Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum

The Animals

Induction Year: 1994

Induction Category: Performer


Inductees: Eric Burdon (vocals; born May 11, 1941), Chas Chandler (bass; born December 18, 1938), Alan Price (keyboards; born April 19, 1942), John Steel (drums; born February 4, 1941), Hilton Valentine (guitar; born May 22, 1943)

The Animals were part of the budding, homegrown U.K. blues scene of the early Sixties and one of the most noteworthy bands of the British Invasion. Formed in Newcastle-on-Tyne, a port city and coal-mining hub in northeast England, the Animals reflected their upbringing with brawling, blues-based rock and roll. The group derived its inspiration - and much of its early repertoire - from American blues and R&B sources, adapting them to their native British working-class sensibility. Eric Burdon was among the best white R&B singers of the Sixties. His gruff, soulful vocals brought out the anguish in such anthems as “It’s My Life” and “We Gotta Get Out of This Place.” The band’s sound was also heavily defined by Alan Price’s organ playing, which provided dramatic accents and a blues-jazz atmosphere. The other founding members - guitarist Hilton Valentine, bassist Chas Chandler and drummer John Steel – balanced Burdon’s earthiness and Price’s melodic finesse.

Originally known as the Alan Price Combo, the group changed its name to the Animals when Burdon joined in 1962. In 1963, they performed a monthlong residency (much like did) in Hamburg, Germany. They also served as the U.K. backing band for visiting bluesmen, including and Sonny Boy Williamson. Their career took off with their move to London in January 1964. With the release of “House of the Rising Sun” later that year, the Animals became the first British group after to chart a Number One single in America. Their brooding arrangement of “House of the Rising Sun” - a traditional folk song recorded by Josh White and - became an early milestone in the British Invasion. The single was unconventional in both its lyrics (it was about a house of prostitution in New Orleans) and length (it ran for more than four minutes at a time when anything longer three minutes was considered too long for radio). Nonetheless, “House of the Rising Sun” topped the American and British charts. In fact, it stayed at #1 in the U.S. for three weeks – longer than any single since ’ “Can’t Buy Me Love” held down the top spot a half-year earlier.

The Animals followed “House of the Rising Sun” with seven more Top Forty hits, at least four of which – “Don’t Let Me Be Misunderstood” (#15), “We Gotta Get Out of This Place” (#13), “It’s My Life” (#23) and “Don’t Bring Me Down” (#12) – are bonafide classics of the British Invasion era. The keys to these and other Animals tracks is their passionate intensity and strong sense of identification with working-class travails, which would become hallmarks of such later rock and rollers as and David Johansen – both of whom were professed Animals fans. Basically, the group was steeped in the blues and R&B sounds that filtered over from America. Many of the Animals earliest recordings were solid remakes of favorites by such revered artists as (“Boom Boom”), (“Bring It On Home to Me”), (“Around and Around”), (“Hallelujah, I Love Her So”) and (“Roadrunner”). At the same time, the Animals had great success interpreting the works of American pop songwriters such as (“Don’t Bring Me Down”) and Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil (“We Gotta Get Out of This Place”).

The Animals’ original membership released only three albums (The Animals, The Animals On Tour, Animal Tracks) during their 1964-65 heyday. The Best of the Animals was issued in February 1966, as the group was disbanding. This hit-filled collection was one of the stronger LPs of its time, and it reached #6 and hung on the charts for over two years. The Animals’ disintegration began with Price’s departure in mid-1965 due to fear of flying and incompatibility with Burdon. Drummer John Steel was the next to leave (in March 1966), and the others followed suit in September.  Burdon continued with new recruits, and the reconfigured band - now billed as Eric Burdon and the Animals - enjoyed several late-Sixties hits in a more psychedelic vein, such as “When I Was Young,” “Monterey” and “San Franciscan Nights.” Burdon became an innovative album artist. The double album Love Is, released in 1969, was a landmark of Sixties psychedelia, featuring the guitar work of one Andy Somers (later Andy Summers of ). The Animals’ last Top Forty hit, “Sky Pilot (Part One),” was the first single released in stereo.

Burdon entered the Seventies as frontman with War, a black funk group from Los Angeles. Eric Burdon and War recorded a hit single ("Spill the Wine") and two albums. War graduated to a successful career without Burdon, who continued as a solo artist. He was recorded intermittently and toured constantly in the decades since; he also has written two books about his experiences as a rock and roller. As for the other original members of the Animals, Alan Price enjoyed a successful solo career in Britain and won acclaim for his 1973 film soundtrack O Lucky Man!. Bassist Chas Chandler discovered an unknown performing in New York’s Greenwich Village, and wound up managing the Experience and Slade.

The original Animals reunited in 1977, recording the album Before We Were So Rudely Interrupted, and 1983, which resulted in the albums Ark and Rip It to Shreds – The Animals Greatest Hits Live!. The reunions were as contentious as had been the group’s first tour of duty, as a certain degree of tension seemed to be an inevitable part of what the Animals were all about – and why their music had such a powerful edge.

TIMELINE

December 18, 1938: Bryan “Chas” Chandler, bass player for the Animals is born.

February 4, 1941: John Steel, drummer for the Animals, is born.

April 19, 1941: Alan Price, keyboardist for the Animals, is born.

May 11, 1941: Eric Burdon, vocalist for the Animals, is born in Newcastle, England.

May 21, 1943: Hilton Valentine, guitarist for the Animals, is born.

1964: The Animals, Rolling Stones, Yardbirds and other British blues bands achieve success recording American blues; Son House “rediscovered” and performs at the Newport Folk Festival.

September 5, 1964: “House of the Rising Sun,” by the Animals, hits #1 for the first of three weeks, making them the first British group to top the U.S. charts with a song not written by Lennon and McCartney. It also tops the British charts.

1965: Mann & Weil’s “You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feeling,” recorded by the , reaches #1, and “We Gotta Get Out Of This Place,” recorded by the Animals, reaches #13.

May 5, 1965: Alan Price announces he is leaving the Animals at the peak of their popularity. He is replaced by Dave Rowberry.

August 14, 1965: “We Gotta Get Out of This Place,” by the Animals, hits #2 in Britain behind ’ “Help!” It will peak at #13 in the U.S. two weeks later.

May 26, 1966: ‘The Best of the Animals’ enters the U.S. albums charts. It will peak at #6 and stay on the charts for an incredible 113 weeks.

June 4, 1966: “Don’t Bring Me Down,” by the Animals, enters the Top Forty, where it will peak at #12. It will be the last charting single by the original quintet, although Eric Burdon will pilot a new lineup of Animals through the end of the decade.

September 24, 1966: and Chas Chandler, former bassist with the Animals, fly from New York to London. There, Hendrix will form a new band and Chandler will become the manager of the Experience. En route, they decide to change the guitarist’s name from Jimmy to Jimi.

June 22, 1968: “Sky Pilot,” by Eric Burdon and the Animals, enters the Top Forty. It is the Animals’ last Top Forty hit in the U.S.

January 11, 1969: ‘Love Is,’ by Eric Burdon and the Animals, enters the U.S. charts shortly after the band performs a farewell concert in the British city of Newcastle, where the Animals had begun seven years earlier.

September 16, 1970: jams with Eric Burdon and War at Ronnie Scott’s Club.

July 17, 1977: ‘Before We Were So Rudely Interrupted,’ an Animals reunion album (credited to the “Original Animals”), is released. It had been recorded the previous year at bassist Chas Chandler’s house.

July 17, 1983: The original Animals reunite a second time, releasing a new studio album (’Ark’) and embarking on a world tour.

January 19, 1994: The Animals are inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at the ninth annual induction dinner. Dave Pirner of Soul Asylum is their presenter.

Essential Songs

House of the Rising Sun
We Gotta Get Out of This Place
It’s My Life
Don’t Let Me Be Misunderstood
Don’t Bring Me Down
I’m Crying
San Franciscan Nights
Monterey
Sky Pilot
When I Was Young

Recommended Reading


I Used to Be an Animal, But I’m All Right Now
Eric Burdon. London: Faber & Faber, 1987.

Don’t Let Me Be Misunderstood
Eric Burdon. New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 2001.

Animal Tracks - The Story of the Animals: Newcastle’s Rising Sons
Sean Egan. London: Helter Skelter Publishing, 2001.

“Eric Burdon and Co.: Behaving Like Animals.”
Steve Pond. Rolling Stone (October 27, 1983): 91-95+.


Otis Redding Plane Part, 1967.

Recovered from Madison, WI crash site 12/10/67.

Photo by Design Photography
Collection of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum