Population Census 2006


Population size, Trend, Distribution and Structure

The population of Tonga, as enumerated on 30 November 2006, was 101,991 people: 51,772 males and 50,219 females. This is an increase of 4,207 people in ten years (there were 97,784 people in 1996), and represents and annual rate of growth of 0.4%.

Total population size and growth by division and district, 1986, 1996 and 2006.
Division/District Census total population Population change
(in numbers) (in %) annual growth rate
1986 1996 2006 1986-1996 1996-2006 1986-1996 1996-2006 1986-1996 1996-2006
TONGA 94,649 97,784 101,991 3,135 4,207 3.3 4.3 0.3 0.4
Tongatapu 63,794 66,979 72,045 3,185 5,066 5.0 7.6 0.5 0.7
  Kolofo'ou 15,903 16,953 18,463 1,050 1,510 6.6 8.9 0.6 0.9
  Kolomotu'a 13,115 14,451 15,848 1,336 1,397 10.2 9.7 1.0 0.9
  Vaini 11,104 11,180 12,594 76 1414 0.7 12.6 0.1 1.2
  Tatakamotonga 6,773 6,828 6,969 55 141 0.8 2.1 0.1 0.2
  Lapaha 7,005 7,370 7,255 365 -115 5.2 -1.6 0.5 -0.2
  Nukunuku 5,863 6,160 6,820 297 660 5.1 10.7 0.5 1.0
  Kolovai 4,031 4,037 4,096 6 59 0.1 1.5 0.0 0.1
Vava'u 15,175 15,715 15,505 540 -210 3.6 -1.3 0.3 -0.1
  Neiafu 5,268 5,650 5,787 382 137 7.3 2.4 0.7 0.2
  Pangaimotu 1,247 1,298 1,412 51 114 4.1 8.8 0.4 0.8
  Hahake 2,299 2,291 2,422 -8 131 -0.3 5.7 0.0 0.6
  Leimatu'a 2,884 2,753 2,742 -131 -11 -4.5 -0.4 -0.5 0.0
  Hihifo 2,093 2,375 2,267 282 -108 13.5 -4.5 1.3 -0.5
  Motu 1384 1348 875 -36 -473 -2.6 -35.1 -0.3 -4.3
Ha'apai 8,919 8,138 7,570 -781 -568 -8.8 -7.0 -0.9 -0.7
  Pangai 2,850 2,966 2,967 116 1 4.1 0.0 0.4 0.0
  Foa 1,410 1,434 1,479 24 45 1.7 3.1 0.2 0.3
  Lulunga 1,584 1,282 1,075 -302 -207 -19.1 -16.1 -2.1 -1.8
  Mu'omu'a 885 735 630 -150 -105 -16.9 -14.3 -1.9 -1.5
  Ha'ano 891 773 619 -118 -154 -13.2 -19.9 -1.4 -2.2
  'Uiha 1,299 948 800 -351 -148 -27.0 -15.6 -3.1 -1.7
'Eua 4,393 4,934 5,206 541 272 12.3 5.5 1.2 0.5
  'Eua Motu'a 2,400 2,766 2,949 366 183 15.3 6.6 1.4 0.6
  'Eua Fo'ou 1,993 2,168 2,257 175 89 8.8 4.1 0.8 0.4
Ongo Niua 2,368 2,018 1,665 -350 -353 -14.8 -17.5 -1.6 -1.9
  Niua Toputapu 1,605 1,283 1,019 -322 -264 -20.1 -20.6 -2.2 -2.3
  Niua Fo'ou 763 735 646 -28 -89 -3.7 -12.1 -0.4 -1.3

Source: Tonga Statistics Population Census 2006 Analytical Report Volume I.

Population density (number of people/km2) by division, 1986, 1996 and 2006
Division Land area (km2) Population density
1986 1996 2006
TONGA 650 146 150 157
Tongatapu 260 245 257 277
Vava'u 121 125 130 128
Ha'apai 109 82 74 69
'Eua 87 50 56 60
Ongo Niua 72 33 28 23

Source: Tonga Statistics Population Census 2006 Analytical Report Volume I.

Population distribution by broad age group, dependency ratio, median age, and
sex ratio.
  Division Proportion of population by
broad age group (in %)
Age
 dependency
ratio
 (15-59)
Median
age
(years)
Sex ratio
(males per
 100 females)
0-14 15-24 25-29 60+
TONGA 1996 39 20 33 8 88 19.9 103
2006 38 19 35 8 86 21.0 103
Tongatapu 1996 39 21 33 7 85 19.9 102
2006 38 20 35 8 83 21.2 102
vava'u 1996 40 18 33 9 97 19.6 105
2006 40 17 34 9 96 20.2 104
Ha'apai 1996 40 17 33 10 101 20.3 102
2006 38 18 34 10 91 20.9 107
'Eua 1996 39 20 34 7 85 19.9 114
2006 40 18 34 8 91 19.7 108
Ongo Niua 1996 42 16 34 8 101 18.9 100
2006 38 16 35 10 96 21.5 101

Source: Tonga Statistics Population Census 2006 Analytical Report Volume I.

For more information please download the complete report here..
 

Contact person. Viliami Fifita  OR Sione Lolohea