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The Imperial and Royal Society
of The Order of The Defeated
Dragon , Societas Draconistrarum .

( 1408-2008 )

English: Order of the Dragon
German: Drachenorden
Hungarian: Sárkány Lovagrend
Latin: Societas Draconistrarum




(Above)
The First Sovereign Grand Master of The Order of The Dragon.
The Emperor Sigismund I of the Holy Roman Empire.
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__________________________________________________________

THE HISTORY OF THE FIRST SOVEREIGN GRAND MASTER
__________________________________________________________


Sigismund (14/15 February, 1368 – December 9, 1437, Hungarian name as King of Hungary: I. Zsigmond) was Holy Roman Emperor for 4 years from 1433 until 1437. He was also one of the longest ruling Kings of Hungary reigning for 50 years from 1387 to 1437. Like many other rulers of his era, he held a number of other titles.

Born in Nuremberg, Sigismund ('Zsigmond' in hungarian) was a son of the emperor Charles IV and Elizabeth of Pomerania, daughter of Boguslaw V of Pomerania. In 1374 was betrothed to Mary, eldest surviving daughter of king Louis I of Hungary and Poland, who intended Mary to succeed him in the hereditary kingdom of Poland with her future husband as was the custom of the time. Sigismund became margrave of Brandenburg on his father's death in 1378. Sent to the Hungarian court, Sigismund became thoroughly Magyarized and entirely devoted to his adopted country.

In 1381, the then 13-year-old Sigismund was sent to Krakow by his eldest brother and guardian king Venceslaus IV of Bohemia, to learn Polish and to become acquainted with the land and its people. King Venceslaus also gave him Neumark to facilitate communication between Brandenburg and Poland.

Because of his intrigues, Sigismund was expelled from Poland, which was then given to Mary's younger sister Jadwiga I of Poland, who married Jogaila of Lithuania. When an opposing candidate for the Árpád throne appeared, Sigismund fled, leaving his wife Mary and her mother, widow of King Louis, Elisabeth of Bosnia (Elizabeta Kotromanić) at the mercy of conspirators. Years of civil war followed.

At the death of her father in 1382, his betrothed, Mary, became Queen of Hungary, and Sigismund married her in 1385 in Zvolen. She was however captured by the rebellious Horvathys, Queen Mary's close cousins, Bishop Paul of Machva, his brother Prince Ivanish Anjou Horvat Von Radic de Palizna and younger brother Prince Ladislaus Anjou Horvat Von Radic. This was done in the following year (as an elaborate plan by Sigismund himself), together with his mother-in-law, who was strangled by Sigismund's men in January 1387. Mary was only rescued with the aid of the Venetians in June 1387. Mary never forgave him for the death of her beloved mother, and subsequently they lived separate lives and had separate households. She died in 1395 in a suspicious horse accident while heavily pregnant.

In the meantime, Sigismund had arranged his own coronation as king of Hungary on 31 March 1387, and having raised money by pledging Brandenburg to his cousin Jobst, margrave of Moravia (1388), he was engaged for the next nine years in a ceaseless struggle for the possession of this unstable throne. The bulk of the nation headed by the great Garay family was with him; but in the southern provinces between the Save and the Drave, the Horvathys with the support of the Bosnian king Tvrtko I, Mary's maternal uncle, proclaimed as their king Ladislas, king of Naples, son of the murdered Hungarian king, Charles II. Not until 1395 did Miklos Garay succeed in suppressing them. On a number of occasions, Sigismund was imprisoned by nobles, but skilfully bribed his way out.

In 1396 Sigismund led the combined armies of Christendom against the Turks, who had taken advantage of the temporary helplessness of Hungary to extend their dominion to the banks of the Danube. This crusade, preached by Pope Boniface IX, was very popular in Hungary. The nobles flocked in thousands to the royal standard, and were reinforced by volunteers from nearly every part of Europe, the most important contingent being that of the French led by John, duke of Nevers, son of Philip II, duke of Burgundy. Sigismund set out with 90,000 men and a flotilla of 70 galleys. After capturing Vidin, he camped before the fortress of Nicopolis. Sultan Bayezid I raised the siege of Constantinople and, at the head of 140,000 men, completely defeated the Christian forces in the Battle of Nicopolis fought between 25 and 28 September 1396.

Deprived of his authority in Hungary, Sigismund then turned his attention to securing the succession in Germany and Bohemia, and was recognized by his childless step-brother Wenceslaus IV as vicar-general of the whole Empire. He was unable to support Wenceslaus when he was deposed in 1400 and Rupert III, elector Palatine of the Rhine, was elected German king in his stead.

During these years he was also involved in domestic difficulties, out of which sprang a second war with Ladislas of Naples; on his return to Hungary in 1401 he was once imprisoned and twice deposed. This struggle in its turn led to a war with the Republic of Venice, as Ladislas before departing to his own land had sold the Dalmatian cities to the Venetians for 100,000 ducats. In 1401 Sigismund assisted a rising against Wenceslaus, during the course of which the German and Bohemian king was made a prisoner, and Sigismund ruled Bohemia for nineteen months. He released Wenceslas in 1403. In 1404 he introduced the placetum regium. According to this decree papal bulls couldn't be pronounced in Hungary without the consent of the king.

In about 1406 he remarried Mary's cousin Barbara of Celje (Barbara Celjska, nicknamed the "Messalina of Germany"), daughter of Hermann II of Celje. Hermann's mother Katarina Kotromanić and Mary's mother Queen Elizabeta were sisters, or cousins who were adopted sisters. Tvrtko I was their first cousin and adopted brother, and perhaps even became heir apparent to Queen Mary. Tvrtko may have been murdered in 1391 on Sigismund's order.

Sigismund personally lead an army of almost 50,000 "crusaders" against the Croats and Bosnians, which culminated in 1408 with the Battle of Dobor, and a massacre of about 200 noble families, many of them victors of numerous battles against the Ottomans. He founded the Order of the Dragon after this victory. The Order was formally founded in the year 1418 and named officially as the Order of the Defeated Dragon, Members of the order were mostly his political allies and supporters.

After the death of German king Rupert in 1410, Sigismund - ignoring the claims of his step-brother Wenceslas - was elected as successor three of the electors on 10 September 1410, but he was opposed by his cousin Jobst of Moravia, who had been elected by four electors in a different election on 1 October. Jobst's death 18 January, 1411 removed this conflict and Sigismund was again elected King on 21 July 1411. His coronation was deferred until 8 November 1414, when it took place at Aix-la-Chapelle.

On a number of occasions, and in 1410 in particular, Sigismund allied himself with the Teutonic Knights against Jogaila of Poland. However, he was opposed by most of his noblemen and was prevented to participate in the alliance of twenty-two western states against Poland in the decisive Battle of Grünwald in July of that year.

In 1412–23 he campaigned against the Venetians in Italy. The king took advantage of the difficulties of Antipope John XXIII to obtain a promise that a council should be called to Constance in 1414 to settle the Western Schism. He took a leading part in the deliberations of this assembly, and during the sittings made a journey into France, England and Burgundy in a vain attempt to secure the abdication of the three rival popes. The council ended in 1418, solving the Schism and — of great consequence to Sigismund's future career — having the Czech religious reformer, Jan Hus, burned at the stake for heresy in July 1415. The complicity of Sigismund in the death of Hus is a matter of controversy. He had granted him a safe-conduct and protested against his imprisonment; and the reformer was burned during his absence.

It was also at this Council that a cardinal ventured to correct Sigismund’s Latin (he had construed the word schisma as feminine rather than neuter). To this Sigismund famously replied:“ Ego sum rex Romanus et super grammaticam ("I am the king of the Romans, and am superior to rules of grammar") ”

An alliance with England against France, and an attempt to secure peace in Germany by a league of the towns, which failed owing to the hostility of the princes, were his main acts of these years. Also, Sigismund granted control of the Margrave of Brandenburg (which he had received back after Jobst's death) to Frederick I of Hohenzollern, burgrave of Nuremberg (1415). This step made the Hohenzollern family one of the most important in Germany.

In 1419 the death of Wenceslaus IV left Sigismund titular king of Bohemia, but he had to wait for seventeen years before the Czechs would acknowledge him. But although the two dignities of king of the Romans and king of Bohemia added considerably to his importance, and indeed made him the nominal head of Christendom, they conferred no increase of power and financially embarrassed him. It was only as king of Hungary that he had succeeded in establishing his authority and in doing anything for the order and good government of the land. Entrusting the government of Bohemia to Sophia, the widow of Wenceslaus, he hastened into Hungary.

The Bohemians, who distrusted him as the betrayer of Hus, were soon in arms; and the flame was fanned when Sigismund declared his intention of prosecuting the war against heretics. Three campaigns against the Hussites ended in disaster. The Turks were again attacking Hungary. The king, unable to obtain support from the German princes, was powerless in Bohemia. His attempts at the diet of Nuremberg in 1422 to raise a mercenary army were foiled by the resistance of the towns; and in 1424 the electors, among whom was Sigismund's former ally, Frederick I of Hohenzollern, sought to strengthen their own authority at the expense of the king. Although the scheme failed, the danger to Germany from the Hussites led to the Union of Bingen, which virtually deprived Sigismund of the leadership of the war and the headship of Germany.

In 1428 he led another campaign agains the Turks, but again with few results. In 1431 he went to Milan where on 25 November he received the Iron Crown; after which he remained for some time at Siena, negotiating for his coronation as emperor and for the recognition of the Council of Basel by Pope Eugenius IV. He was crowned emperor at Rome on 31 May 1433, and after obtaining his demands from the Pope returned to Bohemia, where he was recognized as king in 1436, though his power was little more than nominal.

He died in December 1437 at Znaim, and was buried at Grosswardein. By his second wife, Barbara of Cilli, he left an only daughter, Elisabeth, who was married to Albert V, duke of Austria (later German king as Albert II) whom Sigismund named as his successor. As he left no sons the house of Luxembourg became extinct on his death.

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____________________________________________________________

THE HISTORY OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
____________________________________________________________


The Order of the Defeated Dragon ( German: Drachenorden; Latin: Societas Draconistrarum ) was formally established in the year 1418 by charter of the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund, and his second wife (Barbara Cilli) after the Council of Constance, to defend the Church against the heretics, especially the Hussites. The defeated dragon is a symbol of the destruction of heresy. The Order flourished in Germany, and Italy, Members of the Order were known as draconists.

In the second half of the fourteenth century, many kings founded their own orders of knights to support their thrones. Notable examples are: the Order of the Garter in England, the Order of Jug in Aragon, the Order of Scarf in Bohemia etc. Unlike the famous military orders of the Templars or the Hospitallers these orders were secular in nature.

After Sigismund's decisive victory in Bosnia, the king decided to found his own secular order. The members were important political allies and vassals, the pillars of Sigismund power. The name of the order refers to St. George. The sigils of the order were an ouroborus and the flaming cross.

On December 13, 1418, the charter for the Order was publicly announced, dedicating the Order to the defense of the cross from its enemies, particularly the Ottomans and Hussites. The founding twenty-four members were inducted in 1418, including:

Sigismund of Luxembourg , King of Hungary
Stefan Lazarević of Serbia
King Alfonso of Aragon and Naples
King Ladislaus II of Poland
Grand Prince Vytautas of Lithuania
Duke Ernst of Austria
Christopher III , Duke of Bavaria and King of Denmark
Pipo of Ozora
Despot Stefan Lazarevic of Serbia
King Vladislav Jagello of Poland
Thomas de Mowbray , Duke of Norfolk (after 1439)
Vlad Tsepesh , Duke of Wallachia (after 1431)

The University of Bucharest annotation to the original edict which establishes the Order reads O Quam Misericors est Deus, Pius et Justus, which may be part of the emblem.

In 1431, Sigismund chose to expand the ranks of the Order. To achieve this, he invited a number of politically influential and militarily useful vassals and nobles for indoctrination into the Order. Included in this ceremony was Vlad II Dracul, father of Vlad Ţepeş, who was serving as frontier commander guarding the passes from Transylvania to Wallachia. (The post-title Dracul refers to being invested with the Order of the Dragon.)

The addition of new members caused the creation of many classes within the Order. Each class had a slight variation on the symbol of the order, although the dragon motif was dominant in each variation. Common changes included the addition of inscriptions like O Quam Misericors est Deus ("Oh, how merciful God is") and Justus et Paciens ("Justifiably and peacefully"). The order remained prominent until the death of Sigismund in 1437. Without a strong sponsor, the Order quickly lost influence and prestige.

Few historical artifacts of the Order remain today, although the symbol of the Order has been adopted for many family crests throughout Europe. A copy, dating to 1707, of the edict forming the Order is the oldest historical artifact of the Order and is stored at the University of Bucharest.

The Order was revived by Imperial Decree of His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Karl Friedrich of Germany, in His formal capacity as the de jure Holy Roman Emperor Charles VIII, on the 1st of August, 2001. His Imperial Highness, formally assumed the postion of Sovereign Grand Master of The Order of the Defeated Dragon and Supreme Dragon Knight Universal.

His Imperial Highness, has assumed the Sovereign Grand Mastership of the Order of the Defeated Dragon and is held under His personal protection.

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(Above)
The Official Seal and Arms of
The Present Sovereign Grand Master of
The Order of The Dragon ,
His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince Karl Friedrich of Germany ,
Supreme Dragon Knight Universal.
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_____________________________________________

THE IMPERIAL GRAND MAGISTRY OF
THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
Societas Draconistrarum
( as of April 2008 )
______________________________________________


___________________________________________________________________________

THE SOVEREIGN GRANDMASTER OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
( Societas Draconistrarum )
___________________________________________________________________________

The Sovereign Grand Master of The Order of Defeated Dragon , His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Karl Friedrich von Deutschland , Herzog von Swabia , Herzog von Saxe-Altenburg, de jure Emperor Charles VIII of Germany, Supreme Dragon Knight Universal, Principal Knight Grand Cross and Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon. ( 2001- )

__________________________________________________

LIEUTENANT GRAND MASTER AND SUCCESSOR
OF THE SOVEREIGN GRAND MASTER OF THE
ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
__________________________________________________

His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince Louis Stefan of Germany ,
Duke of Thuringia , Duke of Trier ,
Prince of Saxe-Altenburg , Duke of Saxony ,
Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Rudolstadt ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon.( 2004- )

__________________________________________________

SOVEREIGN GRANDMASTERS PAGE OF HONOUR
__________________________________________________

His Serene Highness Prince Stefan-Johannes von Regensburg,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon. ( 2007- )

____________________________________________________________

GRAND PRIOR OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
____________________________________________________________

His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince Louis Stefan of Germany ,
Duke of Thuringia , Duke of Trier ,
Prince of Saxe-Altenburg , Duke of Saxony ,
Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Rudolstadt ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon.( 2002- )

___________________________________________________________________

GRAND CHANCELLOR OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
___________________________________________________________________

Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess Maria Alexandra of Germany,
Duchess of Swabia , Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg ,
Principal Lady of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon. ( 2002- )

_____________________________________________________________

GRAND SECRETARY OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
_____________________________________________________________

His Excellency Count Frederick von Buren ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon . ( 2002- )

____________________________________________________________

GRAND MARSHAL OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
____________________________________________________________

His Highness Duke Andreas of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon . ( 2007- )

_____________________________________________________________

GRAND TREASURER OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
_____________________________________________________________

His Most Serene Highness Prince Maximillian von Waldburg zu Wolfegg und Waldsee ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon . ( 2007- )

____________________________________________________________

GRAND COMMANDER OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
____________________________________________________________

His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince Eduard Rupert Stefan of Germany ,
Duke of Berg , Duke of Mannheim ,
Prince of Saxe-Altenburg , Duke of Saxony ,
Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Rudolstadt .
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Defeated Dragon. ( 2007- )

_______________________________________________________________

GRAND CHRONICLER OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
_______________________________________________________________

His Excellency Count Leopold zu Limpurg und Gaildorf ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon. ( 2007- )

___________________________________________________________

GRAND LEGATE OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
___________________________________________________________

His Most Illustrious Highness Count Charles von Giech ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon. ( 2007- )

_______________________________________________________________

GRAND COUNCILLOR OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
_______________________________________________________________

Her Serene Highness Princess Maria of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Rudolstadt,
Lady of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon , (2007- )

__________________________________________________

DIRECTOR OF COMMUNICATIONS FOR
THE OFFICE OF THE SOVEREIGN GRAND MASTER
__________________________________________________

Her Excellency Countess Victoria von Buren ,
Lady of Honour of the Order of the Defeated Dragon . ( 2002- )
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___________________________________________________________________

THE GRAND PRIORIES OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
___________________________________________________________________



THE GRAND PRIORY OF AUSTRIA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince Louis Stefan of Germany ,
Duke of Thuringia , Duke of Trier ,
Prince of Saxe-Altenburg , Duke of Saxony ,
Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Rudolstadt ,
Grand Prior of Austria , Knight Grand Cross of
The Order of the Defeated Dragon . ( 2007- )


THE GRAND PRIORY OF AUSTRALIA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF BELGIUM OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

His Serene Highness Prince Stefan-Johannes von Regensburg,
Grand Prior of Belgium , Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon. ( 2007- )


THE GRAND PRIORY OF BOHEMIA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess Maria Alexandra of Germany,
Duchess of Swabia , Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg , de jure Empress of Germany ,
Grand Prioress of Bohemia , Principal Lady of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon. ( 2002- )


THE GRAND PRIORY OF BULGARIA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF CANADA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF CROATIA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

His Serene Highness Prince Alfred von Krupa-Tarnawa ,
Prince of Senj , Duke of Senj , Grand Prior of Croatia ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon . ( 2008- ).


THE GRAND PRIORY OF ESTONIA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

His Royal Highness
Prince Keith Patrick von Westphalia,
Duke and Prince of Westphalia , Grand Prior of Estonia.
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .


THE GRAND PRIORY OF FINLAND OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :
His Excellency Count Frederick von Buren , Grand Prior of Finland ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon . ( 2002- )


THE GRAND PRIORY OF FRANCE OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE IMPERIAL GRAND PRIORY OF GERMANY OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Louis Stefan of Germany ,
Prinz von Saxe-Altenburg , Duke of Saxony , Duke of Thuringia , Grand Prior of Germany ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon . ( 2007- )


THE GRAND PRIORY OF GREAT BRITAIN OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Eduard Rupert Stefan of Germany,
Prinz von Saxe-Altenburg , Duke of Saxony , Duke of Mannheim , Grand Prior of Great Britain ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon . ( 2008- )


THE GRAND PRIORY OF GREECE OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF ITALY OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Henry Eduard of Germany,
Prinz von Saxe-Altenburg , Duke of Saxony , Duke of Franconia, Grand Prior of Italy ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon . ( 2007- )


THE GRAND PRIORY OF MACEDONIA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF MONACO OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF THE NETHERLANDS OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

His Illustrious Highness
Count Sydney Ling Mulder de Rosielle Klipping ,
Grand Prior of The Netherlands ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon, (2008- )


THE GRAND PRIORY OF NEW ZEALAND OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF PORTUGAL OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON:


THE GRAND PRIORY OF POLAND OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE IMPERIAL GRAND PRIORY OF ROMANIA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON:

His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Karl Friedrich von Deutschland , Herzog von Swabia , Herzog von Saxe-Altenburg, de jure Emperor Charles VIII of Germany, The Sovereign Grand Master of The Order of Defeated Dragon , Imperial Grand Prior of Romania , Supreme Dragon Knight Universal, Principal Knight Grand Cross and Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon. (2007- )


THE GRAND PRIORY OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF SWEDEN OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF SLOVAKIA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

Her Serene Highness Maria of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Rudolstadt,
Grand Prioress of Slovakia, Lady of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon , (2007- )


THE GRAND PRIORY OF SCANDINAVIA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF SPAIN OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON:


THE GRAND PRIORY OF UKRAINE OF THE TEUTONIC ORDER :


THE GRAND PRIORY OF THE UNITED STATES
OF AMERICA OF THE ORDER OF THE DRAGON :

_______________


_______________________________________________________

THE OFFICIAL LIST OF THE KNIGHTS GRAND CROSS,
KNIGHTS OF HONOUR AND LADIES OF HONOUR OF
THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
_______________________________________________________


His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Karl Friedrich von Deutschland , Herzog von Swabia , Herzog von Saxe-Altenburg, de jure Emperor Charles VIII of Germany, The Sovereign Grand Master of The Order of Defeated Dragon , Imperial Grand Prior of Romania , Supreme Dragon Knight Universal, Principal Knight Grand Cross and Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon.

His Majesty King Juan Carlos I of Spain ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Majesty Czar Simeon II of The Bulgarians ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Majesty King Albert II of The Belgians ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Majesty King Michael I of Romania ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

Her Imperial and Royal Highness
Princess Maria Alexandra of Germany ,
Lady of Honour of The Order of The Defeated Dragon.

Her Imperial and Royal Highness
Princess Charlotte Elizabeth of Germany ,
Lady of Honour of The Order of The Defeated Dragon.

His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince Louis Stefan of Germany ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince Henry Eduard of Germany ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince Eduard Rupert Stefan of Germany ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Serene Highness Prince
Stefan-Johannes von Regensburg ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Serene Highness
Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Serene Highness
Prince Albert II of Monaco ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Imperial Highness
Grand Duke George of Russia ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Prince Vittorio Emanuele of Savoy ,
The Prince of Naples ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince Dom Pedro Orleans-Bragança ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Imperial and Royal Highness
The Archduke Otto von Habsburg of Austria ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Imperial and Royal Highness
The Archduke Karl von Habsburg of Austria .
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Imperial and Royal Highness
The Archduke Sigismund of Austria , Prince of Tuscany .
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince George Friedrich of Prussia ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Margrave Max of Baden ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Duke Franz of Bavaria ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Margrave Maria Emanuel of Meissen ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Prince Michael of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Duke Friedrich-Konrad of Saxe-Meiningen ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Prince Paul of Romania ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Prince Larson of Lyonnesse ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Prince Don Ruben Alberto I of Gevaudan,
Conde Soberano de Gavalda.
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Highness
Duke Borwin of Mecklenburg-Strelitz ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Highness
Duke Eduard of Anhalt ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Highness
Duke Andreas of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Highness
Prince Nikolai Romanov of Russia ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Prince Keith Patrick von Westphalia,
Duke and Prince of Westphalia .
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Serene Highness
Prince Albert von Thurn und Taxis ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Serene Highness
Prince Joseph zu Schwarzenberg ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Serene Highness
Prince Maximillian von Waldburg zu Wolfegg und Waldsee ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

Her Serene Highness
Princess Maria of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Rudolstadt ,
Lady of Honour of The Order of The Defeated Dragon.

His Most Serene Highness
Prince Anton zu Windisch-Graetz ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Serene Highness
Prince Friedrich Wilhelm zu Wied
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Serene Highness
Prince Alfred von Krupa-Tarnawa , Duke of Senj ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Royal Highness
Prince Ernst August of Hanover,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Highness
Prince Ernst Johann Biron von Courland ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Serene Highness
Prince Giorgio I of Seborga ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Serene Highness
Prince Jose Gesto Rodriguez, Duke of Ravensburg ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Serene Highness
Prince Luka Robert Zgonec of Bled ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Serene Highness
Prince Louis Doimi de Frankopan ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Serene Highness
Prince Orland Machnikowski ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Serene Highness
Prince Paul Gulgowski-Doliwa ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

Her Serene Highness
Princess Heide Gulgowski-Doliwa ,
Lady of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Illustrious Highness
Count Charles von Giech ,
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Illustrious Highness
Count Sydney Ling Mulder de Rosielle Klipping
Knight Grand Cross of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Illustrious Highness
Count Maxwell Charles Griffen Ford ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Most Illustrious Highness
Count Danny Johnson of Eisenberg ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Count Timothy Csont von Manderscheid ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Count Orlando Ivan Benendict ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Count Maxwell Costello ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Count Jakov von Ravikovits-Latalski ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Count Brian Michael von Stoessner-Stines ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Count Frederick von Buren ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Count Rob Barclay de Tolly ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

Her Excellency
Countess Victoria von Buren ,
Lady of Honour of The Order of The Defeated Dragon

His Excellency
Count Jason Charles Neuharth-Ostertag von Windstein ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Count Antonio Sciortino ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Count Auselmo Sarchi ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Count Robert York ,
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

His Excellency
Baron Philip James Brown .
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

Ritter Oliver J.E. Geidel
Knight of Honour of The Order of the Defeated Dragon .

__________________


__________________________________________________________

THE FRIENDS OF THE ORDER OF THE DEFEATED DRAGON
__________________________________________________________


Prof. Dr Vladimir Stosic,
Gentlemen of The Order of The Defeated Dragon.

Elizabeth Richards,
Lady of The Order of The Defeated Dragon.

Michael E. Stovall,
Gentlemen of The Order of The Defeated Dragon.

________________





(Above)
The Ceremonial Chain and Badge of The Dragon Order .
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MEMBERSHIP OF THE DRAGON ORDER
_______________________________________


Membership of the Dragon Order is bestowed by the grace of the Sovereign Grand Master, in recognition of worthy individuals with a long record of varied humanitarian, scientific and artistic efforts or motu proprio for various honoris causa. In the Order of the Dragon, successive ranks are commonly achieved through promotion although the conferment of any rank can be incurred upon recommendation of His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Karl Friedrich of Germany , in instances he deems appropriate ( ie extreme meritorious endeavors or achievements ). Categories of the Order Exist as follows:

Class I – Knight Grand Cross : KGCOD

Class II – Knight of Honour : KHOD
Lady of Honour : LHOD

Mantle: Cowled mantle of obsidian black with red lining. The embroidered badge of the order is a red crusader’s cross worn over the level of the heart on the left side.

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____________________________________________

THE INSIGNIA OF THE DRAGON ORDER
____________________________________________


For their symbol, the Order designed an insignia of a dragon with its tail coiled around its neck; on the back of the dragon, from the base of the neck to the tail, is the Red Cross of Saint George, with the entire image on an argent field. The dragon represented The Beast of the Book of Revelation while the red cross represented the victory of Christ over the forces of evil. Members were required to wear the symbol (often as a medallion) at all times and were often buried with the symbol.

Decorations:

Class I – Black crusader’s cross with dragon emblem in the center surrounded by motto. as evinced on chest badge suspended from red and black ribbon hung about the neck.

Class II – Red crusader’s cross with dragon emblem in the center surrounded by motto. as evinced on chest badge suspended from red and black ribbon hung about the neck.

___________


Feast Day of the Order: April 30

Patron of the Order: Saint George the Dragonslayer

Motto: ( Latin ) O Quam Misericors est Deus
( How Merciful is the Lord ) and "Justus et paciens" ( Justifiably and peacefully )


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(Above)
The Castle of Bran , Romania .
( German: Törzburg; Hungarian: Törcsvár ).
_______________


___________________________________________

THE HISTORY OF THE CASTLE OF BRAN
___________________________________________


Bran Castle ( German: Törzburg; Hungarian: Törcsvár ), situated near Bran and in the immediate vicinity of Braţov, Romania, is a national monument and landmark.

Commonly known as Dracula's Castle, Bran Castle was originally built as a stronghold by the Teutonic Knights in 1212. The first documentary attestation of Bran Castle is the act issued by Louis I of Hungary on November 19, 1377, giving the Saxons of Kronstadt ( Braţov ) the privilege to build the Citadel. The building started in 1378 as a defense against the Turks, and later became a customs post on the mountain pass between Transylvania and Wallachia. For a short period of time, the castle belonged to Mircea the Elder of Wallachia. From 1920, the castle became a royal residence until the expulsion of the royal family by the Communist regime in 1948. Today it functions as a museum of medieval arts.

The fortress is situated on the border between Transylvania and Wallachia, on Highway 73. In addition to its unique architecture, the castle is famous because of persistent myths that it was once the home of Vlad III Dracula; however, there is no evidence that he ever lived there. According to most accounts, Dracula spent two days in the Bran dungeon, as the area was occupied by the Ottoman Empire at the time.

The castle is open to tourists, who can view the inside by themselves or as part of a guided tour. At the bottom of the hill is a small park to which examples of traditional Romanian peasant structures ( cottages, barns, etc. ) from across the country have been moved.

The castle passed through royal hands for many generations. At the beginning of the 20th century, for sometime, it was the principal home of Queen Marie, who, despite her British birth and upbringing, became quite a Romanian patriot. The castle is decorated largely with artifacts from her time, including traditional furniture and tapestries that she collected to highlight Romanian crafts and skills. It was inherited by her daughter, Princess Ileana of Romania, and was later seized by the government in 1948. For many years it was tended to erratically, but after being restored in the 1980s and the Romanian Revolution of 1989, it became a sought-after tourist destination.

The legal heir of the castle is the Princess's son, Archduke Dominic of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (known as Dominic von Habsburg, an architect in New York State); in 2006, the Romanian government returned the castle to him. In 2007, Habsburg put the castle up for sale for a price of Ł40 million ( $78 million ). On July 2, 2007, Michael Gardner, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Baytree Capital, the New York investment firm which has been retained to create a plan for the castle and to sell it, predicted it would sell for more than $135 million, but added that Habsburgs will only sell it to a buyer "who will treat the property and its history with appropriate respect."
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______________________________________________________

THE FRIENDS OF THE SOCIETAS DRACONISTRARUM
______________________________________________________


How to become a Friend of The Imperial
and Royal Society of The Order of The
Defeated Dragon , Societas Draconistrarum .
To become a Friend of the Dragon Order, please
forward the following information by e-mail:

First Name , Last Name , Address ,
City , Zip Code , Country ,
E-mail address , Telephone number .

Individuals may also donate to The Imperial and Royal Society
of The Order of The Defeated Dragon, a gift or donation of
choice which may include Books, Manuscripts, Historic Letters,
Ceremonial Regalia, and Artifacts, or anything which may benefit
the Societas Draconistrarum in some way, this may also include
a one off or regular monetary gift of your choice, please see below.

His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Karl Friedrich von Deutschland
as President and Chancellor of The Imperial and Royal Society of The
Order of the Defeated Dragon, would like to thank you on behalf of the
Society, for your given help, please note gifts freely given are thus granted
by individuals on a personal basis, whereas all monetary gifts go towards
the costs incurred by the Societas Draconistrarum , in its daily workings
of its structure and bodies connected to the said Society.


*GIFTS & DONATIONS*
Please forward any Books, Manuscripts,
Letters, Ceremonial Regalia and Artifacts
or any other gifts, to the following address:

Individuals may give Contributions
directly by Paypal, The Beneficiary
being Societas Draconistrarum , Please
press on the link for Contributions,
at the bottom of this page, Thank you.

The money you contribute will be
used to develop the objectives of
the Societas Draconistrarum .


*PAYPAL* (Online)

Donate securely online with PayPal, you do not
need an account to donate with a credit card.
You can send donations in different currencies
without having to pay a currency conversion fee.

Monetary Gift Instructions: Go to the paypal website by pressing
on the link at the bottom of this page and give a gift of choice by
pressing the send money key on the paypal website and entering
the following e-mail address: hirhprincekarlvondeutschland@yahoo.co.uk
then key in the amount you wish to give, then follow the instructions
on the website to send the gift of choice.

If you have any questions concerning gifts please send an e-mail to the
Donations Secertary for further instructions by e-mailing the following
e-mail address: hirhprincekarlvondeutschland@yahoo.co.uk

Please help us by donating to
the Societas Draconistrarum today! Thank you.

_____________________________________

For Further Information
The Correspondence Address is:

The Imperial and Royal Society
of The Order of The Defeated
Dragon , Societas Draconistrarum .
Royal Mail Post Office Box 276,
Teddington, Middlesex, TW11 0UL,
United Kingdom.

Telephone: +44 (0) 208 943 4520
Fax: +44 (0) 208 943 4520
E-mail: hirhprincekarlvondeutschland@yahoo.co.uk

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"CHRISTUS VINCIT, CHRISTUS REGNAT, CHRISTUS IMPERIT"
__________________________________________________________



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