We make companies more competitive, sustainable, valuable. KKR has completed more than 165 transactions with an aggregate value of more than $420 billion.


Our Investment History

KKR typically acquires large businesses with strong franchises, attractive growth prospects, defensible market positions, and the ability to generate high returns on investments. Often, the companies we acquire are in transition, or need to be reorganized or refocused. Since 1976, we have made the following investments:

1977
  • A.J. Industries, Inc.
  • L.B. Foster Company
  • U.S. Natural Resources, Inc.
1979
  • Sargent Industries, Inc.
  • Houdaille Industries, Inc.
  • F-B Truck Line Company
1980
  • Eaton Leonard Corporation
1981
  • The Rotor Tool Company
  • The Marley Company
  • Lily-Tulip, Inc.
  • PT Components, Inc.
  • Norris Industries, Inc.
  • Fred Meyer Inc.
1983
  • Pacific Realty Associates, L.P. (PacTrust)
  • Dillingham Corporation
  • Golden West Television
1984
  • Amstar Corporation
  • Wometco Companies
  • Malone & Hyde, Inc.
  • Cole National Corporation
  • Pace Industries, Inc.
1985
  • Motel 6, Inc.
  • M & T Inc.
  • Union Texas Petroleum Holdings, Inc.
  • Storer Communications, Inc.
1986
  • Beatrice Companies, Inc.
  • Safeway Inc.
1987
  • Owens-Illinois, Inc.
  • Walter Industries, Inc.
  • Seaman Furniture Company, Inc.
1988
  • IDEX Corporation
  • The Stop & Shop Companies, Inc.
  • Duracell International, Inc.
  • First Interstate Bancorp
1989
  • RJR Nabisco, Inc.
  • PRIMEDIA Inc. (formerly K-III Communications)
1991
  • PRIMEDIA, Inc.: Field Publications
  • PRIMEDIA Inc.: Magazines
  • Fleet Financial Group/Bank of New England
  • Granum Holdings, L.P.
1992
  • KC Cable Associates, L.P.
  • American Re Corporation
  • Flagstar Companies, Inc.
  • Granum Holdings, L.P.: Orlando and Boston stations
1993
  • KSL Recreation Corporation
  • World Color Press, Inc.:The Alden Press Company
  • Granum Holdings, L.P.: Boston station
  • World Color Press, Inc.: George Rice & Son
1994
  • PRIMEDIA Inc.: Channel One
  • Borden, Inc.
1995
  • World Color Press, Inc.: The Lanman Companies, Northeast Graphics, and Wessel Company
  • Canadian General Insurance Group Limited
  • Neway Anchorlok International, Inc.
  • Walter Industries, Inc.
  • Granum Holdings, L.P.: Radio Stations
  • RELTEC Corporation
  • Bruno's, Inc.
  • Merit Behavioral Care Corporation
1996
  • Newsquest plc
  • Spalding Holdings Corporation
  • Newsquest plc: Westminster Press
  • RELTEC Corporation: Rainford plc
1997
  • KinderCare Learning Centers, Inc.
  • Amphenol Corporation
  • Randalls Food Markets, Inc.
  • Act III Cinemas, Inc.
  • Alea Group Holdings (Bermuda) Ltd.
  • Spalding Holdings Corporation
1998
  • Accuride Corporation
  • The Boyds Collection, Ltd.
  • Regal Cinemas, Inc.
  • Bristol West Holdings, Inc.
  • PRIMEDIA Inc.: Cowles Enthusiast Media
  • MedCath Corporation
  • Spalding/Evenflo Companies, Inc.
  • Willis Group Holdings Ltd.
  • KSL Recreation Corporation: Grand Wailea Resort Hotel & Spa

 

 

1999
  • Smiths Group plc (TI Group plc)
  • Nexstar Financial Corporation
  • Birch Telecom, Inc.
  • Zhone Technologies, Inc.
  • Alliance Imaging, Inc.
  • Wincor Nixdorf Holding GmbH
  • Evenflo Company, Inc. (acquisition of Spalding stake)
2000
  • Shoppers Drug Mart Corporation
  • Intermedia Communications Inc.
  • Birch Telecom, Inc.
  • Ardent Communications, Inc.
  • Wassall plc/Zumtobel AG
  • DPL Inc.
  • Tenovis Germany GmbH
  • DSSI Group Holdings, LLC
  • LNG Holdings S.A.
  • NewSouth Holdings, Inc.
  • Alea Group Holdings (Bermuda) Ltd.
  • Broadnet Mediascape Communications AG
  • Centric Software, Inc.
  • Rockwood Holdings, Inc.
2001
  • Alea Group Holdings (Bermuda) Ltd.
  • PRIMEDIA Inc.: emap/about.com
  • NewSouth Holdings, Inc.
  • Birch Telecom, Inc.
  • DSSI Group Holdings, LLC
  • Ardent Communications, Inc.
2002
  • Demag Holding S.à.r.l.
  • Yellow Pages Group Co.
  • Legrand Holdings S.A.
  • PRIMEDIA Inc.
  • Broadnet Mediascape Communications AG
  • Evenflo Comapny, Inc.
  • Zumtobel AG
2003
  • ITC Holdings Corp.
  • NewSouth Holdings, Inc.
  • Rockwood Holdings, Inc.
  • KSL Holdings (La Costa)
  • KSL Holdings (Hotel Del Coronado)
  • MTU Aero Engines GmbH
2004
  • Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • Sealy Corporation
  • Maxeda (fka Vendex KBB)
  • Rockwood Holdings, Inc. (Dynamit Nobel)
  • PanAmSat Holding Corporation
  • A.T.U. Auto-Teile-Unger Holding GmbH
  • Visant Corporation
  • Texas Genco Holdings
2005
  • "Der Grüne Punkt" - Duales System Deutschland AG
  • Masonite International Corporation
  • Toys "R" Us, Inc.
  • SunGard Data Systems, Inc.
  • SBS Broadcasting S.à.r.l.
  • Accellent Inc.
  • Avago Technologies, Ltd.
  • FL Selenia S.p.A.
2006
  • TDC A/S
  • Capmark Financial Group Inc. (fka GMAC Commercial Holding Corporation)
  • AVR Bedrijven N.V.
  • The Nielsen Company (fka VNU Group B.V.)
  • BIS Cleanaway (Australian businesses of Cleanaway and Brambles Industrial Services)
  • Aricent Technologies
  • NXP (fka Philips Semiconductor)
  • PagesJaunes Groupe
  • HCA
  • KION Group
  • Seven Media Group
2007
  • Tarkett
  • Van Gansewinkel (Add-on to AVR)
  • ProSiebenSat.1
  • Dollar General
  • U.S. Foodservice
  • Alliance Boots
  • Yageo
  • MMI
  • Laureate Education
  • Tianrui Cement
  • First Data Corporation
  • Biomet
  • Energy Future Holdings (formerly TXU Corp.)
  • U.N Ro-Ro
  • Harman International Industries
2008 (to date)
  • Legg Mason, Inc.
  • Northgate Information Systems
  • Bharti Infratel
  • Unisteel Technologies Limited