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Anatoliy Yakovlevich Solovyov Russian Pilot Cosmonaut. Born 16 January 1948. Record number of spacewalks and time spent on space walks. 651 cumulative days in space.

Personal: Male, Married, Two children. Born in Riga, Riga, Latvia. Soviet Air Force Soviet Air Force Soviet Air Force

Astronaut Career

Astronaut Group: Air Force Group 6 - 1976. Inactive Entered space service: 1 December 1978. Left space service: 2 February 1999. Number of Flights: 5.00. Total Time: 651.00 days. Number of EVAs: 16. Total EVA Time: 3.24 days.

Official NASA Biography - 1997

NAME: Anatoly Yakovlevich Solovyev
Pilot-Cosmonaut, Colonel. Resides in Star City.

Born January 16, 1948, in Riga.

Yakov Mikhailovich Solovyev, father, deceased in 1980. Antonia Pavlovna Soloveva, mother, resides in Riga.

Brown hair, blue eyes; 5 feet 5 inches; 179 pounds.

Graduated from the Lenin Komsomol Chernigov Higher Military Aviation School in 1972.

Married to Natalya Vasilyevna Solovyeva (nee Katyshevtseva).

Two sons, Gennady in 1975, and Illya in 1980.

Awarded the Order of Lenin and the "Gold Star" medal, the Order of the October Revolution, the Order of the Friendship of Peoples, and six Armed Forces medals.

Anatoly Yakovlevich Solovyev served from 1972 to 1976 as a senior pilot and group commander in the Far Eastern Military District. Since August 1976, he has been a student-cosmonaut at the Yuri A. Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. In January 1979, he completed general space training. He is a test pilot third class and a test cosmonaut. From 1979 to 1984, he underwent training for a flight aboard the Soyuz-T transport vehicle and the Salyut-7 and Mir orbital stations as part of a group. In 1981, he was made part of a stand-by crew as a commander of a primary expedition. In 1987, he was the commander of a back-up Soviet-Sylian crew for an expedition that visited the Mir Station. His first flight in 1988, lasted 9 days and was performed as part of an international Soviet-Bulgalian crew comprised of A.Y. Solovyev, B.P. Savinykh. and A. Aleksandrov, of Bulgaria. From February 11 to August 9, 1990, Colonel Solovyev accomplished a long-duration (179-day) flight aboard th At present, he is the commander of the back-up Russian crew of the Mir-18 expedition on the Soyuz-TM-21 spacecraft as part of the Mir-Shuttle program.
Soyuz TM-9
Baladin and Solovyov aboard Mir....
Credit- RKK Energia

Call sign: Rodnik (Spring - water spring)

Solovyov Spaceflight Log

  • 7 June 1988 Flight: Mir EP-2. Flight Up: Soyuz TM-5. Flight Back: Soyuz TM-4. Flight Time: 9.84 days.
  • 11 February 1990 Flight: Mir EO-6. Flight Up: Soyuz TM-9. Flight Back: Soyuz TM-9. Flight Time: 179.05 days.
  • 27 July 1992 Flight: Mir EO-12. Flight Up: Soyuz TM-15. Flight Back: Soyuz TM-15. Flight Time: 188.90 days.
  • 27 June 1995 Flight: Mir EO-19. Flight Up: STS-71. Flight Back: Soyuz TM-21. Flight Time: 75.47 days.
  • 5 August 1997 Flight: Mir EO-24. Flight Up: Soyuz TM-26. Flight Back: Soyuz TM-26. Flight Time: 197.73 days.

Solovyov Chronology

23 August 1976 - Soviet Air Force Cosmonaut Training Group 6 selected..

1986 Early - Soyuz T-15A (cancelled). Final expedition to Salyut 7 station was cancelled when control was lost.
1986 June - Soyuz T-15B (cancelled). Planned second crew to opeate TKS-3 military experiments aboard Salyut 7 before control of the station was lost. Salyut 7 and Cosmos 1686 burned up in the atmosphere together in a fiery show over Argentina on February 7, 1991.
1986 September - Soyuz T-15C (cancelled). Cancelled all-female flight to be launched on International Woman's Day, to have docked with Mir or Salyut 7. Breakdown of Salyut 7, exhaustion of stock of Soyuz T spacecraft, and official resistance led to cancellation of the mission. Officially cancelled due to birth of Savitskaya's baby. No female cosmonauts would be in training again until a decade later.
22 July 1987 - Soyuz TM-3. Manned three crew. Transported to the Mir orbital space station a Soviet-Syrian crew comprising cosmonauts A S Viktorenko, A P Aleksandrov and M A Faris to conduct joint research and experiments with cosmonauts Y Romanenko and A Laveykin. Maneuvered from initial 231 X 217 km orbit to Mir's 311 X 359 km orbit. Docked with rear Mir port at 3:30 GMT 24 July. Undocked with rear port 30 July and docked to forward port.
7 June 1988 - Soyuz TM-5. Transported to the Mir orbital station a Soviet/Bulgarian crew comprising cosmonauts A Y Solovyev, V P Savinykh and A P Aleksandrov (Bulgaria) to conduct joint research and experiments with cosmonauts V G Titov and M K Manarov. Interim orbit 343 x 282 km. Maneuvered to Mir's 355 x 349 km orbit. Docked 15:57 GMT 9 June to Mir's aft port. Moved to forward port 18 June.
17 June 1988 - Landing of Soyuz TM-4. Undocked 06:18 GMT 17 June 88. Soyuz TM-4 landed at 10:13 GMT, 202 km from Dzehezkazgan, with the crew of Aleksandrov Aleksandr, Savinykh and Solovyov aboard.
5 September 1989 - Soyuz TM-8. Manned two crew. Mir Expedition EO-05. Docked with Mir 8 September. Transported to the Mir orbital station a team consisting of A S Viktorenko, commander of the spacecraft, and A A Serebrov, on-board engineer, to carry out scientific and technological research and experiments. Flight cost 80 million rubles. Expected return 25 million rubles net profit.
11 February 1990 - Soyuz TM-9. Manned two crew. Mir Expedition EO-06. Docked with Mir. Transported to the Mir orbital station a crew comprising the cosmonauts A Y Solovyov and A N Balandin to conduct an extensive programme of geophysical and astrophysical research, experiments on biology and biotechnology and work on space materials science.
17 July 1990 - EVA Mir EO-6-1. Repaired Soyuz TM-9 insulation rip.
26 July 1990 - EVA Mir EO-6-2. Dismantled equipment. Temporarily closed damaged hatch.
9 August 1990 - Landing of Soyuz TM-9. Soyuz TM-9 landed at 07:35 GMT, 70 km from Arkalyk at 50 deg 51'E 67 deg 17' N.
1991 End - Soyuz TM-14A (cancelled). Soyuz TM-13 and TM-14 crews were reshuffled extensively due to commercial seat bookings by Austria and Germany and the necessity of flying a Kazakh-born cosmonaut as part of the Baikonur rental agreement. This was the original crew assignment. The Kazakh researchers were moved to the earlier Soyuz TM-13 flight.
17 March 1992 - Soyuz TM-14. Mir Expedition EO-11. Joint flight with Germany. Docked at the Kvant rear port at 12:33 GMT on March 19.
27 July 1992 - Soyuz TM-15. Mir Expedition EO-12. Russian astronauts Solovyov and Avdeev and French astronaut Tognini were inserted into an initial 190 x 200 km orbit inclined 51.6 deg. Later on July 27 they maneuvered to a 223 x 343 km orbit, and on July 28 docked with Mir in its 405 x 410 km orbit.
3 September 1992 - EVA Mir EO-12-1. Began installation of VDU thruster pod on Sofora tower.
7 September 1992 - EVA Mir EO-12-2. Continued installation of VDU thruster pod on Sofora tower.
11 September 1992 - EVA Mir EO-12-3. Completed installation of VDU thruster pod on Sofora tower.
15 September 1992 - EVA Mir EO-12-4. Installed Kurs docking system antenna on Kristall module.
1 February 1993 - Landing of Soyuz TM-15. Aleksandr Solovyov and Sergey Avdeyev undocked from the Mir complex aboard Soyuz TM-15 on February 1 and landed the same day in Kazakhstan after six months in space at 03:47 GMT. Soyuz TM-15's flight was an in-orbit record for a Soyuz spaceship - 188 days 21 h 39 m.
3 October 1994 - Soyuz TM-20. Mir Expedition EO-17. Docked at the Mir forward port at 00:28 on 1994 October 6. The Mir crew of Viktorenko, Kondakova and Polyakov boarded Soyuz TM-20 on January 11, and undocked from Mir's front port at 09:00 GMT. The spacecraft withdrew to about two hundred metres from Mir and then redocked in a test of the automatic Kurs system, which had failed in Progress M-24's attempted docking. Redocking came at 09:25 GMT.
27 June 1995 - STS-71. Mir Expedition EO-19. Transferred Budarin, Solovyov to Mir, returned Soyuz TM-21 crew to Earth. After undocking from Mir on July 4, Atlantis spent several days on orbit, carrying out medical research work with the Spacelab-Mir module in the cargo bay. Payloads: Shuttle/Mir Mission 1, Spacelab-Mir, IMAX camera, Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX).
14 July 1995 - EVA Mir EO-19-1. Repaired solar array. Inspected exterior of station.
19 July 1995 - EVA Mir EO-19-2. Retrieved TREK detector.
21 July 1995 - EVA Mir EO-19-3. Installed Miras spectrometer.
11 September 1995 - Landing of Soyuz TM-21. Soyuz TM-21 landed at 06:52 GMT with the crew of Budarin and Solovyov aboard.
5 August 1997 - Soyuz TM-26. Mir Expedition EO-24. The Soyuz docked manually at 17:02 GMT August 7. Over the next six months the crew undertook seven internal and external spacewalks to repair the crippled space station.
22 August 1997 - EVA Mir EO-24-1. Connected Spektr power cables. Surveyed interior of depressurised Spektr module. Retrieved equipment and belongings from module.
6 September 1997 - EVA Mir EO-24-2. Inspected exterior of Spektr. Moved solar arrays.
20 October 1997 - EVA Mir EO-24-3. Installed new hatch to reconnect Spektr solar array cable with Mir power bus.
3 November 1997 - EVA Mir EO-24-4. Removed solar array from Kvant module.
6 November 1997 - EVA Mir EO-24-5. Installed solar array.
9 January 1998 - EVA Mir EO-24-6. Recovered equipment; began repairs on leaky Kvant-2 airlock. Examination of airlock indicated cause was loose belt, resulting in 10 mm gap.
14 January 1998 - EVA Mir EO-24-7. Inspected station exterior.
19 February 1998 - Landing of Soyuz TM-26. Solovyov and Vinogradov together with French astronaut Eyharts (launched aboard Soyuz TM-27) undocked from the forward port on Mir at 05:52 GMT on February 19, 1998, fired their deorbit engines at 08:16 GMT and landed in Kazakstan at 50 deg 11 N, 67 deg 31 E at 09:10 GMT.


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