Lioncrusher's Domain > Felidae > Geoffrey's Cat
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 Range
 
Range of the Geoffrey's Cat (Leopardus geoffroyi)
 
 First Described By
 
   d'Orbigny & Gervais, 1844

 Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Chordata
  Class: Mammalia
  Order: Carnivora
  Family: Felidae
  Genus: Leopardus
  Species: geoffroyi

 Physical Attributes
 
  Shoulder Height:
       6-10 in. (15-25 cm)
  Head and Body Length:
       18-20 in. (45-75 cm)
  Tail Length:
       9-15 in. (24-38 cm)
  Weight:
       7-17 lb. (3-8 kg)

 Life Information
 
  Gestation: 62-72 days
  Litter size: 2-3
  Age at sexual maturity:
      Male: 14 months
      Female: 14 months
  Life Span: ?

 Status
 
CITES: Appendix I
IUCN: Near Threatened

 Scientific Name Synonyms
 
  Felis geoffroyi
  Oncifelisgeoffroyi

Geoffrey's Cat
(Leopardus geoffroyi)

Geoffrey's Cat (Leopardus geoffroyi)
Range and Habitat

The Geoffrey's cat lives in the woodlands and scrublands of the South American countries of Bolivia, Argentina, southern Brazil, and Paraguay.


Physical Appearance

The Geoffrey's cat's name comes from the French naturalist Geoffrey St. Hilaire, who traveled in South America in the early 1800s, and may have discovered this cat. They are about the size of a domestic cat. It has a golden yellow ground color with black spots all over. They have black bars on their face that run from the corner of their eyes and mouth to their ears, and vertically on its forehead. The semi-circular ears have a black back with a white spot in the center, which all cats have. It serves to signal to other felines the cat's mood; the spots are clearly present when the ears are laid backward so it may signal aggression. The tail has black bars on it. They have rather large eyes in relation to their head size, and they are set low on their face, forming a wide "V" from one eye to the nose to the other eye, unlike the rectangular "U" shape of other cats, which makes their head look wider than it is.


Diet

Geoffroy’s cats feed on small birds, lizards, insects and rodents. They will even eat eggs.


Reproduction and Social Behavior

The mating season is year-round, usually chosen at the time that would be beneficial. These cats have been observed mating in trees. After a gestation of 72-78 days, two to three kittens are born in a den, usually under a bush, a tree hole, or even a small rock cave. If the female looses her litter, she is ready to mate again in two weeks. This means that these cats can very often produce more than one litter a year. Males do not help the female to raise their kittens.

They are for the most part solitary and secretive, staying as far away from humans as possible. They are usually nocturnal. They are arboreal cats, and hunt and sleep in the trees.


Threats

They are hunted for their skins, and due to heavy harvesting of this species for their fur, they are endangered.


Subspecies

  • L. g. geoffroyi - Central Argentina
  • L. g. euxantha - Northern Argentina, Andean Bolivia
  • L. g. leucobapta - Patagonia (Disputed)
  • L. g. paraguae - Paraguay, south east Brazil, Uruguay, north Argentina
  • L. g. salinarum - North west to central Argentina


  Print References

  • Alderton, David. Wild Cats of the World. Blandford: United Kingdom, 1998.
  • Nowak, Ronald. Walker’s Carnivores of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, 2005.
  Online References



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