The Amazon Rainforest covers almost two millions (5.2 mil. sq.km) in the Amazon River Basin. About two-thirds of the rainforest lies in Brazil. The rainforest also lies in Brazil. The rainforest also lies in parts of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela. Within the Amazon rainforest are 25 percent of the planet's trees, as well as a wide array of indegenous tribes. Nearly two-thirds of all plant and animal species on the planet exist within its confines, several with the potential to cure or limit many human diseases.
The Amazon rainforest is seriously threatened right now by deforestation and mass burning. Over 15% of the 2 million square-mile jungle is already gone. Indigenous tribes in the Amazon have long lived in harmonywith their surroundings.
Today, despite the population decimation, natives peoples still live in American rainforests, although virtually all have been impacted by the modern world. Instead of wearing traditional garb, most Amerindians wear western clothes and many use metal pots, pans, and utensils for everyday life. Some groups make handicrafts to sell to tourists, while others make routine trips to cities to bring foods and wares to market. Almost no native group obtains the majority of their food by traditional nomadic hunting and gathering and nearly all cultivate foods with hunting, gathering, and fishing serving as a secondary or supplementary food sources.
Getting to the Amazon Rainforest
The vast Amazon Valley, with its dense equatorial forest zone known as the "hyleia", can be divided up into three regions for entry: The Guianan Highlands in the north, which rise to a height of 2,772m at Mount Roraima: the Amazon Plain, which boasts the world's most luxuriant vegetation: and the Brazilian Upland Slopes to the south. Of the mighty river's 1,100 tributaries, most are serviced by river boats, accessible by riverside settlements or air strips. The larger cities along the Amazon river include Iquitos, Peru; and Manaus, Santarem, and Belem in Brazil. More than half of Peru is Amazon rainforest, and the country has some of the richest biodiversity on the planet. Not surprisingly, jungle ecotourism has exploded in Peru. The jungle regions are more accessible, even though some areas remain complicated and time consuming to get to, and there are more lodges and eco-options than ever.
Cusco is the gateway to the southern jungle and some of Peru's finest Amazon rainforest.
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