Matheran-Hill Railway

 

Neral - Matheran - A hill resort at an altitude of 800 meters (average height of 2500 feet above sea level), Matheran is 110 km. away from Mumbai on Mumbai-Pune rail route. A narow gauge toy train from Neral (87 km. from Mumbai) meanders up the mountain, treating the tourists to a breathtaking view.

 

Mr. Hugh Poyntz Malet, the then Collector of Thane, discovered Matheran (meaning "forest on the top") in May 1850. Lord Elphinstone, the then Governor of Mumbai laid foundations of the future development of Matheran as a hill station. This 2-foot narrow gauge hill railway, connecting Neral was opened to traffic in 1907.

 

This hill railway was built by Sir Adamjee Peerbhoy, who formed a limited company with an authorised capital of ten lakh rupees divided into 2000 shares. The railway is 20 km. (12.6 miles) long and has a gauge of two feet with a ruling gradient of 1 in 20. The track zig zags up the side of the hill, bringing into view the full beauty of the Matheran Hill.

  There are four pairs of train running between Neral and Matheran. However, during monsoon i.e. June to September, only one pair of train is run to open timings.
 
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
 

New Jalpaiguri-Darjeeling - The toy train on the Darjeeling Himalayan section is not merely a source of delight for the young and old, it also represents the engineering skills of the highest order. This 83 km. long section connecting Darjeeling with the railhead at Siliguri is of great importance and has been bestowed World Heritage Site status.

The railway line from Siliguri to the beautiful hill section of Darjeeling is considered an engineering feat and passes through very picturesque country.

The railway line is laid more or less on the same alignment as the Hill Cart road, which criss-crosses the line at several locations. The line between Sukna and Darjeeling is almost all along located on the road-bench wither skirting or on the far edge of the road except at a few locations where the road and rail formations are on different level and follow a different alignment. Out of a total of 87.48 km., 64 kms. Are on the same road bench. The actual climb starts from Sukna encountering steep gradients and curves all the way long. There are some peculiar features to be marked during the journey. The train passes through dense forest from Sukna and it chugs along the hill slopes and at places where a clear path is not available. The climb is through reverse and loops. There are 5 such reverses, 3 loops, the most famous being the BATASIA LOOP between Ghum and Darjeeling. Apart from this, the section has 5 major, 498 minor bridges and 177 unmanned level crossings. There are 14 stations including New Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling with an average inter distance of 6 to 7 km. Except between Siliguri and Sukna where the distance is over 10 km., Ghum station is the second highest railway station in the world to be reached by steam locomotive.

  The Darjeeling-Himalayan railway extends from New Jalpaiguri to Darjeeling, which is a distance of 87.48 kms. The construction was started by Franklin Prestage in 1879 and completed up to Tindharia in March 1880. By the year end, it was constructed up tp Kurseong and the line reached Darjeeling in July 1881.
  Darjeeling Railway Company managed the line up to 1948 before it was purchased outright and made to form a part of the Indian Railway. It became a part of the Assam Railway and was absorbed as a constituent of the newly grouped Northeastern Railway on 14 April 1950. Because of further regrouping, the DHR was transferred to the Northeast Frontier Railway in 1958.
  The DHR attained peak operational capacity in 1947 with 45 loco, 139 passenger coaches and 606 goods wagons. Goods trains were operated up to 1992-93. Thereafter, keeping 12-15 unit of goods wagons, the rest were withdrawn and disposed.
 
DARJEELING - NEW JALPAIGURI (N. G.)
10D
2D*
 
 
TRAINS NO.
 
1D*
9D
Passenger II
Passenger II
Kms Ex.
New Jalpaiguri
 
Stations
 
Passenger II
Passenger II
1630
1040
88
d
Darjeeling 9012 ft
a
1530
0910
1701
1106
82
a
Ghum 7408 ft
d
1502
0836
1706
1111
 
d
 
a
1457
0831
1744
1149
73
d
Sonada 6552 ft
d
1418
0747
1819
1224
65
d
Tung 5656 ft
d
1343
0712
1900
1302
57
a
Kurseong
d
1311
0640
 
1317
 
d
4864 ft
a
1256
----
 
1349
50
d
Mahanadi W 4120 ft
d
1218
 
 
1421
44
d
Gayabari 3516 ft
d
1146
 
 
1450
38
a
Tindharia 2822 ft
d
1118
 
 
1451
 
d
 
a
1117
 
 
1542
26
d
Rangtong 1404 ft
d
1020
 
 
1616
18
d
Sukna 533 ft
d
0946
 
 
1638
8
a
Siliguri JN
d
0925
 
 
1640
 
d
 
a
0923
 
 
1648
5
a
Siliguri Town
d
0915
 
 
1649
 
d
 
a
0914
 
 
1710
 
a
New Jalpaiguri
d
0900
 
 
Train No.
Operated in section
 
1D/2D
New Jalpaiguri to Darjeeling
 
9D/10D
Kurseong to Darjeeling
  A joy ride train runs between Ghum and Darjeeling with a stoppage at Batasia loop for enabling tourists to take photographs of Kanchenjunga.
 
 
 
STATIONS IN THE SECTION
STATION
DISTANCE FROM SILIGURI JN.
ALTITUDE
New Jalpaiguri
(-) 7.42 Kms.
480 ft.
Siliguri town
(-) 4.99 Kms.
500 ft.
Siliguri Junction
0.00 Km.
500 ft.
Sukna
10.06 Kms.
533 ft.
Rongtong
17.70 Kms.
1404 ft.
Tindharia
29.77 Kms.
2822 ft.
Gayabari
36.20 Kms.
3616 ft.
Mahanadi
42.08 Kms.
4120 ft.
Kurseong
49.48 Kms.
4864 ft.
Tung
56.92 Kms.
5656 ft.
Sonada
64.97 Kms.
6552 ft.
Ghum
74.03 Kms.
7407 ft.
Darjeeling
80.06 Kms.
6812 ft
Copyright © 2008, Centre For Railway Information Systems, Designed and Hosted by CRIS | Disclaimer
Best viewed at 1024 x 768 resolution with Internet Explorer 5.0 or Netscape Navigator 5.0 and higher