The Long, Long Trail
 
 
The 1st (Peshawar) Division
A Regular Division of the Indian Army
History | Units | Commanders

Summary history of the division
 

Headquartered in Peshawar and manning stations at Chitral, Drosh, Malakand, Chakdara, Dargia, Abazan, Jamrus, Shabkadar and Mardan, the Division remained in the area throughout the war. It mobilised for action on the North West Frontier on several occasions during the period of the Great War. The Division was part of the Northern Army, later called Northern Command. In 1919, the Division took part in operations in Afghanistan. Typical of all Indian Army formations, it contained a mixture of British units (originally Regulars, later Territorials in addition) and Indian ones. Unlike British Divisions it contained a mixture of cavalry and infantry components.


Order of Battle 
Unless stated, each unit was in the Division in August 1914.
 

Risalpur (1st) Cavalry Brigade

13th Lancers (left to join 7th Cavalry Brigade (Indian) in Mesopotamia, July 1916)

14th Lancers (left to join 7th Cavalry Brigade (Indian) in Mesopotamia, June 1916)

1st Lancers (transferred to 1st (Peshawar) Bde in August 1914, rejoined March 1916)

Guides Cavalry (left to join 11th Cavalry Brigade (Indian) in Mesopotamia, October 1917)

21st Lancers (joined October 1914 from 4th (Rawalpindi) Brigade in 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division, left for 14th Cavalry Brigade, August 1918)

M Battery RHA (joined October 1914)

1st Guides Infantry (attached to 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division October-November 1915, left for Mesopotamia February 1917)

30th Lancers (joined from 2nd Indian Cavalry Division, August 1916, left for 10th Cavalry Brigade in this Division in December 1917)

5th Cavalry (joined from 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division, October 1916, left for Mesopotamia October 1917)

17th Cavalry (two squadrons joined from 5th (Mhow) Division in October 1917)

33rd Light Cavalry (joined November 1917)

4th Cavalry (joined from Meerut Division in November 1917)

2nd Guides Infantry (formed January 1917, joined Brigade at Malakand in March 1917)

55th Rifles (joined February 1917, left for 16th Indian Division May 1917)

54th Sikhs (formed September 1917, left for 10th (Irish) Division February 1918)

3rd Guides Infantry (formed October 1917)

1st (King's) Dragoon Guards (joined from 14th Cavalry Brigade, August 1918)

22nd Machine Gun Squadron (joined June 1918)

1st Field Troop, Sappers & Miners (attached from Meerut Division in january to June 1918)

 

1st (Peshawar) Infantry Brigade

Renamed as 1st Brigade in July 1918. Unless stated, each unit was in the Division in August 1914 and was with the Division when it mobilised for war in Afghanistan in 1919.

2nd Bn, the King's (Liverpool Regiment) (left for 4th (Quetta) Division in December 1917)

1st Bn, the Royal Sussex Regiment (left for 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division in December 1917)

14th Sikhs (left for 10th Indian Division, October 1914)

21st Punjabis (left February 1916)

72nd Punjabis (left April 1917)

8th Rajputs (joined from 5th (Mhow) Division, October 1914, left for 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division in April 1916)

1st Brahmans (joined from 9th (Secunderabad) Division, November 1914, left July 1915)

1st Lancers (left for Risalpur Bde in this Division, August 1914)

1st Bn, the Duke of Wellington's (attached from 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division June-July 1915)

1/4th Bn TF, the Somerset Light Infantry (joined August 1915, transferred to Nowshera Bde in this Division January 1916)

36th Sikhs (joined from Jhelum Brigade, 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division, October 1915, left for Mesopotamia February 1916)

1/4th Bn TF, the Queen's (joined from 8th (Lucknow) Division January 1916, transferred to Nowshera Bde in this Division February 1916)

1/15th Sikhs (joined from Egypt, February 1916)

1/6th Guides Rifles (joined from Egypt February 1916, left for 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division May 1916)

12th Pioneers (joined from 4th (Quetta) Division in February 1916, left April 1917)

2/4th Bn TF, the Border Regiment (joined from 5th (Mhow) Division March 1916, left March 1917)

1/35th Sikhs (joined from 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division, July 1916)

2/6th Bn TF, the Devonshire Regiment (joined August 1916, left for Mesopotamia July 1917)

38th Dogras (joined April 1917, moved to Aden September 1917)

106th Pioneers (joined from 4th (Quetta) Division in April 1917, left November 1917)

52nd Sikhs (joined june 1917, left December 1917)

29th Punjabis (joined October 1917, left March 1918 for 75th Division)

2nd Bn, the Somerset Light Infantry (joined from 4th (Quetta) Division in December 1917)

3/2nd Ghurka Rifles (joined December 1917, left by 1919)

3/5th Ghurka Rifles (joined March 1918, left by 1919)

22, 23 and 24 Machine Gun (Cavalry) Squadrons (attached January to June 1918)

15th Motor Machine Gun battery (joined January 1918, left by 1919)

 

2nd (Nowshera) Infantry Brigade

Unless stated, each unit was in the Division in August 1914 and was with the Division when it mobilised for war in Afghanistan in 1919.

1st Bn, the Durham Light Infantry (joined from Rawalpindi Division August 1914, left November 1917)

24th Punjabis (left October 1914)

46th Punjabis (left for 10th (Irish) Division February 1918)

82nd Punjabis (left for Mesopotamia January 1916)

112th Infantry (left October 1914)

94th Infantry (joined October 1914, left January 1916, rejoined August 1917,left January 1918 for 18th Indian Division)

81st Pioneers (joined April 1915, left August 1918)

2/1st Guides Rifles (attached August-September 1915, left January 1918)

1/5th Bn TF, East Surrey Regiment (joined from 8th (Lucknow) Division August 1915, left for 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division, May-October 1916, left April 1917)

1/4th Bn TF, the Somerset Light Infantry (attached January-February 1916, then moved to Mesopotamia)

1/4th Bn TF, the Queen's (joined from 1st (Peshawar) Bde in this Division February 1916, left March 1917)

1/9th Bn TF, Middlesex Regiment (attached from 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division, March-April 1916)

95th Infantry (joined April 1916, left April 1917)

89th Punjabis (joined from Mesopotamia, August 1916, left November 1917)

1/5th Ghurka Rifles (joined October 1916, left March 1917)

2nd Bn, the North Staffordshire Regiment (joined from 16th Indian Division November 1917)

2/4th Bn TF, the Border Regiment (joined December 1917, left October 1918)

221 Machine Gun Company MGC (attached June-December 1917)

263 Machine Gun Company MGC (formed December 1917)

4/3rd Ghurka Rifles (joined January 1918)

2/123rd Rifles (joined March 1918)

12th Pioneers (joined May 1918)

1/11th Ghurka Rifles (joined December 1918)

2/11th Ghurka Rifles (joined December 1918)

 

10th Cavalry Brigade

Formed May 1917

30th Lancers (joined May 1917, left for Peshawar Bde July 1918)

 

Peshawar Brigade

Formed July 1918

1st Bn, the Yorkshire Regiment (joined as unbrigaded unit January 1918, joined the Brigade on formation)

30th Lancers (joined July 1918)


Divisional Troops

2/1st Guides Rifles (Chitral) (left July 1915)

38th Dogras (Malakand) (left October 1916)

51st Sikhs (Dargai) (left October 1914 for 10th Indian Division)

112th Infantry (left October 1915)

1st Brahmans (Chitral) (joined July 1915, left for Poona Division October 1917)

113th Infantry (joined October 1915, left for Mesopotamia March 1917)

4/3rd Guides Rifles (Malakand) (joined October 1916, left March 1917)

1/11th Rajputs (Chitral) (joined October 1917)

2nd Guides Infantry (Malakand) (joined from Risalpur Bde, March 1917, left May 1918)

41st Dogras (joined from 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division April 1917, left December 1917)

2/89th Punjabis (joined from 16th Indian Division, October 1917)

2/2nd Rajputs (Malakand) (joined May 1918)

1st, 2nd and 3rd Armoured Motor Units (formed at Peshawar, April 1916. Renamed Armoured Motor Batteries in 1917).


Artillery

VIII Brigade RHA (consisted of M and Q Batteries. M left for Risalpur Bde, and Q for 1st Indian Cavalry Division, in October 1914)

III Brigade RFA (consisted of 75 Battery. Brigade left to join 28th Division in England, December 1914)

XVI Brigade RFA (consisted of 89, 90, and 91 Batteries. The latter moved to VI (H) Bde in December 1916, being replaced by 74 (Howitzer) Battery. Left Division November 1918, going to Rawalpindi.)

72 Battery RGA (left for 4th (Quetta) Division, November 1914)

25 Mountain Battery RGA (left for 4th (Quetta) Division, November 1915)

VI (H) Brigade RFA (consisted of 74 and 1/2nd Hampshire Batteries. Brigade left to join 28th Division in England, December 1914. 91 Battery joined from XVI Bde in December 1916)

24 Mountain Battery RGA (joined from 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division, December 1915. Moved into 1 Mountain Brigade, December 1916. Left for East Africa, January 1917.)

1 Mountain Brigade RGA (formed December 1916. 24 Mountain Battery joined on formation, as did 6 and 8 Mountain Batteries. 33 Reserve Mountain Battery joined from 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division in June 1917, but left for 4th (Quetta) Division in December 1917. 23 Mountain baterry joined from 16th Indian Division in March 1918, left for 4th (Quetta) Division in June 1918. 34 Reserve Mountain Battery joined from 2nd (Rawalpindi) Division in February 1918, but left for Mesopotamia a month later. Brigade left for Rawalpindi in June 1918.)

VII Brigade RFA (consisted of 4, 38 and 77(H) Batteries. Joined November 1918 in place of XVI Bde RFA)


Engineers

6th Company, 1st Sappers and Miners (left for Mesopotamia, June 1918)

7th Company, 1st Sappers and Miners (joined June 1918)

56th Company, 1st Sappers and Miners (joined December 1918)


Divisional command  
 
Major-Gen. C. Blomfield (from March 1911 to June 1915)

Major-Gen. F. Campbell (from June 1915 onwards. Became Lieut-Gen. Sir from 1 July 1917)
   
 
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