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"Members In The News"
Members in the News, October 2007
debate over “human terrain teams,” or social scientists,
including anthropologists, working with U.S. military/intelligence
agencies in Iraq and Afghanistan, has captivated the anthropology
community and news media alike in recent months. Members in
the News regarding this issue include Andrew Bickford,
Kerry Fosher, David Price,
Roberto Gonzalez, Marcus Griffin,
Hugh Gusterson, Montgomery McFate,
Felix Moos, James Peacock,
Brian Selmeski, and Gerald Sider.
coverage includes articles and interviews by the New York Times,
The Boston Globe, The Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor,
The Chronicle of Higher Ed, the San Francisco Chronicle, and
“The Diane Rehm Show” on WAMU 88.5 FM.
links to member op-eds and news coverage on the issue, click
Nadia Abu El-Haj,
assistant professor of anthropology at Barnard College, was
awarded tenure on November 2 after months of debate sparked
by an online petition opposing her promotion. On October 2,
2007 the AAA Executive Board issue a resolution in opposition
to the use of petitions to influence Ms. Abu El-Haj's bid for
here for the New York Times article. Click
her for a draft of the AAA resolution.
William Beeman, chair of the anthropology department
at the University of Minnesota, published an op-ed in the Tehrain
Times-Iran. Beeman counters the notion that Iran's domestic
energy program is aimed at developing nuclear weapons. He argues
that US sanctions on Iran will be ineffective and will not be
supported by the international community.
Keisha-Khan Perry, assistant professor
of anthropology and African studies at Brown University was
on NPR for a piece on the fight for social change across
the African Diaspora. The piece explores parallels between African
activism movements and the US Civil Rights Movement.
Tom Turrentine, a research anthropologist
at UC Davis Institute of Transportation is getting media attention
for his research on new plug-in hybrid sedans. The new hybrids
under testing can run on both oil and gas fuel and are less
expensive to run than the conventional hybrid. Read the
AScribe news article.
Penny Verin-Shapiro of Fresno State University
was profiled in a news story by the Fresno
Bee for her research on the Wiccans of Central Valley, California.
Sabina Maglioco of California State University, Northridge,
also offered insight on the worldwide growth of paganism in
Cathleen Willging and Elizabeth Lilliott
of the PIRE Behavioral Health Research Center of the Southwest
and Gilbert Quintero of the University of Montana were cited
in a PR
Newswire release for their research on cultural stereotypes
and Latino youth substance abuse. The PIRE study shows that
four cultural stereotypes-family, religion and spirituality,
gender roles and socioeconomic factors impede Latino youths
from seeking treatment for drug and alcohol addictions.
professor at Swarthmore College and Director of Research at
the Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages, appeared
on talk shows and newspaper headlines all over the world—including
the New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, the
Australian, “Good Morning America” and “The
Colbert Report.” Harrison answered questions about his
recent book, “When Languages Die,” which points
to five “hotspots,” or geographic regions, where
native languages are gravely endangered. The book grew out of
Harrison’s work for the National Geographic Society’s
Enduring Voices Project.
Eugenie S. Scott,
executive director of the National Center for Science Education,
was quoted in a New York Times article about a controversy over
a creationist T.V. documentary hosted by Ben Stein, called “Expelled:
No Intelligence Allowed.” According to the article,
Scott, Richard Dawkins, and others were interviewed for the
film, but not warned about the creationist bias of its content,
or even the real title of the film.
Meredith F. Small,
an anthropologist at Cornell University wrote an
article for LiveScience.com discussing a recent medical
study on sleep. Small quotes James McKenna,
an anthropologist at Notre Dame, on his cross-cultural research
on sleep, as a challenge to research that suggests seven hours
of uninterrupted sleep per night is the healthiest sleep pattern.
Janine R. Wedel,
professor of public policy at George Mason University and a
fellow at New American Foundation, called attention to the U.S.
government’s growing use of private military contractors
in a recent Op-Ed
published in the Boston Globe. Wedel argues that the Blackwater
scandal is just one part of a larger systemic problem that troubles
U.S. military, intelligence and homeland security efforts.
an assistant professor of cultural anthropology at Kansas State
University who studies the impact of new media on human interaction,
was quoted in a New
York Times article on guerilla-style photographers hired
to capture the surprise moment of marriage proposals. Wesch
commented on the tensions of seeking fame and remaining authentic
as it relates to archiving our lives on the Internet.
Members in the News, September
Alex W. Barker,
Director of the Museum of Art & Archaeology of the University
of Missouri, was quoted on the significance of the settlement
reached between Yale University and the government of Peru regarding
collections excavated by Hiram Bingham from Machu Picchu in
and Peru Reach Pact on Artifacts,” published in the
September 17, 2007 issue of Inside Higher Ed.
Kate Browne of
Colorado State University, aired the Post-Katrina documentary,
“Still Waiting,” on PBS stations in late August
to coincide with the two-year anniversary of Hurricane Katrina.
The one-hour documentary, which Browne produced in collaboration
with two-time Emmy award winning filmmaker Ginny Martin, follows
three women in a family of 150 over the course of 18 months—from
their evacuation to Dallas, TX to their heartbreaking return
to the New Orleans area. Many markets are broadcasting the film
in September or October 2007. For a list of when and where the
film is being broadcast, to view a low-resolution streaming
video, or to purchase the film for home or educational use,
please visit: http://www.stillwaiting.colostate.edu/.
an anthropologist at Harvard University, and Silvia
Grider, a retired professor of anthropology at Texas
A&M, were quoted in a Denver Post article titled, “A
Tribute Etched in Stone.” The article addressed the
trend of fast-paced construction of memorial and shrines in
face of tragic events. Greenspan is quoted stating, “The
challenge is often bringing individual memories into some institutionalized
story that every one agrees upon. That's where conflict arises."
an anthropologist at the Summer Institute of Linguistics and
adjunct professor at University of North Dakota, was featured
in a front page article in the Sunday Manila Times on September
2 (pp. A1 and A2) on his research among Philippine post-foraging
societies. That article is titled "Negrito (Agta) languages'
descent into extinction." Headland has identified over
30 endangered Philippine languages—mostly those of the
Agta (or Aeta or Negrito). Today, the Negrito peoples number
a mere 0.05% of the nation’s peoples.
John Tofik Karam,
assistant professor of Latin American and Latino Studies at
DePaul University in Chicago, was interviewed by the Instituto
de Cultura Árabe (Icárabe)—a grassroots
organization promoting Arab culture and history, based out of
São Paulo, Brazil. Karam’s interview and two other
reports about him were posted on the Institute’s website,
Karam spoke of his recent book, Another Arabesque: Syrian-Lebanese
Ethnicity in Neoliberal Brazil, his own family history in Lebanon,
the U.S., and Brazil, as well as post-9/11 racial politics in
of Florida Gulf Coast University was spotlighted
for working to establish an outdoor research facility or
“body farm” in Southwest Florida where anthropologists
and criminologists could practice forensic science on donated
cadavers. The article indicates that the proposed body farm
would be closely modeled after the University of Tennessee's
Forensic Anthropology Center.
professor of gender studies and anthropology at Indian University
was featured as an expert on consumption for a Sept. 16 article
in TheStar.com titled, “In
an iPod world, the future is always now.” Wilk is
currently working on a book on the history of men and consumption.
department head and professor of anthropology at Penn State
University and author of “SKIN: A Natural History,”
was interviewed for a NPR
Morning Edition piece on August 28, 2007. The arts &
culture piece addressed a recent debate on the portrayal of
King Tut’s race in the museum exhibit, “Tutankhamen
and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs,” currently stationed
at the Franklin Institute Science Museum in Philadelphia.
of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History was featured
in an article by the Santa Barbara Inquirer on her recent book,
Ethnobotany: Plant Knowledge Among the Chumash People of Southern
Califronia.” The book which Timbrook has described
as “my life’s work,” offers a comprehensive
guide to the over 150 plant species utilized and mythologized
by the Chumash People.
of the State University of New York at Stony Brook and Zelalem
Assefa of George Washington University were quoted
in a Washington
Post article on the controversial transportation of Lucy,
the famous 3.2 million year old bone-set discovered in Ethiopia
by paleontologists Donald Johanson of Arizona State University
and Tom Gray in 1974. Leakey
and Assefa spoke out against the transportation of Lucy to the
US for an eight-month museum tour. In an Associated Press
article, Rick Potts, director of the Smithsonian’s
Human Origins program, also criticized
the Houston Museum for risking the safety of the irreplaceable
an anthropologist at Utah State University, was recently hosted
Brian Lehmer Show” on WNYC radio. The topic of the
show was inspired by a July 15 article in The
Boston Globe which critiqued the notion that the “mom-on-all-fours”
approach to parenting common among upper and middle class American
families is the best and only way to raise a child. The Boston
Globe piece cites Lancy’s cross-cultural research on mother-child
play which was published in American
Anthropologist in June 2007.
an anthropologist living in Washington, published an eloquent
appreciation of Nazario Turpo in the Washington Post. Turpo
was a Peruvian paqo and activist who also worked as a consultant
with the Smithsonian’s National Museum of the American
Indian. He recently died in a bus
accident in the Andes.
an anthropologist, actor and magician who was last seen on the
History Channel special "Houdini: Unlocking the Mystery
" appeared on August 21 and August 22 on the A&E series
MINDFREAK with Chris Angel. In the episode titled, “Burning
Man,” Draper discussed Southwestern Native American rites
associate professor of anthropology at New York University,
received widespread national media attention in August for her
co-authorship of a study on two Kenyan fossils, a Homo erectus
skull and Homo habilis jawbone. The recent discovery, led by
Meave Leakey of the famous paleontologist family, provides evidence
that the two species of early human ancestors may have co-existed
for at least half a million years, casting serious doubt on
the theory of linear evolution. Anton is quoted in several articles
discussing the surprisingly small skull of the Homo erectus
fossil which may indicate sexual dimorphism in the Homo erectus
species and multiple mates for the Homo erectus male.
John Brett of
the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center,
Carole Counihan of Millersville University,
Miriam Chaiken of Indiana University,
Crystal Patil of the University of South Florida and
James Watson of Harvard University were cited
in the article “How
the World Eats” by Bryan Walsh in the June 11 issue
of Time Magazine. The article discussed changes in eating patterns
around the world resulting from industrialization, globalization
and the women’s movement. The above-cited members were
quoted discussing Coca-Cola availability in African villages,
meat consumption in China, family-style dining in Italy and
urbanization-related changes in Latin America. “How the
World Eats” was featured as one article in a collection
of articles relating to diet and health topics in the June 11
Jeffrey H. Cohen, professor of anthropology
at Ohio State University, was featured in the article “Hopping
Good” on the culture page in the June 2007 issue of
National Geographic. The article, based on his research in Oaxaca
Mexico, discusses the importance of chapuline (grasshoppers)
in the rural Oaxacan diet. .
an evolutionary anthropologist and human behavior researcher
at Rutgers University, was referenced as an expert on the science
of love in two LA Times articles in July and August titled “This
is your brain on love” and “Are anti-depressants
taking the edge off love?” The latter article cites Fisher’s
2006 book, “Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience”
in which she published fMRI brain scans of men and women in
the early phases of falling in love. Fisher concluded that the
brain chemistry of an infatuated lover is similar to the brain
chemistry of someone addicted to drugs. Her 2006 research previously
gained national attention in “Love—The
Chemical Reaction” featured as the cover story in
the February 2006 edition of National Geographic Magazine.
Yolanda T. Moses,
vice provost for diversity and conflict resolution professor
of anthropology at University of California–Riverside
and the Understanding Race and Human Variation advisory board
chair, was quoted in The Politico on August 13, 2007.
The article titled “Calling
Color Into Question” addressed the issue of race in
the campaign of 2008 presidential candidate Barack Obama. Moses
was quoted stating, “Race is not about biology. Race is
about the construction of social hierarchy.”
PhD candidate at UC Berkeley, was spotlighted in “China’s
Green Revolution” by McKenzie Funk, an article featured
in the July 2007 issue of Popular Science magazine. May’s
dissertation research communicated via interviews from the field
served as the basis for Funk’s analysis of the sustainable
development project in Huangbaiyu, Liaoning, China, an experimental
“green city” designed by Chinese architects and
engineers to save the growing superpower from the environmental
threats of rapid-paced urbanization.
King, a professor of anthropology at the College of
William and Mary, has received widespread media coverage of
her new book, “Evolving God: A Provocative View on the
Origins of Religion,” which explores the prehistory of
religion and was released in January 2007. Several news and
literary organizations have given “Evolving God”
favorable reviews, including the Chronicle of Higher Education,
where King's book was noted in the April 20, 2007, essay “The
DNA of religious faith.” “King's touchstone is 'belongingness,'
the idea that 'hominids turned to the sacred realm because they
evolved to relate in deeply emotional ways with their social
partners, ... and because the human brain evolved to allow an
extension of this belongingness beyond the hear and now,”
wrote the CHE essayist. Other reviews and discussions of the
book have included:
of faith,”,” Boston Globe, April 8,
conversation with Barbara J. King,”,
Critical Mass (National Book Critics Circle Board of
Directors' blog), April 2, 2007
religion evolve?,” On Faith (a joint online
religion feature of Newsweek and the Washington Post), March
feel; therefore, we believe,” Dallas Morning
News, Feb. 18, 2007
-“God and gorillas,” Salon.com, Jan. 31, 2007
Schoch-Spana, chairwoman of the Working Group on Community
Engagement in Health Emergency Planning for the University of
Pittsburgh Medical Center's Center for Biosecurity, appeared
as a guest and a source in several news outlets' coverage of
a recently released report that recommends that federal authorities
make a sustained investment in local health emergency preparedness
systems that collaborate with civic groups and private citizens.
Schoch-Spana was interviewed on the public radio program
Security: Inside and Out,” which aired April
17, 2007, on KAMU, Texas A&M University's campus radio station,
and April 18, 2007, on WAMU radio in Washington, D.C. She was
also quoted in an April 13, 2007, article in Congressional Quarterly's
Homeland Security publication (“Citizen groups could be
tapped as major force to mitigate death, destruction”).
“Officials need to work with citizens and civic groups
before disaster strikes to promote all the ways the public can
contribute, including taking part in policy decisions, building
volunteer networks, getting support for tax or bond measures
that limit vulnerability and improve health and safety agencies,
and yes, having family emergency plans, too,” Schoch-Spana
was quoted as saying. Schoch-Spana was also quoted April 4,
1007, in the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review (“Allegheny County's
emergency efforts national model of preparedness”). “Many
years post-9/11, there's a call for enhanced citizen preparedness,
and national polls continue to say Americans aren't prepared,”
she was quoted as saying.
Kirksey, an anthropologist investigating the 2002 shooting
deaths of two Americans and one Indonesian in Papua Province,
was named in an April 8, 2007, article in the International
Herald Tribune. “New
report sheds light on 2002 Papua shooting”
noted Kirksey as a co-author of a new study that analyzed ballistics
evidence in the shootings. The analysis found that 13 different
guns were used and more than 200 shots were fired from different
angles; this analysis was presented at the trial of a man who
confessed to the shootings. “We are the first to publicly
identify a smoking gun. In fact, we have unearthed evidence
of 10 smoking guns. This means that there was another group
of shooters, wielding enormous firepower,” Kirksey was
quoted as saying.
book by Richard Handler, professor and associate
dean of anthropology at the University of Virginia, and Eric
Gable, associate professor of anthropology at the University
of Mary Washington, was cited in an April 6, 2007, article in
the New York Times. “An
upgrade for ye olde history park” reviewed
the living history exhibition at Colonial Williamsburg. Handler
and Gable's 1997 book, “The New History in an Old Museum:
Creating the Past at Colonial Williamsburg,” was discussed
in relation to how changing perspectives on history during the
1970s have influenced the image and symbolic character the historical
village seeks to project.
Brownell, an anthropologist at the University of Missouri
at St. Louis and an expert on China sports, was quoted in an
Associated Press story that ran March 24, 2007, in the Seattle
fast start, problems plague Beijing” examined
preparations for the 2008 Olympics, including questions about
the Beijing Organizing Committee's shunning of foreign experts.
Brownell provided cultural context for the committee's actions.
“Letting Westerners organize their Olympic sports would
have a bad resonance. The Olympic Games should be a stepping
stone to an increasing Chinese presence in the Western-dominated
institutions and cliques that underpin the world of international
sports. If you give Westerners too much control, it just reinforces
the Western-dominated status quo,” Brownell was quoted
obituary remembering the life of William Sturtevant,
curator emeritus of North American ethnology at the Smithsonian
Institution's National Museum of Natural History, ran March
20, 2007, in the Los Angeles Times. The obituary
noted Sturtevant's half-century career at the Smithsonian, his
encyclopedic knowledge of the material culture of Native Americans,
and his pioneering work in ethnohistory and ethnoscience. The
Times adapted the obituary from an earlier one that ran in the
Hayden, a social anthropologist at the University of
Pittsburgh, was named in a March 15, 2005, piece in The
Economist. “Really loving your neighbor”
focused on efforts to shift the conventional wisdom of conflict
studies and race relationship from understanding xenophobia
to promoting allophilia (the liking of other groups) as a policy
goal. Hayden was noted for coining the terms “antagonistic
tolerance” to describe how sacred sites were shared by
Christians and Muslims in the Ottoman world and by Hindus and
Muslims in British India. “His point? The fact that groups
accept a regime or 'truce' imposed by an imperial power does
not mean they will refrain from competing once they get a chance,”
wrote the piece's author.
McNamara, an anthropologist with the U.S. Department
of Energy's Sandia National Laboratories, and Alan Goodman,
a professor of anthropology at Hampshire College and president
of AAA, were quoted in a March 13, 2007, story in the online
Daily News section of the Chronicle of Higher Education. ““Anthropologists
discuss where to draw ethical lines in dealing with national-security
agencies” covered a panel at Brown University
involving several AAA members discussing how and where anthropology
should draw ethical lines in working with national security
agencies. The members were from AAA's Ad Hoc Commission on the
Engagement of Anthropology with the U.S. Security and Intelligence
Communities. The article noted a recent essay by McNamara, paraphrasing
her points as arguing that “too many conversations about
anthropologists and the military tend to 'recycle the same issues'
about secrecy and informed consent. Anthropologists who work
with military and security issues today...often face different,
more subtle ethical challenges than did Vietnam-era social scientists.”
Goodman explained the commission's work was part of a larger
discussion about the rise of applied anthropology, in which
anthropologists work for corporations and other agencies. He
said the association needs to think about the degree to which
anthropologists are working for corporations who want some control
over the results of their research. “And that's related
to what this committee will discuss. Is working with intelligence
agencies really just a continuation of the same types of things
that one might be doing for a corporation, or is there really
something special about working in intelligence that makes it
entirely different?,” Goodman was quoted as saying.
Jablonski, a professor of anthropology and department
head at Pennsylvania State University, was interviewed about
her new book, “Skin: A Natural History,” on National
Public Radio's March 3, 2007, Weekend Edition program. A clip
of the interview is available on the NPR Web site. Additionally,
Jablonski was a guest on the Feb. 28, 2007, Comedy Central program
The Colbert Report, where she talked about her book and how
skin color evolved as an adaptation to environment and different
column by Hugh Gusterson, a professor of cultural
studies at George Mason University, was published Feb. 21, 2007,
in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, a magazine focusing
on global security and analysis. “A parent's quandary”
relayed a first-person account of Gusterson's participation,
with his son, in a protest against the Iraq war. “While
the Pentagon gets $450 billion a year...parents at my son's
school sell Christmas tress in the cold rain, organize auctions
and fundraising dances after they come home from work, and beg
local businesses to donate to the school, arduously raising
money dollar by dollar for books and teachers' aides. This is
why, far from being ashamed, I felt that I was honoring my son
by taking him to the protest. And honoring Martin Luther King.
He said, 'A society that spends more money on military defense
than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death,'
” Gusterson wrote.
commentary by Roberto Gonzalez, an associate
professor of anthropology at San Jose State University, was
published Feb. 2, 2007, in the Chronicle of Higher Education.
“We must fight the militarization of anthropology”
discussed the issues surrounding military and intelligence interest
in and use of academic knowledge, particularly as an element
in the “war on terror.” “Recent events have
dramatically demonstrated that anthropological and other scholarly
information is a potentially valuable intelligence tool. But
history tells us that such information can easily be misused
when put into the wrong hands. That is why we, as scholars,
must make a continuing effort to speak out against the misappropriation
of our work,” Gonzalez wrote.
by Glenn Davis Stone, a professor of anthropology
at Washington University in St. Louis, was covered in a Jan.
31, 2007, column on Salon.com. “Ganesh and Brahma bow
to a new god” discussed the use of hybrid cotton seed
varieties by farmers in India and genetically modified crops.
The column noted Stone's paper, “Agricultural deskilling
and the spread of genetically modified cotton in Warangal,”
which was published in the February issue of Current Anthropology.
“Stone obliterates the biotechnology industry thesis that
small farmers are switching because the new seeds are demonstrably
superior to the old ones — in the specific case of the
Warangal district...Stone's research has poked holes in what
proponents of GM technology want us to believe[; however,] that
does not mean Stone believes there is no place for GM technology
in the developing world,” wrote the columnist.
Wilk, a professor of anthropology at Indiana University,
was quoted in a series of stories in the San Francisco Chronicle
in January 2007. “Spin the (water) bottle” ran Jan.
17 and investigated the $11 billion-a-year U.S. bottled water
market. “This is an industry that takes a free liquid
that falls from the sky and sells it for as much as four times
what we pay for gas. There's almost nowhere in America where
the drinking water isn't adequate. Municipalities spend billions
of dollars bringing clean, cheap water to people's homes. But
many of us would still rather buy it in a store,” Wilk
was quoted as saying. On Jan. 19, the story “How water
bottlers tap into all sorts of sources” examined the sources
of bottled waters, which in many cases is not mountain springs
but the same pipes from which tap water originates. Meanwhile,
the story compared the price per gallon of bottled water ($7.50
to $11) vs. the price per gallon of gas ($2 to $3). “It's
ridiculous. Why do people spend so much to drink water from
glaciers or from Iceland? What's the difference?,” Wilk
was quoted as saying.
commentary by William Peace, author of “Leslie
A. White: Evolution and Revolution in Anthropology,” was
published Jan. 18, 2007, online in CounterPunch, a biweekly
newsletter created by journalists Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey
St. Clair. “Protest from a bad cripple: The Ashley treatment
and the making of a pillow angel” discusses 9-year-old
Ashley, a mentally and physically disabled girl subjected to
surgery and hormone treatments to prevent growth, and the lack
of progress made in social perceptions of disability and disability
rights. “I am less concerned with medicine as science
but rather with the social decision that went into the application
of the Ashley Treatment. The problem Ashley's parents encounter
is not within the walls of the hospital where such extreme measures
were taken but in the social construction of disability in the
eyes of American society,” Peace wrote.
Adams, an anthropology professor with Southern Illinois
University, was mentioned in a column Jan. 14, 2007, in the
Los Angeles Times. “Definitions of whiteness amid the
Delta blues” contemplated the concept of “whiteness”
and noted Adams' research on the topic in the Mississippi Delta.
“...to Adams and Gorton,” the columnist wrote, “the
Delta is also a regional petri dish that can be analyzed to
better understand the construction of white identity in the
United States. What I learned is that even in the one place
where you'd expect the issue of black and white to be, well,
black and white, it's a whole lot more complicated, and that
it's a mistake, as Angelenos well know, to think that racial
identities always obliterate ethnic and class distinctions.”
International Herald Tribune published a commentary by Diane
King, a cultural anthropologist who studies Kurdistan,
is a fellow at Brown University and a researcher at Washington
State University. “A 16-year cycle of treachery”
reviewed the history of U.S.-Kurd alliances from 1975 through
current Kurdish-American cooperation in Iraq. “Iraqi society
has as its sociopolitical bedrock a patron-client system. A
rich patron provides for, protects and lends identity to clients,
who pledge loyalty in exchange. By participating vigorously
in the American project in Iraq, many Kurds may have initially
thought they were hitching their wagon to a star patron,”
King wrote. Meanwhile, their relationship with the United States
has not gone unnoticed by other Iraq ethnic groups, and King
warned retribution will follow. In the past, when the U.S. has
withdrawn support or failed to follow through with assistance,
Kurds have suffered. “...America must not repeat these
mistakes. It must recognize the responsibility it has taken
in depending so heavily on the people of Iraqi Kurdistan for
its mission in Iraq, and consider what will happen to them when
it significantly scales back its military presence,” King
letter to the editor by Dan Segal, an anthropology
professor at Pitzer College, was printed in the Jan. 8, 2007,
issue of the New York Times. In “Climate change: No time
to debate,” Segal commented on an article covering the
global warming debate that claimed to identify an intermediate
position between the Bush administration and Al Gore's documentary,
“An Inconvenient Truth.” “The notion that
the truth is midway between two poles of debate is a longstanding
American myth, but it does not work in this case. While neither
“An Inconvenient Truth” nor the so-called middle
stance is the final word on climate change, both are responsible
efforts to get at the truth,” Segal wrote.
op-ed by David Vine, a public anthropologist
in residence at American University, was published Jan. 2, 2007,
in the Washington Post. “Island of injustice” discussed
the forced expulsions of the native population of the Chagos
Archipelago by the British and U.S. governments nearly 40 years
ago to make way for a U.S. military base. That base, according
to Vine, has recently been used as a key launching pad for wars
in Iraq and Afghanistan. The commentary also reported on the
status of recent lawsuits brought against the U.S. and British
governments; the British High Court has ruled the islanders'
expulsion illegal, opening the door to resettlement in the Chagos.
Meanwhile, lawsuits in the United States have been dismissed.
“Forty years almost to the day after the signing of the
initial Diego Garcia agreement, there should be no difficulty
in assessing the responsibility of the United States: The U.S.
government developed the idea for a base on Diego Garcia, demanded
the removal of the islanders, paid the British for the deportations
and gave the orders to complete the removals,” Vine wrote.
An opinion piece by William
Beeman, a professor of anthropology at the University
of Minnesota, was published Dec. 22, 2006, by New America Media,
a news service and collaboration of ethnic news organizations
founded by Pacific News Service in California. “Democracy
gets traction in Iran” analyzed recent elections and
political trends in Iran, including increased participation
and activism by Iranian youth and women. “If left to its
own devices without foreign interference, Iran undoubtedly [would]
be more democratic, more liberal, more secular and more positively
disposed toward the West than ever before in the Islamic Republic,”
North American director for the National Geographic Society's
Genographic Project and an assistant professor of anthropology
at the University of Pennsylvania, was mentioned in a Dec. 10,
2006, article in the New York Times. “DNA gatherers hit
snag: Tribes don't trust them” covered the Genographic
Project's efforts to collect 100,000 indigenous DNA samples
and criticism that scientists seeking the DNA are underselling
the risks to donors, such as the impact on long-held beliefs
and cultural preservation. Schurr, however, is working with
a review board in Alaska, sponsored by the federal Indian Health
Service, to create a consent form for DNA donors that details
the potential risks, including database links between DNA and
tribal information. Meanwhile, early results in Schurr's work
have surprised some Alaskans who have already volunteered their
DNA, including one woman whose DNA linked her to a different
tribe than expected, sparking her interest in further research.
an anthropologist at the University of Cambridge, was noted
in an Oct. 30, 2006, article in The Times (U.K.) newspaper.
“But comrade Stalin, I thought you'd like an Indian bonnet”
covered the opening of a Moscow exhibit “Gifts to Soviet
Leaders,” which Ssorin-Chaikov helped to compile. The
exhibit featured objects presented to Soviet leaders by peasants,
workers, heads of state and others. “In many ways, the
scale of gift-giving is similar to that for the British monarchy.
Stalin and Brezhnev received the most, but we were surprised
to find so many for Krushchev,” Ssorin-Chaikov was quoted
A guest column by Josiah
Heyman, an anthropology professor at the University
of Texas at El Paso, was published in the El Paso Times Sept.
19, 2006. “Immigration debate has moral heart” discussed
immigration in the United States and called for citizens and
immigrants to work together in the society they have mutually
created, where relationships are not only expressed person to
person but through laws. “A comprehensive immigration
reform is our collective national expression of bonds between
host society and new immigrants, the sum of all our individual
encounters. A legalization program for settled undocumented
immigrants recognizes the ties and loyalties they have developed
in America. A program supporting communities adjusting to new
immigrant populations – helping with hospitals, schools,
police and fire departments – acknowledges their pioneering
role in the renewal of America,” wrote Heyman.
Mary Pohl, an
Olmec expert at Florida State University, was featured on National
Public Radio's Morning Edition Sept. 15, 2006. “Earliest
New World writing discovered” discussed archaeological
investigations involving hieroglyph-bearing stone blocks found
in Veracruz, Mexico, which appear to be the oldest writing ever
found in the Americas. “We see that the writing is very
closely connected with ritual and the early religious beliefs,
because they are taking the ritual carvings and putting them
into glyphs and making writing out of them — and all of
this is occurring in the context of the emergence of early kings
and the development of a centralized power and stratified society,”
Pohl was quoted as saying.
an anthropologist and Pentagon consultant, was among those profiled
in the Dec. 18, 2006, article in the New Yorker “Knowing
the enemy: Can social scientists redefine the 'war on terror'?”
The article discussed the relationship between the government
and anthropology, as well as McFate's work with the U.S. Department
of Defense, including Iraq and her Pentagon project Cultural
Operations Research Human Terrain. CORHT involves social scientist
teams who will serve as cultural advisers on tours in Iraq and
Afghanistan. Pilot teams are slated to leave next spring. The
article's author wrote that McFate told him she is making it
her “ 'evangelical mission' to get the Department of Defense
to understand the importance of 'cultural knowledge'.”
An essay by Lawrence Breitborde,
a dean and professor of anthropology at Knox College in Galesburg,
Ill., appeared Dec. 5, 2006, in the online magazine Inside Higher
Ed. The essay, “Don't
tell me what I said. I know what I meant,” is an adaptation
of a talk Breitborde gave during AAA's 2006 Annual Meeting.
It discussed his experiences as a dean with higher education
management and how principles of sociocultural anthropology
play a role in those experiences.
an anthropology professor and director of African studies at
Colby College in Waterville, Maine, was noted in a Dec. 11,
2006, New Yorker article, “New in town: The Somalis of
Lewiston.” The article discussed the lives and experiences
of Somali refugees who have settled in Lewiston, Maine, and
recounts Besteman's participation in a college panel about “Recent
Shifts in Lewiston's Refugee Population.” Besteman and
her husband had lived in a Somali Bantu village, Banta, in the
1980s. She later wrote a book titled “Unraveling Somalia:
Race, Violence and the Legacy of Slavery.” After the Somali
civil war, Besteman had tried to find some of the families she
knew in the Banta area, but her efforts were unsuccessful. When
she arrived at the panel to speak, other panelists recognized
her. Three of her fellow panelists turned out to be men she
had known as children in Banta. Later, Besteman and her husband
met with the Lewiston Bantus community to share photos from
Banta. “Most of those who made it over here were babies
then. They never knew their parents. People in the audience
were seeing their moms and dads for the first time. It was very,
very moving,” Besteman was quoted as saying.
Several members were included
in a Nov. 22, 2006, article in the online magazine Inside Higher
and social scientists” discussed resolutions
regarding Iraq and torture that were voted on during AAA's 2006
Annual Meeting, as well as the possible use of anthropological
research in creating tactics used at Abu Ghraib prison. Alan
Goodman, AAA president and a professor of anthropology
at Hampshire College in Massachusetts, commented on the message
that the vote on the resolutions sent. “I think this shows
how outraged members of the association are. Anthropological
knowledge has been implicated in nefarious forms of torture.
It's vital to show that we are opposed,” Goodman was quoted
as saying. Gerald Sider, an emeritus anthropology
professor at the City University of New York Graduate Center
and the College of Staten Island, also commented on the efforts
behind the resolutions. “We're trying to do something
against mealy-mouthed policies that don't hold responsible those
scum with Ph.D.s who stand beside torturers,” Sider was
quoted as saying. Roberto Gonzalez, associate
professor of anthropology at San Jose State University, and
Kanhong Lin, a graduate student in American
University's anthropology department, were noted as sponsors
of the resolutions. Gonzalez and Lin expressed how they experienced
increasing anger and disgust with reports of anthropology being
used to shift the focus of interrogation techniques from physical
to culturally based tactics. “This is a gross misuse of
social science knowledge,” Gonzalez was quoted as saying.
Lin also noted anthropologists' obligation to speak out because
of anthropology's past ties with U.S. and British colonial governments.
“We've had a closely intertwined relationship with the
CIA in the past,” Lin was quoted as saying. Felix
Moos, an anthropologist with the University of Kansas,
was noted for urging scholars to work with the federal government
and share expertise; he stressed he does not approve of torture
but was unsure about the effectiveness of anthropologists' position.
“The anthropological community is one that I have felt
is somewhat resistant to see the real conditions in which the
world unfortunately finds itself. The United States finds itself
up against serious challenges today and we should do our utmost
to reasonably approach those many challenges rather than rely
on the rhetoric of resolutions that in practical terms simply
stir up counterproductive reactions,” Moos was quoted
an anthropology professor at Cuyahoga Community College in Cleveland,
Ohio, was named as a recipient of a U.S. Professors of the Year
award in a Nov. 15, 2006, USA Today article. The awards are
sponsored by the Council for Advancement and Support of Education.
honored for creativity” explained the awards and introduced
the 2006 roster of recipients. Judges select national winners
in four categories, and each winner receives $5,000. The categories
are baccalaureate colleges, community colleges, doctoral and
research universities, and master's colleges and universities.
Lewine won in the community college category “for his
dedication to promoting community college education.”
He said the award was a high point in his teaching career. Lewine
also described what he likes about the community college environment.
“A community college to me is a very magical place for
anyone interested in interacting with a highly diverse group
of people,” he was quoted as saying.
a security anthropologist, a research assistant professor at
Dartmouth Medical School and an associate with Syracuse University's
Institute for National Security and Counter-Terrorism, was quoted
in two recent articles in Government Executive Magazine. “Disaster
drills” (Nov. 1, 2006) explored how effective emergency
and preparedness exercises are, as well as the flaws relating
to preparedness tests. Fosher was quoted in a section discussing
the follow-up procedures government agencies are to carry out
after tests, including completion of an after-action report,
which summarizes lessons learned in a drill and corrective actions.
The reports, the reporter wrote, are “at last partially
made public, so it's perhaps understandable that they omit some
weaknesses identified in the exercise.” Fosher's quote
immediately followed. “In good organizations, those things
get taken care of. In bad organizations, those things get swept
under the rug,” Fosher was quoted as saying. The other
wonders” (Oct. 1, 2006), critiques Department of Homeland
Security and other agency habits of “allowing single events
and their public attention to shape security policies”
and allocating funding for emergency preparedness in an after-the-fact
fashion. Fosher, a member of the AAA Ad Hoc Commission on the
Engagegment of Anthropology with the U.S. Security and Intelligence
Communities, was quoted about how the overall disaster preparedness
system can suffer when solutions are focused on specific threats
rather than all potential disasters. “The thing that's
particularly frustrating is that many of us work very hard to
develop an all-hazards approach to planning. We want to be efficient
with tax dollars and effective in terms of plan sustainability.
Then the press and Congress get enamored of a particular problem
and all of the sudden you have mandates that locals need to
generate smallpox or pandemic flu plans after you promised them
that you will not make them plan for the disease of the week.
Funds for planning are in very short supply and the all-hazards
model tends to be a cost-saver in the long run,” Fosher
was quoted as saying.
now with the University of Minnesota anthropology department,
was quoted in an Oct. 29, 2006, story in U.S. News and World
let's play ball: The insular world of intelligence reaches out
for a few new ideas” covered efforts of U.S. intelligence
agencies to engage experts outside of the intelligence community
to help understand topics such as why people join terrorist
and other groups, why extremism is spreading worldwide, and
how to stop it. Included was a discussion of the Office of the
Director of National Intelligence's Summer Hard Problems workshop,
or SHARP, which brought together specialists from the social
sciences, including anthropology, to help inform analysts from
the Central Intelligence Agency and several other intelligence
agencies. The article also discussed concerns within anthropology
over intelligence work and mentioned AAA's actions regarding
a CIA ad and recent launch of a commission to investigate anthropology
and U.S. Intelligence. Beeman, who has participated in seminars
under every administration since Carter's, talked about the
desire to lend expertise to an intelligence community asking
for help. He stressed the importance of lending expertise in
light of Washington's recent record of intelligence failures.
“I am very disposed to doing anything I can to bring some
enlightenment to these people,” Beeman was quoted as saying.
Several members were quoted in
a Sept. 5, 2006, article in PC magazine. “How
to build a better product — study people” explored
ethnographic research and development and how they help create
new products. Intel and Microsoft, both of whom employ anthropologists
(including many AAA members), were used as examples in the piece.
John Sherry, an Intel ethnographer, works in
the company's Digital Health organization. His comments related
to Intel researchers' multi-year study of the aging process
in various cultures; this research contributed to several new
technologies to help caregivers keep a remote eye on their loved
ones. “We don't want [the elderly] to feel like they're
under surveillance so we try and stay away from cameras and
work more with sensors. By putting simple sensors in doors,
chairs and under mattresses you can get a sense of how much
a person moves around the house and you can track their activities,”
Sherry was quoted as saying. Meanwhile, Ken Anderson,
an anthropologist with Intel's People and Practices Research
Group and an organizer of the AAA-sponsored Ethnographic Praxis
in Industry Conference, commented about Intel's research on
globalization and technology, specifically the company's studies
of transnational people (those who are born in one place but
live in another). “Besides the sheer value of money we're
also interested in the understanding of technology. For example,
a man from Ghana who was living in London went back to Ghana
with his iPod and transferred music onto his cousin's hard disk.
His cousin didn't have an iPod so he ended up cracking the hard
disk out of his machine and taking it to parties,” Anderson
was quoted as saying. The article also mentioned EPIC 2006,
the American Anthropological Association and AAA's Web site.
Additionally, past AAA member Tracey Lovejoy was
quoted in the piece.
George Baca, an
assistant professor of anthropology at Goucher College in Baltimore,
was guest editor of Urbanite magazine's November 2006 issue,
which featured a section on "The
race thing: Why Baltimoreans don't talk about it." The section
included two articles: "The elephant in the city" by Matthew
Crenson, who teaches political science at Johns Hopkins University;
and "Alone at the table" by R. Darryl Foxworth, a freelance
journalist who grew up in Baltimore. Urbanite is a monthly magazine
published in Baltimore, focusing on its cosmopolitan communities
and explorations of issues behind the news. Each edition of
the magazine centers on a theme and brings in a guest editor
"who has demonstrated visionary thinking on that topic locally
Alex Golub, assistant
professor of anthropology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa,
published a column Nov. 2, 2006, on Inside Higher Ed, an online
magazine. In "Christianity: You're soaking in it," Golub describes
how he began incorporating the anthropology of Christianity
into his classes after an epiphany about its pervasiveness in
American society and his students' lives. Golub details how,
in his introductory anthropology courses, he now uses communion
and Christian ritual - rather than those from cultures foreign
to his students - to explain how symbolic action reinforces
worldview through culturally specific metaphors. "I begin by
having students explain what communion is to members of the
class not familiar with it, and we pause to consider the special
fact that practices within Christianity vary greatly from one
church to another. This is, literally, anthropology 101: Cultural
traditions are not internally homogeneous," Golub writes. He
later describes how he wraps up his course, noting that "metaphors
and identifications continue to circulate in our own culture
and keep us 'soaking' in Christianity."
Alex Barker, director
or the University of Missouri's Museum of Art and Archaeology,
was quoted in an Oct. 15, 2006, column in the Columbia (Mo.)
Daily Tribune. "Rational
policies keep drapes off 'nekkid' art" discussed school
policies regarding class field trips where students might be
exposed to nudity in art. Barker provided context about the
symbolism and cultural meanings of the use of nudity in artwork.
"Nudity in classical art, for example, isn't simply an aesthetic
decision by the artist but has specific meanings that are fundamental
to understanding both the canons of classical art and the way
the classical world understood and expressed the numinous,"
he was quoted as saying.
Barbara King, a
professor of anthropology at the College of William and Mary,
published a column reviewing "To
Cherish the Life of the World: Selected Letters of Margaret
Mead" in the October 2006 edition of Bookslut.com. The book
and other readings lead King to view Mead as "a person most
at home in two places at once," describing how that is demonstrated
in her career and personal life. King also writes that "[a]nthrophiles
will be rewarded for a close reading of these letters by references
to 'Papa Franz' (Franz Boas), Alfred Kroeber, and Bronislaw
Malinowski and by nuggets like this one: 'When the idea of studying
what the natives do instead of what they say they do was invented,
any sort of peaceful life for field workers was over.' Mead
occasionally muses on specific theories in the culture-and-personality
school of thought, and on the jealousy felt by others in the
face of her rising fame."
the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study and an assistant
professor of gender and women's studies at Bowdoin College in
Brunswick, Maine, was interviewed on the BBC radio program "The World"
Oct. 6, 2006. She discussed her current research on Islamic
revivalism in Bulgaria, especially the "tug-of-war" between
conservative and secular Muslims in that country. A clip of
the interview is available on The World's Web site.
Alex Golub, assistant
professor of anthropology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa,
had a column published Sept. 19, 2006, by Inside Higher Ed.
In "Stepping onto the tenure track," Golub relates his personal
experience with the tenure process, including a resulting "strange
sense of dislocation and culture shock."
U.S. News and World Report published a letter
to the editor by Mark Davidheiser, an assistant
professor of anthropology at Nova Southeastern University in
Fort Lauderdale, Fla. Davidheiser wrote in response to a caption
on a photo taken in Lebanon showing a woman gesturing. The caption
referred to the gesture as a "victory sign." Davidheiser cautioned
against interpreting the actions and opinions of Lebanese civilians.
His letter appeared in the Sept. 11, 2006, print edition of
the magazine and was posted on its Web site Sept. 3. Also during
the past year, Davidheiser was interviewed on Radio France International
about joking kinship, also known as joking relationships, in
Africa. He spoke about how the relationships can play a role
in preventing and managing conflicts from interpersonal to intergroup
levels. The interview was aired in December 2005.
Barbara King, a professor of
anthropology at the College of William and Mary, was quoted
in an Aug. 28, 2006, column in The Washington Post. "What one
fewer planet means to our worldview" explored why human beings
care so intensely about definitions and categories in the context
of the recent debate over Pluto's planetary status. King provided
the answer to the "why" question. She was paraphrased as saying
that people care so much about one definition over another because
definitions serve as markers of group identity.
Ken Anderson, an anthropologist
and senior researcher at Intel Corp. in Oregon, was a source
in an Aug. 24, 2006, story in The New York Times. "Laptop slides
into bed in love triangle" covered changing trends in how people
use wireless technology around their homes, including using
Blackberries and other devices in bed. "The most comfortable
spot in the world is in bed, and that's where people start their
day and end their day," Anderson was quoted as saying. The article
also mentioned his research on the role technology plays in
people's daily lives, including a paper, published with other
colleagues, that found more technology is ending up in the bedroom.
Jennifer Babiarz, a University
of Maryland archaeologist, was quoted in a recent Associated
Press story circulated to newspapers in August. The (Raleigh,
N.C.) News and Observer published the AP story Aug. 20, 2006,
under the headline "Digging for slaves' history." The article
covered archaeological research at the site of Frederick Douglass'
childhood home, a plantation near Easton, Md. Babiarz talked
about the importance of uncovering the history of the people
who worked on the plantation. "We were very interested in what
daily life would have been like for people who were enslaved
on this plantation and making sure that people knew the rich
history, not just of the Lloyds [who owned the property], but
of all the people who lived and worked here," she was quoted
David Koester, an associate
professor of anthropology at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks,
was quoted in an Associated Press story that ran Aug. 14, 2006,
in the Casper (Wyo.) Star Tribune. "Humble, historic cabin reels
anthropologists in" was a feature about the Rainey-Skarland
cabin, which has served as home to anthropologists (including
Frederica de Laguna, a past AAA president) since 1936 and a
center for researchers studying the history of Alaska's indigenous
populations. The university's anthropology department decides
who lives in the cabin, and typically, it's faculty. "These
are all the people who developed the understanding of Eskimo
prehistory…Anybody who gets to live there, in the Anthropology
Department, really feels the historical weight that goes with
living there," Koester was quoted as saying. He lived in the
cabin for more than two years, shortly after moving to Fairbanks.
Jack Rossen, an anthropology
professor at Ithaca College and a Frontenac Historical Society
member, was mentioned in an Aug. 14, 2006, story in The (Auburn,
N.Y.) Citizen. "Union Springs unveils history" covers efforts
to study and preserve the history of the Union Springs, N.Y.,
area, including Rossen's work with the Frontenac Historical
Society and Museum to establish "What's in Your Backyard?,"
a program discussing Native American history and remnants in
New York's Cayuga Lake region. Many of the remnants include
Cayuga fishing camps and settlements. "We have to preserve and
respect these sites. I work with [Native American representatives]
and respect what they believe; digging up burial grounds is
the greatest disrespect to their culture and beliefs. By respecting
these beliefs, I have been able to be guided to important sites
and have some great finds. History is a story and archaeologists
are the conduits of that story. All we can do is look for the
pieces and let them tell us their story and try to put it together,"
Rossen was quoted as saying.
John Bryan Page, chairman of
the University of Miami's anthropology department, was quoted
toward the end of an Aug. 13, 2006, story in the Miami Herald.
"Area sees middle class exodus" is an investigative news piece
exploring an outbound migration of South Florida's middle class
driven by declining quality of life, such as increased traffic
congestion and rising costs of housing and windstorm insurance.
Page commented on the compromises people make - such as having
roommates or commuting longer - in response to climbing housing
costs. "To look at what kinds of adaptations take place, you
need to look at places like San Francisco and New York City
where people have been living [in over-priced markets] for a
long time," he was quoted as saying. "People are opting for
living down in Homestead [a community in Florida's Miami-Dade
County] and places they can afford. If I had that kind of commute,
I would slash my wrists."
The Washington Post published an op-ed by Alex
Hinton, an associate professor of anthropology at Rutgers
University, Aug. 4, 2006. "We can't let the Khmer Rouge
escape" discusses the recent death of Ta Mok, a former Khmer
Rouge military commander; the recent swearing in of legal personnel
in a long-awaited, United Nations-sponsored trial of former
Khmer Rouge leaders; and how "Ta Mok's death underscores the
urgency of pressing forward with the tribunal as quickly as
possible" to give Cambodians a chance to see those responsible
for genocide held accountable.
Harold Dibble, a curator at the
University of Pennsylvania's Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology,
and John Relethford, an anthropologist at the State University
of New York at Oneonta, were included in a July 31, 2006, story
in The Philadelphia Inquirer. "Love with a certain Neanderthal?
It could have happened" explores the idea of interbreeding between
early Homo sapiens and H. neanderthalensis (aka Neanderthals),
following an announcement of pending research to seek clues
from Neanderthal DNA. The piece approaches questions about Neanderthals'
physical and intellectual attractiveness to our known ancestors.
On the physical side, the story dispels the pop culture misrepresentation
of Neanderthals as stooped, hairy, apemen (and women). Dibble
was paraphrased as saying there is no evidence suggesting Neanderthals
were hairier than modern people. In terms of intellect, the
article also talks about archaeological evidence suggesting
our cousins could control fire and create complex tools. "No
matter how you cut it, they were not the Stone Age idiots they
were portrayed as in bad movies," Relethford was quoted as saying.
Paul Shackel, a University of
Maryland anthropology professor, and Christopher Fennell,
an assistant professor of anthropology at the University
of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, were featured in a recent Los
Angeles Times story, which was subsequently picked up by other
newspapers. An abridged version appeared July 31, 2006, in the
Belleville (Ill.) News-Democrat. "Dig seeks history of
racially diverse town" talks about archaeology research and
preservation (including National Register listing) at the site
of New Philadelphia, the first U.S. town planned and legally
founded by an African-American. Shackel called the project unusual
because many archaeological projects studying African-American
culture before the Civil War focus on excavating slave quarters.
"By looking at the remains of a free community, it's helping
us fill important gaps we have about America's past," he was
quoted as saying. Fennell also was quoted in the story's original
version, which is available in the pay-per-view section of the
Times' archives (search for the headline "A land of racial harmony?").
He described the strong involvement of descendants and local
community members in the project. "It was clear that this was
a community grass-roots project, which is unusual in [archaeology].
Normally, the public doesn't get this involved. Who comes out
to walk through a plowed field, looking for shards of glass?,"
Fennell was quoted as saying. More information on the New Philadelphia
project is available here, or you can find a link to it under
the archaeology section of AAA's anthropology
John Tofik Karam, assistant professor
of the Latin American and Latino studies at DePaul University,
was interviewed June 28, 2006, on Latino USA radio. Karam spoke
with host Maria Hinojosa about Arab history in Latin America,
including a more than 100-year migration history. He also discussed
the Lebanese-Brazilian community and the current Israel-Lebanon
conflict. Thousands of Lebanese-Brazilians vacationing in Lebanon,
he said, were caught in recent Israeli bombing attacks.
Kathleen Dahl, an associate
professor of anthropology at Eastern Oregon University, was
included in a story July 24, 2006, in the Billings (Mont.) Gazette.
"Modern explorers have it easier than Lewis, Clark" contrasts
the "camping" experience of 19th-century explorers Meriwether
Lewis and William Clark with modern travelers' adventures in
"roughing it." Dahl was interviewed about her blog project, Lewis and Clark
Trail Watch, an academic blog that explores the interpretation
of the Lewis and Clark expedition and bicentennial celebrations
in museums, historic sites, interpretive centers and the mainstream
media. Dahl has done previous research about "how regional culture
and history, particularly native culture and history, have been
portrayed in museums and historic sites throughout the Pacific
Northwest," according to the blog. The Gazette story describes
some of her experiences while working on her current research,
including traveling some 40,000 miles, often camping along the
way. So far, Dahl said she has found a decidely patriotic undertone
to Lewis and Clark bicentennial celebrations. "There's a lot
of spin being put on it. I'm debating how to handle that it
was so patriotic. Yet for the Indians, it was the beginning
of the end," she was quoted as saying.
Anne Kirah, a senior design anthropologist
at Microsoft, was quoted in an Associated Press story that appeared
in the Houston Chronicle July 19, 2006, as well as numerous
other newspapers nationwide. "E-mail is so last millenium, young
communicators say" discusses how e-mail has become " 'the new
snail mail,' " losing favor against instant and text messaging
and blog chatter. Kirah, who studies people's high-tech habits
for Microsoft, talked about the advantages of different communications
methods and the appeal of newer tools to young people. She suggested
young people's brains may work differently and make them more
adept at using new technology because they've grown up with
instant messaging (IM). As such, Kirah said employers should
be responsive to how people work and communicate , whether it
be e-mail or IM, and focus more on the outcome. "Nine to 5 has
been replaced with 'Give me a deadline and I will meet your
deadline.' [Young people are] saying 'I might work until 2 a.m.
that night. But I will do it all on my terms.' "
Chris Kovats-Bernat, an anthropologist
with Muhlenberg College in Allentown, Pa., was quoted July 17,
2006, in a news piece in The Philadelphia Inquirer. "Clothing
optional may not be way of historical human" discussed "humanity's
deep connection to clothes" and how there is evidence early
in human evolution for the ability to make clothing. Kovats-Bernat
commented on the cultural tendency to forgo much clothing in
hot, humid climates. "The vast majority of populations that
have gone naked or mostly naked have done so because climatically
it makes sense. If you're in the jungle or the South Pacific
your sweat needs to be evaporated," he was quoted as saying.
Rosalind Shaw, an associate professor
of anthropology at Tufts University, was included in a story
July 16, 2006, in The Boston Globe. "Community builders: Project
tells a new generation how black middle class came to Medfortd"
covers "The West
Medford Afro-American Project," which draws on oral
histories, photographs and archival research to tell the story
of the West Medford, Mass., community. The project's work is
now on exhibit at the Medford Public Library. Shaw included
aspects of the project in an undergraduate course at Tufts,
and her students helped with project research. "It's quite a
remarkable history, with many details that are virtually unknown
outside West Medford and even to the newcomers who are moving
in today," she was quoted as saying. Information about the project
is also available on the Medford Historical Society Web site.
John Bryan Page, chairman of
the University of Miami's anthropology department, was quoted
July 15, 2006, in an Associated Press story that appeared in
the (Fort Lauderdale, Fla.) Sun-Sentinel. "Release of
'Miami Vice' film conjures images of city's cocaine past" reflects on the drug trade in Miami
and past violence among drug traffickers. Page commented on
the city's "cocaine cowboy period," which began in the 1970s.
"The violence that was taking place was essentially Colombians
taking over Cuban territory. They were very bold. People would
get shot up sitting at traffic lights. It was that kind of Wild
West atmosphere that attracted the attention of the people putting
together Miami Vice," he was quoted as saying. Page has done
extensive sociocultural research on drug use among a variety
of groups, including Miami's Cuban population.
Lee Baker, an associate professor
of cultural anthropology at Duke University, provided context
in a July 16, 2006, story in The Herald-Sun. "Reunions inscribe
values, kinship" explores the significance of family reunions
and lessons that can be learned at them. "Family reunions are
important on a variety of different levels, least of which is
the actual ritual which symbolically both describes and inscribes
family history, values and kinship," Baker was quoted as saying.
The New York Times recently published a letter
to the editor by William Beeman, now a visiting
professor at the University of Tokyo. "Negotiating with Iran"
responded to a June 13, 2006, op-ed by Warren Christopher, former
U.S. secretary of state. Of the op-ed, Beeman wrote that Christopher
"presents a small mystery that is easy to explain when Iranian
cultural interaction practice is understood." Beeman explained
how, in Iran, a mediator is needed to help reconcile estranged
parties. The letter ran June 20.
Helen Rountree, a Virginia anthropologist helping to authenticate
Jamestown 2007, was part of a recent Associated Press story
that ran in Virginia newspapers, including the Culpeper Star-Exponent.
Jamestown 2007 is a commemorative celebration for America's
first permanent English colony. The AP article discusses a trip
that representatives of Virginia's eight recognized tribes will
make to tour England and speak about their history and culture.
Rountree was paraphrased about the physical size of the Powhatan
Nation and the size of Virginia's tribal population in 1607,
when Englishmen arrived in what is now Virginia. She said that
at that time, the population was as high as 20,000. The story
reports that today there are 17,613 Native Americans in Virginia,
according to the U.S. Census. The AP story appeared July 9,
2006, in the Culpepper newspaper under the headline "Reconciling
Lawrence Todd, a Colorado State University archaeologist,
and David Rapson, an Iowa State University
archaeologist, were mentioned in the July 4, 2006, Rocky Mountain
News (Denver) story "Tackling 10,000-year-old mystery."
The article detailed research on faunal remains at the Hudson-Meng
Bison Kill on the Oglala National Grassland, northeast of Denver,
including investigations into who or what killed the bison.
The cause of death has been debated for decades, with some researchers
espousing a "stamped-'em-and-spear-'em" theory that attributes
the cause to Paleoindian hunting. Others advocate a natural
cause, such as a lightening strike or grass fire-asphyxiation
scenario. Among the natural cause theorists are Todd and Rapson,
who was quoted about their interpretations in the story. "We're
in kind of a funny situation here. We feel our research has
brought into question the original [hunting] interpretation.
But if it's natural mortality, we're unable to provide a strong
interpretive answer for what did happen. This dispute will go
on for years and will be seriously, acrimoniously debated,"
he was quoted as saying. The story outlines the site's history
and background of both theories.
J. Mark Kenoyer, a University
of Wisconsin anthropology professor, was quoted in a July 4,
2006, story in the San Jose (Calif.) Mercury News. "Group guarding
world's heritage" covers the work of a California-based conservancy
group that aims to preserve ancient architecture worldwide,
especially in regions most plagued by poverty and war. Kenoyer
is working with the group, Global Heritage Fund, to build a
museum and research center on the Indus civilization in Pakistan.
He commented on how the organization is working to improve local
and global appreciation of our common global cultural heritage.
Preservation workers worldwide must contend with threats to
resources that include looting, erosion and encroachment by
urban sprawl. "When you rip up archaeology, it's gone forever.
You can't bring it back," Kenoyer was quoted as saying.
Two members were included in a Washington Post
feature July 5, 2006, about the donation of Grover Krantz's
skeleton to the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.
JoAllyn Archambault, director of the NMNH Division
of Ethnology's American Indian program, and Don Tyler,
a University of Idaho anthropology professor, were among anthropologists
who remembered Krantz's life and work in the story, "Using his
cranium." Krantz was a longtime Northwest anthropologist better
known to the public for his hobby research on Sasquatch. Before
his death in 2002, he arranged to donate his skeleton and those
of his beloved dogs to the Smithsonian.
Helen Fisher, a Rutgers University anthropologist, was quoted
July 5, 2006, in a Maureen Dowd column in The New York Times.
"How to train a woman" talked about a recent Times column by
Amy Sutherland in which she detailed how she used animal training
techniques to shift her husband's behavior. Dowd posed the question
of whether it would work the other way around - men training
women. Fisher provided the answer and explained how differing
gender roles in evolution make men and women react differently
to nagging or requests to change behavior. "If I were a man
rewarding a woman, I'd do it in the format women find intimate,
which is face to face. I'd go straight up to her, while she
was doing the dishes, I'd turn her around face to face, and
I'd say: 'Thanks so much for being on time last night. It meant
a lot to me.' "
Allan Ainsworth, a medical anthropologist in Utah,
was featured in a June 26, 2006, story in the Desert Morning
News, Salt Lake City. "Homeless find respect at clinic" discussed the work of Salt Lake City's Fourth Street
Clinic, which Ainsworth founded and continues to direct. The
clinic provides free-health care services to the city's homeless
population. Ainsworth is also the new president of the National
Health Care for the Homeless Council, which is promoting a housing-first
approach to addressing homelessness and the idea that housing
and health care are inseparable. "We consider that housing is
health care.We don't want health care to be a reason for people
to stay homeless," he was quoted as saying.
Bay News 9's Web site ran a piece ("A grave situation") June 26,
2006, about the discovery of unmarked human graves at an elementary
school in Palmetto, Fla. Uzi Baram, a professor of anthropology at New College of
Florida, was quoted about the importance of preserving unmarked
graves. "If there's no immediate danger to anything from the
past, it's best just to leave them," Baram was quoted as saying.
The graves were found by engineers using radar to test a possible
site for a new building; officials subsequently decided not
to build on any location with known graves. Bay News 9
covers Tampa Bay, Fla., and surrounding communities.
Ken Anderson - an anthropologist with Intel Corp.
and a co-organizer of the Ethnographic Praxis in Industry Conference,
which is sponsored by AAA's National Association for the Practice
of Anthropology - was mentioned in a BusinessWeek online feature
June 19, 2006. "Ethnography is the new core competence"
was a blog conversation hosted by the magazine about Intel's
use of ethnography to identify customer needs and inform product
development. Anderson, who manages Intel's people and practice
research, was quoted as saying he's using anthropology to "develop
a deep understanding of how people live and work."
Elizabeth Stone, an anthropology professor with
the State University of New York at Stony Brook, was a guest
on Talk of the Nation's Science Friday program on National Public
Radio June 23, 2006. Stone discussed how science fits into reconstruction
efforts in Iraq in the segment "Rebuilding Iraqi science."
James McKenna, chairman of the anthropology department
at Notre Dame University, was quoted in a June 27, 2006, pop
culture story in the South Bend (Ind.) Tribune. McKenna provided
context in the article "Young males like 'The Axe Effect,'
" which discusses trends in "masculine primping" and the marketing
and sales performance of Unilever's Axe body spray. McKenna
commented on how the industry may be succeeding by tapping into
the young-male market's need for "spray-on confidence." "If
young guys have a psychological edge and believe they will be
more successful (romantically), my guess is they will be," he
was quoted as saying.
The work of Alan Sandstrom, chairman of the anthropology
department at Indiana University-Purdue University at Fort Wayne,
and wife Pamela Effrein Sandstrom, head of reference and information
services at IPFW, was the focus of an article in The (Fort Wayne)
News-Sentinel June 26, 2006. "A fertile field for couple's research"
covers the Sandstroms' studies of Nahua culture in Mexico, including
plans to return to that country in August 2006 to research slash-and-burn
Richard Leventhal, director of the University of Pennsylvania
museum, was quoted in an Associated Press story that circulated
recently in newspapers. It ran in the Orange County Register
(Santa Ana, Calif.) June 18, 2006, as "Preservation or plunder?",
as well as in the Rapid City (S.D.) Journal. The story provided
an overview of the current debate among museum directors, archaeologists,
collectors and others over antiquities. Leventhal commented
on his wish to see museums be more open about antiquities purchases,
about shifting the burden of proof in the antiquities trade
to the buyer and about the need for museums to be more creative
in how they interact with countries with cultural resources.
"The bottom line goal has to be to stop the looting.We can reach
that goal by turning off the spigot, which is the desire on
the part of large museums and collectors to purchase more and
more objects," he was quoted as saying.
Matt Palus, a doctoral student in anthropology at
Columbia University, and Mark Leone, an archaeologist
and anthropology professor at the University of Maryland at
College Park, were included in a June 18, 2006, Baltimore Sun
article. "City history in a hurry" covered an archaeological
excavation and open house at the Chambers family homestead in
Parole, an Annapolis, Md., neighborhood. Parole was a center
of African-American life after the Civil War, during which it
was used as a camp for war prisoners. A census in 1930 showed
that the community later included residents working as domestic
employees, laborers, barbers, oyster shuckers, farmers, porters,
laundresses and teachers. Palus is associate director of the
Parole project and spoke about the choices researchers made
in how to study the site. "Do you do the Civil War history,
even though nobody knows exactly where Camp Parole was? Here
we made an explicit decision to look at the African-American
community that continues to this day," he was quoted as saying.
Meanwhile, Leone was identified as being in charge of the lab
that artifacts from the excavation will go to for analysis.
Richard Burger, an anthropology professor with Yale
University, was quoted in an Associated Press story picked up
by various media around June 17, 2006. "Disputed collection
holds keys to Machu Picchu's secrets" discussed Incan artifacts
housed at Yale University and its Peabody Museum since 1911.
The government of Peru has said it never relinquished ownership
of the items and wants them returned. A compromise was reached
but broke down, and Peruvian officials have said they would
sue. No lawsuits have yet been file, and Yale administrators
said they remain hopeful of working out a deal to resolve the
dispute amicably. Burger commented on how the artifacts on display
at the Peabody are of scientific rather than aesthetic value.
"It's not a collection of art objects. If you want to see the
most beautiful Incan art objects, you go to the Inca Museum
in Cusco," he was quoted as saying. Among media that picked
up the story were Eyewitness News 3 in Hartford, Conn., and
Canada.com (click on either link to view the story).
Ericka Roberts, a doctoral student at the University
of Florida, and James Davidson, a professor
of anthropology and African-American studies at the university,
were featured in a June 19, 2006, story in The Gainesville (Fla.)
Sun. "UF students dig chance to explore plantation" covered
a summer field school at Kingsley Plantation in Jacksonville.
Davidson was quoted throughout the article, including comments
on the opportunity the excavation offers him and Roberts. "If
what we're doing has worth, it's because [we] give a voice to
people who have little in the way of written records, whose
histories are expressed mainly through their artifacts. There's
very little documentation about the lives of African slaves.
Doing this can mean giving a voice to the common people and
preserving a history that otherwise would be lost," he was quoted
A workshop taught by Nathan Strong, an anthropology professor at the College
of Alameda in California, was the focus of an article in the
June 11, 2006, San Francisco Chronicle. "DNA workshop upends
notion of race for many" explains Strong's class, in which participants
can have their DNA tested for comparison to mutations or markers
that occur in certain regional subpopulations; the outcome is
a percentage breakdown yielding clues to possible ancestry.
The article points out that Strong, "like most people in the
field, insists that race and racial differences are a social
construct that is not backed up by genetics - rather, the field
of genetics shows that under the skin, we're more closely related
than we ever imagined." The DNA testing, meanwhile, has led
to surprises about race, ancestry and family myths for some
participants and slight identity crises for others. "Some people
have had psychoanalysis because their identity was called into
question," Strong was quoted as saying.
Josiah Heyman, an anthropology professor at the University
of Texas at El Paso, was quoted in a recent Chicago Tribune
story about the U.S. Border Patrol's "catch and release" policy,
in which suspected illegal immigrants are arrested, given a
"notice to appear" before an immigration judge and released
due to a lack of jail beds to hold them pending court hearings.
Critics say many of those caught and released do not return
for hearings. The story reports that U.S. Department of Homeland
Security figures show an increase in the number of non-Mexican
immigrants processed under the policy since 2001, with 70 percent
released into American society in the last fiscal year. Heyman
noted that non-Mexican immigrants aren't pervasive, however,
accounting for only 10 percent of total arrests. Most were released.
"There's been a long history of disturbances at detention centers
because Homeland Security often contracts out to private prisons
and state and local prisons and jails to hold people. Holding
a lot of people is not necessarily good. It sounds good - that
it will deter people from coming to the country - but it's not
clear that deterrence works," Heyman was quoted as saying. The
story was picked up by The (Monterey County) Herald June 9,
2006, under the headline "Catch-and-release policy hamstrings
Noel Salazar, a doctoral candidate in anthropology
at the University of Pennsylvania, is filing reports for the
University of Pennsylvania Museum Web site about natural disasters
in a region of Indonesia where he has been conducting fieldwork.
The reports began June 4, 2006, with a piece on a small eruption
of Indonesia's most active volcano, Merapi, and a subsequent
earthquake, both in May. Several updates follow and touch on
relief aid and other topics. Salazar analyzes the unfolding
situation from an anthropological perspective. His reports are
available through the museum's Web site.
Leo Chavez, a professor of anthropology and director
of Chicano/Latino studies at the University of California at
Irvine, was mentioned in a June 5, 2006, story in New University,
UC Irvine's campus newspaper. "Immigration discussion panel
brings ethnic diversity to debate" covered a recent event at
UC Irvine that focused on the current political attitudes of
immigrants from diverse backgrounds. Chavez noted that while
Latino immigrants have been at the center of the immigration
debate, many other groups are also involved. "This is one of
the first times that we get to see different communities in
the immigration debate. I like to see different groups that
express and establish concern for the immigration issue," Chavez
was quoted as saying.
Frederic Gleach, a lecturer and curator of anthropology
collections at Cornell University, was noted in a June 4, 2006,
story in the Las Vegas Sun. "Latina legend Costello to take
stage again" discussed the rediscovery of Diosa Costello, also
known as the "Latin bombshell," a popular musical performer
of the 1930s and 1940s. Gleach researched Costello and created
a DVD documentary about her life after hearing a vintage recording
of her work. He began an initiative that has lead to Costello's
story being archived at the Smithsonian Institution's National
Museum of American History and the Smithsonian Center for Latino
Initiatives. (Other anthropologists who worked on the project
but were not mentioned in the article include Vilma Santiago-Irizarry,
a member of AAA's Committee for Human Rights and a professor
of anthropology and Latino studies at Cornell.)
Christine Yano, an associate professor of anthropology
at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, was quoted in a June 4,
2006, story in The Honolulu Advertiser. "Drumbeat rises on bon
dance" discusses the Japanese dance tradition of bon odori and
its growing popularity among Hawaii's Japanese-American population.
Yano, who wrote her master's thesis on bon odori in Hawaii,
spoke about how dancing practices in Hawaii have not seen the
changes they have in Japan and how World War II affected the
practice of Japanese traditions. "Immigrants want to keep it
the same. They have a real reason - it's tied to their cultural
identity.They can surround themselves with an ethnic enclave,
but outside that, it's a whole other world. They are carving
out a space," she was quoted as saying.
Jonathan Reyman, curator of anthropology at the
Illinois State Museum in Springfield, was featured in a short
news item June 3, 2006, in The (Decatur, Ill.) Herald &
Review. "American Indian traditions helped by Scovill Zoo eagles"
details a project, founded by Reyman, that collects feathers
shed by bald eagles and macaws at the zoo in Decatur; those
feathers are then forwarded to Zuni Pueblo and Sandia Pueblo
Indians in New Mexico and Arizona via the National Eagle and
Wildlife Property Repository in Colorado. The feathers are considered
sacred objects by the tribes and used in making ceremonial headdresses
and fans. "It has been part of their religious tradition for
more than a thousand years and are used to decorate clothing
and ritual objects," Reyman was quoted as saying. While federal
law prohibits the possession of eagle feathers or parts, an
exemption exists for tribal members who keep them for sacred
and religious purposes.
Roderick Sprague, a retired University of Idaho
anthropologist, was included in an Associate Press story that
moved May 31, 2006. "American Indian remains to be reburied"
covered the repatriation of remains from 150 individuals studied
and stored at the University of Idaho and Washington State University.
The remains were exhumed, under Sprague's direction, in 1964
to make way for flooding behind a Snake River dam. Sprague was
paraphrased as saying that at the time of the dig, getting answers
to scientific questions took precedence over offending descendants
of the deceased. "We took the position that we weren't going
to keep any more Indian burials. It was 1967 when we really
started asking questions," he was quoted as saying. Former AAA
member Mark Warner, an archaeologist with UI, described Sprague
as being at the beginning of a trend to question grave excavations.
"There's been an unfortunate history of archaeologists digging
up remains. Rick Sprague was way ahead of the curve in repatriating
those remains," Warner was quoted as saying.
Helen Fisher, a biological anthropologist, was quoted
in an entertainment feature about Hollywood hookups that ran
May 30, 2006, on the Associated Press wire. "Movie sets: Hotbeds
of hot beds" talked about high-profile romances among actors.
Fisher added context about the factors in attraction that might
make actors prone to what is, in essence, workplace romances.
"Any kind of novelty or excitement drives up dopamine in the
brain, and dopamine is associated with romantic love. I wouldn't
be surprised if movie sets literally set the stage for romantic
love," Fisher was quoted as saying.
Matthew Kohrman, a medical anthropologist and an assistant
professor of cultural and social anthropology at Stanford University, was featured in a May 31, 2006, story in the Stanford Report, the university's campus newspaper.
"Professor aids China's nascent anti-smoking efforts" covers
Chinese habits and beliefs involving smoking. It also reports
on Kohrman's work on the first smoking-cessation manual published
in China based on anthropological research. "This
is a health project, but deeply informed by my ethnographic
work. I feel strongly that while doing ethnographic study, anthropologists
can't just sit back and be flies on the wall and write papers
about suffering. They have to do things to mitigate that suffering,"
Kohrman was quoted in the story as saying.
Phil Walker, a professor at the University of California at Santa Barbara, was mentioned in a May 31, 2006, story in The Ithaca (N.Y.) Journal. "Detective work through DNA"
covers efforts to identify the remains of a woman found near
Mammoth Lakes, Calif., more than three years ago. The police detective
on the case enlisted the help of Walker, who re-autopsied the
mostly skeletonized remains. Walker was quoted about efforts to extract DNA to
help identify the woman. "It would have been extremely difficult
to do 10 or 15 years ago. [Today,] we're breaking the boundaries
of the traditional limits of physical anthropology," he was
quoted as saying. As well as being a AAA member, Walker is a past president of the American Association
of Physical Anthropologists.
Alex Hinton, an associate professor of anthropology
at Rutgers University, had an op-ed published May 31, 2006, in the International Herald Tribune. "Seeking justice for the killing
fields" discusses the forthcoming Cambodian tribunal that will
convene to try Khmer Rouge leaders. He explains several hurdles
the tribunal faces - aging defendants, insufficient funding, how to inform Cambodian citizens about
the tribunal and the training of the Cambodian judiciary. Hinton
is also the author of "Why Did They Kill?: Cambodia in the Shadow of Genocide."
Kyeyoung Park, an anthropology professor at the University of California at Los Angeles, was quoted in a short article in the May 31, 2006, Los Angeles Times. "Landing in an O.C. Court, this IOU was red
all over" covers the legal case surrounding an IOU written
in blood by a Korean businessman. Park's comments countered
lawyers' assertions that the blood promise stems from Korean
culture. "I don't think so. Even in the past, a blood contract
was pretty rare [in Korea]," Park was quoted as saying.
The work of Denis Blanton, curator of
Native American archaeology at Atlanta's Fernbank Museum of Natural History, was
featured May 23, 2006, in an Associated Press story. "Archaeologists
to search for lost mission" details a June exploration of Georgia's Santa Isabel de Utinahica planned by the
museum and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources' Historic
Preservation Division. The search will include the help of the
public as amateur archaeologists, with Blanton supervising.
The effort is aimed at giving adults and students an opportunity
to participate in an excavation and develop an appreciation
for the state's history and archaeological resources. "We want
to put people in the crucible and be a part of this educational
experience," Blanton was quoted as saying.
Former AAA president George M. Foster Jr., 92, diedMay
18, 2006, in Berkeley, Calif., the San Francisco Chronicle has reported. Foster was an anthropologist
at the University of California at Berkeley for more than 30 years, conducting pioneering
studies on social change in peasant communities in Mexico and founding the field of medical anthropology.
He served as AAA president in 1970 and as director of the Smithsonian's
Institute of Social Anthropology from 1946 to 1952. An obituary appeared in
the Chronicle May 22.
Dennis Van Gerven, an anthropologist with the University of Colorado, was quoted in a May 22, 2006, story in the Rocky Mountain News. "Bones back in Kansas" covers
a forensics case involving the 1879 death of John Wesley Hillmon
and allegations of insurance fraud. Van Gerven and a student
assistant examined bones in Hillmon's grave and prepared a sample
for DNA testing to identify the remains.
Dru Gladney, a professor of Asian studies and anthropology
at the University of Hawaii, was a source in a Reuters feature that appeared
May 22, 2006, on Yahoo! News. "Religion, politics mix
awkwardly for China's Muslims" included a quote from Gladney
about government tolerance in China. "In places like Qinhai and Gansu, where Islam is less politicized, the government
is more open and more relaxed.Particularly in very poor areas,
there is a lot more flexibility," Gladney was quoted as saying.
Daniel Lieberman, a professor of biological anthropology
at Harvard University, commented on new research into human-chimpanzee
speciation in an Associated Press story released on the wire
service May 17, 2006. Lieberman was quoted about a study by Eric Lander and others that
concluded the emergence of human and chimp species was a long
and complicated affair. The research findings go something like
this: The human-chimp break got its first start about 10 million
years ago, with divergent evolution occurring for 4 million
years. Before the species split was complete, however, our ancestors
got back together briefly to produce a hybrid population whose
offspring would make the final break later into two species.
Lieberman, who provided reaction to the research, was quoted
as saying, "It's a totally cool and extremely clever analysis.
My problem is imagining what it would be like to have a bipedal
hominid and a chimpanzee viewing each other as appropriate mates
- not to put it too crudely."
Janet Chernela, an anthropologist with the University of Maryland, was featured on ABC's Good Morning America
May 15, 2006, speaking about the Nukak-Maku tribe of southeastern
Colombia and the recent exodus of 80 members from
their Amazon jungle home to the San Jose del Guaviare area.
Chernela was also mentioned in a New York Times article, "Leaving
the wild, and rather liking the change," on the same subject
May 11. A version of the story also was posted on Good Morning
America's Web site.
Clementine Fujimura, a professor with the U.S. Naval Academy,
was quoted in a May 15, 2006, Baltimore Sun article. "Mids examine cultures" discussed
the newly expanded curriculum at the U.S. Naval Academy, including
focuses on history, politics and culture. Fujimura began teaching
the academy's inaugural anthropology class during spring semester.
The Sun first reported on her class in March ("Professor opens
window to Islamic culture for Mids," March 31).
A recent article in the Los Angeles Times focused on the research
of Robert Benfer, a University of Missouri archaeologist and professor emeritus of anthropology,
in the Peruvian Andes. The story covers Benfer's discovery of
a 4,200-year-old celestial observatory, the Temple of the Fox, in 2004. Richard Burger,
an archaeologist with Yale University's Peabody Museum of Natural History, was
also quoted in the story. The piece subsequently was picked
up by The Kansas City (Mo.) Star (see "Ancient find shocks scientists")
May 15, 2006, and PhysOrg.com, which covers science, technology,
physics and space news.
Peggy Reeves Sanday, an anthropology professor at the University of Pennsylvania, was quoted in a Knight Ridder article about
the decline in rapes and attempted rapes in the United States that ran recently in several newspapers nationwide.
It appeared May 14, 2006, in The State, a newspaper in Columbia, S.C., under the headline "Rape, sexual violence
declining." Sanday discussed how sex abuse rates remain high
or steady for young women on college campuses, despite a 30-year
decline nationwide. The story also was picked up by The Kansas
City Star and The (Bradenton, Fla.) Herald.
Stanford Carpenter, an anthropologist with Johns Hopkins
University, was featured in a May 10, 2006, column in the Baltimore
Sun. "Faster than a pedagogue, more powerful than a provost"
discussed his work as part of a project called Critical Front,
which researches identity politics and economics. The story
also described reaction to a custom-made action figure that
relates to Carpenter's work.
Kyeyoung Park, an anthropology professor at the University of California at Los Angeles, was quoted in story that appeared May 1, 2006, on NorthJersey.com, a Web site featuring news from The (Hackensack) Record and (West Paterson) Herald News. "Painful quest for respect" discusses the discrimination
experienced by Korean women who have married American soldiers.
Park commented on interracial marriage emerging from the Korean
War and the distinct discrimination experienced by military
brides, as opposed to couples with other class and occupational
Mark Nichter, a professor of anthropology and public health
at the University of Arizona, was awarded the title of regents' professor
by the Arizona Board of Regents, according to a story April 29, 2006, in the (Tucson) Arizona Daily Star. Nichter's award was
included in reporting on other action taken by the board April
28 in "Regents add degree programs in education at two UA sites."
Peter Ellison, a Harvard University professor of anthropology, was among a group
of 72 scholars recently inducted as members of the National
Academy of Sciences. The university newspaper, the Harvard Crimson,
reported the news April 28, 2006, in "Six Harvard professors join academy." The story included a
paraphrase of comments by Ellison in which he said "he looked
forward to the role that academy members often play in providing
scientific advice to the government." NAS elects up to 72 new
members into its ranks each year. The recent election brings
the academy's total active membership to 2,013.
Stacy Schaefer, an associate professor of anthropology at
California State University at Chico, was quoted in an April 11, 2006, article in Architecture magazine. "Portable light"discussed an
alternative power source aimed at addressing the needs of "a
seminomadic, indigenous Mexican culture." Schaefer commented
on Wixarika, a group of Mezo-American weavers. Production and
travel for the Wixaritari (the plural form of Wixarika) to sell
their wares often compete with other labor-intensive practices
for time during daylight hours. Portable Light aims to provide
the Wixaritari with flexibility to weave, cook, etc., by day
or night. Portable Light technology was developed by Boston-based
Kennedy & Violich Architecture through a three-year collaboration
with anthropologists, nonprofit nongovernmental organizations,
and architecture and engineering students from the University of Michigan and Harvard University's Graduate School of Design. The article
explains that the technology "borrows high-brightness LEDs from
applications such as pedestrian walk signs, amasses them together
with flexible photovoltaic power panels, and embeds them in
textiles produced and worn by the users during their everyday
pursuits. The sunlight absorbed by the exposed panels on these
shoulder bags and shawls may be stored in a single large capacity
battery (such as that used for a car) or directed to the equivalent
of several rechargeable cell phone batteries that power smaller,
detachable light 'candles.' The lightweight units are unbreakable
and use just two watts of power."
Ives Goddard, a senior linguist with the Smithsonian Institution, was featured
in a March 7, 2006, New York Times story about the restoration
of extinct Native American languages, such as the Powhatan language
used in Terrance Malick's 2005 film, "The New World." The story,
"Linguists find the words, and Pocahontas speaks again,"can
be accessed through the Times' paid archives service. Goddard
and the article were also mentioned in the People in the News
section of The Torch's May 2006 issue. The Torch is the monthly
newspaper for Smithsonian staff and volunteers.
The work of Mark Leone, a University of Maryland anthropology professor,
was featured April 23, 2006, in the Baltimore Sun. "Professor
explores foundations of liberty" covered Leone's book "The Archaeology
of Liberty in an American Capital: Excavations in Annapolis"
and his 25 years of archaeological research in Maryland's capital.
Richard Robbins, an anthropology professor at the State
University of New York at Plattsburgh, was included in an April 23, 2006, story in the (Plattsburgh) Press-Republican. In "Hundreds march for
peace," Robbins was quoted in relation to his book "Global Problems
and the Culture of Capitalism" and government spending in times
Linda Giles, a retired professor of anthropology from Illinois State University who specialized in African studies, was featured
in an April 22, 2006, Peoria (Ill.) Journal Star article. "State museum to return
Kenyan artifact" reported on the pending repatriation of a kigango,
a hand-carved memorial post indigenous to Kenya that is erected after a member of the Gohu
Society of male elders dies. The artifact is one of 38 vigango
(the plural version of kigango) housed at the Illinois State Museum in Springfield. Giles was a catalyst in preserving the vigango.
The story was subsequently picked up by the Journal Star's sister
paper, the State Journal-Register in Springfield.
Don Stull, a University of Kansas anthropology professor, was cited in an Associated
Press story that moved on the wire service April 18, 2006. "Meatpacking a new jungle?" discussed the
state of the meatpacking industry in 2006, 100 years after the
publication of Upton Sinclair's exposé, "The Jungle." The story
included a paraphrase of comments from Stull, an industry expert,
about the decline of meatpacking wages between 1960 and 1990.
The AP story was subsequently picked up by media outlets nationwide,
including The Charlotte (N.C.) Observer; the Contra Costa Times
in Walnut Creek, Calif.; and WFTV sChannel 9 in Orlando, Fla.
Christine Yano, an
associate professor of anthropology at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa, was quoted in The Honolulu Advertiser
April 16, 2006. In the story "The cute quotient," Yano discussed her work in exploring what people
in various cultures do with concepts such as "cuteness." She
is writing a book about Japan's "cute culture" and popular Hello Kitty
products, including the different symbolism attributed to Hello
Kitty by different groups worldwide.
Anna Ochoa O'Leary, an adjunct lecturer at the University of Arizona's Mexican American Studies and Research Center, has been awarded a Fulbright Scholarship
to study how female undocumented immigrants are treated when
they are arrested and detained inside the United States. The (Tucson) Arizona Daily Star reported on O'Leary's
award in its April 11, 2006, issue; see "UA instructor will study treatment of women entrants."
Springs) Independent newsweekly, dated April 6-12, 2006, mentioned
two members in the feature "Digging deep." The article recognized
Mesa Verde National Park's centennial this year, as well as
archaeological research involving the Mesa Verde region. Carla Van West, who works for a historic preservation firm
in Albuquerque, N.M., was quoted about her doctoral work, which
challenged a drought theory used to explain the demise of ancestral
Pueblo culture in the region. Kurt Dongoske, an archaeologist for the Hopi tribe, was
mentioned in reference to criticism he offered in a 1996 National
Geographic article about theories of cannibalism in the region.
Jasmine Gartner, an adjunct professor of anthropology at
the State University of New York's Fashion Institute of Technology,
wrote a nonfiction book review for the April 9, 2006, issue
of the Miami Herald. "Muslim women reveal their personal
choices" examined "The Face Behind the Veil: The Extraordinary
Lives of Muslim Women in America," written by Herald reporter
Donna Gehrke-White. Gartner's discussion of the book covers
cultural fallacies that the book helps to correct, as well as
criticism of its weaker points, such as the "rose-colored spin"
with which Gehrke-White approaches the subject.
Michael Oldani, of the University of Wisconsin at Whitewater's sociology and anthropology
program, was featured in "The Drug Pushers," an article in the
April 2006 issue of The Atlantic Monthly (pages 82 to 93). Oldani's
experiences while working as a Pfizer pharmaceutical sales representative
during the late 1980s and 1990s were covered. Oldani spoke about
changes the pharmaceutical industry underwent during that era
as the result of new information technology, market research
and script tracking. The story also included an ethnographic
case from Oldani's dissertation to highlight the fate of psychiatry
in the pharmaceutical era.
Clementine Fujimura, a professor with the U.S. Naval Academy,
was featured in a March 31, 2006, Baltimore Sun article. "Professor opens window to Islamic
culture for Mids" covers the introduction of the academy's first-ever
anthropology courses and Fujimura's role in teaching them.
The work of several members was highlighted in the Feb. 1, 2006, issue of Marketing News, a publication of the American Marketing
Association. The creation of a visual database
- called the Visual Survey of Domestic Space - by California-based
research firm Social Solutions Inc. and New York market research
giant GfK NOP was covered in the article "In one's element:
Global household pix yield consumer insights." The database
pairs nearly 13,000 photographs, taken by ethnographers around
the world, with consumer responses to related questions from
Roper Reports Worldwide, an international survey conducted every
year. Patricia Sachs, Gerald Lombardi, Simon
Pulman-Jones and Rick E. Robinson
worked on the database project for Social Solutions and GfK.
They also were quoted and credited in a companion piece to the
article, "Visual survey marks new trend in research."
Bonnie Glass-Coffin, an
anthropology professor at Utah State University, was extensively
quoted in a March 28, 2006, story about the creation of a new
Latin American studies program at the university. "Utah State
University adds Latin American studies track" appeared in The
Salt Lake Tribune, which reports that the track is aimed at
helping students expand their language skills and knowledge
of the peoples and cultures from that region.
an Appalachian State University anthropology professor, was
featured in a story March 28, 2006, in The Appalachian, the university's student
newspaper. In "9-11 course set to host high profile speaker,"
Reck spoke about a course he will teach with a political science
professor. The class will examine Sept. 11 events, its repercussions,
and its political and cultural context.
Martin Gallivan, an
assistant professor of anthropology at the College of William and Mary, was quoted in a recent Associated
Press wire story about the listing of Werowocomoco on the National
Register of Historic Places. Werowocomoco, located in Virginia's Gloucester County, was a village site of chief Powhatan, father
of Matoaka, who is known historically as Pocahontas. It is also
the site where Powhatan met Jamestown leader John Smith. Gallivan is a member of
the Werowocomoco Research Group, which is studying the site.
The AP article was picked up March 27, 2006, by news agencies that included the (Minneapolis-St. Paul) Star-Tribune
and WBZ News Radio 1030 in Boston (see "Site of Powahatan's village approved
for National Register of Historic Places").
Donald Pollock, anthropology department chairman for the State
University of New York at Buffalo, was quoted in a recent Washington Post story
about the trend of micromanaging parents and their impact on
schools and teachers. Pollock spoke about the symbolic value
of children and parental status. The story was picked up by
other newspapers, including the Duluth (Minn.) News Tribune and The Columbus (Ohio) Dispatch, which ran the article March 26, 2006, under the headline "Go stand in a corner,
schools tell intrusive parents."
Anthony Balzano, a professor of anthropology and sociology
at Sussex County Community College, was included in two stories that ran March 26, 2006, in The New Jersey Herald. In "Affirmative
action's future addressed at SCCC forum," Balzano's participation
on a panel discussing the future of affirmative action was covered.
The story included: ".Balzano argued that the nation needs to
'finish the job we've started' by allowing for the continued
benefits of affirmative action, including the emergence of more
heterogeneous elite and middle classes." Meanwhile, the story
"Can shelter still be a safe harbor?" focused on legal changes
that will result in a Sussex County, N.J., youth shelter being
required to house low-level juvenile offenders with at-risk
children that need housing, including the impact on the youth
shelter kids and security and staffing issues. "The big issue
is the employees of the shelter versus the employees of the
detention center. They're not equipped to deal with that sort
of element. Social workers will now have to deal with people
charged with crimes," Balzano was quoted as saying.
The work of Igor Krupnik, an anthropologist at the
Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History
and curator of a new exhibition on global warming's effects
on Arctic peoples, was featured in an Around the Mall item in
Smithsonian magazine's April 2006 issue, which was released
shortly before its issue date. The piece was subsequently picked
up by the Associated Press wire service March 20, 2006. Krupnik discussed his research involving Shishmaref, an Eskimo
village on an island in northwestern Alaska. Until a few years ago, villagers have relied
on the formation of sea ice to buffer their home from fall storms.
With the advent of global warming, the ice no longer freezes
reliably, allowing giant storm surges to batter the site and
wash away land, houses and even a school playground. "When they
lose a piece of their land, they aren't just losing a certain
number of square miles. They are losing a part of their history
and their memory. They are losing childhood events and grandparents'
tales," Krupnik was quoted as saying. Villagers voted in 2002
to leave their ancestral home for a site on the mainland. William Fitzhugh, an anthropologist
and director of the Smithsonian's Arctic Studies Center, also was quoted in that piece. Krupnik subsequently was mentioned in an Associated Press wire
story that moved April 11, 2006. In "Effects of climate change on Arctic observed," Krupnik was quoted in relation
to two new exhibits about the effects of climate change on Arctic
peoples. The exhibits are on display in the Smithsonian's National
Museum of Natural History.
Josiah Heyman, a professor in the sociology and anthropology department at the University of Texas at El Paso, was included in a March 19, 2006, story in the El Paso Times. "Talk features border experts" offered
a preview of a conference slated for March 27-30, 2006, at UTEP. The conference, "Linnae Terrarum," was expected to feature
more than 300 border experts from around the world speaking
in panel discussions about border security, border health, immigration
and other topics. Heyman commented on how the conference was
"returning El Paso and Juarez to the forefront of border study."
Lisa Patel Stevens, an associate professor in Boston College's Education Department, was quoted in a Feb. 23, 2006, story in The Belleville (Ill.) News-Democrat (front page). "Do you know
what's on your kid's blog?" discussed teen blog use and safety
issues. Stevens provided comments about childrens' technical
savvy and why they use blogs. (Stevens was recommended to the
reporter as a source by the AAA Media Relations office.)
A talk given by Marshall Becker, a retired
anthropology professor from West Chester University, was the focus of a March 13, 2006, story in The Intelligencer, a newspaper covering Eastern Montgomery County, Pa. "Anthropologist clears up myths about
Lenape" discusses his work and the culture of a Native American tribe from
the Delaware River and Chester County, Pa., areas.
"Anthropology course to teach everything 'Star Trek,' " a March 13,
2006, article in the Tahoe Daily Tribune, reports on a class
to be offered spring quarter 2006 at Lake Tahoe Community College,
South Lake Tahoe, Calif. The story quotes a course description
as: "Using select television episodes and feature films, this
course will examine the significance of the cultural, historical,
social and evolutionary nature of the human condition within
the context of a futuristic setting, along with the underlying
perspectives on politics, philosophy, ethics science and (the)
future of humanity." Scott Lukas, the college's anthropology chairman, was quoted
in the story about the prospects of other classes on pop culture.
Lukas was a recipient of AAA's 2005 McGraw-Hill Award for Excellence
in Undergraduate Teaching of Anthropology.
Robert Myers, who teaches cultural anthropology
at Alfred University in New York, had a commentary published
in the March 7, 2006, USA Today. "What, me worry about college costs?" talks about the
challenges of financial aid and finding scholarships. Myers
also was mentioned in the opening of a March 31, 2006, story in The Chronicle of
Higher Education, "When faculty kids apply to college, egos
and emotions come into play." His experience in asking a fellow
academic questions about his son's prospective college was given
as an example of one way in which professors have an inside
track when it comes to their children's college decisions. In
addition, Myers had two earlier commentaries published in newspapers.
"Ads R U.S." appeared in the Jan. 27, 2005, edition of The Providence (R.I.) Journal (page B5); the piece suggested
that, in our ad-driven world, some relief for the huge national
debt problem might be possible if government would lease ad
space on federal properties, vehicles, departments and Web sites.
"Deer strike fear in hearts of drivers" was published by The
Buffalo (N.Y.) News Jan. 24, 2006, (page A6) and describes the
problem of anxiety experienced while driving in rural roads
at night and worrying about deer as a matter of "cervine terrorism,"
which leads to about 150 human deaths in the United States a
year, 1.5 million deer deaths and $1 billion in vehicular damage.
The Financial Times, an international business
newspaper, plans to publish an op-ed by Wilhelm Meya,
a doctoral candidate in anthropology at Indiana University and director of the Lakota Language Consortium,
March 11, 2006. In "America's other eagle: Endangered Native American
Languages," Meya suggests that the bald eagle's rescue is symbolic
of America's redemption and ability to come back from
a moral brink. He also discusses the looming crisis of mass linguistic extinction of Native American languages
and the value of language preservation. He further offers a
comparison of endangered languages today and endangered species
40 years ago.
Edwin Segal, a professor of anthropology at the
Univesity of Louisville in Kentucky, was quoted in a March 5, 2006, story in The (Louisville) Courier-Journal. "Art theory moves outside
the cave" discusses a new theory - based on ancient living conditions
and the physical phenomenon of camera obscura - that aims to
explain the origins of Paleolithic representational art; the
theory is the brainchild of Louisville artist Matt Gatton. Segal was among the scholars
and experts who helped vet Gatton's conclusions and was quoted
about the value of Gatton's theory and the new debate it opens.
A book by Jack Weatherford, a professor of anthropology
at Macalester College in St. Paul, Minn., was cited in a recent Washington Post story,
subsequently picked up by The Philadelphia Inquirer March 5, 2006. "Unearthing secret of Genghis Khan's tomb" discussed the search
for the Mongolian conqueror's tomb and the discovery of graves
that have experts wondering whether they are part of a Genghis
Khan family burial site. Weatherford's book, "Genghis Khan and
the Making of the Modern World," was referenced regarding the
history of Mongolian invasion in Afghanistan.
News coverage of a recent conference in Doha, Qatar, included members Gwendolyn Mikell
and Fadwa El Guindi. The conference, "Arab Women: Past and Present, Participation and
Democratization," was held in early March 2006 and presented
a wide range of views and observations on the role of Arab women.
Mikell, a Georgetown University anthropology professor, was the lead focus
of "Colonialism blamed for gender inequality," a March 5, 2006,
story in The Peninsula, Qatar's English-language daily newspaper. Presentations
by Mikell and El Guindi, Qatar University's professor of anthropology, were
also discussed in another article in the newspaper the same
day, "Arab world urged not to borrow ideads"; the presentations
were part of a session on public and private spheres. Both were
further noted March 4, 2006, in The Gulf Times, another daily Qatar newspaper. "Focus on Arab women's role and
rights in society" mentioned their paper presentations on public-private
spheres and paradigms. Meanwhile, El Guindi was featured in other media coverage in March, appearing on a Qatar state television show, Zawaya (or Corners),
March 7 and on the Aljazeera program Min Wara' al-Kahbar: Yawmul
al-Mar'a al-'Alami (or Behind the News: International Woman's
Day) March 8.
Setha Low - president-elect of AAA, a professor of environmental psychology
and anthropology, and director of the Public Space Research
Group at the City University of New York - was featured in a
March 3, 2006, article in the University of California at Irvine's campus newspaper, New University. "Gates don't lead to security" covered a
February lecture given by Low at the California university. She discussed how migration by
Americans into gated communities is a growing trend that does
more harm than good. "This retreat to walls, gates and guards
materially and symbolically contradicts aspects of an idealized
American ethos and values, threatens democratic spatial values,
such as access to public space, and creates . another barrier
to social interaction, the building of social networks, as well
as tolerance of diverse, racial, cultural and social groups
in a period that is already marked by homeland security," Low
was quoted as saying.
Anthony Oliver-Smith, a professor of anthropology
at the University of Florida, was quoted March 3, 2006, in "Experts: Racism, status
hurt disaster-aid efforts," a story in the Idaho State Journal.
Oliver-Smith was participating in a symposium of humanitarian
aid experts that addressed the cultural boundaries that reduce
help to people after disasters. He spoke about examples where
aid and donors' aims fall short of the recipient-community's
expectations. Oliver-Smith was also featured March 3 on an Earth
& Sky Human World radio program, "Poor are most vulnerable
to natural disasters." He discussed what constitutes a natural
disaster. Earth & Sky programs are carried on 1,000 commercial
and public radio stations across the United States.
Kendall Thu, an anthropology professor at Northern Illinois University, was quoted in a (Peoria, Ill.) Journal Star story Feb. 28, 2006. "New farm lawsuit
bill rankles covers the dispute over an Illinois farm bill aimed at restricting nuisance lawsuits
regarding agriculture. Bill supporters say it will encourage
livestock development in the state; opponents say it will stifle
the rights of rural citizens. Thu, who has researched large-scale
farming operations for 12 years, commented on the effects of
the bill, saying it "strips away the rights of rural people.
It says we don't trust you to do what's right.We think producers
and neighbors should be able to iron out their differences before
construction begins." The story was picked up by RedOrbit.com,
an online news site covering space, science, health and technology.
Comments by Gene Ammarell, an associate professor
of anthropology and sociology at Ohio University, were included in a Feb. 27, 2006, story in The Athens (Ohio) News. "Faculty group raises concerns about
OU 'Vision' plan" discusses a resolution passed by the group
that questions the degree of budget cuts called for in the university's
"Vision Ohio" plan. Ammarell was quoted about the impacts
of the possible cuts, which he said may result in larger classes
and more classes being taught by part-time instructors.
Science News reported on new analysis of a 260,000-year-old partial
skeleton by a research team including Karen Rosenberg,
of the University of Delaware's anthropology department. "Big woman with
a distant past: Stone Age gal embodies humanity's cold shifts" ran
in the magazine the week of Feb. 25, 2006 (Vol. 169, No. 8, p. 116). It discusses the team's finding that
the specimen represents our largest known female ancestor and
that the size was the result of cold-climate adaptation. The
story includes: "The fossil individual's large size and the
apparent adaptation of her body to cold conditions are 'consistent
with the idea that patterns of human anatomical variation that
we see today have deep evolutionary roots,' Rosenberg asserts."
A book co-authored by Donna Hart, of the University of Missouri at St. Louis, was featured Feb. 24, 2006, in Discovery News, the Discover Channel's online news site. "Early
humans were often eaten" discusses Hart's book "Man the Hunted:
Primates, Predators and Human Evolution" and its main theory,
which was recently presented at an American Association for
the Advancement of the Sciences conference. The theory argues
that our ancestors between 7 million and 60,000 years ago were
more likely to be prey than hunters with killer instincts.
Research by Agustin Fuentes, an associate professor of anthropology
at the University of Notre Dame, was featured in a February
2006 story on PhysOrg.com. "Early humans on the menu" presented
a general overview of Fuentes' and others' work that suggests
human ancestors were driven to evolve increased levels of cooperation
due to the pressure they experienced from numerous and larger
David Sutton, an associate professor of sociocultural anthropology
at Southern Illinois University,was quoted in a Feb. 21, 2006, Lifestyle feature in the San Antonio Express-News.
"Cooking vs. carryout a hot topic for scholars" covered the
trend away from homemade meals in American homes. Sutton talked
about how cultural anthropologists are looking at which practices
are changing and which are not, including the differing interpretations
of the changes.
"Manners matter," a Feb. 20, 2006, article in The (Lynchburg, Va.) News & Advance, featured Deborah Durham, a professor of anthropology at Sweet Briar College, commenting on the global decline in manners.
Durham was quoted about the reasons behind the decline.
Recent research by Pablo Nepomnaschy, a post-doctoral
fellow at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences,
and scientists at the University of Michigan was covered in a short news item Feb. 20, 2006, distributed by United Press International
news service. Nepomnaschy and his colleagues found that women
showing signs of stress were three times more likely to miscarry
than the first three weeks of pregnancy, based on a study conducted
in a rural Guatemalan community.
The Wall Street Journal Asia published an op-ed by Sara
"Meg" Davis, a New York-based writer and author of "Song
and Silence," Feb. 20, 2006. "A system 'rotting from the ground up' " discusses the violence
and intimidation some local officials in China are using to silence citizen complaints of
official abuse committed by local governments. The citizens
are mostly rural Chinese who petition senior government officials
in Beijing to intercede in the complaints. The op-ed
gives examples of local officials allegedly hiring gangsters
to enforce their will and suppress opposition.
J. Lorand Matory, a professor of anthropology and African and
African-American studies at Harvard University, was quoted Feb. 17, 2006, in a story in The Harvard Crimson, the campus newspaper. "Scholars
defend Black History Month" examines recent criticism surrounding
the annual February recognition of African-American contributions
to American history. (The recognition was the invention of a
Harvard alum.) Matory defended Black History Month as one of
several factors that brings more attention to black history.
Eugenie Scott, director of the National Center for Science Education in Oakland, Calif., was mentioned in a brief news item picked
up Feb. 17, 2006, by the Northern Iowan, the University of Northern Iowa's campus newspaper. "Science teachers discuss how to teach evolution
in the classroom" covered a recent symposium at Rutgers University. Scott was quoted from a keynote speech in
which she talked about evolution and its place in scientific
William Beeman, a professor of anthropology and Middle East studies at Brown University, had op-eds published recently in print and
online newspapers. Versions of "U.S. instigated Iran's nuclear policy" ran in The Providence Journal
Feb. 14, 2006, an in The Palestine Chronicle Feb. 17, 2006. Beeman also published "No easy way out of dangerous face off: Iran decided long ago on nuclear future" in the
Feb. 19, 2006, San Jose Mercury News.
"Suburban Shaman: Tales from Medicine's Frontline" - a newly published
book by Cecil Helman, a professor of medical anthropology at Brunel
University at Uxbirdge, U.K. - was recently featured by various
BBC programs and other media. BBC Radio 4 has selected "Suburban
Shaman" as an upcoming Book of the Week for March 6 to 10, 2006;
information on the book will eventually appear on Radio 4's
Web site. Helman's other BBC appearances include an interview
on Radio 4's Midweek program Jan. 25, 2006. A review of his
book also ran Feb. 3, 2006, in The Independent.
Kristen Ghodsee, an assistant professor of gender
and women's studies at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine,
and a fellow with the Woodrow Wilson International Center for
Scholars in Washington, D.C., has been interviewed for Wilson
Center's TV and radio program Dialogue. The interview is regarding
her new book "The Red Riviera: Gender, Tourism and Postsocialism
on the Black Sea." It is tentatively set to air at 8 p.m. March
8, 2006, and 8 a.m. March 11, 2006, on MHz Networks; see the
MHz's Web site to search program listings. Her book also was
reviewed in the Dec. 2, 2005, issue of The Chronicle of Higher
Education's Research and Books section.
Pam Frese, a professor of anthropology at The College of
Wooster in Ohio, was quoted in a Feb. 13, 2006, question-and-answer
article in the Akron Beacon Journal in Ohio. "Folklore relates
day of love to symbols of coming spring" discussed the history
and culture surrounding Valentine's Day.
Robert Daniels, an anthropology professor with the University
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, was quoted in a Feb. 13, 2006,
Jacksonville (N.C.) Daily News story about visual language translator
cards. "Cards help deployed troops bridge language gap" covered
the use of the cards by soldiers in Iraq. Daniels discussed
the advantages the cards have over live translators.
Jack Broughton, a University of Utah archaeologist and associate
professor of anthropology, was featured in "Early California:
A killing field," a story published in the spring 2006 issue
of Continuum, the university's magazine. The article was about
Broughton's faunal research involving 5,736 bird bones found
at an archaeological site near San Francisco Bay and about his
findings regarding the site's 1,900-year period of resource
exploitation by native peoples.
Robert Foster, a University of Rochester anthropology professor,
was quoted in a short item that ran in the Feb. 13, 2006, issue
of the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle in New York. "Love,
international style, offers an idea or two" was a list of how
love-and-romance-based holidays, like Valentine's Day in the
United States, are celebrated in other countries. Foster discussed
traditions in the Trobriand Islands, Papua New Guinea.
Monica Udvardy, an anthropology professor at
the University of Kentucky and a specialist in East African
tribal customs, was included in a Feb. 13,
2006, story on telegraphy.co.uk, which is published, along with several
Telegraph newspapers, by the Telegraph Group Ltd. in the United
Kingdom. "Tribes mourn theft of burial statues for Western collectors"
discussed the looting of vigango totems from rural homesteads
near Kenya's coast. Udvardy commented on the impact the thefts
have had on the tribes whose cultural objects have been stolen.
Mark Tveskov, a professor of archaeology and anthropology
at Southern Oregon University, commented in a recent Mail Tribune
(Medford, Ore.) story about a human skull discovered by construction
crews working on a historic home in Medford. Tveskov was paraphrased
about the discussion that would need to occur between government
representatives, the property owner and tribal officials if
the skull is determined to be that of an American Indian girl;
a preliminary examination has determined the skull belonged
to an adolescent female and was possibly more than 100 years
old. The Mail Tribune story was subsequently picked up by the
Associated Press Feb. 11, 2006.
Richard Leventhal, director of the University of Pennsylvania's
Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology in Philadelphia, was
quoted in an article that appeared in several news outlets nationwide
between Feb. 9 and 12, 2006. The story was about celebrations
in honor of Charles Darwin's birthday, including those at the
museum. It was carried by the Associated Press wire service
Feb. 9 under the headline "Rallying behind Darwin" and subsequently
appeared in newspapers, including the Chicago Tribune, Seattle
Times and Columbia (Mo.) Daily Tribune. Leventhal was quoted
as saying, "The people who believe in evolution.really just
sort of need to stand up and be counted. Evolution is the model
that drives science. It's time to recognize that."
Dr. Paul Farmer, of Harvard Medical School's Department
of Social Medicine, was interviewed Feb. 7, 2006, on National
Public Radio's Morning Edition. Farmer discussed the impact
of Haiti's political violence on health care; he is the executive
vice president of Partners in Health, which created a medical
center in a Haitian settlement.
Montgomery McFate, a research staff member at the Institute for
Defense Analyses, was featured in a Feb. 1, 2006, United Press
International wire story. "Experts apply anthropology to Iraq " discussed McFate's speech
at a recent Women in International Security Conference and the
application of anthropology to understanding the Iraq insurgency and the tribal nature
of Iraqi society. "McFate has suggested that knowledge of Iraqi
tribal groups is useful because it can provide an insight into
the reasons for insurgency," wrote Lucy Stallworthy, UPI correspondent.
William Beeman, a professor of anthropology at Brown University , was quoted about improving
Middle Eastern language instruction both at Brown and nationwide
in a Feb. 6, 2006, story in The Brown Daily
Herald, an independent campus newspaper. The story was headlined
" 'Critical need' language proposal has undetermined impact
Brent Weisman, a professor with the University of South Florida's anthropology department,
was mentioned in a Feb. 5, 2006, column in
The (Bradenton, Fla.) Herald. "Lithuania construction a grave matter"
discussed a15th-century cemetery in Lithuania that's being paved over
for an apartment complex and similar situations in the United States. The column
included paraphrases of comments by Weisman about Native American
burials in downtown Tampa, Fla.
Setha Low, a professor of environmental
psychology at the City University of New York and president-elect
of the American Anthropological Association, was quoted in a
Feb. 2, 2006, story in the
New York Times. "Living ever larger: Estates in the sky" is
about development trends toward supersized apartments, or "McCondos."
Low commented on the psychology of jumbo condominium buyers.
Kenneth Broad, an environmental anthropologist
and assistant professor with the University of Miami , was recently selected as a National
Geographic Emerging Explorer for 2006. A double-page spread
on this year's Emerging Explorers is included in the February
2006 of National Geographic magazine. Information on past Explorers
is available on National Geographic's Web site, which swill
be updated shortly with the 2006 class.
Barbara King, professor of anthropology
with the College of William
& Mary, recently had commentaries
on director Peter Jackson's "King Kong" film appear in several
media outlets, including a book review Web zine. "Reading King
Kong (and pitching Peter Jackson)" combined commentary and a
discussion of the novel "Heart of Darkness." It appeared in
January 2006 on Bookslut.com. King's commentary was also published
by Scoop, an independent news site in New Zealand ( Jackson is from New Zealand ). Her item
appeared in Scoop's Feedback section Dec. 31, 2005. Finally, King was quoted in a
Dec. 12, 2005,
Forbes article on "The biology of King Kong."
Kendall Blanchard, a professor of business and anthropology atFort Lewis College in Durango, Colo., was named a finalist for vice president
and chief executive officer for the University of South Florida at Lakeland, according to a Jan.
30, 2006, story in The (Lakeland, Fla.) Ledger. The story was headlined "Final
4 for USF post to visit area." Blanchard is also a former president
of Fort Lewis College.
Chuck Darrah, an anthropology professor at San Jose State University , was quoted in a Jan. 30, 2006, column in the San Jose Mercury
News. "We do not adjust our TV sets" examined why San Francisco
Bay Area sports fans watch football to the exclusion of other
sports, unlike other regions of the country. Darrah was among
the sources asked to explain the phenomenon.
Richard Handler, an anthropology professor at the University of Virginia at Charlottesville , was quoted in a Jan. 27, 2006, article in The Cavalier Daily,
U.Va.'s campus newspaper. "What is science?" explored definitions
of science, its effects and its future. Handler's comments explained
the scientific nature of anthropology.
Deborah Tannen, a professor of linguistics at Georgetown University , was a guest
on The Diane Rehm Show Jan. 24, 2006. The show airs nationally
on public radio via WAMU in Washington, D.C. Tannen talked about
her book "You're Wearing That?" and about her research on mother-daughter
conversational dynamics. Tannen also recently had two articles
published about mother-daughter conversations and relationships.
"Oh, Mom. Oh, Honey" appeared on page B1 of the Jan. 22, 2006,
Washington Post Outlook section; and "My mother, my hair" ran
Jan. 24, 2006, in the Los Angeles Times opinion section. Text
of these articles is available for reading on Tannen's Web site,
book was also featured Jan. 25, 2006, on National Public Radio's
Fadwa El Guindi, a professor of anthropology at the University of Qatar (on leave from the University of Southern California) and director and research anthropologist
of El Nil Research in Los Angeles, had a brief item published in the February 2006 issue of Playboy
magazine. The item is in response to a November 2005 article
by Phyllis Chesler about Arab and Muslim women. El Guindi is author of "Veil: Modesty, Privacy and Resistance" and co-editor-in-chief of the new journal "Contemporary
Islam: Dynamics in Muslim Life." Her expertise on the Middle East has been sought out by President Bill Clinton, the U.S. Senate and
the media. Chesler is an emerita professor of psychology and
women's studies and a psychotherapist. She has organized human
rights campaigns worldwide, including in the Middle East, and has spoken in the media about anti-Semitism
and Islamic gender apartheid. The piece El Guindi submitted to Playboy stated that the "widespread ignorance about
Islam, Muslim women, Arab culture and civilizational history
breeds provincial attacks on women, academics, and political
freedom, stereotypical claims about gender apartheid, and extremist
thinking about other cultures, such as that expressed by [Chesler]
in Gender Apartheid.Painting women and feminists worldwide as
helpless is against international solidarity." El Guindi also was quoted as a critic of Chesler's new book, "The Death of
Feminism," in a Feb. 1, 2006, Chicago Tribune article about
the book; the article was headlined "A feminist's case against
The experiences of Julian Orr -
an anthropologist who has worked for Xerox, researching the
company's technicians and managers - were mentioned in a Jan.
23, 2006, In the Lead column in the Wall Street Journal. "Companies
struggle to pass on knowledge that workers acquire" appeared
on the front page (B1) of the newspaper's Marketplace section.
James Boster, an anthropology professor with the
University of Connecticut, was quoted in a recent Associated
Press wire story about the 1956 massacre of missionaries by
the Waodani people. The story was picked up Jan. 23, 2006, by
The Missoulian (Missoula, Mont.) newspaper and published in
its Religion section under the headline "Killer to comrade."
Other newspapers nationwide also ran the wire story, including
the Contra Costa Times (Walnut Creek, Calif.).
Blair Rudes, a linguist with the University of North
Carolina at Charlotte, was featured in a Jan. 22, 2006, story
in The Charlotte Observer about his work recreating Algonquin
for the film "The New World." Ives Goddard, a curator for linguistics
and anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution, was also mentioned
in the article, "UNCC linguist Blair Rudes helps cast of movie
learn the Algonquin tongue he resurrected."
Barbara Feezor Buttes, a Minnesota-based anthropologist, was quoted in a recent Associated
Press wire story that appeared in the Jan. 22, 2006, issue of
The Pioneer Press (St. Paul, Minn.). "Tribal claims gain in
momentum: Casino profits at stake in excluded Indians' suit"
included a mention of Buttes' effort to identify "lineal descendants"
of the Loyal Mdewakanton. The story was also picked up by KARE-11,
a Minneapolis/St. Paul television station, and appeared on the
station's Web site under the heading "Minnesota lawsuit over
Indian trust land opens old wounds." A related Associated Press
story, "Sioux seek identity and riches owed," was published
Feb. 12, 2006, in The Miami Herald.
Michael Silverstein, a professor with the University
of Chicago Department of Anthropology, was featured in a recent
commentary in Education Guardian, a supplement of the British
newspaper The Guardian. "Why we are as good or bad as our language"
was written by Jan Blommaert, chairman of languages in education
at the University of London's Institute of Education. The piece
discussed a reinstated theory that "helps to explain the linguistic
signals of identity.
Kimberly Simmons, an assistant professor of anthropology
and African-American studies at the University of South Carolina,
was quoted in a Jan. 9, 2006, Lifestyles story in The (Rock
Hill, S.C.) Herald. The article, "No barriers: For white couple
adopting black kids, it's been a challenge worth the rewards,"
was about the phenomenon of transracial adoption.
David Schutzer, professor of anthropology at Pierce
College, was included in a Jan. 8, 2006, article in The (Monterey
County, Calif.) Herald about "CSI"-inspired enrollments in forensic
science programs. "Television pushes surge in forensic science
study" discusses the realities of forensic jobs and how incoming
students don't always understand what those are.
William Bright, professor emeritus of linguistics
and anthropology at the University of California at Los Angeles
and an adjunct professor of linguistics at the University of
Colorado at Boulder, was cited in a Jan. 7, 2006, story in the
Tucson Citizen about place names with Native American origins.
"Lookin' back: Colorful Indian place names found everywhere"
mentioned Bright's recent book "Native American Placenames of
the United States."
Melvyn Hammarberg, an associate professor of anthropology
at the University of Pennysvlania, was quoted in a Jan. 7, 2006,
Times Leader (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) story about the expansion of
the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints into city neighborhoods
with large African-American and Spanish-speaking populations.
The story was headlined "A new direction: Mormons are growing
in inner cities." The Times Leader is a Knight Ridder
newspaper, and the article also appeared to have been distributed
through Knight Ridder's news service.
William Vickers, professor emeritus of anthropology
at Florida International University in Miami, was quoted by
The Gainesville Sun in a Jan. 7, 2006, story about the 1956
killings of five missionaries by the Waodani in Ecuador. The
piece was headlined "Florida man's life featured in film on
slaying of missionaries."
William Saturno, an assistant professor of anthropology
at the University of New Hampshire, was featured in a Jan. 5,
2006, National Geographic News online article about the recent
discovery of Maya writing dating to 2,300 years ago. "Earliest
Maya writing found in Guatemala, researchers say" discusses
the finding by lead researcher Saturno and his colleagues. Saturno's
work was also featured Jan. 23, 2006, on Seacoastonline.com
in the story "UNH's Indiana Jones." Seacoastonline is a news
site affiliated with Seacoast Media Group, which owns several
community newspapers in coastal New Hampshire and Southern Maine.
Alex W. Barker, chairman of the Milwaukee Public Museum's
Anthropology Department and vice president of its collections,
research and exhibitions, published an op-ed in the Jan. 1,
2006, Crossroads Section of the Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel.
"Selling off parts of its collection is no way to save the museum"
outlined the ethical arguments against selling off collections
to provide operating funds for museums.
Joan Bytheway, a forensic anthropologist and instructor
with the University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg, was featured
with other forensic specialists in an article in the January
2006 issue of National Geographic. The story, 'Genocide and
the science of proof,' reports on the investigation of mass
graves in Iraq. A small item on Bytheway and the mass graves
work was featured Jan. 2, 2006, on ThePittsburghChannel.com,
WTAE's Web site. (WTAE is a Hearst-Argyle TV station and ABC
affiliate covering parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia
and Maryland.) The item also reports that the forensics team's
work was featured in the documentary 'A Case Against Saddam,'
which is airing in January on the Discovery Times Channel.
Gerald Sawyer, of Central Connecticut State University's
Archaeology Laboratory for African and African Diaspora Studies,
was mentioned in a Jan. 17, 2006, article - "Weston cellar may
have been a haven for runaway slaves" - in The (Stamford, Conn.)
Advocate. The story describes archaeological and other research
into a Weston, Conn., root cellar that may have served as a
stop on the historic Underground Railroad.
Karenne Wood, chairwoman of the Virginia Council
on Indians and a doctoral candidate in anthropology at the University
of Virginia, was quoted in a PRNewswire piece picked up Jan.
16, 2006, by Yahoo! News' financial news section, Yahoo! Finance.
The item was about Virginia Indian tribal members' reaction
to the portrayal of their heritage in "The New World," a New
Line Cinema film being released in January 2006. Wood is a member
of the Monacan Indian Nation; Bear Mountain in Amherst County,
Va., has been home to the Monacan people for more than 10,000
Barry Chevannes, a professor with the University
of the West Indies, is being honored with a UWI-hosted three-day
conference, according to a Jan. 15, 2006, report in The Jamaica
Observer. The January conference, which is themed "African-Caribbean
Worldview and the Making of Caribbean Society," highlights Chevannes'
lifetime work and achievements in sociology and anthropology.
Ray Brassieur, a professor in the anthropology program
at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, was quoted in a
January 2006 story in The Daily World, Opelousas, La. "Traiteur
is ancient tradition" examines the Cajun tradition of folk healers.
Edward Green, a medical anthropologist with Harvard
University's School of Public Health, was a guest on Radio Times
with Marty Moss-Coane Jan. 5, 2006. The program, which aired
on WHYY public radio, examined Uganda's ABC HIV prevention policy.
To listen to the show, go to http://www.whyy.org/91FM/radiotimes.html
and search for "AIDS" in the radio archives search engine at
the bottom of the page; before executing the search, set the
date in the draw-down menu as Jan. 5, 2006. The search should
return a page with the program featuring Green at the top; click
on the link provided to listen to the show. WHYY serves the
Philadelphia area, parts of Delaware and north to Princeton,