return to World Statesmen.org
back to India >>
to Indian states from 1947 >

 


Provinces of British India 


Note: British colonial authorities ruled India with two administrative systems: About 60% of territory of the Indian sub-continent were provinces and territories directly under British colonial administration, 40% of the sub-continent were native Indian ("princely") States under direct treaty relations with British India (A-J and K-Z).

Party abbreviations: AIC = All India Congress; BPML = Bengal Province Muslim League; 
IIL = Indian Independence League (nationalist, pro-Japanese, 1937-1945); INC = Indian National Congress (nationalist, pro-independence, mainly Hindu, est.1885); IP = Ittihad Party (Union Party); JP = Swaraj Party (Justice Party); ML = Muslim League, All India (Muslim party, 1906-1947); MPP = Muslim Political Party; UP = Unionist Party



Ajmer-Merwara 

1818                       Ceded to Britain.
1832                       Part of North-West Frontier Provinces.
 1 Apr 1871                Ajmer-Merwara-Kekri a separate province.
15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.

Agents
1832 - 1834                A. Lockett
1834 - 1841                N. Alves 
1841 - 1848                J. Sutherland
1848 - 1852                J. Low
1852 - 1853                George St.Patrick Lawrence         (b. 1804 - d. 1884)
                             (1st time) 
1853 - 1857                Henry Montgomery Lawrence          (b. 1806 - d. 1857)
1857 - 1864                George St.Patrick Lawrence         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
1864 - 1865                E.K. Elliott
1865 - 1867                W.F. Eden
1867 - 1871                Richard Harte Keatinge             (b. 1825 - d. 1904)
Chief Commissioners
 1 Apr 1871 - 21 Jun 1873  Richard Harte Keatinge             (s.a.)
21 Jun 1873 - 12 Dec 1878  Sir Lewis Pelly                    (b. 1825 - d. 1892)
12 Dec 1878 - 27 Mar 1887  Edward Ridley Colborne Bradford    (b. 1836 - d. 1911)
27 Mar 1887 - 20 Mar 1890  Charles Kenneth Mackenzie Walter   (b. 1833 - d. 1892)
20 Mar 1890 - 20 Mar 1895  George Herbert Trevor              (b. 1840 - d. 1927)
20 Mar 1895 - 10 Mar 1898  Robert Joseph Crosthwaite          (b. 1841 - d. 1917)
10 Mar 1898 -  1 Apr 1905  Arthur Henry Temple Martindale     (b. 1854 - d. 1942)
 1 Apr 1905 -  4 Jan 1918  Elliot Graham Colvin               (b. 1861 - d. 1940)
 4 Jan 1918 - 22 Dec 1919  John Manners Smith                 (b. 1864 - d. 1920)
22 Dec 1919 -  7 Aug 1925  Robert Erskine Holland             (b. 1873 - d. 1965)
 7 Aug 1925 - 18 Mar 1927  Stewart Blakeley Agnew Patterson   (b. 1872 - d. 1942)
18 Mar 1927 - 14 Oct 1932  Leonard William Reynolds           (b. 1874 - d. 1946)
14 Oct 1932 - 28 Oct 1937  George Drummond Ogilvie            (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
28 Oct 1937 -  1 Dec 1944  Arthur Cunningham Lothian          (b. 1887 - d. 1962)
 1 Dec 1944 - 15 Aug 1947  Hiranand Rupchand Shivdasani       (b. 1904)



Andaman and Nicobar Islands
 
 
         1 Jan 1756 -  1 Jun 1778;
           1784 - 16 Oct 1868 
[Japan]
            23 Mar 1942 -  6 Oct 1945
 
[Flag of Provisional Government of Free India]
             Dec 1943 - Aug 1945
  Provisional Government of Free India

12 Dec 1755                Danish settlers arrive in the Nicobar Islands.
 1 Jan 1756                Nicobar Islands a Danish colony, named New Denmark 
                             (subordinated to Tranquebar).
Dec 1756                   Nicobar Islands renamed Frederik Øerne (Frederik Islands).
14 Apr 1759 - 19 Aug 1768  Nicobar Islands abandoned.
 1 Jun 1778 - 1784         Nicobar Islands occupied by Austria (annexed 12 Jul 1778),
                             named Theresia Islands.
1787 - 1805/07             Nicobar Islands abandoned.
Sep 1789                   Andaman Islands a British possession (Port Cornwallis), 
                             part of British India (abandoned May 1796).
1807 - 1814                Nicobar Islands occupied by Britain.
1814 - 31 Jul 1831         Nicobar Islands abandoned.
13 Jun 1834 -  4 Jan 1845  Nicobar Islands abandoned.
 5 May 1845                Nicobar Islands reclaimed for Denmark (annexed 25 Feb 1846).
1848                       Nicobar Islands abandoned.
22 Jan 1858                Andaman Islands resettled by Britain.
                             (subordinated to British India [to Burma 1864-1868]).
16 Oct 1868                Danish rights to the Nicobar Islands sold to Britain, 
                             part of British India.
23 Mar 1942 -  6 Oct 1945  Japanese occupation.
Dec 1943 - Aug 1945        Administered by the Japanese-sponsored Free India
                             Movement (Provisional Government of Free India); 
                             Andamans are renamed Shaheed Islands and Nicobars 
                             are renamed Sawaraj Islands.
15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.
 

Danish Residents in the Nicobar Islands
12 Dec 1755 - 1756         Tang                               (d. 1756)
1756 -  9 Sep 1756         Tanner (acting)
 9 Sep 1756 - 1756         Tycho Volquard                     (d. 1756)
1756                       Müller 
1756 - Jul 1757            C.F. Lund (1st time) (acting)
Jul 1757 - 1757 (18 days)  Jens Twed                          (d. 1757)
1757 - 14 Apr 1759         C.F. Lund (2nd time) (acting)
14 Apr 1759 - 19 Aug 1768  Abandoned
19 Aug 1768 - 17..         Gottlieb Volker
17.. - 17..                Armedinger
17.. - 1 Jun 1778          Joseph Blaschke
 1 Jun 1778 -  4 Sep 1778  Bennet -Austrian commander
 4 Sep 1778 - 1783         Gottfried Stahl -Austrian Resident (d. 1783)
1783 - 1787                John Gottfried Haensel
1787 - 1791                Abandoned
1791 - 12 Apr 1791         Henning Munck Engelhart            (d. 1791)
12 Apr 1791 - 1805         Abandoned
1805 - 1807                ....
1807 - 1814                .... (British commanders)
1814 - 31 Jul 1831         Abandoned?
31 Jul 1831 - 22 Sep 1831  Lauritz Christensen -Governor      (b. 1793 - d. 1832)
22 Sep 1831 - 13 Jun 1834  David Rosen
13 Jun 1834 -  5 May 1845  Abandoned
 4 Jan 1845 - 26 Feb 1846  Steen Andersen Bille
26 Feb 1846 - 1848         Richard Aschlund                   (b. 1800 - d. 1863)
1848 - 16 Oct 1868         Abandoned
British Officers in Charge of Port Cornwallis
Sep 1789 - Mar 1793        Archibald Blair                    (d. 1815)
Mar 1793 - May 1796        Alexander Kyd                      (b. 1754 - d. 1826)
Superintendents of Port Blair
22 Jan 1858 - 1858         Henry Stuart Man (1st time)        (b. 1815 - d. 1893)
                             (Naval Officer in Charge)
1858 - Oct 1859            James Pattison Walker              (b. 1823 - d. 1906)
Oct 1859 - 1862            James Colpoys Haughton             (b. 1817 - d. 1887)
Apr 1862 - Feb 1864        Robert Christopher Tytler          (b. 1818 - d. 1872)
1864 - 1868                Barnet Ford                        (b. 1824 - d. 1907)
1868 - 1871                Henry Stuart Man (2nd time)        (s.a.)
1871 - 1872                F.L. Playfair
Chief Commissioners of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
1872 - 1875                Donald Martin Stewart              (b. 1824 - d. 1900)
1875 - 1879                Charles Arthur Barwell
1879 - 1892                Thomas Cadell                      (b. 1835 - d. 1919)
1892 - 1894                Norman Mcleod Thomas Horsford
1894 - 1904                Richard Carnac Temple              (b. 1850 - d. 1931)
                             (from 1902, Richard Carnac Temple, Baron Nash)
1904 - 1906                William Rudolph Henry Merk         (b. 1852 - d. 1925)
1906 - 1913                Herbert Arrott Browning
1913 - 1920                Montague William Douglas
1920 - 1923                Henry Cecil Beadon
1923 - 1931                Michael Lloyd Ferrar               (b. 1876 - d. af.1931)
1931 - 1935                John William Smith
1935 - 1938                William Alexander Cosgrave         (b. 1879 - d. 1952)
1938 - 23 Mar 1942         Charles Francis Waterfall          (b. 1888 - d. 1954)
                            (Japanese prisoner 23 Mar 1942-45)
23 Mar 1942 - 1943         Bucho 
                            (Japanese civil governor)
Dec 1943 - Aug 1945        A.D. Loganathan                                         IIL
                            (for provisional government of Free India)
 2 Oct 1944 - Aug 1945     Mansoor Ali Alvi 
                            (acting for Loganathan)
Japanese Military Governors
23 Mar 1942 - Jun 1944     Shigeru Ishikawa
Jun 1944 -  6 Oct 1945     Teizo Hara
Governors
1945 - 1946                Charles Francis Waterfall          (s.a.)
1946 - 15 Aug 1947         Noel Kennedy Patterson
Chief Commissioner
Feb 1946 - 15 Aug 1947     Inamul Majid



Assam

1824 - 1826                Occupied by Britain.
24 Feb 1826                Ceded to Britain by Burma.

1826 - 1832                Part of Bengal.
1832 - Oct 1838            Princely state briefly restored in Upper Assam.
1838 -  7 Feb 1874         Part of Bengal.
1873                       British political control imposed on tWestern Naga communities.
16 Oct 1905                Part of province of East Bengal and Assam.
 1 Apr 1912                Assam a separate province. 
Mar 1944 - Jul 1944        Part of the Assam (the Naga Hills District) and part
                             of the princely state of Manipur occupied by Japan.
 1 Apr 1946                Self rule granted.
15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.

Commanders of British Forces
1824                       George McMorine                    (b. 1763 - d. 1824)       
1824 - 1826                Arthur Richards
Political Agent
1826 - 1828                David Scott                        (b. 1786 - d. 1831)
Commissioners

1828 - 20 Aug 1831         David Scott                        (s.a.)
1831 - 1834                Thomas Campbell Robertson          (b. 1789 - d. 1863)

1834 - 1861                Francis Jenkins                    (b. 1793 - d. 1866)
1861 - 1874                Henry Hopkinson
Chief Commissioners 

1874 - 1878                Richard Harte Keatinge             (b. 1825 - d. 1904)
1878 - 1881                Stewart Colvin Bayley              (b. 1836 - d. 1925)
1881 - 1885                Sir Charles Alfred Elliott         (b. 1835 - d. 1911)
1885 - 1887                William Erskine Ward (1st time)    (b. 1838 - d. 1916)
1887 - 1889                Sir Dennis Fitzpatrick             (b. 1837 - d. 1920)
1889 - 1891                James Wallace Quinton              (b. 1834 - d. 1891)
1891 - 1896                William Erskine Ward (2nd time)    (s.a.)
1896 - 1902                Sir Henry John Stedman Cotton      (b. 1845 - d. 1915)
1902 - 1905                Sir Joseph Bampfylde Fuller        (b. 1854 - d. 1935)
Lieutenant-governors (of East Bengal and Assam)
1905 - 1906                Sir Joseph Bampfylde Fuller        (s.a.)
1906 - 1911                Lancelot Hare                      (b. 1851 - d. 1922)
1911 - 1912                Charles Stuart Bayley              (b. 1854 - d. 1935)
Chief commissioners
1912 - 1918                Sir Archdale Earle                 (b. 1861 - d. 1934)
1918 -  3 Jan 1921         Sir Nicholas Dodd Beatson Bell     (b. 1867 - d. 1936)
Governors
 3 Jan 1921 -  2 Apr 1921  Sir Nicholas Dodd Beatson Bell     (s.a.)
 3 Apr 1921 - 10 Oct 1922  Sir William Sinclair Marris        (b. 1873 - d. 1945)
10 Oct 1922 - 28 Jun 1927  Sir John Henry Kerr                (b. 1871 - d. 1934)
28 Jun 1927 - 11 May 1932  Sir Egbert Laurie Lucas Hammond    (b. 1873 - d. 1939)
11 May 1932 -  4 Mar 1937  Sir Michael Keane                  (b. 1874 - d. 1937)
 4 Mar 1937 -  4 May 1942  Robert Neil Reid                   (b. 1883 - d. 1964)
 4 May 1942 -  4 May 1947  Sir Andrew Gourlay Clow            (b. 1890 - d. 1957)
Mar 1944 - Jul 1944        Mutaguchi Renya                    (b. 1888 - d. 1966)
                             (Japanese military commander)       

Mar 1944 - Jul 1944        A.C. Chatterjee                                         IIL
                             (for provisional government of Free India)
 4 May 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Akbar Hydari                   (b. 1894 - d. 1948)
 
Chief ministers
 1 Apr 1937 - 19 Sep 1938  Maulavi Saiyid Sir Muhammad                             ML
                             Saadulla (1st time)
19 Sep 1938 - 17 Nov 1939  Gopinath Bordoloi (1st time)       (b. 1890 - d. 1950)  INC
17 Nov 1939 - 24 Dec 1941  Maulavi Saiyid Sir Muhammad                             ML
                             Saadulla (2nd time)
24 Dec 1941 - 24 Aug 1942  Governor's Rule 

25 Aug 1942 - 11 Feb 1946  Maulavi Saiyid Sir Muhammad                             ML
                             Saadulla (3rd time)
11 Feb 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Gopinath Bordoloi (2nd time)       (s.a.)               INC



Political Officers in Naga Hills District
1866 - 1869                John Gregory
1869 - 25 Dec 1875         John Butler                        (d. 1875)

1875 - 1877                Carnegy

1877 - 1879                Guybon Henry Damant                (d. 1879)
Deputy Commissioners of the Naga Hills District
1879 - 1881                T. Mitchell
1881 - 1894                R.B. McCabe
1894 - 1899                Albert Edward Woods (1st time)     (b. 1862 - d. 1938)       
1900 - 1907                William James Reid                 (b. 1871 - d. 1939)
1907 - 1908                A.W. Davis
1908 - 1912                Albert Edward Woods (2nd time)     (s.a.)
1912 - 1913                J.K. Webster
1913 - 1917                H.C. Bernera
1917 - 1935                John Henry Hutton                  (b. 1885 - d. 1968)       
1935 - 1937                James Philip Mills                 (b. 1890 - d. 1960)
1937 - 1947                Charles Ridley Pawsey              (b. 1894 - d. 1972)



Baluchistan

19 Jun 1877                British occupy Quetta.
 1 Oct 1887                British Baluchistan Province and Tribal Areas 
 1 Nov 1887                Incorporated into British India.
15 Aug 1947                Part of Pakistan.

Chief Commissioners (and Agents to the Governors-General for Baluchistan Agency)
19 Jun 1877 - 11 Dec 1887  Sir Oliver Beauchamp Coventry      (b. 1837 - d. 1891)
                             St. John (1st time) (acting)
11 Dec 1887 -  3 Apr 1889  Sir Robert Groves Sandeman         (b. 1835 - d. 1892)
                             (1st time) 
 3 Apr 1889 -  8 Oct 1889  Sir Harry North Dalrymple          (b. 1834 - d. 1913)
                             Prendergast (acting) 
 8 Oct 1889 - 23 Apr 1891  Sir Robert Groves Sandeman         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
23 Apr 1891 -  8 May 1891  Sir Hugh Shakespear Barnes         (b. 1853 - d. 1940)
                             (1st time) (acting) 
 9 May 1891 -  4 Jun 1891  Sir Oliver Beauchamp Coventry      (s.a.)
                             St. John (2nd time) 
 5 Jun 1891 -  9 Jul 1891  Sir Hugh Shakespear Barnes         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting) 
10 Jul 1891 - 16 Nov 1891  John Biddulph (acting)             (b. 1840 - d. 1922)
16 Nov 1891 - 29 Jan 1892  Sir Robert Groves Sandeman         (s.a.)
                             (3rd time) 
30 Jan 1892 - 21 Mar 1892  Sir Hugh Shakespear Barnes         (s.a.)
                             (3rd time) (acting) 
22 Mar 1892 - 13 Jun 1896  Sir James Browne                   (b. 1839 - d. 1896)
14 Jun 1896 - 14 Nov 1896  James Adair Crawford (acting)
15 Nov 1896 - 12 Apr 1899  Sir Hugh Shakespear Barnes         (s.a.)
                             (4th time)
12 Apr 1899 - 21 Dec 1899  Henry Wylie (acting)               (b. 1844 - d. 1918)
21 Dec 1899 - 20 Nov 1900  Sir Hugh Shakespear Barnes         (s.a.)
                             (5th time) 
20 Nov 1900 -  4 Nov 1904  Charles Edward Yate                (b. 1849 - d. 1940)
 4 Nov 1904 - 23 Jan 1905  John Ramsay (1st time) (acting)    (b. 1862 - d. 1942)
23 Jan 1905 -  2 Apr 1907  Alexander Lauzun Pendock Tucker    (b. 1861 - d. 1941)
                             (acting)
 2 Apr 1907 -  3 Jun 1909  Sir Arthur Henry McMahon           (b. 1862 - d. 1949)
                             (1st time)
 3 Jun 1909 -  6 Sep 1909  Charles Archer (1st time) (acting) (b. 1861 - d. 1941)
 6 Sep 1909 - 25 Apr 1911  Sir Arthur Henry McMahon           (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
25 Apr 1911 - 21 Oct 1912  John Ramsay (2nd time)             (s.a.)
21 Oct 1912 - 14 Nov 1912  Charles Archer (2nd time) (acting) (s.a.)
14 Nov 1912 -  2 Apr 1914  John Ramsay (3rd time)             (s.a.)
 2 Apr 1914 - 23 May 1914  Charles Archer (3rd time) (acting) (s.a.)
23 May 1914 - 15 Jun 1915  John Ramsay (4th time)             (s.a.)
15 Jun 1915 -  5 Jul 1915  Charles Archer (4th time) (acting) (s.a.)
 5 Jul 1915 -  5 Dec 1917  John Ramsay (5th time)             (s.a.)
 5 Dec 1917 -  1 Sep 1919  Sir Henry Robert Conway Dobbs      (b. 1871 - d. 1934)
 1 Sep 1919 - Jun 1922     Armine Brereton Dew                (b. 1867 - d. 1941)
Jun 1922 - 15 Sep 1923     Henry Beauchamp St. John           (b. 1874 - d. 1954)
                             (1st time) (acting) 
15 Sep 1923 -  7 Jul 1926  Frederick William Johnston
 7 Jul 1926 -  4 Nov 1927  Edmond Henry Salt James (1st time) (b. 1874 - d. 1952)
                             (acting)
 4 Nov 1927 -  2 Feb 1929  Henry Beauchamp St. John
                             (2nd time)                       (s.a.)
 2 Feb 1929 -  1 Oct 1929  Edmond Henry Salt James (2nd time) (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 1 Oct 1929 - 17 Dec 1931  Charles Edward Bruce (acting)      (b. 1876 - d. 1950)
17 Dec 1931 - 10 May 1932  Alexander Norman Ley Cater         (b. 1880 - d. 1957)
                             (1st time) (acting) 
10 May 1932 -  1 Oct 1932  John Aloysius Brett (acting)       (b. 1879 - d. 1955)
 1 Oct 1932 -  1 Apr 1936  Alexander Norman Ley Cater
                             (2nd time)                       (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1936 - 18 Apr 1936  Ronald Evelyn Leslie Wingate       (b. 1889 - d. 1978)
                             (1st time) (acting) 
18 Apr 1936 - 20 Jun 1937  Arthur Edward Broadbent Parsons    (b. 1884 - d. 1966)
                             (1st time) (acting) 
20 Jun 1937 - 28 Nov 1937  Ronald Evelyn Leslie Wingate       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting) 
28 Nov 1937 - 14 Mar 1938  Olaf Kirkpatrick Caroe (acting)    (b. 1892 - d. 1981)
14 Mar 1938 - 11 Aug 1939  Arthur Edward Broadbent Parsons    (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
11 Aug 1939 - 24 Nov 1943  Sir Herbert Aubrey Francis         (b. 1883 - d. 1943)
                             Metcalfe 
24 Nov 1943 - 1946         William Rupert Hay                 (b. 1893 - d. 1962)
14 May 1946 - 1946         Henry Mortimer Poulton             (b. 1898 - d. 1973)
1946 -  3 Oct 1947         Sir Geoffrey Prior                 (b. 1896 - d. 1972)



Bengal

 2 Feb 1634                English granted permission to establish factories
                             in Bengal at Hugli, Balasore, Kasimbazar and Patna. 
1658                       Bengal factories subordinated to Madras.
1676 - 1690                Hugli officially made headquarters of the Bengal trade.
 3 Sep 1681                Bengal a separate agency (Bengal Agency).
17 Jul 1682 - Jan 1694     Presidency of Coromandel and Bengal Settlements.
Jan 1694 - 1698            Subordinated to Madras.
26 May 1700                Presidency of Bengal (Fort William).
20 Oct 1774 - 1854         Direct rule by the central government of British India.
1854                       Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa province.
16 Oct 1905                Partitioned into two provinces: West Bengal and East Bengal.
 1 Apr 1912                Partitioned reversed renamed the Fort William Presidency,
                             Bihar and Orissa made separate provinces.
 1 Apr 1937                Bengal Presidency restored.
15 Aug 1947                Divided between India (West Bengal) and Pakistan
                             (East Bengal [later Bangladesh]).

Chief Agents
 3 Sep 1681 - 17 Jul 1684  William Hedges                     (b. 1632 - d. 1701)
17 Jul 1684 - 1685         John Beard
Presidents
 8 Aug 1684 - 26 Jan 1685  William Gyfford
26 Jan 1685 - 10 Jan 1693  Job Charnock                       (b. c.1630 - d. 1693)
10 Jan 1693 - 12 Aug 1693  Francis Ellis (acting)
12 Aug 1693 - Jan 1694     Charles Eyre
Chief Agents
Jan 1694 - 1698            Charles Eyre (1st time)
1698 - Dec 1699            John Beard
Dec 1699 - 26 May 1700     Charles Eyre (2nd time)
Presidents
26 May 1700 -  7 Jan 1701  Charles Eyre 
 7 Jan 1701 - 1705         John Bead
1705 - Jul 1705            Edward Littleton                   (b. 16.. - d. 1705)
Jul 1705 - 20 Jul 1710     Council
20 Jul 1710 -  4 Mar 1711  Anthony Weltden
 4 Mar 1711 -  3 Dec 1713  John Russell
 3 Dec 1713 - 12 Jan 1718  Robert Hedges
12 Jan 1718 - 17 Jan 1723  Samuel Flake
17 Jan 1723 - 30 Jan 1726  John Deane (1st time)
30 Jan 1726 - 17 Sep 1728  Henry Frankland
17 Sep 1728 - 18 Sep 1728  Edward Stephenson
18 Sep 1728 - 25 Feb 1732  John Deane (2nd time)
25 Feb 1732 - 29 Jan 1739  John Stackhouse
29 Jan 1739 -  4 Feb 1746  Thomas Broddyll
 4 Feb 1746 - 18 Apr 1748  John Forster
18 Apr 1748 - 17 Jun 1749  William Barwell
17 Jun 1749 -  5 Jul 1752  Adam Dawson
 5 Jul 1752 -  8 Aug 1752  William Fytche
 8 Aug 1752 - Oct 1756     Roger Drake
Oct 1756 - 28 Jan 1760     Sir Robert Clive (1st time)        (b. 1725 - d. 1774)
28 Jan 1760 - 27 Jul 1760  John Zephaniah Holwell (acting)    (b. 1711 - d. 1798)
27 Jul 1760 -  3 Dec 1764  Henry Vansittart                   (b. 1732 - d. 1769)
 3 Dec 1764 -  3 May 1765  John Spencer (acting)              (b. c.1725 - d. c.1770)
 3 May 1765 - 29 Jan 1767  Robert Clive, Baron Clive of       (s.a.)
                             Plassey (2nd time) 
29 Jan 1767 - 26 Dec 1769  Harry Verelst                      (b. c.1733 - d. 1785)
26 Dec 1769 - 13 Apr 1772  John Cartier                       (b. 1733 - d. 1802)
13 Apr 1772 - 20 Oct 1774  Warren Hastings                    (b. 1732 - d. 1818)
20 Oct 1774 -  1 May 1854  administered by the government of British India
Lieutenant-governors
 1 May 1854 -  1 May 1859  Frederick James Halliday           (b. 1807 - d. 1901)
 1 May 1859 - 24 Apr 1862  John Peter Grant                   (b. 1807 - d. 1893)
24 Apr 1862 - 1866         Sir Cecil Beadon                   (b. 1816 - d. 1880)
23 Apr 1867 -  1 Mar 1871  William Grey                       (b. 1818 - d. 1878)
 1 Mar 1871 -  9 Apr 1874  George Campbell                    (b. 1824 - d. 1892)
 9 Apr 1874 -  8 Jan 1877  Richard Temple                     (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
 8 Jan 1877 - 15 Jul 1879  Ashley Eden                        (b. 1831 - d. 1887)
15 Jul 1879 - 24 Apr 1882  Stewart Colvin Bayley (1st time)   (b. 1836 - d. 1925) 
                             (acting)
24 Apr 1882 - 11 Aug 1885  Augustus Rivers Thompson           (b. 1829 - d. 1890)
11 Aug 1885 -  2 Apr 1887  Horace Abel Cockerell (acting)     (b. 1832 - d. 1908)
 2 Apr 1887 - 17 Dec 1890  Sir Stewart Colvin Bayley          (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
17 Dec 1890 - 30 May 1893  Charles Alfred Elliot              (b. 1836 - d. 1911)
30 May 1893 - 18 Dec 1895  Anthony Patrick MacDonnell         (b. 1844 - d. 1925)
18 Dec 1893 - 23 Jun 1897  Alexander Mackenzie                (b. 1842 - d. 1902)
23 Jun 1897 -  7 Apr 1898  Sir Charles Cecil Stevens (acting) (b. 1841 - d. 1909)
 7 Apr 1898 - 23 Nov 1902  John Woodburn                      (b. 1848 - d. 1902)
23 Nov 1902 -  2 Nov 1903  James Austen Bourdillon (acting)   (b. 1848 - d. 1913)
 2 Nov 1903 - 10 Apr 1906  Arthur Henderson Leith Fraser      (b. 1848 - d. 1919)
10 Apr 1906 - 16 Aug 1906  Lancelot Hare (acting)             (b. 1851 - d. 1922)
16 Aug 1906 -  1 Dec 1908  Sir Francis Alexander Slacke       (b. 1853 - d. 1940)
 1 Dec 1908 - 14 Jul 1911  Sir Edward Norman Baker            (b. 1857 - d. 1956)
14 Jul 1911 -  1 Apr 1912  Sir Frederick William Duke         (b. 1863 - d. 1924)
Governors
 1 Apr 1912 - 26 Mar 1917  Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael,    (b. 1859 - d. 1926)
                             Baron Carmichael of Skirling
26 Mar 1917 - 28 Mar 1922  Lawrence John Lumley Dundas        (b. 1876 - d. 1961)
28 Mar 1922                Henry Wheeler (acting)             (b. 1870 - d. 1950)
28 Mar 1922 - 28 Mar 1927  Victor Alexander George Robert     (b. 1876 - d. 1947)
                             Bulwer-Lytton, Earl of Lytton
28 Mar 1927 - 29 Mar 1932  Francis Stanley Jackson            (b. 1870 - d. 1947)
29 Mar 1932 - 10 Aug 1934  Sir John Anderson (1st time)       (b. 1882 - d. 1958)
10 Aug 1934 -  1 Apr 1937  John Ackroyd Woodhead (1st time)   (b. 1881 - d. 1973) 
                             (acting)
 1 Apr 1937 - 27 Nov 1937  Sir John Anderson (2nd time)       (s.a.)
27 Nov 1937 - 23 Jun 1938  Michael Herbert Rudolph            (b. 1895 - d. 1939)
                             Knatchbull-Hugessen, 
                             Baron Brabourne
24 Feb 1939 - 12 Jun 1939  Robert Neil Reid (acting)          (b. 1883 - d. 1964)
12 Jun 1939 - 18 Nov 1939  John Ackroyd Woodhead (2nd time)   (s.a.)
18 Nov 1939 -  6 Sep 1943  John Arthur Herbert                (b. 1895 - d. 1943)
 6 Sep 1943 - 22 Jan 1944  Thomas George Rutherford (acting)  (b. 1886 - d. 1957)
22 Jan 1944 - 19 Feb 1946  Richard Gardiner Casey             (b. 1890 - d. 1976)
19 Feb 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Frederick John Burrows         (b. 1887 - d. 1973)

Chief ministers
1937 - Jul 1943            A.K. Fazlul Huq                    (b. 1873 - d. 1962)  ML
Jul 1943 - Aug 1945        Khwaja Nazimuddin                  (b. 1894 - d. 1964)  BPML
Aug 1945 - Jun 1946        Governor's Rule
Chief minister of East Bengal
Jun 1946 - 15 Aug 1947     Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy          (b. 1893 - d. 1963)  BPML
Chief minister of West Bengal
 3 Jul 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Prafulla Ghosh                     (b. 1891 - d. 1983)  INC


Agents to the Governor-General for
Eastern States Agency
1933 - 1934                Edmund Currey Gibson               (b. 1886 - d. ....)
1934 - 1937                A.S. Meek
1937 - 1939?               H.W.C. Robson
1939 - 1941                Cyril Percy Hancock                (b. 1896 - d. 1990)
1941 - 1944?               
Walter Fendall Campbell
1944 - 1947                Herbert John Todd
1947                       C.W.L. Harvey



Bihar and Orissa

1756                       Bihar part of Bengal.
14 Oct 1803                Orissa occupied by Britain.
 1 Apr 1912                Separated from Bengal as Bihar and Orissa province.
 1 Apr 1936                Bihar and Orissa become separate provinces.
23 Mar 1946                Bihar granted self rule.
23 Apr 1946                Orissa granted self rule.
15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.

Lieutenant governors
 1 Apr 1912 - 19 Nov 1915  Sir Charles Stuart Bayley          (b. 1854 - d. 1935)
19 Nov 1915 -  5 Apr 1918  Sir Edward Albert Gait (1st time)  (b. 1863 - d. 1950)
 5 Apr 1918 - 12 Jul 1918  Sir Edward Vere Levinge (acting)   (b. 1867 - d. 1954)
12 Jul 1918 - 29 Dec 1920  Sir Edward Albert Gait (2nd time)  (s.a.)
Governors
29 Dec 1920 - 29 Nov 1921  Satyendra Prasanna Sinha,          (b. 1864 - d. 1928)
                             Baron Sinha of Raipur 
29 Nov 1921 - 12 Apr 1922  Havilland Le Mesurier (acting)     (b. 1866 - d. 1931)
12 Apr 1922 -  7 Apr 1927  Sir Henry Wheeler                  (b. 1870 - d. 1950)
 7 Apr 1927 -  7 Apr 1932  Sir Hugh Lansdowne Stephenson      (b. 1871 - d. 1950)
 7 Apr 1932 -  1 Apr 1936  Sir James David Sifton             (b. 1878 - d. 1952)


Bihar

Governors
 1 Apr 1936 - 11 Mar 1937  Sir James David Sifton             (s.a.)
11 Mar 1937 -  5 Aug 1939  Sir Maurice Garnier Hallett        (b. 1883 - d. 1969)
 5 Aug 1939 -  9 Jan 1943  Sir Thomas Alexander Stewart       (b. 1888 - d. 1964)
                             (acting to Sep 1939)
 9 Jan 1943 - Mar 1943     Sir Thomas George Rutherford       (b. 1886 - d. 1957)
                             (1st time)
Mar 1943 - 1944            Sir Robert Francis Mudie (acting)  (b. 1890 - d. 1976)
1944 - 13 May 1946         Sir Thomas George Rutherford       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
13 May 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Hugh Dow                       (b. 1886 - d. 1978)

Chief ministers
1937 - Oct 1939            Srikrishna Sinha (1st time)        (b. 1888 - d. 1961)  INC
Oct 1939 - 23 Mar 1946     Governor's Rule
23 Mar 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Srikrishna Sinha (2nd time)        (s.a.)               INC


Orissa

Governors
 1 Apr 1936 - 11 Aug 1938  Sir John Austen Hubback (1st time) (b. 1878 - d. 1968)
11 Aug 1938 -  8 Dec 1938  George Townsend Boag (acting)      (b. 1884 - d. 1969)
 8 Dec 1938 -  1 Apr 1941  Sir John Austen Hubback (2nd time) (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1941 -  1 Apr 1946  Sir William Hawthorne Lewis        (b. 1888 - d. 1970)
 1 Apr 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi    (b. 1893 - d. 1981)

Chief ministers
 1 Apr 1937 - 19 Jul 1937  Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati  (b. 1892 - d. 1974)  Non-party
                             Narayan Deo (1st time) 
19 Jul 1937 -  4 Nov 1939  Biswanath Das                      (b. 1889 - d. 1984)  INC
 4 Nov 1939 - 24 Nov 1941  Governor's Rule
24 Nov 1941 - 29 Jun 1944  Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati  (s.a.)               Non-party
                             Narayan Deo (2nd time) 
29 Jun 1944 - 23 Apr 1946  Governor's Rule
23 Apr 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Harekrushna Mahatab                (b. 1899 - d. 1987)  INC



Bombay

23 Jun 1661                Bombay Island and its dependencies ceded to England by Portugal.
18 Sep 1662                English arrive to take possession, but are rebuffed.
16 Aug 1663                King of Portugal orders cession to take place.
23 Nov 1663                English forced to do battle with Portuguese.
18 Feb 1665                Final cession of Bombay to England (without its dependencies).
23 Sep 1668 -  2 May 1685  Bombay Presidency subordinated to Surat; under British East 
                             India Company rule (to 1858).
 2 May 1685 - 1703         Surat subordinated to Bombay.
Jun 1703                   Surat incorporated into Bombay.
Sep 1839 - 1932            Aden (in Yemen) subordinated to Bombay.
1843 -  1 Apr 1936         Sind subordinated to Bombay.
30 Mar 1946                Self rule granted.
15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.

Royal commander
19 Mar 1662 - Oct 1664     Sir Abraham Shipman                (d. 1664)
Governors
Oct 1664 -  5 Nov 1666     Humphrey Cooke (acting)
 5 Nov 1666 - 21 May 1667  Sir Gervase Lucas                  (b. 1611 - d. 1667)
22 May 1667 - 23 Sep 1668  Henry Garey (acting)
23 Sep 1668 - 14 Jul 1669  Sir George Oxenden (acting)        (b. 1620 - d. 1669)
14 Jul 1669 -  7 Jun 1672  Matthew Gray (acting)
 7 Jun 1672 - 30 Jun 1677  Gerald Aungier                     (b. 1635/40 - d. 1677) 
30 Jun 1677 - 27 Oct 1681  Henry Oxenden
1681 - 1683                John Child (1st time)              (b. 1637/8 - 1690)
27 Dec 1683 - 19 Nov 1684  Richard Keigwin (acting)           (d. 1690)
19 Nov 1684 - 1685         Charles Zinzan (acting)
1685 -  2 May 1687         Sir John Wyborne (acting)
 2 May 1687 -  4 Feb 1690  Sir John Child (2nd time)          (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1690 - 10 May 1694  Bartholomew Harris (acting)        (b. 1648/9 – d. 1694)
10 May 1694 - 17 May 1694  Samuel Annesley (acting)
17 May 1694 - Nov 1704     Sir John Gayer                     (b. 16.. - d. 1711)
Nov 1704 - 20 Apr 1708     Sir Nicholas Waite
20 Apr 1708 - 11 Oct 1715  William Aislabie
11 Oct 1715 - 26 Dec 1715  Stephen Strutt (acting)
26 Dec 1715 -  9 Jan 1722  Charles Boone
 9 Jan 1722 - 10 Jan 1729  William Phipps
10 Jan 1729 - 22 Sep 1734  Robert Cowan                       (d. 1737)
22 Sep 1734 -  7 Apr 1739  John Horne
 7 Apr 1739 - 15 Nov 1742  Stephen Law
15 Nov 1742 - 26 Nov 1742  John Geekie (acting)
26 Nov 1742 - 17 Nov 1750  William Wake
17 Nov 1750 - 1760         Richard Bourchier
1760 - 28 Feb 1760         John Holkell (acting)
28 Feb 1760 - 27 Jan 1767  Charles Crommellin
27 Jan 1767 - 23 Feb 1771  Thomas Hodges                      (d. 1771)
26 Feb 1771 -  1 Jan 1784  William Hornby                     (d. 1803)
 1 Jan 1784 -  9 Jan 1788  Rawson Hart Bodham
 9 Jan 1788 -  6 Sep 1788  Andrew Ramsay (acting)
 6 Sep 1788 - 21 Jan 1790  Sir William Medows                 (b. 1738 - d. 1813)
21 Jan 1790 - 26 Nov 1792  Sir Robert Abercromby              (b. 1740 - d. 1827)
26 Nov 1792 -  9 Nov 1795  George Dick (acting)
 9 Nov 1795 - 27 Dec 1795  John Griffith (acting)
27 Dec 1795 - 11 Aug 1811  Jonathan Duncan                    (b. 1756 - d. 1811)
11 Aug 1811 - 12 Aug 1812  George Brown (acting)
12 Aug 1812 -  1 Nov 1819  Sir Evan Nepean                    (b. 1751 - d. 1822)
 1 Nov 1819 -  1 Nov 1827  Mountstuart Elphinstone            (b. 1779 - d. 1859)
 1 Nov 1827 -  1 Dec 1830  Sir John Malcolm                   (b. 1769 - d. 1833)
 1 Dec 1830 - 17 Jan 1831  Sir Thomas Sidney Beckwith         (b. 1772 - d. 1831) 
                             (acting)
17 Jan 1831 - 21 Mar 1831  John Romer (acting)
21 Mar 1831 - 17 Mar 1835  John Fitzgibbon, Earl of Clare     (b. 1792 - d. 1851)
17 Mar 1835 - 11 Jul 1838  Sir Robert Grant                   (b. 1779 - d. 1838)
11 Jul 1838 - 31 May 1839  James Farish (acting)
31 May 1839 - 28 Apr 1841  Sir James Rivett-Carnac            (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
28 Apr 1841 -  9 May 1842  George William Anderson (acting)   (b. 1791 - d. 1857)
 9 May 1842 -  6 Jul 1846  Sir George Arthur                  (b. 1784 - d. 1854)
 6 Jul 1846 - 23 Jan 1847  Lestock Robert Reid (acting)
23 Jan 1847 -  1 May 1848  Sir George Russell Clerk (1st time)(b. 1800 - d. 1889)
                             (acting)
 1 May 1848 - 26 Dec 1853  Lucius Bentinck Carey,             (b. 1803 - d. 1884)
                             Viscount Falkland 
26 Dec 1853 - 11 May 1860  John Elphinstone, Baron            (b. 1807 - d. 1860)
                             Elphinstone 
11 May 1860 - 24 Apr 1862  Sir George Russell Clerk (2nd time)(s.a.) 
                             (acting)
24 Apr 1862 -  6 Mar 1867  Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere      (b. 1815 - d. 1884)
 6 Mar 1867 -  6 May 1872  William Robert Seymour Vesey       (b. 1818 - d. 1885)
                             Fitzgerald               
 6 May 1872 - 30 Feb 1877  Sir Philip Edmond Wodehouse        (b. 1811 - d. 1887)
30 Feb 1877 - 13 Mar 1880  Sir Richard Temple                 (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
13 Mar 1880 - 28 Apr 1880  Lionel Robert Ashburner (acting)   (b. 1827 - d. 1907)
28 Apr 1880 - 27 Mar 1885  Sir James Fergusson                (b. 1823 - d. 1907)
27 Mar 1885                James Braithwaite Peile (acting)   (b. 1833 - d. 1906)
27 Mar 1885 - 12 Apr 1890  Donald James Mackay, Baron Reay    (b. 1839 - d. 1921)
12 Apr 1890 - 16 Feb 1895  George Robert Canning Harris,      (b. 1851 - d. 1932)
                             Baron Harris 
16 Feb 1895 - 18 Feb 1895  Herbert Mills Birdwood (acting)    (b. 1837 - d. 1907)
18 Feb 1895 - 17 Feb 1900  William Mansfield, Baron Sandhurst (b. 1857 - d. 1933)
17 Feb 1900 -  5 Sep 1903  Henry Stafford Northcote,
                             Baron Northcote                  (b. 1846 - d. 1911)
 5 Sep 1903 - 12 Dec 1903  Sir James Monteath (acting)        (b. 1847 - d. 1929)
12 Dec 1903 - 28 Jul 1907  Charles Wallace Cochrane Baillie,
                             Baron Lamington                  (b. 1860 - d. 1940)
28 Jul 1907 - 18 Oct 1907  Sir John William Pitt
                             Muir-Mackenzie (acting)          (b. 1854 - d. 1916)
18 Oct 1907 -  4 Apr 1913  Sir George Sydenham Clarke,
                             Baron Sydenham                   (b. 1848 - d. 1933)
 4 Apr 1913 - 17 Dec 1918  George Freeman Freeman-Thomas,
                             Baron Willingdon                 (b. 1866 - d. 1941)
17 Dec 1918 -  8 Dec 1923  Sir George Ambrose Lloyd           (b. 1879 - d. 1941)
 8 Dec 1923 - 10 Dec 1923  Sir Maurice Hayward (acting)       (b. 1868 - d. 1964)
10 Dec 1923 - 20 Mar 1926  Sir Leslie Orme Wilson             (b. 1876 - d. 1955)
20 Mar 1926 -  8 Dec 1928  Sir Henry Staveley Lawrence        (b. 1870 - d. 1949)
                             (acting)
 8 Dec 1928 - 25 Apr 1931  Sir Frederick Hugh Sykes           (b. 1877 - d. 1954)
25 Apr 1931 - 30 May 1937  Michael Herbert Rudolph            (b. 1895 - d. 1939)
                             Knatchbull-Hugessen,
                             Baron Brabourne 
30 May 1937 - 18 Sep 1937  Sir Robert Duncan Bell (acting)    (b. 1878 - d. 1953)
18 Sep 1937 - 24 Mar 1943  Sir Lawrence Roger Lumley          (b. 1896 - d. 1969)
24 Mar 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir David John Colville            (b. 1894 - d. 1954)

Chief minister
1937 - Oct 1939            Bal Gangadhar Kher (1st time)      (b. 1888 - d. 1957)  INC
Oct 1939 - 30 Mar 1946     Governor's Rule
30 Mar 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Bal Gangadhar Kher (2nd time)      (s.a.)               INC



Central Provinces and Berar

1852                       Nagpur province
11 Dec 1853                Napur province annexed to British India.
1861                       Nagupr united with Saugor Nerbudda territories.
1862                       Renamed Central Provinces.
 1 Oct 1903                Berar falls under British administration.
24 Oct 1936                Central Provinces united with Berar.
20 Apr 1946                Self rule granted.
15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.

Resident
1850 - 13 Mar 1854         Charles G. Mansel                  (b. 1806 - d. 1886)
Chief Commissioners
13 Mar 1854 - 1854         Charles G. Mansel                  (s.a.)
1854 - 1855                Edward King Elliot (1st time)
1855 - 1860                G. Plowden
1861 - 1864                Edward King Elliot (2nd time)
1864 - 1867                Sir Richard Temple                 (b. 1826 - d. 1902)
1867 - 1883                Sir John Henry Morris
1883 - 1884                William Bence Jones
1884 - 1885                Sir Charles Haukes Todd            (b. 1835 - d. 1915)
                             Crosthwaite 
1885 - 1887                Dennis Fitzpatrick
1887 - 1889                Alexander Mackenzie
1889 - 1893                Sir Anthony Patrick Macdonnell     (b. 1844 - d. 1925)
1893 - 1895                Sir John Woodburn                  (b. 1843 - d. 1902)
 1 Nov 1895 - 1899         Sir Charles James Lyall            (b. 1845 - d. 1920)
1899 - 1900                Sir Andrew Henderson Letih Fraser  (b. 1848 - d. 1919)
1900 - 1902                Sir Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson   (b. 1847 - d. 1908)
1902 - 1904                John Prescott Hewett               (b. 1854 - d. 1941)
1904 - 1905                Frederic Styles Philpin Ley
1905 - 1906                John Ontario Miller                (b. 1857 - d. 1943)
1907 - 1912                Reginald Henry Craddock            (b. 1864 - d. 1937)
1912 - 1920                Sir Benjamin Robertson             (b. 1864 - d. 1953)
1920 - 17 Dec 1920         Sir Frank George Sly               (b. 1876 - d. 1932)
Governors
17 Dec 1920 - 26 Jan 1925  Sir Frank George Sly               (s.a.)
26 Jan 1925 - 19 Aug 1927  Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler   (b. 1873 - d. 1952)
                             (1st time)
19 Aug 1927 - 16 Dec 1927  John Thomas Marten (acting)        (b. 1872 - d. 1929)
16 Dec 1927 - 29 Nov 1929  Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
29 Nov 1929 - 29 Mar 1930  Vacant
29 Mar 1930 - 29 Jul 1932  Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler   (s.a.)
                             (3rd time) 
29 Jul 1932 - 25 Nov 1932  Sir Arthur Edward Nelson (acting)  (b. 1875 - d. 1950)
25 Nov 1932 - 15 Sep 1933  Sir Hyde Clarendon Gowan (1st time)(b. 1878 - d. 1938)
15 Sep 1933 - 15 May 1936  Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler   (s.a.)
                             (4th time)
15 May 1935 - 11 Sep 1936  E. Raghavendra Rao (acting)
11 Sep 1936 -  3 Mar 1938  Sir Hyde Clarendon Gowan (2nd time)(s.a.)
 3 Mar 1938 - 27 May 1938  Hugh Bomford (acting)              (b. 1882 - d. 1939)
27 May 1938 -  1 Jun 1940  Sir Francis Verner Wylie           (b. 1891 - d. 1970)
 1 Jun 1940 - 16 Sep 1946  Sir Henry Joseph Twynam            (b. 1887 - d. 1966)
                             (acting to 1 Oct 1940)
16 Sep 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Frederick Chalmers Bourne      (b. 1891 - d. 1977)

Prime ministers
Aug 1937 - Jul 1938        Narayan Bhaskar Khare              (b. 1882 – d. 1970)  INC
Jul 1938 - 20 Apr 1946     Governor's Rule
20 Apr 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Ravi Shankar Shukla                (b. 1877 - d. 1956)  INC



Coorg

10 Apr 1834                British annex Coorg.
10 Apr 1834 - 15 Aug 1947  Subordinated to Mysore.
15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.

Chief Commissioners
10 Apr 1834 -  1 Jul 1940  the commissioners of Mysore
 1 Jul 1940 - 26 Apr 1943  Joseph William Pritchard
26 Apr 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Diwan Bahadur Ketoli Chengappa     (b. 1878 - d. 19..)



Delhi

1832 - 1858                Part of North-West Provinces.
1858 - 1912                Part of Punjab.
17 Sep 1912                Delhi a separate province.
15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.

Chief Commissioners
1912 - 1918                William Malcolm Hailey             (b. 1872 - d. 1969)
1918 - 1924                Claud Alexander Barron             (b. 1871 - d. 1948)
1924 - 1926                Evelyn Robins Abbott
1926 - 1928                Alexander Montague Stow            (b. 1873 - d. 1936) 
1928                       John Nesbitt Gordon Johnson        (b. 1885 - d. 1955)
                             (1st time) (acting)
1928 - 1932                John Perronet Thompson             (b. 1873 - d. 1935)
1932 - 1937                John Nesbitt Gordon Johnson        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
1937 - 1940                Evan Meredith Jenkins              (b. 1896 - d. 1985)
1940 - 1945                Arthur Vivian Askwith              (b. 1893 - d. 1971) 
1945 - 15 Aug 1947         William Christie                   (b. 1896 - d. 1983)



Madras

1523 - 1672                Portuguese settlement near Madras, São Thomè de Meliapur.
                             (and again 1697 - 21 Oct 1749).
 1 Mar 1640                Madras an English possession (Presidency of Fort St. George),
                             under British East India Company rule (to 1858).
1640 - 1652                Subordinated to Bantam (Madras Agency).
1652 - 1655                Presidency of Madras.
1684                       Presidency of Madras.
10 Sep 1746 - Aug 1749     French occupation.
20 Oct 1774                Part of British India.
30 Apr 1946                Self rule granted.
15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.

Captains-major of São Thomè de Meliapur
1523 - 1672                ....
c.1645                     Manuel Mascarenhas Homem
1697 - 21 Oct 1749         ....

Agents
 1 Mar 1640 - 1653         Andrew Cogan
1643 - 1644                Francis Day                        (b. 1605 - d. 1673)
1644 - 1648                Thomas Ivie
1648 - 1652                Thomas Greenhill                   (b. 1611/12 - d. 1658)
President
1652 - 1655                Aaron Baker                        (b. 1620 - d. 1683)
Agents
1655 -  4 Jan 1658         Thomas Greenhill                   (s.a.)
1658 - 1661                Sir Thomas Chambers
1661 - Aug 1665            Sir Edward Winter (1st time)       (b. 1622 - d. 1686)
Aug 1665 - 16 Sep 1665     George Foxcraft (1st time)
16 Sep 1665 - 22 Aug 1668  Sir Edward Winter (2nd time)       (s.a.)
                             (acting)
22 Aug 1668 - Jan 1670     George Foxcraft (2nd time)
Jan 1670 - 27 Jan 1678     Sir William Langhorne              (b. c.1634 - d. 1715)
27 Jan 1678 -  3 Jul 1681  Streynsham Master                  (b. 1640 - d. 1724)
 3 Jul 1681 -  8 Aug 1684  William Gyfford
Presidents
 8 Aug 1684 - 26 Jan 1685  Elihu Yale (1st time)(acting)      (b. 1649 - d. 1721)
26 Jan 1685 - 25 Jul 1687  William Gyfford 
27 Jul 1687 -  3 Oct 1692  Elihu Yale (2nd time)              (s.a.)
 3 Oct 1692 -  7 Jul 1698  Nathaniel Higginson                (b. 1652 - d. 1708)
 7 Jul 1698 - 18 Sep 1709  Thomas Pitt                        (b. 1653 - d. 1726)
18 Sep 1709 - 17 Oct 1709  Gulston Addison                    (b. 1673 - d. 1709)
17 Oct 1709 - 14 Nov 1709  Edmund Montague (acting)
14 Nov 1709 - 11 Jul 1711  William Fraser (acting)
11 Jul 1711 -  8 Jan 1717  Edward Harrison
 8 Jan 1717 - 18 Jan 1720  Joseph Collett                     (b. 1673 - d. 1723)
18 Jan 1720 - 15 Oct 1721  Francis Hastings (acting)
15 Oct 1721 - 15 Jan 1725  Nathaniel Elwicl                   (b. 1675 - d. 1750)
15 Jan 1725 - 14 May 1730  James Macrae                       (b. c.1677 - d. 1744)
14 May 1730 - 23 Jan 1735  George Morton Pitt                 (d. 1756)
23 Jan 1735 - 14 Jan 1744  Richard Benyon                     (b. 1698 - d. ....)
17 Jan 1744 - 10 Sep 1746  Nicholas Morse                     (d. 1772)
French Governors
10 Sep 1746 -  2 Oct 1746  Bertrand François Mahé, 
                             comte de la Bourdonnais          (b. 1699 - d. 1753)
                             (acting)
 2 Oct 1746 - Aug 1749     Jean-Jacques Duval d'Eprémesnil    (b. 1714 - d. 1764)
Presidents
10 Sep 1746 - 14 Apr 1747  John Hinde (in Fort David)         (d. 1747)
16 Apr 1747 - 19 Sep 1750  Charles Floyer (in Fort David)
19 Sep 1750 - 14 Jan 1755  Thomas Saunders                    (b. 1712/13 - d. 1775)
                             (in Fort David to 5 Apr 1752)
14 Jan 1755 - 14 Nov 1763  George Pigot (1st time)            (b. 1719 - d. 1777)
14 Nov 1763 - 25 Jan 1767  Robert Palk                        (b. 1717 - d. 1798)
25 Jan 1767 - 31 Jan 1770  Charles Bourchier
31 Jan 1770 -  2 Feb 1773  Josias DuPré
 2 Feb 1773 - 11 Dec 1775  Alexander Wynch
11 Dec 1775 - 23 Aug 1776  George Pigot (2nd time)            (s.a.)
23 Aug 1776 - 31 Aug 1777  George Stratton
31 Aug 1777 -  8 Feb 1778  John Whitehill (1st time) (acting) (b. 1735 - d. ....)
 8 Feb 1778 -  6 Apr 1780  Sir Thomas Rumbold                 (b. 1736 - d. 1791)
 6 Apr 1780 -  8 Nov 1780  John Whitehill (2nd time) (acting) (s.a.)
 8 Nov 1780 - 22 Jun 1781  Charles Smith (acting)             (b. 1736 - d. ....)
22 Jun 1781 - 12 Feb 1785  George Macartney                   (b. 1737 - d. 1806)
Governors
12 Feb 1785 - 14 Jun 1785  George Macartney                   (s.a.)
14 Jun 1785 -  6 Apr 1786  Alexander Davidson (acting)        (b. 1742 - d. 1791)
 6 Apr 1786 -  7 Feb 1789  Sir Archibald Campbell             (b. 1739 - d. 1791)
 7 Feb 1789 - 13 Feb 1790  John Holland (acting)
13 Feb 1790 - 20 Feb 1790  Edward J. Holland (acting)
20 Feb 1790 -  1 Aug 1792  William Medows                     (b. 1738 - d. 1813)
 1 Aug 1792 -  7 Sep 1794  Sir Charles Oakeley                (b. 1751 - d. 1826)
 7 Sep 1794 - 21 Feb 1798  Robert Hobart, Baron Hobart        (b. 1760 - d. 1816)
21 Feb 1798 - 21 Aug 1798  George Harris (acting)             (b. 1746 - d. 1829)
21 Aug 1798 - 30 Aug 1803  Edward Clive, Baron Powis          (b. 1754 - d. 1839)
30 Aug 1803 - 11 Sep 1807  William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck   (b. 1774 - d. 1839)
11 Sep 1807 - Dec 1807     William Petrie (acting)            (b. 17.. - d. 1816)
Dec 1807 - 24 Feb 1808     .... (acting)
24 Feb 1808 - 21 May 1813  Sir George Hilario Barlow          (b. 1762 - d. 1846)
21 May 1813 - 16 Sep 1814  John Abercromby (acting)           (b. 1772 - d. 1817)
16 Sep 1814 - 10 Jul 1827  Sir Thomas Munro                   (b. 1761 - d. 1827)
10 Jul 1827 - 18 Oct 1827  Henry Sullivan Graeme (acting)
18 Oct 1827 - 25 Oct 1832  Stephen Rumbold Lushington         (b. 1776 - d. 1868)
25 Oct 1832 -  4 Mar 1837  Sir Frederick Adam                 (b. 1781 - d. 1853)
 4 Mar 1837 -  6 Mar 1837  George Edward Russell (acting) 
 6 Mar 1837 - 24 Sep 1842  John Elphinstone,                  (b. 1807 - d. 1860) 
                             Baron Elphinstone
24 Sep 1842 - 23 Feb 1848  George Hay, Marquess of Tweeddale  (b. 1787 - d. 1876)
23 Feb 1848 -  7 Apr 1848  Henry Dickinson (acting)
 7 Apr 1848 - 24 Apr 1854  Sir Henry Eldred Pottinger         (b. 1789 - d. 1856)
24 Apr 1854 - 28 Apr 1854  Daniel Eliott (acting)
28 Apr 1854 - 28 Mar 1859  George Francis Robert Harris,      (b. 1810 - d. 1872)
                             Baron Harris              
28 Mar 1859 -  8 Jun 1860  Sir Charles Edward Trevelyan       (b. 1807 - d. 1886)
 8 Jun 1860 -  5 Jul 1860  William Ambrose Morehead           (b. 1805 - d. 1863)
                             (1st time) (acting)
 5 Jul 1860 -  2 Aug 1860  Sir Henry George Ward              (b. 1797 - d. 1860)
 4 Aug 1860 - 18 Feb 1861  William Ambrose Morehead           (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting)
18 Feb 1861 - 26 Nov 1863  Sir William Thomas Denison         (b. 1804 - d. 1871)
                             (1st time) 
26 Nov 1863 - 18 Jan 1864  Edward Maltby (acting)
18 Jan 1864 - 27 Mar 1866  Sir William Thomas Denison         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
27 Mar 1866 - 19 Feb 1872  Francis Napier, Baron Napier       (b. 1819 - d. 1898)
                             of Merchistoun 
19 Feb 1872 - 15 May 1872  Alexander John Arbuthnot (acting)  (b. 1822 - d. 1907)
15 May 1872 - 29 Apr 1875  Vere Henry Hobart                  (b. 1818 - d. 1875)
29 Apr 1875 - 23 Nov 1875  William Rose Robinson (acting)     (b. 1822 - d. 1886)
23 Nov 1875 - 20 Dec 1880  Richard Plantagenet Campbell       (b. 1823 - d. 1889)
                             Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-
                             Grenville, Duke of Buckingham
                             and Chandos 
20 Dec 1880 - 24 May 1881  William Patrick Adam               (b. 1823 - d. 1881)
24 May 1881 -  5 Nov 1881  William Huddleston (acting)        (b. 1826 - d. 1894)
 5 Nov 1881 -  8 Dec 1886  Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant Duff (b. 1828 - d. 1906)
 8 Dec 1886 -  1 Dec 1890  Robert Bourke, (from 1887)         (b. 1827 - d. 1903)
                             Baron Connemara 
 1 Dec 1890 - 23 Jan 1891  John Henry Garstin (acting)        (b. 1838 - d. 1903)
23 Jan 1891 - 18 Mar 1896  Bentley Lawley, Baron Wenlock      (b. 1849 - d. 1912)
18 Mar 1896 - 28 Dec 1900  Sir Arthur Elibank Havelock        (b. 1844 - d. 1908)
28 Dec 1900 - 30 Apr 1904  Arthur Oliver Villiers-Russell,    (b. 1869 - d. 1935)
                             Baron Ampthill (1st time) 
30 Apr 1904 - 13 Dec 1904  James Thompson (acting)
13 Dec 1904 - 15 Feb 1906  Arthur Oliver Villiers-Russell,    (s.a.)
                             Baron Ampthill (2nd time)
15 Feb 1906 - 28 Mar 1906  Gabriel Stoles (acting)            (b. 1849 - d. 1920)
28 Mar 1906 -  3 Nov 1911  Sir Arthur Lawley                  (b. 1860 - d. 1932)
 3 Nov 1911 - 30 Mar 1912  Sir Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael (b. 1859 - d. 1926)
30 Mar 1912 - 30 Oct 1912  Sir Murray Hammick (acting)        (b. 1854 - d. 1936)
30 Oct 1912 - 29 Mar 1919  John Sinclair, Baron Pentland      (b. 1860 - d. 1925)
29 Mar 1919 - 10 Apr 1919  Sir Alexander Gordon Cardew        (b. 1861 - d. 1937)
                             (acting)
10 Apr 1919 - 12 Apr 1924  George Freeman Freeman-Thomas,     (b. 1866 - d. 1941)
                             Baron Willingdon 
12 Apr 1924 - 14 Apr 1924  Sir Charles George Todhunter       (b. 1869 - d. 1949)
                             (acting)
14 Apr 1924 - 29 Jun 1929  George Joachim Goschen, Viscount   (b. 1866 - d. 1952)
                             Goschen of Hawkhurst 
29 Jun 1929 - 11 Nov 1929  Sir Norman Edward Majoribanks      (b. 1872 - d. 1939)
                             (acting)
11 Nov 1929 - 16 May 1934  Sir George Frederick Stanley       (b. 1872 - d. 1938)
                             (1st time) 
16 May 1934 - 16 Aug 1934  Khan Bahadur Sir Muhammad Usman    (b. 1884 - d. 1960)
                             Sahib Bahadur (acting) 
16 Aug 1934 - 15 Nov 1934  Sir George Frederick Stanley       (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
15 Nov 1934 - 18 Jun 1936  Sir John Francis Ashley Erskine    (b. 1895 - d. 1953)
                             (1st time)
18 Jun 1936 -  1 Oct 1936  Rai Bahadur Sir Kurma Venkata      (b. 1875 - d. 1942)
                             Reddi Naidu (acting) 
 1 Oct 1936 - 12 Mar 1940  Sir John Frederick Erskine         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
12 Mar 1940 - 26 Feb 1946  Arthur Oswald James Hope           (b. 1897 - d. 1958)
26 Feb 1946 -  5 May 1946  Sir Henry Foley Knight (acting)    (b. 1886 - d. 1960)
 5 May 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Archibald Edward Nye           (b. 1895 - d. 1967)

Chief ministers
17 Dec 1920 - 11 Jul 1921  Subbarayalu Reddiar                                     JP
11 Jul 1921 -  3 Dec 1926  Raja of Panagal                                         JP
 4 Dec 1926 - 27 Oct 1930  P. Subbarayan                      (b. 1889 - d. 1963)  Non-party
27 Oct 1930 -  4 Nov 1932  P. Munusamy Naidu                                       JP
 5 Nov 1932 -  4 Apr 1936  Ramakrishna Ranga Rao, Raja of
                             Bobbili (1st time)               (b. 1901)            JP
 4 Apr 1936 - 24 Aug 1936  P.T. Rajan                                              JP
24 Aug 1936 -  1 Apr 1937  Ramakrishna Ranga Rao, Raja of
                             Bobbili (2nd time)               (s.a.)               JP
 1 Apr 1937 - 14 Jul 1937  Kurma Venkata Reddy Naidu
14 Jul 1937 - 29 Oct 1939  Chakravarti Rajagopalachari        (b. 1878 - d. 1972)  INC
29 Oct 1939 - 30 Apr 1946  Governor's Rule
30 Apr 1946 - 23 Mar 1947  Tanguturi Prakasam                 (b. 1872 - d. 1957)  INC
23 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Omandur P. Ramaswami Reddiar       (b. 1895 - d. 1970)  INC


Mysore: see under Indian Princely States K-W


North-West Frontier Province

1849                       British capture area from Punjab.
25 Oct 1901                North-Western Frontier Province created.
15 Aug 1947                Part of Pakistan.

Chief Commissioners
 9 Nov 1901 -  7 Jul 1908  Harold Arthur Deane                (b. 1854 - d. 1908)
 7 Jul 1908 - 16 Nov 1909  Sir George Olof Roos-Keppel        (b. 1866 - d. 1921)
                             (1st time)
16 Nov 1909 -  1 Nov 1910  William Rudolph Henry Merck        (b. 1852 - d. 1925) 
                             (acting)
 1 Nov 1910 - 28 Aug 1913  Sir George Olof Roos-Keppel        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
28 Aug 1913 - 28 Jan 1915  Sir John Stuart Donald (acting)    (b. 1861 - d. 1948)
28 Jan 1915 - 10 Sep 1919  Sir George Olof Roos-Keppel        (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
10 Sep 1919 -  8 Mar 1921  Sir Alfred Hamilton Grant          (b. 1872 - d. 1937)
 8 Mar 1921 - Jul 1923     Sir John Loader Maffey             (b. 1877 - d. 1969)
Jul 1923 -  3 Dec 1925     Horatio Norman Bolton (1st time)   (b. 1875 - d. 1965)
 3 Dec 1925 - Aug 1926     William John Keen (acting)         (b. 1873 - d. 1958)
Aug 1926 - 10 May 1930     Horatio Norman Bolton (2nd time)   (s.a.)
10 May 1930 -  9 Sep 1931  Sir Stuart Edmond Pearks           (b. 1875 - d. 1931)
10 Sep 1931 - 18 Apr 1932  Sir Ralph Edwin Hotchkin Griffith  (b. 1882 - d. 1963)
Governors
18 Apr 1932 -  2 Mar 1937  Sir Ralph Edwin Hotchkin Griffith  (s.a.)
 2 Mar 1937 - 11 Aug 1939  Sir George Cunningham (1st time)   (b. 1888 - d. 1964)
11 Aug 1939 - 10 Dec 1939  Sir Arthur Edward Broadbent
                             Parsons                          (b. 1884 - d. 1966)
10 Dec 1939 -  3 Mar 1946  Sir George Cunningham (2nd time)   (s.a.)
 3 Mar 1946 - 26 Jun 1947  Sir Olaf Kirkpatrick Caroe         (b. 1892 - d. 1981)
26 Jun 1947 - 13 Aug 1947  Sir Robert Lockhart (acting)
13 Aug 1947 -  8 Apr 1948  Sir George Cunningham (3rd time)   (s.a.)

Premiers
 1 Apr 1937 -  7 Sep 1937  Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Khan    (b. 1863 - d. 1937)  AIC
 7 Sep 1937 - 10 Nov 1939  Khan Sahib (1st time)              (b. 1883 - d. 1958)  INC
10 Nov 1939 - 25 May 1943  Governor's rule
25 May 1943 - 16 Mar 1945  Sardar Aurangzeb Khan                                   ML
16 Mar 1945 - 22 Aug 1947  Khan Sahib (2nd time)              (s.a.)               INC



Panth-Piploda

15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.

Chief commissioner
May 1942 - 15 Aug 1947     Sir Walter Fendall Campbell        (b. 1894 - d. 1973)



Punjab

29 Mar 1849                Annexed by Britain.
 2 Apr 1849                Punjab province.
 1 Apr 1937                Self-rule granted.
15 Aug 1947                Partitioned between India (western Punjab)and 
                             Pakistan (eastern Punjab).

Chief Commissioner
31 Mar 1849 - 1853         Board of Administration
                           - John Laird Mair Lawrence         (b. 1811 - d. 1879)
                           - Henry Lawrence                   (b. 1811 - d. 1879) 
                           - Charles G. Mansel                (b. 1806 - d. 1886)
1853 -  1 Jan 1858         John Laird Mair Lawrence           (s.a.)
                            (from 1856, Sir John Laird Mair Lawrence) 
Lieutenant governors
 1 Jan 1859 - 25 Feb 1859  Sir John Laird Mair Lawrence       (s.a.)
25 Feb 1859 - 10 Jan 1865  Sir Robert Montgomery              (b. 1809 - d. 1887)
10 Jan 1865 -  1 Jun 1870  Donald Friell McLeod               (b. 1810 - d. 1872)
 1 Jun 1870 -  1 Jan 1871  Sir Henry Marion Durand            (b. 1812 - d. 1871)
 1 Jan 1871 - 20 Jan 1871  .... (acting)
20 Jan 1871 -  2 Apr 1877  Sir Robert Henry Davies            (b. 1824 - d. 1902)
 2 Apr 1877 -  3 Apr 1882  Sir Robert Eyles Egerton           (b. 1857 - d. 1912)
 3 Apr 1882 -  2 Apr 1887  Sir Charles Umpherston Aitchinson  (b. 1832 - d. 1896)
 2 Apr 1887 -  5 Mar 1892  Sir Charles James Lyall            (b. 1845 - d. 1920)
 5 Mar 1892 -  6 Mar 1897  Sir Dennis Fitzpatrick             (b. 1827 - d. 1920)
 6 Mar 1897 -  6 Mar 1902  Sir William Mackworth Young        (b. 1840 - d. 1924)
 6 Mar 1902 -  6 Mar 1907  Sir Charles Montgomery Rivaz       (b. 1845 - d. 1926)
 6 Mar 1907 - 26 May 1907  Sir Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson   (b. 1847 - d. 1908)
                             (1st time) 
26 May 1907 - 12 Aug 1907  Sir Thomas Gordon Walker           (b. 1849 - d. 1917)
                             (1st time) (acting) 
12 Aug 1907 - 22 Jan 1908  Sir Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson   (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
22 Jan 1908 - 25 May 1908  Sir Thomas Gordon Walker           (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting) 
25 May 1908 - 28 Apr 1911  Sir Louis William Dane (1st time)  (b. 1856 - d. 1948)
28 Apr 1911 -  4 Aug 1911  James MacCrone Douie (acting)      (b. 1854 - d. 1935)
 4 Aug 1911 - 26 May 1913  Sir Louis William Dane (2nd time)  (s.a.)
26 May 1913 - 26 May 1919  Sir Michael Francis O'Dwyer        (b. 1864 - d. 1940)
26 May 1919 -  3 Jan 1921  Sir Edward Douglas Maclagan        (b. 1864 - d. 1952)
Governors
 3 Jan 1921 - 31 May 1924  Sir Edward Douglas Maclagan        (s.a.)
31 May 1924 -  9 Aug 1928  Sir William Malcolm Hailey         (b. 1872 - d. 1969)
 9 Aug 1928 - 19 Jul 1932  Sir Geoffrey Fitzhervey de         (b. 1876 - d. 1955)
                             Montmorency (1st time) 
19 Jul 1932 - 19 Oct 1932  Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan (1st time) (b. 1892 - d. 1942)
                             (acting)
19 Oct 1932 - 12 Apr 1933  Sir Geoffrey Fitzhervey de         (s.a.)
                             Montmorency (2nd time) 
12 Apr 1933 -  1 Feb 1934  Sir Herbert William Emerson        (b. 1881 - d. 1940)
                             (1st time) 
15 Feb 1934 -  9 Jun 1934  Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan (2nd time) (s.a.)
                             (acting)
 9 Jun 1934 -  4 Apr 1938  Sir Herbert William Emerson        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 4 Apr 1938 -  7 Apr 1941  Sir Henry Duffield Craik           (b. 1876 - d. 1955)
 7 Apr 1941 -  8 Apr 1946  Sir Bertrand James Glancy          (b. 1882 - d. 1953)
 8 Apr 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Evan Meredith Jenkins          (b. 1896 - d. 1985)

Premiers
 1 Apr 1937 - 26 Dec 1942  Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan            (s.a.)               UP
Dec 1942 - Feb 1945        Khizar Hayat Khan Tiwana           (b. 1900 - d. 1975)  UP
                             (1st time)
Feb 1945 - Apr 1946        Governor's Rule
Apr 1946 -  4 Mar 1947     Sir Khizar Hayat Khan Tiwana       (s.a.)               UP
                             (2nd time)



Sind 

21 Feb 1843                Sind occupied by Britain.
Jun 1843                   Annexed by Britain; subordinated to Bombay.
 1 Apr 1936                Sind a separate province.
15 Aug 1947                Part of Pakistan.

Commissioners
1843 - 1847                Charles James Naiper               (b. 1782 - d. 1853)
1847 - 1851                Richard Keith Pringle
1851 - 1859                Henry Edward Bartle Frere          (b. 1815 - d. 1884)
1859 - 1862                Jonathan Duncan Inverarity
1862 - 1867                Samuel Mansfield
Jun 1867 - Jul 1868        William Henry Havelock (acting)
1868 - 1877                William Lockyer Merewether         (b. 1825 - d. 1880)
1877 - 1879                Francis Dawes Melville
1879 - 1887                Henry Napier Bruce Erskine
1887 - 1889                Charles Bradley Pritchard
1889 - 1891                Arthur Charles Trevor
1891 - 1900                Henry Evan Murchison James          (b. 1846 - d. 1923)
1900 - 1902                Robert Giles
1902 - 1903                Alexander Cumine
1903 - 1904                Horace Charles Mules
1904 - 1905                John William Pitt Muir-Mackenzie
1905 - 1912                Arthur Delaval Youngshound
1912 - 1916                William Henry Lucas
1916 - 1920                Henry Staveley Lawrence            (b. 1870 - d. 1949)
1920 - 1925                Jean Louis Rieu
1925 - 1926                Partick Robert Cadell              (b. 1871 - d. 1961)
1926 - 1929                Walter Frank Hudson
1929 - 1931                George Arthur Thomas
1931 - 1935                Raymond Evelyn Gibson              (b. 1878 - d. 1969)
1935 - 1936                Godfrey Ferdinando Stratford       (b. 1888 - d. 1952)
                             Collins 
Governors
 1 Apr 1936 -  1 Aug 1938  Sir Lancelot Graham (1st time)     (b. 1890 - d. 1962)
 1 Aug 1938 -  1 Dec 1938  Joseph Hugh Garrett (acting)       (b. 1880 - d. 1978)
 1 Dec 1938 -  1 Apr 1941  Sir Lancelot Graham (2nd time)     (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1941 - 15 Jan 1946  Sir Hugh Dow                       (b. 1886 - d. 1978)
15 Jan 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Robert Francis Mudie           (b. 1890 - d. 1976)

Premiers
24 Apr 1937 - 23 Mar 1938  Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah    (b. 1879 - d. 1948)  MPP
                             Khan Bahadur Shaykh (1st time)
23 Mar 1938 - 18 Mar 1940  Shaheed Allah Bux Soomro (1st time)(b c.1899 - d. 1943) IP
18 Mar 1940 -  7 Mar 1941  Mir Bandeh Ali Khan Talpur                              ML
 7 Mar 1941 - 14 Oct 1942  Shaheed Allah Bux Soomro (2nd time)(s.a.)               IP
14 Oct 1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah    (s.a.)               MPP
                             Khan Bahadur Shaykh (2nd time)



Surat

12 Mar 1612                Permission to establish Surat factory granted by Moghuls.
Nov 1612                   English establish a factory at Surat.
Feb 1616                   Surat made chief factory in India.
1658                       Surat Presidency
23 Sep 1668 -  2 May 1685  Bombay subordinated to Surat; under British East 
                             India Company rule.
 2 May 1685 - 1703         Surat subordinated to Bombay.
Jun 1703                   Surat incorporated into Bombay.

Commander
12 Mar 1612 - Feb 1613     Best
Agents
Feb 1613 -  2 Apr 1615     Agents
                           - William Starkey
                           - Paul Canning (to Apr 1613)
                           - Aldworth (to Nov 1613)
                           - Nicholas
                           - Withington
                             (to Apr 1613, 22 Jun 1613-Nov 1613)
                           - Thomas Kerridge
                             (to 22 Jun 1613)
 2 Apr 1615 - 1616         Aldworth
Governors
1616 – 1621                Thomas Kerridge (1st time)
1621 – 1625                Thomas Rastell (1st time)
1625 – 1628                Thomas Kerridge (2nd time)
1628 – 1630                Richard Wylde
1630                       John Skibbow
1630 – 1631                Thomas Rastell (2nd time)
1631 – 1633                John Hopkinson
1633 – 1638                William Methwold                   (b. 1590 -  d. 1653)
1638 – 1644                William Tremlen
1644 – 1649                Francis Breton
1649 – 1652                Thomas Merry
1652 – 1654                Jeremy Blackman
1654 – 1655                John Spiller
1655 – 1656                Edward Pearce
1656 – 1657                John Spiller
1657 – 1658                Thomas Revington
1659 – 1662                Matthew Andrews

1662 - 14 Jul 1669         Sir George Oxenden                 (b. 1620 - d. 1669)
14 Jul 1669 - 30 Jun 1677  Gerald Aungier                     (b. 1635/40 – d. 1677)
30 Jun 1677 - 27 Oct 1681  Sir Thomas Rolt                    (b. 1631 – d. 1710)  
27 Oct 1681 - 1688         Sir John Child                     (b. 1637/8 – d. 1690)
1688 - 10 May 1694         Bartholomew Harris                 (b. 1648/9 – d. 1694)
                             (acting to 4 Feb 1690)
10 May 1694 - 13 May 1698  Daniel Annesley
13 May 1698 - Jun 1703     Stephen Colt
Jun 1703                   Sir Nicholas Waite



United Provinces

14 Nov 1834                Presidency of Agra
 1 Jan 1836                North-Western Provinces
 3 Apr 1858                Oudh taken under British control.
 1 Apr 1871                Ajmer, Merwara and Kekri made separate commissionership.
15 Feb 1877                Oudh added to North-Western Provinces.
22 Mar 1902                Renamed United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.
 3 Jan 1921                United Provinces of British India.
 1 Apr 1937                United Provinces
 1 Apr 1946                Self rule granted.
15 Aug 1947                Part of independent India.

Governors
14 Nov 1834 - 20 Mar 1835  Sir Charles Theophilus Metcalfe    (b. 1785 - d. 1846)
20 Mar 1835 -  1 Dec 1835  W. Blunt
 1 Dec 1835 -  1 Jun 1836  A. Ross
Lieutenant governors
 1 Jun 1836 -  1 Jun 1838  Sir Charles Theophilus Metcalfe    (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1838 - 19 Jan 1859  administered by governor-generals of India
19 Jan 1859 - 27 Feb 1863  Sir George Frederick Edmonstone    (b. 1813 - d. 1864)
27 Feb 1863 -  7 Mar 1863  R. Money (acting)
 7 Mar 1863 - 10 Mar 1868  Edmund Drummond                    (b. 1814 - d. 1895)
10 Mar 1868 -  7 Apr 1874  Sir William Muir                   (b. 1819 - d. 1905)
 7 Apr 1874 - 26 Jul 1876  Sir John Strachey                  (b. 1823 - d. 1907)
26 Jul 1876 - 15 Feb 1877  Sir George Ebenezer Wilson Couper  (b. 1824 - d. 1908)
Lieutenant governors and Commissioners
15 Feb 1877 - 17 Apr 1882  Sir George Ebenezer Wilson Couper  (s.a.)
17 Apr 1882 - 21 Nov 1887  Sir Alfred Comyns Lyall            (b. 1835 - d. 1911)
21 Nor 1887 - 28 Nov 1892  Sir Auckland Colvin                (b. 1838 - d. 1908)
28 Nov 1892 -  9 Jan 1895  Sir Charles Haukes Todd            (b. 1835 - d. 1915)
                             Crosthwaite 
 9 Jan 1895 -  6 Nov 1895  Alan Cadell (acting)               (b. 1841 - d. 1921)
 6 Nov 1895 - 14 Nov 1901  Sir Anthony Patrick MacDonnell     (b. 1844 - d. 1935)
14 Nov 1901 - 22 Mar 1902  Sir James John Digges La Touche    (b. 1844 - d. 1921)
Lieutenant governors
22 Mar 1902 -  1 Jan 1907  Sir James John Digges La Touche    (s.a.)
 1 Jan 1907 - 30 Apr 1910  Sir John Prescott Hewett           (b. 1854 - d. 1941)
                             (1st time) 
30 Apr 1910 - 20 Oct 1910  Sir Leslie Alexander Selim Porter  (b. 1854 - d. 1932)
                             (1st time) (acting) 
20 Oct 1910 -  1 Apr 1911  Sir John Prescott Hewett           (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 1 Apr 1911 - 16 Dec 1911  Sir Leslie Alexander Selim Porter  (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) (acting) 
16 Dec 1911 - 15 Sep 1912  Sir John Prescott Hewett           (s.a.)
                             (3rd time) 
15 Sep 1912 - 18 Sep 1913  Sir James Scorgie Meston           (b. 1865 - d. 1943)
                             (1st time) 
18 Sep 1913 - 15 Nov 1913  Sir Duncan Colvin Baillie (acting) (b. 1856 - d. 1919)
15 Nov 1913 -  7 Feb 1917  Sir James Scorgie Meston           (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 7 Feb 1917 - 15 Feb 1918  John Mitchell Holmes (acting)
15 Feb 1918 -  3 Jan 1921  Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler        (b. 1869 - d. 1938)
Governors
 3 Jan 1921 - 21 Dec 1922  Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler        (s.a.)
21 Dec 1922 - 24 Dec 1922  Sir Ludovic Charles Porter         (b. 1869 - d. 1928)
                             (acting)
24 Dec 1922 - 13 Aug 1926  Sir William Sinclair Marris        (b. 1873 - d. 1945)
                             (1st time) 
13 Aug 1926 -  1 Dec 1926  Sir Samuel Perry O'Donnell         (b. 1874 - d. 1946)
                             (acting)
 1 Dec 1926 - 14 Jan 1927  Sir William Sinclair Marris        (s.a.)
                             (2nd time)
14 Jun 1927 - 17 Jun 1928  Sir Alexander Phillips Muddiman    (b. 1875 - d. 1928)
17 Jun 1928 -  9 Aug 1928  .... (acting)
 9 Aug 1928 - 16 Oct 1930  Sir William Malcolm Hailey         (b. 1872 - d. 1969)
                             (1st time) 
16 Oct 1930 - 19 Apr 1931  Sir George Bancroft Lambert        (b. 1873 - d. 1945)
                             (acting)
19 Apr 1931 -  8 Apr 1933  Sir William Malcolm Hailey         (s.a.)
                             (2nd time) 
 8 Apr 1933 - 27 Nov 1933  Nawwab Sir Muhammad Ahmad Said     (b. 1888 - d. 19..)
                             Khan Chhatari (acting) 
27 Nov 1933 -  6 Dec 1934  Sir William Malcolm Hailey         (s.a.)
                             (3rd time)
 6 Dec 1934 -  7 Dec 1939  Sir Harry Graham Haig              (b. 1881 - d. 1956)
 7 Dec 1939 -  7 Dec 1945  Sir Maurice Garnier Hallett        (b. 1883 - d. 1969)
 7 Dec 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Sir Francis Verner Wylie           (b. 1891 - d. 1970)

Chief minister
 1 Apr 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Govind Ballabh Pant                (b. 1887 - d. 1961)  INC







©2000  Ben Cahoon