1. OXFAM AMERICA
International humanitarian and hunger relief organization
for its innovative self-help community programs for people
in developing nations.
2. ELLWOOD KIESER
Priest and founding Producer of Paulist Productions for creating
the films "Romero" - the Life of Archbishop Oscar Romero and
"Entertaining Angels" - the Life of Dorothy Day.
3. DICK SCOBIE
Quaker, pacifist, Executive Director of the Unitarian Universalist
Service Committee for his work to expose human rights violations
in El Salvador and to promote peace throughout Central America.
4 JAMES R. BROCKMAN
Priest and author for his book Romero - The Life of Archbishop
Oscar Romero, martyr of El Salvador.
5. JOACHIM LALLY
Paulist Priest and community activist for his work within
the Massachusetts Latino community.
6. PETER, PAUL & MARY
Musical trio and political activists for their commitment
to peace in Central America and for supporting musically and
personally the peace and social justice movement in America.
7. PEACE BRIGADES INTERNATIONAL
Gandhian human rights organization for providing unarmed accompaniment
to activists on death squad lists throughout the Third World.
8. VOICE of the VOICELESS OF
Humanitarian group for its efforts to protect and empower
the impoverished in El Salvador.
9. ERNESTO CARDENAL
Jesuit priest, poet, philosopher and former Secretary of the
Interior and Education in the Sandanista Government in Nicaragua
for bringing the gospel into politics.
10. MOTHER TERESA of CALCUTTA (AGNES
Catholic nun, humanitarian and spiritual teacher for her work
with the Missionaries of Charity serving the poorest of the
poor in India and throughout the world.
Human rights organization for its efforts to assist families
in locating those disappeared in Guatemala.
12. JOSE "CHENCHO" ALAS
Priest, social revolutionary and aide to Monsignor Oscar Romero
for bringing the social gospel to base communities in El Salvador
13. RAUL JULIA
Actor and humanitarian for his portrayal of Archbishop Romero
in the film "Romero" and Chico Mendez in the film "Burning
14. THE XIV DALAI LAMA of TIBET (TENZIN
Buddhhist monk, humanitarian, spiritual teacher and exiled
leader of Tibet for his example of compassion and forgiveness
following the massacre of his people and culture by the occupying
army of China.
15. HOWARD W. MOORE
Secular humanist and pacifist for his tenacious and impassioned
leadership as a conscientious objector during WWI & II,
Korea, and Vietnam.
16. SISSELA BOK
Scholar, educator and author for her contributions to peacemaking
strategies in the tradition of her mother, Alva Myrtal.
17. THICH NHAT HANH
Exiled Vietnamese Buddhist monk, humanitarian, ethical vegetarian
and spiritual teacher for his example of compassion and forgiveness
following the destructive war in Vietnam.
18. ZELL DRAZ
Philanthropist and social activist for her supportive and
creative involvement in the Quaker-based Alternatives to Violence
program in prisons.
19. DANIEL BERRIGAN
Jesuit priest, poet, philosopher, author and anti-war activist
for his moral leadership in the pacifist movement for peace,
justice and social change.
20. RICHIE HAVENS
Singer, environmentalist and political activist for his musical
contribution to the peace movement and for being a friend
to those who struggle against injustice, exploitation and
21. FRANK CORDARO
Former Priest, pacifist and Catholic Worker activist for his witness
and commitment to the disarmament movement and his efforts
to bring the Catholic Church into alignment with its highest
22. CAMELIA SADAT
Muslim, educator and activist for carrying on the peacemaking
legacy of her soldier-turned-peacemaker father, Anwar Sadat.
23. RAM DASS
Teacher, author and spiritual guide for teaching us to be
here now and that compassion is the true source of service.
24. PAUL WINTER
Composer, musician, environmentalist and pacifist for creating
music that celebrates the sacredness of life and for his support
of the arts.
25. JIM & KATHLEEN MCGINNIS
Catholic educators, pacifists, authors and co-founders of
the Institute for Peace and Justice for their extraordinary
commitment to teaching and spreading peace.
26. MICHAL SCHWARTZ
Israeli Jew, human rights activist and journalist for her
work to promote peace and social justice and a homeland for
27. WESTON PRIORY MONKS
Congregation of Benedictine monks for their active involvement
in the sanctuary movement for Guatemalans and Salvadorans
28. BENJAMIN SPOCK
Pediatrician, ethical vegetarian, socialist and author for
his lifelong commitment to disarmament and peaceable child-rearing.
29. HELEN CALDICOTT
Pacifist, physician, author and founder of the Women for Nuclear
Disarmament (WAND) for her dynamic leadership in the worldwide
30. DAVE DELLINGER
Anti-war activist, socialist and author for his lifelong commitment
to pacifist values and for serving as a spokesperson for the
31. S. BRIAN WILLSON
Vietnam veteran, anti-war activist and author for his extraordinary
personal sacrifices to demonstrate opposition to militarism
and U.S. involvement in Latin America.
32. LISA & CURTIS SLIWA
Social change and inner-city activists for their work to establish
the Guardian Angels in major cities on every continent in
33. ROSA PARKS
Elder spokeswoman and activist for her continual example of
community service and for her lifelong commitment to civil
rights and non-violent social change.
34. BETSY CORNER & RANDY KEHLER
Pacifists, anti-war activists and example-setting parents
for their sacrifices and leadership in the war tax resistance
35. ARUN & SUNANDA GANDHI
Teachers, authors, pacifists and co-founders of the M. K.
Gandhi Institute for Non-Violence in Memphis, Tennessee for
bringing the legacy of Gandhi to America.
36. GORDON ZAHN
Scholar, teacher and Catholic pacifist for his lifelong commitment
to the ideals of non-violence and conscientious objection
and for his work with the Second Vatican Council to make the
Catholic Church a church of peace.
37. ED McCURDY
Singer, songwriter and television actor for his anti-war classic,"Last
Night I Had the Strangest Dream," which inspired and gave
hope to those in the peace movement.
38. RAMSEY CLARK
Former Attorney General and peace and social justice activist
for his commitment to civil rights, his opposition to war
and military spending and his dedication to providing legal
representation to the peace movement, particularly, his efforts
to free Leonard Peltier.
39. ARLO GUTHRIE
Singer, song writer and political activist for his life and
his music that carry on the legacy of his minstrel father,
Woody Guthrie. Presented at Harvard University September 26, 1992.
40. LOUISE CARCIONE
Social worker and political activist for her dedicated leadership
in community development in the City of Boston.
41. ELIAS & HEYEM JABBOUR
Peace activists and co-founders of The House of Hope International
Peace Center in Israel for their work to bring Muslims, Jews
and Christians together in the struggle against voices of
extremism and blind hatred throughout the region.
42. BARRY CRIMMINS
Pacifist, ethical vegetarian, political satirist and child
welfare activist for his work to expose situations that exploit
people in the developing world and children here in America.
43. MAYA ANGELOU
Humanitarian, philosopher, poet and author for her soaring
inspiration to live life with intensity, integrity and intelligence.
44. MUHAMMAD ALI
Muslim, humanitarian, anti-war activist and former Heavyweight
Boxing Champion of the World for his commitment to peacemaking
and his leadership as a conscientious objector during the
Vietnam War. Read More
45. RIGABERTA MENCHU
Mayan leader and author for her personal sacrifices and unrelenting
commitment to expose human rights violations against indigenous
people in Guatemala and throughout Latin America.
46. ALEX PACHECO & INGRID NEWKIRK
Animal rights activists, vegans and co-founders of People
for the Ethical Treatment of Animals for their pioneering
work to expose cruelty to animals and to promote vegetarianism.
47. LAWRENCE MARTIN JENCO
Catholic priest, author and teacher for his capacity to forgive
his captures having been held hostage for 19 months and tortured
by religious extremists in Beruit.
48. MICHAEL KLAPER
Philosopher, humanitarian, and environmentalist for the clarity
and passion of his witness as a vegan physician and surgeon.
49. RON DELLA CHIESA
Classical and jazz scholar for being a steward of intergenerational
music that binds society and elevates cultural integrity.
50. HARRY WU
Human rights activist and author for his extraordinary sacrifices
and commitment to exposing human rights violations in his
51. MATTHEW FOX
Environmental theologian, teacher and author for his inspiring
teachings on Creation Spirituality.
52. SIRI SINGH SAHIB
Spiritual teacher, yogi and author for bringing Sikh Dharma
to the Western Hemisphere.
53. WILLIAM JOHNSTON
Police officer and humanitarian for years of community service
as a decoy in the Boston Police Department out of a desire
to find kinship with the victims of society.
54. PAT FARREN
Former Peace Corps volunteer, pacifist and founding editor
of "Peace Work" (the peace and social justice magazine of
the American Friends Service Committee) for lifelong service
to the causes of peace, social justice and human rights.
55. COLMAN McCARTHY
Pacifist, journalist and ethical vegetarian for his nationally
syndicated column in the Washington Post.
56. LOUISE COLEMAN
Animal rights activist for her pioneering work to save greyhounds
from death following their exploitation at racing parks throughout
57. HOWARD ZINN
Scholar, author, anti-war activist and leader of the peace
movement for giving voice to the victims of oppression and
for his revealing book, People's History of the United States.
58. RALPH DIGIA
Secular humanist and pacifist for his example as a conscientious
objector and for over forty years of dedicated service at
the War Resister's League in New York City.
59. ROSE & BILL ABBOTT
Humanitarians, farmers and co-founders of Food for the Needy
for their 25 years of growing acres of vegetables and donating
the harvests to the poor in the Worcester/Boston area.
60. LORRI and GENE BAUSTON
Ethical vegetarians, animal rights activists, humanitarians
and co-founders of Farm Sanctuary for their commitment to
saving farm animals and for their leadership as vegan pacifists.
61. MIKHAIL GORBACHEV
Last President of the Soviet Union for his historic role in
the evolution of Glasnost - openness in government - and for
his leadership in the disarmament negotiations with the United
States during the Reagan Administration.
62. MICHAEL TOBIAS
Humanitarian, scholar, author, film producer and ethical vegetarian
for his dedication to issues of overpopulation, the environment
and ahimsa (dynamic harmlessness).
63. MAHA GHOSANANDA
Pacifist, ethical vegetarian, author and Supreme Patriarch
of Cambodian Buddhism for teaching non-violence and establishing
Buddhist temples throughout the world that root his exiled
people in their religion of peace.
64. HOWARD LYMAN
Ethical vegetarian and fourth generation cattle rancher- turned-vegan
for his leadership in the animal rights movement.
65. CHRIS DeROSE
Former actor, vegan, animal rights activist and founder of
Last Chance for Animals for his commitment to saving animals
and exposing animal abuse in entertainment, medical research
and food production.
66. PATCH ADAMS
Physician, professional clown and socialist for his commitment
to providing health care for indigent and uninsured people,
free of charge, without malpractice insurance, out of his
home for over 25 years.
67. GURUDEV SHREE CHITRABHANU
Jain teacher, ethical vegetarian, pacifist and author for
his unprecedented journey to bring the Jain tradition of ahimsa
to the Western Hemisphere.
68. AARON FEURERSTEIN
Industrialist and philanthropist for setting the standard
for commitment to employees following a devastating fire at
his Malden Mills manufacturing plant.
69. HUGH C. THOMPSON, JR.
American soldier and Veterans Administration counselor for
his extraordinary moral courage while stopping the My Lai
massacre in Vietnam in 1968 and saving the lives of dozens
of civilian Vietnamese.
70. LAWRENCE COLBURN
American soldier for his courage during the 1968 My Lai massacre
with comrades Hugh C. Thompson, Jr. and Glen Andreotta in
saving the lives of dozens of civilian Vietnamese.
71. PEACE PAGODA
International Japanese Nipponzan Buddhist Order devoted to
prayer and service for the Interfaith Pilgrimage of the Middle
Passage - Tracing the Journey of Slavery (United States, Caribbean,
Brazil, West Africa, South Africa).
72. STANLEY KUNITZ
Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and conscientious objector
for his contribution to the liberation of the human spirit
through his poetry.
73. NGAWANG CHOEPHEL
Tibetan scholar for his courage in returning to Tibet to preserve
the history and diversity of Tibetan oral tradition in music
and dance. Presented in absentia to his mother Sonam
Photos by Scott Langley
74. JUAN CARRERO SARALEGUI
Spanish activist, conscientious objector and Gandhian pacifist
for his lifelong commitment to non-violence and his work to
halt and expose the truth behind the genocide in the Great
Lakes Nations of Africa.
75. YOKO KAWASHIMA WATKINS
Author for her poignant and eloquent accounting of her courageous
struggle against oppression during World War II and her inspiration
to young people throughout America and the world.
76. KATHY KELLY
Founder and leader of Voices in the Wilderness for her extraordinary
commitment to befriend the Iraqui people and bring to light
their great suffering under the immoral UN/US economic sanctions.
77. JUN YASUDA
Buddhist nun, member of the Nipponzan Myohoji Community and
Founder of the Grafton Peace Pagoda for living and walking
for Peace and Non-Violence, nationally and internationally.
78. LOUISE FRANKLIN-RAMERIZ
Feminist, environmentalist, anti-war activist and leader in
the movements for gender equality, social justice, non-violence
and peace for her demonstrated vision, energy and idealism
on the pathway to peacemaking over a period of seven decades.
79. RICHARD McSORLEY
Jesuit priest, author, Catholic worker, teacher, pacifist
and Founder and Director of the Center for Peace Studies at
Georgetown University for his lifelong commitment to activist
Gospel living in the face of adversity.
80. JIM WALLIS
Minister and author for his work in advocating for peace and
social justice in urban America and for his role
as founder of Sojourners Magazine and the Call to Renewal.
81. ELISE BOULDING
Quaker pacifist, author, professor and futurist for her lifelong
commitment and contributions to peace and justice, envisioning
the Peaceable Kingdom as a shared reality.
82. BARBARA SONNEBORN
Director, writer and producer of the documentary film "Regret
to Inform" for her courage in helping us understand
the tragedy of war through sharing her tragic and poignant
story and similiar stories of other widows of the Vietnam
83. JIMMY TINGLE
Political satirist, practitioner of non-violence and activist
for peace & social change, whose humor and satire help
in combating destructive elements in society.
84. STING and TRUDIE STYLER
Singer/song writer, documentary film producers for their commitment
to the environment through the establishment of the Rainforest
Foundation; to human rights in China through the documentary
film on Tiananmen Square; and to peace and social justice
through the powerful gift of song.
85. MICHIO and AVELINE KUSHI
Founders of The Kushi Institute for their extraordinary contribution
to diet, health and world peace, and for serving as powerful
examples of conscious living.
86. HARVARD LIVING WAGE CAMPAIGN
STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE LIVING
WAGE SIT-IN AT HARVARD UNIVERSITY
University labor movement collaboration for the clarity of
their message, passion of their witness, and courage and commitment
in demanding that Harvard pay all its employees a living wage.
87. MICHAEL TRUE
Pacifist, educator, author and lifelong peace activist for
his compassionate and compelling leadership in the movement
for peace and non-violent social change, and for serving as
mentor and beacon of integrity for pacifists throughout America.
88. MICHAEL PATRICK MacDONALD
Author, community organizer and peace activist for his courage
and committed efforts to stem the tide of inner city violence
through the establishment of the gun-buyback program in Boston.
89. SR. JEANNETTE NORMANDIN
Sister of St. Anne, counselor, prison chaplain and founder
of the Ruah House, serving women living with HIV, for the
clarity of her vision, her decades of work with prisoners
and the poor in the inner city, and for her courageous devotion
to the call for women to serve humanity within the Roman Catholic
Church as equals in the eyes of Christ.
90. JOHN ROBBINS
Author and advocate for a plant based vegan diet, for his commitment to cruelty-free living and
and linking the meat and diary industries, personal health, world hunger
and the environment in his book, “Diet for a New America”.
91. KEYDONG THUK-CHE-CHO-LING NUNNERY
First Tibetan Buddhist nuns in history to embark on the sacred
journey of mandala building, and for their ancient tradition
of providing sanctuary for cows and sheep that escape from
slaughterhouses near their Kathmandu convent.
92. EDDIE LAMA
New York City contractor, community organizer, ethical vegan
and animal rights activist for his passionate efforts to educate
the general public about the injustice of animal exploitation.
93. ROY BOURGEOIS
Veteran, priest, and founder of The School of the Americas
Watch for his leadership and unrelenting commitment to close
down the SOA training base for US sponsored terrorism in Latin
94. REPRESENTATIVE BARBARA LEE
US Representative from California for her courage to stand
alone and vote against the call to war after the tragedy of
September 11. In her speech she said, "let us not become the
evil that we deplore".
95. MICHAEL LERNER & TIKKUN MAGAZINE
Rabbi, author, and editor of Tikkun magazine for his unflinching
courage and relentless spiritual optimism for the Middle East
and for proclaiming a vision of compassion and love in the
darkest of times.
96. PETER AND ILKA SHUMANN AND THE
BREAD & PUPPET THEATRE
Founders of The Bread and Puppet Theater for their commitment
to promote social awareness through compelling political and
artistic productions that address social and economic injustices.
97. JULIA BUTTERFLY HILL
Author, environmentalist, vegan, and social change activist
for her extraordinary commitment to saving the Redwood Forest
through her Luna Tree-sit, and ongoing efforts to educate,
inspire, and further the movement for peace and social justice.
98. JULIA ESTY AND SHELAGH FOREMAN
Anti-war, nuclear freeze and social justice activists for
their unrelenting work against the spread of militarism and
a culture of violence. Both women devote their lives to promoting
the causes of peace and nonviolence and serve as an inspiration
to thousands on the pathway of peacemaking.
99. CHRIS HEDGES
War correspondent, New York Times reporter and author for
his passionate commitment to demythologize and explain the
abomination of war and its destructive effects on civil society.
100. WILLIAM SLOANE COFFIN
Christian minister, author, anti-war activist and mentor to
a generation of peacemakers for his life-long Gospel witness,
and his passionate and prophetic leadership in the peace and
social justice movements.
101. RUTH HILLER AND NEW PROFILE
American born, Israeli Jew for her unswirving devotion to
the ideals of New Profile which strives to change the military
mindset in Israel and create a civil society.
102. SEPTEMBER 11TH FAMILIES FOR
For their courage in turning grief into action by creating
solidarity with victims of terrorism, violence, and war throughout
103. PAUL AND TATIANA RUSESABAGINA
In honor of their extraordinary efforts that saved the lives
of over twelve hundred innocent people at the Hotel Milles
Collines during the genocide in Rwanda in 1994.
104. CAMILO MEJIA
Camilo News Page
Iraq War Conscientious Objector, Amnesty International
Prisoner of Conscience and ethical vegetarian.
105. DADI JANKI
Spiritual leader, ethical vegetarian, member
of the UN "Wisdom Keepers" for 70 years of humanitarian work
throughout the world
106. CINDY SHEEHAN
Mother, author, ethical vegetarian for the power of her witness against the war as generated through her profound sense of loss following the death of her son Casey in Iraq.
107. MILITARY FAMILIES SPEAK OUT
For bringing together thousands of families and loved ones
of those serving in the military to speak out against the
illegal war in Iraq.
108. ROBERT COLES
Child psychiatrist, oral historian, social anthropologist and
teacher for the depth of his commitment to the health and well-being
of children through their telling of their own stories.
109. JUANITA AND WALLY NELSON
Farmers, civil rights activists, pacifists and war tax resisters for their love & generosity and their spirited life of service to the movements of social justice, activist nonviolence and peace.
110. WILLIAM KELLY
International artist, humanist, human rights advocate, and
founder of the Archive
of Humanist Art, which features art that addresses humanist
111. ANURADHA KOIRALA
Founder and director of Maiti
Nepal, ("Mother's House") to rescue, rehabilitate,
and support some of the thousands of girls and women who have
been trafficked from Nepal to India to be sexual slaves in
112. SOS GALGOS
A Greyhound adoption and advocacy group based in Spain for
their tireless and courageous effort to save and protect these
113. HUSTON SMITH
For his life long commitment to
bringing the world’s religions together to promote understanding, social justice and peace.
114. SURVIVORS OF GERNIKA BOMBING
For their promotion of reonciliation, their commitment to peace for the children of Gernika
and the world, and for sharing their remarkable journey with grace and dignity.
115. FRANCIS CROWE
For her lifelong commitment to
the Peace Movement and her unrelenting opposition to war through war tax resistance and eco-pacifist lifestyle.
116. GRASSROOTS SOCCER: Ethan Zohn and Dr. Tommy Clark
For their combined humanitarian efforts to spread HIV education throughout Africa via soccer
teams for youth and young adults.
117. CODEPINK: Jodie Evans
For the passionate and driven direction women have given the peace movement through this organization
that blends tenacity with hope, pranks of conscience with in-your-face challenges to war waging
political figures in Washington.Read More
118. JACKSON BROWNE
For promoting peace and justice through his music and his unrelenting support for that which promotes nonviolent solutions
to problems both nationally and internationally.Read More
119. WILL TUTTLE
For spreading an understanding of the many costs of our exploitation of animals through his
book "The World Peace Diet" which furthers the vegan revolution and its outreach worldwide.
120. BURMESE ORDER OF BUDDHIST MONKS (in absentia)
For leading the people of Burma in nonviolent Gandhian protest against the cruel and oppressive Burmese military junta.
121. GREG MORTENSON AND THE CENTRAL ASIA INSTITUTE
For extraordinary humanitarian effort and commitment to build schools for girls and create bridges of peace in
Pakistan and Afganistan.Read More
122. GENE SHARP
For his lifelong commitment to the defense of freedom, democracy, and the reduction of political violence through
scholarly analysis of the power of nonviolent action.
123. FACING HISTORY AND OURSELVES
For engaging students of diverse backgrounds in an examination of racism, prejudice,
and antisemitism in order to promote the development of a more humane and informed citizenry.Read More
124. TOMMIE SMITH
For his life-long commitment to athletics, education, and human rights following his silent gesture of protest
at the '68 Olympics in Mexico City. Read More
125. INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF 13 INDIGENOUS GRANDMOTHERS
For their individual and collective efforts to
give a voice for all indigenous peoples and Mother Earth, through education and prayer.
126. SIR BEN KINGSLEY
For his extraordinary portrayal of Mohandas K. Gandhi in the 1982 motion picture GANDHI that brought to life the power of nonviolence and pacifism.
1. JIM HENSON
Humanitarian, muppeteer, producer and director of films for
children that encourage tolerance, interracial values, equality
and fair play.
2. EARTH GUARDIANS AND THE CHILDREN'S
TORCH OF PEACE
For their journey across America by school bus to empower
other children to break out of the norm and risk making a
difference in the world.
3. COLOMBIAN CHILDREN'S PEACE MOVEMENT
For their courageous effort to end the war in their homeland
and for setting an example of peacemaking for children and
adults throughout the world.
1. ANWAR SADAT
President of Egypt for his historic and visionary trip to
Israel in 1978 that, challenging the structures of an ancient
enmity, led to the Camp David Accords and a peace treaty between
the two nations.
2. ALVA MYRDAL
Swedish Disarmament Minister, Ambassador to India, college
founder, author and social reformer for her lifelong work
on behalf of women's rights, education reform and the international
3. MAHATMA GANDHI
Lawyer, ethical vegetarian, and architect of the non-violent
resistance movement in India and South Africa for his creative
approaches to civil disobedience in the founding of a peace
movement that helped establish the freedom of an entire nation.
4. PEACE PILGRIM
Wandering mendicant and peace activist for her unprecedented
28 year trip across America, in which she walked over 25,000
miles, talking to everyone she met about peaceful living.
5. BEN LINDER
American mechanical engineering student for his efforts to
provide hydroelectric power to a small rural town in Nicaragua,
for which he paid with his life at the hands of an American-backed
6. ABBIE HOFFMAN
Political activist, author, founder of the Youth International
Movement (Yippies) and member of the Chicago Seven, for relentlessly
pitting his rebellious spirit against the Vietnam War and
other oppressive forces in the United States during the Sixties.
7. JOHN ONO LENNON
Musician and peace activist for his music and anti-war protests
which helped to bring to the attention of an entire generation
the ideals of peace and love.
8. OSCAR ROMERO
Archbishop of El Salvador for his courageous battle on behalf
of the poor communities in his country seeking democratic
freedom and social justice from the military powers that oppressed
9. DOROTHY DAY
Publisher, pacifist, civil disobedient, and altruist for her
work with the poor and founding of the Catholic Worker's movement.
10. ROBERT FRANCIS KENNEDY
U.S. Attorney General, Senator and presidential candidate
for his activities on behalf of social and economic justice
that led to a political and social awakening while on the
campaign trail in 1968.
11. REV. DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING,
Pastor and visionary civil-rights leader for his ethical and
spiritual leadership in the historic civil rights campaign
that forever changed the American nation. King brought
the Gandhian tradition of non-violent social activism to the
American struggle for civil rights.
12. WOODY GUTHRIE
Songwriter and social activist for the great artistry and
empathy of his classic songs, which conveyed the plight of
the common person, from migrant workers in California to union
organizers in New York.
13. GLENN ANDREOTTA
American soldier in Vietnam for his unusual bravery and compassion
in helping, along with helicopter crew members Hugh C. Thompson
Jr. and Lawrence Colburn, to save civilian lives during the
My Lai massacre in Vietnam in 1968.
14. JOSEPH MOAKLEY
US Representative, respected voice of conscience in Congress
for his unrelenting commitment to ending the war in El Salvador
and throughout Central America, and for the compassionate
care he gave his constituents in Massachusetts for nearly
15. SAMANTHA SMITH
Young peacemaker and author whose letter in 1962 to Yuri Andropov,
leader of the former Soviet Union elicited a positive response during
the cold war with the United States. Her subsequent visit and book, "Journey to the Soviet Union" bagan a
chain of events that left the world a legacy of inspiration and hope.