131 Squadron - The Yellow Bird
The Israeli Air Force established the 131 squadron in October 1973, which immediately began conducting transport operations using twelve C-130E aircraft. The squadron soon received several new C-130H aircraft, including two KC-130H variants equipped with additional fuel carrying capability. In 1976, the 131 squadron acquired two C-130s from the 120 squadron and merged with the 103 squadron to become Israel's only C-130 squadron.
The first week of July 1976 marked one one of the most dangerous mission carried out by the 131 squadron. A week earlier, an Air France flight from Tel Aviv to Paris was hijacked by terrorists and forced to land in Uganda. Escorted part of the way by several F-4E fighters, four C-130Hs carried paratroopers and medical personnel to Uganda where they successfully rescued the hostages and eliminated the terrorist forces.