
    2.3 Geography of livestock resources
    2.4 Production systems: location economics at play
    2.5 Hotspots of land degradation
    2.6 Conclusions

Part IV   [494 Kb]

    03: Livestock's role in climate change and air pollution
    3.1 Issues and trends
    3.2 Livestock in the carbon cycle
    3.3 Livestock in the nitrogen cycle
    3.4 Summary of livestock's impact
    3.5 Mitigation options

Part V   [490 Kb]

    04: Livestock's role in water depletion and pollution
    4.1 Issues and trends
    4.2 Water use
    4.3 Water pollution
    4.4 Livestock land-use impacts on the water cycle
    4.5 Summary of the impact of livestock on water
    4.6 Mitigation options

Part VI   [383 Kb]

    05: Livestock's impact on biodiversity
    5.1 Issues and trends
    5.2 Dimensions of biodiversity
    5.3 Livestock's role in biodiversity loss
    5.4 Summary of livestock impacts on biodiveristy
    5.5 Mitigation options for conservation of biodiversity

Part VII   [369 Kb]

    06: Policy challenges and options
    6.1 Towards a conducive policy framework
    6.2 Policy options for addressing environmental pressure points

Part VIII   [173 Kb]

    07: Summary and conclusions
    7.1 Livestock and environment in context
    7.2 What needs to be done?
    7.3 The challenge ahead

Part IX   [206 Kb]

    08: References

Part X   [873 Kb]

    09: Annex 1: Global maps

Part XI   [723 Kb]

    10: Annex 1 (cont'd): Global maps

Part XII   [96 Kb]

    11: Annex 2: Tables

Part XIII   [503 Kb]

    12: Annex 3: Methodology of quantification and analysis

© FAO 2007