Soyuz TM-3 home
topic index

Aleksandrov

22 July 1987 01:59 GMT. Landing Date: 1987-12-29 09:16:00 PM. Flight Time: 160.30 days. Alternate Name: Soyuz TM-3 (Aleksandrov). Flight Up: Soyuz TM-3. Flight Back: Soyuz TM-3. Call Sign: Vityaz (Knight ). Crew: Aleksandrov. Backup Crew: Savinykh. Program: Mir. A P Aleksandrov was transported to the Mir orbital space station abaord Soyuz TM-3 with a Soviet-Syrian crew comprising cosmonauts A S Viktorenko and M A Faris. Aleksandrov replaced the ailing EO-2 crew member Laveykin and remained aboard Mir with Romanenko. Soyuz TM-3 maneuvered from initial 231 X 217 km orbit to Mir's 311 X 359 km orbit and docked with the rear Mir port at 3:30 GMT 24 July.

Narrative (adapted from D S F Portree's Mir Hardware Heritage, NASA RP-1357, 1995)

Soyuz TM-3 arrived at the station and docked to the aft Kvant port. It would remained docked to the station from July 22-December 29, 1987. The Visiting Expedition observed Syria and conducted materials processing experiments. Syrian guest cosmonaut Mohammed Faris and Soviet cosmonaut Alexandr Viktorenko returned to Earth in Soyuz TM-2 with Alexandr Laveykin, who was diagnosed by ground-based doctors as having minor heart problems. He was replaced by Alexandr Alexandrov, who had arrived aboard Soyuz TM-3.

The crew entered Soyuz TM-3 on 30 July and flew it around to the forward port of the station, clearing the aft port for the next logistics flight. The Progress 31 remained docked to the aft port of the station from August 5-September 21, 1987. On August 10 the astrophysical instruments on Kvant became the first to detect X-rays from Supernova 1987a. On August 31 the cosmonauts conducted a preplanned emergency evacuation drill, retreating to Soyuz TM-3.

Progress 32 arrived at the station and remained docked to Kvant's aft port from September 26-November 17, 1987. At 0409 UT on November 6, Progress 32 backed away from Mir to 2.5 km. It redocked at 0547 UT, in a test designed to study ways of reducing the amount of fuel used during approach and docking operations. It was replaced by Progress 33 from November 23-December 19, 1987

By late in the year, investigators in Britain and Holland noted sporadic problems with their TTM wide-angle X-ray camera and with ESA's Sirene 2 gas-scintillation proportional counter. They queried the TsUP in Moscow as to whether crew activity could be causing interference with the instruments. Cosmos 1897, was a communications relay satellite of the Altair/SR series, designed to increase the amount of time Mir could be in touch with the TsUP on each orbit. It was launched on November 26 and stationed in geosynchronous orbit at 95° E. At the same time, fatigue had reduced the cosmonauts' workday to 4.5 hr.

Soyuz TM-4 docked with Mir at 12:51 GMT 23 December. It brought the EO-3 crew together with Buran test pilot Levchenko on a space indoctrination flight. Romanenko and Aleksandrov returned aboard Soyuz TM-3 together with Levchenko on December 29, 1987 09:16 GMT. They landed near Arkalyk. Romanenko had set a new space duration record.


Soyuz TM-3 Chronology

  • 1987 Jul 22 - Soyuz TM-3  Crew: Aleksandrov, Faris, Viktorenko. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 53. Mass: 7,100 kg (15,600 lb). Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz. Duration: 160.30 days. Perigee: 297 km (184 mi). Apogee: 353 km (219 mi). Inclination: 51.60 deg. Period: 91.00 min.

    Manned three crew. Transported to the Mir orbital space station a Soviet-Syrian crew comprising cosmonauts A S Viktorenko, A P Aleksandrov and M A Faris to conduct joint research and experiments with cosmonauts Y Romanenko and A Laveykin. Maneuvered from initial 231 X 217 km orbit to Mir's 311 X 359 km orbit. Docked with rear Mir port at 3:30 GMT 24 July. Undocked with rear port 30 July and docked to forward port.

  • 1987 Jul 30 - Landing of Soyuz TM-2 

    Undocked from Mir at 8:34 GMT on 29 July. The Orbital Module was jettisoned before retrofire and left in a 308 X 356 orbit. Soyuz TM-2 landed at 01:05 GMT with the crew of Faris, Laveykin and Viktorenko aboard.

  • 1987 Aug 3 - Progress 31  Spacecraft: Progress. Payload: Progress s/n 138. Mass: 7,212 kg (15,899 lb). Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz. Duration: 50.18 days. Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Apogee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 51.60 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Rendezvous transfer orbits 187 X 250 km, 51. 64 deg; 266 X 314 km; 309 X 360 km. Docked with Mir on 5 Aug 1987 22:27:35 GMT. Refueled Mir propellants tanks on 15/16 Sept. Undocked on 21 Sep 1987 23:57:41 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 23 Sep 1987 01:02:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.12 days. Total docked time 47.06 days.

  • 1987 Sep 23 - Progress 32  Spacecraft: Progress. Payload: Progress s/n 139. Mass: 7,035 kg (15,509 lb). Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz. Duration: 55.98 days. Perigee: 295 km (183 mi). Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 51.60 deg. Period: 91.00 min.

    Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Delivered 850 kg propellants, 315 kg food, 2,000 kg total. Docked with Mir on 26 Sep 1987 01:08:15 GMT. Undocked on 10 Nov 1987 04:09:10 GMT. Redocked from 2,500 m on 10 Nov 1987 05:47 GMT. Undocked again 17 Nov 1998 19:25 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 19 Nov 1987 00:58:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.17 days. Total docked time 52.82 days.

  • 1987 Nov 20 - Progress 33  Spacecraft: Progress. Payload: Progress s/n 140. Mass: 6,895 kg (15,200 lb). Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz. Duration: 28.58 days. Perigee: 326 km (202 mi). Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.60 deg. Period: 91.20 min.

    Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Space station orbit at rendezvous was 326 km x 343 km. Docked on 23 Nov 1987 01:39:13 GMT. Undocked on 19 Dec 1987 08:15:46 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 19 Dec 1987 13:37:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.30 days. Total docked time 26.28 days.

  • 1987 Dec 21 - Soyuz TM-4  Crew: Levchenko, Manarov, Titov Vladimir. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 54. Mass: 7,070 kg (15,580 lb). Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz. Duration: 178.95 days. Perigee: 337 km (209 mi). Apogee: 357 km (221 mi). Inclination: 51.60 deg. Period: 91.50 min.

    Mir Expedition EO-03. Carried Musa Manarov, Anatoly Levchenko, Vladimir Titov to Mir; returned crew of Soyuz TM-5 to Earth. Orbits 168 x 243 km, 255 x 296 km, 333 x 359 km. Docked with Mir 12:51 GMT 23 December. 30 December moved to forward port.

  • 1987 Dec 29 - Landing of Soyuz TM-3 

    Soyuz TM-3 undocked from Mir at 05:55 GMT and landed near Arkalyk at 09:16 GMT with the crew of Aleksandrov, Levchenko (Soyuz TM-4) and Romanenko (Soyuz TM-2) aboard.


Contact us with any corrections, additions, or comments.
Conditions for use of drawings, pictures, or other materials from this site..
To contact astronauts or cosmonauts.

© Mark Wade, 1997 - 2008 except where otherwise noted.