IranDaily
Number 3240 - Thu, Oct 09, 2008 - Mehr 18 1387- Shavval 09 1429

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President in Birjand Rally
World Plagued With Prejudice
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Photo by Ruhollah Vahdati
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on Wednesday said a passing glance at the international economic, political, cultural and social order shows prejudice and biases are well and healthy.
“Of the seven billion people in the world, everybody is dissatisfied with the arrogant powers and their oppressive policies. This is while the world is filled with immorality
and human dignity is regularly being undermined,“ he said at the beginning of his tour of North Khorasan in Bojnourd, Fars News Agency reported.
The president noted that threats, wars, violence, clashes and insecurity now dominate the world.
“Once upon a time, the puppets of western imperialism were intoxicated with power, and western imperialists considered themselves to be everlasting and undefeatable. They saw no hurdle to their insatiable demands and indulged in aggression and occupationÉ

Creeping Poverty in US
But the economic landscape in Europe and America has changed. They (West) once claimed that they had created heaven on Earth and did not allow anybody to event talk about their weaknesses. At present, from the 290 million Americans, some 80 million are mired in poverty and over 40 million live in absolute poverty. Their banks, once the symbols of theft and capitalism, are collectively going bankrupt,“ Ahmadinejad told a public meeting.
He added that “In the recent trip to new York, we studied the overall climate, and saw how the US statesmen were confused and have lost self-confidence. The economic crisis in that country is so widespread that no one expects betterment or improvement anytime soon. Almost everybody there speaks of uncertainty.“

Tip of the Iceberg
According to the president what the world is seeing in the US is the tip of the iceberg because “their economic crises is much worse than what they claim.“
The reason behind the US decline, he noted, is that the Americans about 200 years ago declared that religious and divine values should be separated from social life. They interpreted lying and hegemony as good and put aside faith in God, the holy prophets and justice and allowed deceit to flourish.“
About local issues, Ahmadinejad said that big money should not be made available to a select few.
“The number of people who owe large sums to the banks is about 4,000. This is while almost 98 percent of the people have either never received loans or the amounts they borrowed were negligible.“
He reiterated the crucial need for rectifying banking laws, customs regulations and the tax system.

3 Share Nobel Chemistry Prize
Osamu Shimomura of Japan and US duo Martin Chalfie and Roger Tsien on Wednesday won the Nobel Chemistry Prize for a fluorescent protein derived from a jellyfish that has become a vital lab tool.
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) has revolutionized research in medicine and biology, enabling scientists to get a visual fix on how organs function, the spread of disease and the response of infected cells to treatment, AFP quoted as Nobel jury saying.
“GFP has functioned in the past decade as a guiding star for biochemists, biologists, medical scientists and other researchers,“ it said.
“This protein has become one of the most important tools used in contemporary bioscience.“The gene to make GFP is inserted into the DNA of lab animals, bacteria or other cells, where it is “switched on“ by other genes. The glow becomes apparent under ultraviolet light.
The telltale protein gives researchers an instant way of monitoring processes that were previously invisible.
By tagging nerve cells, scientists can for instance follow the destruction caused by Alzheimer’s disease. Tumour progression can be followed by adding GFP to cancer cells. By adding GFP to a growing mouse embryo, they can see how the pancreas produces insulin-producing beta cells.
In one spectacular experim fi rea victoria in the 1960s.
He isolated a few precious grams of luminescent liquid from 10,000 jellyfish, which led to the discovery that its source was GFP, a so-called chromophore -- a chemical group that absorbs and emits light.
Shimomoura was the third Japanese citizen to win a Nobel this year, after Makoto Kobayashi and Toshihide Maskawa won the Physics Prize Tuesday along with Japanese-born American Yoichiro Nambu for groundbreaking theoretical work in fundamental particles.

Special Ceremony to Mark High Export Earnings
By Sadeq Dehqan
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Mehdi Ghazanfari
Iran’s Export Development Organization Chief Mehdi Ghazanfari on Wednesday gave word of holding a special ceremony to celebrate the $20-billion-dollar non-oil export earnings. The event will be held concurrent with the National Export Day (Oct. 20).
Addressing a press conference on the eve of the National Export Day, he added, “This year, with the inclusion of gas condensates, non-oil exports will have reached $24-26 billion.
Based on projections, exports exclusive of gas condensates will reach $20 billion.“
Referred to exports in the first half of the current year he said, “During this period exports increased by over 38 percent compared to the corresponding period in the previous year. In the past six months we earned 9.6 billion dollars from exports, exclusive of gas condensates.
This is while the figure for the corresponding period last year was 6.9 billion dollars. This year the average price of each ton of exported goods is $575. The figure last year was $441.“
This year, the average price of each ton of imported good is $1,446 while the figure last year was $1,035.“
Ghazanfari said that the main reason behind the rise in the prices of imported goods is the decline in the value of the US dollar and the higher prices of goods in the global markets.
Figures pertaining to 10 imported items in the first five months of this year show that imports grew by 132 percent, he pointed out.
The official referred to the global trade figures and said, “In 2003, the volume of global trade stood at 34 trillion dollars. Iran’s share then was 0.45 percent. The figure improved to 0.53 percent in 2006. Despite the growth in national trade and the rise in the volume of global trade, Iran has not had a big share in trade even after taking into account our oil and gas exports.
Ghazanfari pointed to the conditions of non-oil exports in the five-year development plans and said, “In the first plan 66 percent of the declared goals were met, while in the second and third developmental plans that figure was 56 and 92 percent respectively.
In the Fourth Five-Year Economic Development Plan (2005-2010), so far 74 percent of declared objectives regarding non-oil exports have been fulfilled.“

Huge Import Bill
Regarding imports he said “In the past six months, the country’s import bill stood at 29.8 billion dollars. Compared to the corresponding figure for last year it increased by 36 percent.
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Perspec
A Word With India
By Mohammad Asgari
Many surprises often pop up in the international system. One is that countries that have nuclear weapons seek to discourage others from acquiring the same. If nuclear weapons are really a threat to world peace and stability, which it certainly is, why do the big nuke powers not fulfill their long-pending commitment to nuclear disarmament?
This issue becomes all the more startling when countries with nuclear weapons seek to deprive others from even acquiring civilian nuclear technology.
A case in point is the recent remark by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Addressing a press conference at the end of the ninth India-EU meeting, Singh said India does not support the emergence of another country in the region that has access to nuclear weapons, and hence there is no likelihood that India would support Iran’s nuclear program.
The Indian leader’s stance in rather surprising in light of the fact that his country started covert operations for making atomic bombs in 1974. India has not yet joined the nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) and no international inspections have been allowed at its nuclear sites.
India’s emergence as a nuclear power threatened South Asia with the possibility of proliferation of nuclear weapons. Add to this the fact that immediately after the Indians went nuclear, Pakistan followed suit and began the journey to also produce the atomic bomb.
These days India has become the epitome of weakening the NPT. By signing an agreement for nuclear cooperation with America, India has undermined the letter and spirit of this important international accord.
Based on the NPT, member countries do not have the right to supply technical nuclear know-how to non-members. Hence, the decision by Washington and New Delhi to conclude the controversial deal is seen as a move against global consensus, and is a product of US pressure and respecting international laws in the breach.
Under such conditions, the prime minister of a non-NPT member considers Iran, a member of the NPT, a threat to the region.
Iran is among the founders of the NPT, and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors have visited Iran’s nuclear sites more than any other country in the world.
The UN’s top nuclear body on several occasions has announced that it never found any evidence to suggest that Iran had diverted its civilian nuclear program for military use.
Needless to say, even the American spy agencies have said that Iran suspended its program to acquire nuclear weapons in 2003. This American claim too is irrelevant on the simple premise that Iran never had plans to acquire atomic weapons before or after the year claimed by the Americans.
And now the question that remains unanswered. Is Mr. Singh really uninformed about global realities, including a nuclear India and that it has undermined the NPT? Or is it that he intentionally overlooks Iran’s legal right to peaceful nuclear technology so that in return New Delhi can conclude the dangerous nuclear accord with the self-appointed superpower?