The Sun Stone

The Aztecs believed they were living in the fifth and last creation of the world. They called each creation a sun, because movement of the sun maintained human life. The central figures in the relief are located in the square panels in the center. They represent four previous suns that perished. The top right square is the jaguar. Moving to the left is the wind, below the wind god is fiery rain and in the bottom right square is water. The central deity is interpreted as either the sun god, Tonatiuh or the earth god, Tlaltecuhtli. The tongue is a sacrificial knife, with claws holding a human heart in the circles on both ends.