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Clytomedes to Damarmenus



Clytomedes. Son of Enops 2. He was overcome by Nestor in boxing in the funeral games of Amarynceus 1, a ruler in Elis [Hom.Il.23.634].

Clytoneus 1 is father of Nauplius 2, said to be one of the ARGONAUTS and a descendant of Nauplius 1 [for this one see Palamedes]. Clytoneus 1 himself was son of Naubolus 3, son of Lernus 1, son of Proetus 1 and Stheneboea. Proetus 1 is son of Abas 2, son of Lynceus 2, son of Aegyptus 1, son of Belus 1, son of Libya, daughter of Epaphus 1, son of Io. Others say that Proetus 1 is son of Nauplius 1, son of Amymone 1, one of the DANAIDS. [Arg.1.134, 1.202].

Clytoneus 2. A Prince of Corcyra, son of Alcinous and Arete [see also Phaeacians] [Hom.Od.8.119].

Clytus 1. One of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS who were in the court of Cepheus 1. He was killed by Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.87].

Clytus 2. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1 [see DANAIDS] [Hyg.Fab.168, 170].

Cnageus followed the DIOSCURI in their campaign against Aphidnae. Made a prisoner he was sold as a slave in Crete, wherefrom he escaped taking with him the priestess of Artemis and an image known as Artemis Cnagia [Pau.3.18.4].

Cnopus. Bastard son of King Codrus 1 of Athens. He founded Erythrae in Asia Minor [see also Cleopus and Ionia] [Strab.14.1.3].

Cnossia. See NYMPHS.

Coastes. An ally of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.6.155].

Cocalus. A king in Sicily in whose court Daedalus was concealed having escaped from Minos 2. He, or else his daughters, killed Minos 2 when he came to Sicily looking for Daedalus [Apd.Ep.1.14-15; Dio.4.79.2; Hyg.Fab.40; Pau.7.4.5-6].

Codone 1. See MAENADS.

Codone 2. Mother by Aeneas of Aeneas' Daughter 1 [DH.1.49.2].

Codrus 1. King of Athens an father of many sons, most of them colonizers of Ionia in Asia Minor. These were: Neileus, Androclus, Cyaretus, Damasichthon 3, Promethus, Andraemon 5, Naoclus, Cleopus, Medon 11 (successor of Crodus 1), Cydrelus, and Cnopus. Codrus 1 was son of Melanthus 1, a king of Messenia expelled by the HERACLIDES, himself son of Andropompus 1, son of Borus 3, son of Penthilus 2, son of Periclymenus 1, son of Neleus. Codrus 1 was killed by the Peloponnesians, when these attacked Attica [see also Athens]. [Hdt.1.147, 9.97; Pau.1.19.5, 1.39.4, 7.2.1, 7.2.8, 7.2.10, 7.3.3, 7.3.5-7; Strab.9.1.7, 14.1.3].

Codrus 2 was a man from Lemnos, whose wife Eurynome 7 was visited by Pheme in the shape of Neaera 5, who told her that her husband had taken a Thracian wife [Val.2.136ff.].

Coeranus 1. An Argive, son of Abas 3, son of Melampus 1, son of Amythaon 1, son of Cretheus 1, son of Aeolus 1. Coeranus 1 was father of Polyidus 1, counted among the SEERS, and Euchenor 3 [Apd.3.3.1; Pau.1.43.5].

Coeranus 2. See TROJANS.

Coeranus 3. See ACHAEANS.

Coeus. See TITANS.

Coilon. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Deriades, king of India [Nonn.32.235].

Colaenus. Ruler in Attica before the reign of Cecrops 1 [see also Athens] [Pau.1.31.5].

Colaxais. King of Scythia. He was the youngest among the sons of Targitaus, son of Zeus [Hdt.4.5-6].

Colaxes. A chieftain in the army of Perses 3 during the civil war in Colchis between Perses 3 and Aeetes. Colaxes, who was slain by Jason during that war, was the son of Zeus and Hora 2, one of the NYMPHS [Val.6.48ff., 6.651ff.].

Colletes. A mighty Indian warrior who fought against the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Charopeia 1, one of the MAENADS [Nonn.36.241ff.]

Colontas did not afford any hospitality to Demeter when she came to Argos and for that, they say, he was burnt up along with his house. Colontas had a daughter Chthonia 2, known for having made a sancturay of Demeter [Pau.2.35.4].

Comaetho 1. This is the woman from the island of Taphos who fell in love with the besieger of her city Amphitryon. She betrayed both country and father, King Pterelaus; but Amphitryon put her to death when he had conquered Taphos. The same thing happened to Scylla 2, daughter of King Nisus 1 of Megara, and to Leucophrye, daughter of Mandrolytus. Also Achilles let Pisidice 4 be stoned on similar circumstances [Apd.2.4.7].

Comaetho 2. A priestess of Artemis who caused the goddess wrath by loving Melanippus 5 in her sanctuary. She was sacrificed to the Artemis as a remedy to all calamities that the goddess sent [Pau.7.19.3].

Comaetho 3. A fountain, who forever mingled her water with that of her lover, the river Cydnos, a river in Cilicia, Asia Minor [Nonn.2.144, 40.141].

Comaetho 4. Daughter of Tydeus 2 and consequently sister of Diomedes 2. He married Aegialeus 1, one of the EPIGONI, and had a son Cyanippus, who is found among the ACHAEAN LEADERS and among those who hid inside the WOODEN HORSE [Try.159].

Comarcus. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Deriades, king of India [Nonn.32.188].

Combe 1. A woman from Pleuron in Aetolia, who escaped death at the hands of her sons, on wings. She was daughter of Ophius [Ov.Met.7.383].

Combe 2. Mother by Socus 2 of the CORYBANTES. It is said that she and her sons were cast out of their country by Socus 2 [Nonn.13.135.ff.].

Cometes 1. Father of Asterius 1, one of the ARGONAUTS [Apd.1.9.16; Arg.1.20ff.].

Cometes 2 was the lover of Aegialia, wife of Diomedes 2, when the latter was fighting at Troy. Cometes 2 was son of Sthenelus 2, son of Capaneus, son of Hipponous 1 (all Argives) [Apd.Ep.6.10].

Cometes 3 was one of the LAPITHS attending Pirithous' wedding. He was killed by Charaxus, his friend, accidentally [see also CENTAURS] [Ov.Met.12.284].

Cometes 4 was the first among the sons of Tisamenus 2 to sail to Asia. It was under the reign of Tisamenus 2, son of Orestes 2, that the HERACLIDES returned to the Peloponnesus [Pau.7.6.2].


Conisalus. Attic deity resembling Priapus [Strab.13.1.13].

Connidas. Tutor of Theseus when he was reared by his grandfather Pittheus, son of Pelops 1 [Plu.The.4.1].


Consus. God of counsel ("consilium" is still the word for counsel). It was in connection with the discovery of this god's altar, that Romulus gave the signal for the abduction of the Sabine women [Plu.Rom.14.3].

Coon. See TROJANS.

Copreus was the herald of Eurystheus. It was often he who instructed Heracles 1 to perform his LABOURS. Copreus was son of Pelops 1 and Hippodamia 3. He had a son Periphetes 1 who died at Troy [see also ACHAEANS] [Apd.2.5.1; Eur.Hcl. passim; Hom.Il.15.638ff.; Hyg.Fab.14].

Coras. A warrior from Tibur, brother of Catillus and Tiburtus, and ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.7.672, 11.466].

Corax was the elder of the two sons of Coronus 2, son of Apollo, the other being Lamedon. Corax died childless [Pau.2.5.8, 2.6.1].

Corcyra. Daughter of the river god Asopus and Metope 1. She was ravished by Poseidon and had by him a son Phaeax 1, from whom the Phaeacians received their name [Apd.3.12.6-7; Arg.4.567; Dio.4.72.3; Pau.2.5.2, 5.22.6].

Core (see Persephone), "The Maiden" [Dio.5.2.3; Pau.2.34.6].


Coresus 2 is the priest of Dionysus 2 who failed in obtaining the love of Callirrhoe 4, but nevertheless killed himself instead of sacrificing the girl he loved, as the oracle had ordained [Pau.7.20.1].

Coretho. Son of impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].

Corinthus. King of Corinth after whom the Corinthian land is named. Corinthus is said to be son either of Zeus or of Marathon, son of Epopeus 1 [see also Sicyon]. Corinthus died childless, or else he had a daughter Sylea. It was upon his death that the Corinthians, some say, sent for Medea to be their queen [Apd.3.16.2; Pau.2.1.1, 2.3.10].

Coroebus 1. It is said that Psamathe 2, the daughter of King Crotopus of Argos, bore a son Linus 1 to Apollo, but fearing her father, she exposed the child which was found and killed by sheepdogs. For this reason, they say, Apollo sent Poine (Vengeance) to punish the Argives, by snatching children from their mothers. Coroebus 1, then, slew Vengeance, causing a second punishment to fall upon the city that was devastated by plague. When this happened Coroebus 1 travelled voluntarily to Delphi in order to be punished for his having slain Vengeance. At Delphi the Pythian priestess ordered him to take a tripod from the shrine and carry it until it fell from his hands, and then build, in that very place, a temple of Apollo. Coroebus 1 did as the Pythia told him and the tripod fell at Mount Gerania, where Coroebus 1 dwelt in the village Little Tripods. At his death Coroebus 1 was buried in Megara [Pau.1.43.7-8].

Coroebus 2. See TROJANS.

Coroebus 3. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was slain by Parthenopaeus, son of Atalanta according to some [Stat.Theb.9.745].

CORONAE. The CORONAE are two youths who sprang from the ashes of Orion's daughters, Metioche 2 and Menippe 2, when these killed themselves to save their people from pestilence. This they did following an oracle that had promised deliverance if two virgins would sacrifice themselves. Both were turned into comets [Lib.Met.25; Ov.Met.13.698].

Coroneus. King of Phocis, the region bordering the Gulf of Corinth west of Boeotia. He had a daughter [see below] [Ov.Met.2.569].

Coroneus' Daughter was pursued, because of her beauty, by Poseidon; but she, not wishing to be possessed by the god, cried out for help to both gods and men, and Athena turned her into a crow [Ov.Met.2.542ff.].


Coronis 2. See NYMPHS.

Coronis 3. See MAENADS.

Coronus 1. See ARGONAUTS.

Coronus 2. Son of Apollo and Chrysorthe, daughter of Orthopolis, son of Plemnaeus, son of Peratus, son of Poseidon. Coronus 2 is father of Corax and Lamedon [Pau.2.5.8].

Coronus 3 received his land from Athamas 1 and founded Coroneia. He was son of Thersander 2, son of Sisyphus [Pau.9.34.7-8].

Coronus 4. Father of Anaxiroe, mother of Hyrmina, after whom the city Hyrmina in Elis was called. [Pau.5.1.6].

Corus. One of Actaeon's dogs. See Actaeon.


Corybas. Father of Ide 1, wife of Lycastus 1 and mother of Minos 2 [Dio.4.60.3].

Corycia. See NYMPHS.

Corymbasus. A mighty Indian chief who fought against the army of Dionysus 2 in the Indian War [Nonn.28.51].

Corymbus. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN; he was killed in battle. Corymbus was son of Mystis, a Sidonian girl [Nonn.13.141; Stat.Theb.8.548].

Corynaeus. Companion of the exiled Aeneas. He was killed by Asilas 1, an ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.6.228, 9.571].

Corynetes. One of the malefactors whom Theseus punished. He used to carry a club and with it killed anyone who passed by until Theseus slew him. Corynetes was son either of Poseidon or of Hephaestus [Dio.4.59.2; Hyg.Fab.38, 158].

Corythus 1. One of the LAPITHS who attended Pirithous' wedding and fought against the CENTAURS. He was killed by Rhoetus 1 [see also CENTAURS] [Ov.Met.12.290ff.].

Corythus 2. One of the ETHIOPIAN CHIEFS in the court of Cepheus 1. He wounded Pelates 2 during the fight between Phineus 1 and Perseus 1 [Ov.Met.5.125].

Corythus 3. A king that raised the son of Heracles 1 and named him Telephus [Dio.4.33.11].

Corythus 4. See TROJANS.

Corythus 5. A Dolionian killed by Tydeus 2 [Val.3.99].

Cothonea. This is the Queen of Eleusis who took Demeter as nurse for her son Triptolemus. Cothonea was married to King Eleusis also called Eleusinus [Hyg.Fab.147].

Cothus. After the Trojan War, Cothus and his brother Aiclus, set out from Athens and colonized Euboea. Cothus was son either of Ion 1 or of Xuthus 1 [see also Athens] [Plu.GQ.22; Strab.10.1.3, 10.1.8].


Cotys 1. A Dolionian killed by the ARGONAUTS [Val.3.112].

Cotys 2. Son of Manes, first king of Lydia, and Callirrhoe 1. Cotys had sons by Halie 2: Asies and Atys 3 [see also Croesus] [DH.1.27.1-2; Hdt.4.45].

Cow 1 Delphian. See BESTIARY.

Cow 2 Ilian. See BESTIARY.

Crab. This is the crab that came to help the Lernaean Hydra and, after being killed by Heracles 1, was promoted by Hera to the rank of a constellation [see BESTIARY and CONSTELLATIONS] [Apd.2.5.2; Hyg.Ast.2.23].

Cragaleus is the man to whom Apollo, Artemis and Heracles 1 came in order that he would settle their differences concerning the patronage of the city of Ambracia in Epirus. Cragaleus, although an old and wise man, let himself be persuaded by Heracles 1, but Apollo, angry at his decision, turned him into a rock. Cragaleus was son of Dryops 1, eponym of the Dryopians and himself son of the river god Sperchius [Lib.Met.4].

Cranae 1. Daughter of King Cranaus of Athens and Pedias [Apd.3.14.5].

Cranae 2. See NYMPHS.

Cranaechme. Daughter of King Cranaus of Athens and Pedias [Apd.3.14.5].

Cranaus was AUTOCHTHONOUS. When King Cecrops 1 of Athens died, Cranaus came to the throne. It was in his time that the Flood in the age of Deucalion 1 took place. Later he was expelled by Amphictyon, who reigned in his stead while he died in exile at Lamptrae in Attica. Cranaus married Pedias, a Lacedaemonian daughter of Mynes 1, and had children by her: Cranae 1, Cranaechme, and Atthis, after whom the country was called Attica [Apd.3.14.5-6; Pau.1.2.6, 1.31.3].

Cranto. See NEREIDS.

Crantor is one of the LAPITHS who attended Pirithous' wedding; he was killed on that occasion by the Centaur Demoleon 1. Crantor had been Peleus' armour-bearer [Ov.Met.12.361ff.].

Crataigonos. Leader of the Libyan peoples who joined Dionysus 2 in his Indian campaign. He was son of Psyllus and Anchiroe 3, daughter of the river god Chremetes [Nonn.13.379].

Cratais 1. Alleged mother, by Trienus, of Scylla 1 [Apd.Ep.7.20].

Cratais 2. See RIVER GODS.

Cratieus. Father of Anaxibia 3, wife of Nestor [Apd.1.9.9].


Cremedon. An Albanian warrior in the army of Aeetes [Val.6.194].

Crenaeus 1. See CENTAURS.

Crenaeus 2. A Dolionian killed by Idmon 2 during the battle between the Dolionians and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.178].

Crenaeus 3. A Lemnian, killed by the women of Lemnos when they murdered all the men in the island. He was Hypsipyle's foster-brother, born of another father [Stat.Theb.5.221].

Crenaeus 4. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN, killed by Hippomedon 1. Crenaeus 4 was son of Faunus 1 and Ismenis [Stat.Theb.9.319].

Creneis. See NEREIDS.

Creon 1. Son of Heracles 1 by one of the many daughters of Thespius [Apd.2.7.8].

Creon 2.

Creon 3 is the king of Corinth who betrothed his daughter Glauce 4 to Jason. However, when these two were about to marry Jason's first wife Medea sent to Glauce 4 a robe steeped in poison, and when she had put it on, fire consumed her. Some say that Creon 3 died when trying to rescue his daughter; others say that he fell upon her corpse and could not separate from her, since his flesh was torn from his bones each time he tried to rise. Creon 3 had a son Hippotes 3, who later, when Medea was in exile in Athens, claimed from the Athenians they should surrender her on account of Medea murdering his father [Apd.1.9.28; Eur.Med.699ff., 1204ff. and passim; Hyg.Fab.25, 27].

Creontiades is one of the children of Heracles 1 and Megara, daughter of Creon 2. Creontiades was flung into the fire by Heracles 1, when the latter had a fit of madness [Apd.2.4.12, 2.7.8].

Cres is said to be the father of Talos 1 [Pau.8.53.5].

Cresphontes. See HERACLIDES.

Crete 1. Wife of Minos 2, according to some; and in that case mother of his children: Deucalion 2, Catreus, Glaucus 4, Androgeus, Acalle, Xenodice 1, Ariadne, and Phaedra. Crete 1 was daughter of Asterius 3, son of Tectamus, son of Dorus 1, son of Hellen 1, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood [Apd.3.1.2].

Crete 2. Daughter of Deucalion 2, son of Minos 2 [Apd.3.3.1].

Crete 3. Mother, by Helius, of Pasiphae, wife of Minos 2, according to some [Dio.4.60.4].

Cretheus 1. Son of Aeolus 1 and Enarete, and founder of Iolcus, the city in Thessaly on the coast of the Gulf of Pagasae. Some have said that he married his niece Tyro, daughter of Salmoneus, son of Aeolus 1. Others say that his wife was Demodice, of unknown parentage. By one of them he had children: Aeson (father of Jason), Amythaon 1, Pheres 1, Talaus, Pelias 1, Neleus, Hippolyte 5, and another daughter of unknown name (Cretheus 1's Daughter) [Apd.1.7.3, 1.9.11; Dio.4.60.2; Hes.CWE.4; Hom.Od.11.237; Hyg.Ast.2.20; Hyg.Fab.12; Pau.4.2.5, 8.25.9; Pin.Nem.5.27ff.].

Cretheus 1's Daughter married Tectamus to whom he bore Asterius 3, king of Crete [Dio.4.60.2].

Cretheus 2. A minstrel, companion of Aeneas in Italy. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.9.774].

Cretheus 3. An Arcadian in the army of Aeneas. He was killed by Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.12.539].

Cretheus 4. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was killed by Hippomedon 1 [Stat.Theb.9.307].

Crethon. See ACHAEANS.

Creusa 1. Daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens and Praxithea 4, daughter of Phrasimus and Diogenia 1, the daughter of the river god Cephisus. Creusa 1 married the Thessalian immigrant Xuthus 1, son of Hellen 1, son of Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood. Her children by Xuthus 1 are Achaeus 1, Ion 1, and Diomede 1; but Ion 1 is also called son of Apollo [see Ionia and also Achaea]. To Hermes she bore Cephalus 2, known for having been carried off by Eos to Syria [Apd.1.9.4, 1.7.3, 3.15.1; Eur.Ion.10-57 and passim; Hyg.Fab.160].

Creusa 2. Daughter of King Priam 1 of Troy and Hecabe 1. She married Aeneas and bore him a son Ascanius 2 and a daughter Etias. When during the sack of Troy, Aeneas left the city he saved his father and son but left behind his wife Creusa 2 [Apd.3.12.5; Hyg.Fab.90; Pau.3.22.10, 10.26.1; Vir.Aen.2.675, 2.738ff.].

Creusa 3. See NYMPHS.

Creusa 4 (see Glauce 4) [Hyg.Fab.25; Prop.2.17.46].

Criasus 1. Son of the Peloponnesian king Argus 5, son of Zeus, and of Evadne 1, daughter of the river god Strymon 1. Some say that Criasus 1 succeeded his father on the throne [see also Argos] [Apd.2.1.2].

Criasus 2. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Deriades, king of India [Nonn.32.187].

Crimisus 1 (see Crinisus) [Vir.Aen.5.39].

Crimisus 2. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was killed by Deriades, king of India [Nonn.32.234].

Crinacus. Son of Zeus and father of Macar 1, king of Lesbos [Dio.5.81.4].

Crinisus (Crimisus 1). See RIVER GODS.

Crino 1. One of the wives of Danaus 1. She bore him the DANAIDS Callidice 1, Oeme, Celaeno 1, and Hyperippe 1 [Apd.2.1.5].

Crino 2. Daughter of Antenor 1 and Theano 2 [Pau.10.27.4].

Crisus. Son of Phocus 3, son of Aeacus. Crisus had a son Strophius 1, remembered for having brought up Orestes 2 [Pau.2.29.4].

Critolaus. Son of Hicetaon 1, one of the Elders of the city of Troy. Critolaus married Aristomache, daughter of Priam 1 and a captive after the fall of Troy [Pau.10.26.1].

Critomedia. See DANAIDS.

Crius 1. See TITANS.

Crius 2. See SEERS.

Crocale. See NYMPHS.

Croco. Father by Saesara of Meganira, wife of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto [Apd.3.9.1; Pau.1.38.2].

Crocus and his beloved Smilax are remembered for having turned into flowers [Ov.Met.4.283; Ov.Fast.5.227].

Croesmus. See TROJANS.


Cromus 1. Son of impious Lycaon 2 after whom the city Cromi in Arcadia was named [Pau.8.3.4].

Cromus 2. A Corinthian, son of Poseidon [Pau.2.1.3].

Cronius 1. One of the SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3. He was killed, as other suitors, by her father Oenomaus 1 [see also Pelops 1] [Pau.6.21.11].

Cronius 2. Son of Zeus and Himalia, one of the NYMPHS [Dio.5.55.6].


Crotalus. This was the fifth suitor of Hippodamia 3. He was killed, as other SUITORS OF HIPPODAMIA 3, by her father Oenomaus 1 [see also Pelops 1] [Pau.6.21.10].

Croton. Founder of Crotona, a city in southern Italy. It was Heracles 1 who told him that a city would be founded at the place of his home, and it was also Heracles 1, who killed him by accident [Dio.4.24.7; Ov.Met.15.12].

Crotopus. King in Argolis [see also Argos]. Crotopus was son of Agenor 12, son of Triopas 1, son of Phorbas 1, son of Argus 5, son of Zeus and Niobe 1, daughter of Phoroneus, the first man. Crotopus had a son Sthenelas, and a daughter Psamathe 2 [Pau.2.16.1, 2.19.8].

Crotus was a hunter and companion of the MUSES. He is the son of Pan and Eupheme 1, one of the nurses of Zeus and the nurse of the MUSES. Crotus was made immortal and is among the CONSTELLATIONS [Hyg.Ast.2.27; Hyg.Fab.224].


Crow 2. See BESTIARY.


Crytidas. A Sicanian general in Sicily who opposed Heracles 1 and was killed by him [Dio.4.23.5].

Cteatus. This is one of the MOLIONIDES, a general of the Eleans against Heracles 1 [see also Elis]. The MOLIONIDES were twins (Cteatus and Eurytus 1) double in form and with two bodies and joined to one another. They were sons of Molione either by Actor 4 or by Poseidon. They were both killed by Heracles 1, but before that Cteatus had by Theronice (daughter of Dexamenus 1, son of Oeceus) a son Amphimachus 1, who led the Eleans against Troy. Cteatus is also counted among the CALYDONIAN HUNTERS [Apd. 2.7.2; Hom.Il.11.750; Ov.Met.8.299ff.; Pau.5.3.3-4; Pin.Oly.10.27].

Ctesippus 1. See HERACLIDES.



Ctesippus 4. See HERACLIDES.

Ctesius 1. King of the island called Syria and father of Eumaeus 1. Ctesius 1 was son of Ormenus 5 [Hom.Od.15.403-414].


Ctesylla loved the Athenian Hermochares against her father's will and, having died while giving birth was turned into a dove. Her father was Alcidamas 1 [Lib.Met.1; Ov.Met.7.369].

Ctimene is daughter of Laertes and Anticlia 1, and therefore sister of Odysseus. She was her parents' youngest child [Hom.Od.15.363].

Ctimenus. Father by Demonassa 1 of Eurydamas 2, one of the ARGONAUTS [Hyg.Fab.14].

Cupavo was an ally of Aeneas in Italy. His father was King Cycnus 6 of Liguria, son of Sthenelus 6 [Vir.Aen.10.186].

Cupencus. A soldier in the army of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy. It was Aeneas who ended his life [Vir.Aen.12.539].

Cura. Of Cura it is told that she fashioned a man out of mud and asked Zeus to give him life. The god consented but forbade her to give him her name as she wished. Zeus wanted to call him after himself but Gaia said it should have hers, since it was made out of her own body. Cronos, they say, decided the dispute, letting Zeus take the soul and Gaia the body after death. And since Cura had first made him, she would own him as long as he lived. Man then was called Homo, since he was made from humus [Hyg.Fab.220].


Curiatius. One of the Curiatii (see Horatius) and Horatia's betrothed. He was killed by Horatius [Plu.PS.16].

Cyane 1. See NYMPHS and Persephone.

Cyane 2. Daughter of Liparus, son of Auson, a king in Italy. According to some accounts she is the wife of the contented Aeolus 2, the ruler of the winds, and the mother of his children: Arne, Lapithus 2, Astyochus, Xuthus 2, Androcles, Pheraemon, Jocastus, Agathyrnus, Polymele 3, and Diores 3 [Dio.4.67.3, 5.7.5, 5.8.1, 5.81.6; Hyg.Fab.186; Parth.2.2].

Cyanee. Daughter of the river god Meander. She married Miletus and had children by him: Byblis and Caunus [Ov.Met.9.452].


Cyaretus. One of the sons of King Codrus 1 of Athens. He is one of the colonizers of Ionia and the founder of Myus [but see also Cydrelus], the city in Caria (southwestern Asia Minor) [Pau.7.2.10].

Cyathus. This is the boy, cup-bearer of King Oeneus 2 of Calydon, whom Heracles 1 killed by striking him on the head with one of his fingers [Pau.2.13.8].

Cybele (see Rhea 1). The Mother of the Gods. The Idaean Mother [Arg.1.1098; Nonn.9.138, 9.225; Ov.Fast.4.182; Ov.Met.10.104, 10.686; Vir.Aen.9.82].

Cychreus became king of Salamis (the island off the coast of Attica in the Saronic Gulf) through killing a snake which ravaged the island. Later he bequeathed the kingdom to Telamon, father of Ajax 1.Cychreus was son of Poseidon and Salamis, daughter of the river god Asopus. Some say that he died childless, but others say that Glauce 2 and Chariclo 3 were his daughters [Apd.3.12.6-7; Dio.4.72.4; Plu.The.10.3].


Cycnus 1. See TROJANS.

Cycnus 2, son of Ares & Pyrene, challenged Heracles 1 to single combat near the river Echedorus in Macedonia [Apd.2.5.11].

Cycnus 3, son of Ares & Pelopia 3, also challenged Heracles 1 to single combat, but was killed by him [Apd.2.7.7; Dio.4.37.4; Eur.Her.389; Hes.SH.413ff.]



Cycnus 6, King of Liguria and son of Sthenelus 6, was a friend of Phaethon 3. He turned into a swan when Phaethon 3 died [Ov.Met.2.367; Vir.Aen.10.186].

Cycnus 7, son of Apollo & Hyrie, commanded Phylius, who loved him, to perform difficult tasks to prove his affection. However when Phylius withheld one of his gifts to him, Cycnus 7 cast himself from a cliff and was turned into a swan [Ov.Met.7.371; Lib.Met.12].

Cydimus. A man from Lemnos, killed by the Lemnian women when these murdered all the men in the island. He was slain by his own sister, Lycaste 2 [Stat.Theb.5.227].

Cydippe 1. See NEREIDS.

Cydippe 2. This is the Priestess of Hera who asked that whatever good might happen to mortals might befall her sons. These died and she realized that there was nothing better for mortals than to die. Her sons were Bitias 2 and Cleops. Bitias 2 and Cleops [see Cleobis and Biton] are the two Argive brothers who were held by the statesman and poet Solon (c. 640 - c. 560 BC) to be the most happy men in the world after Tellus the Athenian, being very strong and both having won prizes in athletic contests. It is told that at a festival of Hera in Argos, their mother had to be taken to the tempe. But as the team of oxen had not yet returned from the fields in time, they took the yoke upon their own shoulders, drawing the wagon a long distance with their mother riding on it. This done, they died. Cydippe 2 herself died, as they say, a willing death [see Cleobis and Biton] [Hdt.1.31.1; Hyg.Fab.254].

Cydippe 3 (see Cyrbia) [Dio.5.57.7; Strab.14.2.8].

Cydnos. See RIVER GODS.

Cydon 1 migrated from Arcadia to Crete, where the city Cydonia was called after him. He is infamous for having let his daughter Eulimene 2 be sacrificed in order to get a better result in war, as an oracle had advised [see also Apterus]. According to some Cydon 1 is son of Tegeates, son of impious Lycaon 2, his mother being Maera 3, daughter of Atlas; but others say that Cydon 1 is son of Hermes and Acalle, daughter of Minos 2 [Pau.8.53.4; Parth.36].

Cydon 2. An ally of Turnus, the man who opposed Aeneas in Italy [Vir.Aen.10.324].

Cydon 3. One of the Thebans who laid an ambush for Tydeus 2 when he returned from Thebes at the time of the war of the SEVEN. He was killed by Tydeus 2 [Stat.Theb.2.623, 3.62].

Cydon 4. A man from Lemnos, killed by the Lemnian women when these murdered all the men in the island. He was Hypsipyle's foster-brother, born of another father [Stat.Theb.5.220].

Cydon 5. See BESTIARY.

Cydon 6. Defender of Thebes against the SEVEN. He was slain by Hippomedon 1 [Stat.Theb.9.127].

Cydon 7. Son of Abas 9 and defender (like his father) of Thebes during the war against the SEVEN. Cydon 7 was killed by Parthenopaeus, son of Atalanta [Stat.Theb.9.759].

Cydrelus. Bastard son of King Codrus 1 of Athens. He founded Myus in Caria (southwestern Asia Minor) when Ionia was colonized; but others have said that the city was founded by Cyaretus [Strab.14.1.3].

Cydrolaus. Son of King Macar 1 of Lesbos who settled in Samos, the Aegean island off the western coast of Asia Minor [Dio.5.81.8].

Cydrus. A Dolionian killed by Canthus 1 during the battle between the Dolionians and the ARGONAUTS [Val.1.192].

Cyes. A warrior in the army of Dionysus 2 during the Indian War. He was slain by Deriades, king of India [Nonn.32.236].

Cygnus. See BESTIARY.

Cylarabes became king of the Argives after the Trojan War, and was succeeded by Orestes 2. Cylarabes, a childless man, was son of Sthenelus 2, son of Capaneus, son of Hipponous 1 [see also Argos] [Pau.2.18.5].

Cylindrus (see Cytisorus) [Hyg.Fab.3].

Cyllarus 1. See CENTAURS.

Cyllarus 2. A Sibai chieftain, son of Brongus 2, who joined King Deriades of India against Dionysus 2 in the Indian War. Cyllarus 2 was killed by Melisseus 3, counted among the CORYBANTES [Nonn.26.220, 36.281].

Cyllen gave his name to Mount Cyllene, the highest in Arcadia (others say, however that the mountain is called after the nymph Cyllene 1). He was son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. His mother was Laodice 1, daughter of Cinyras 1 and Metharme [Pau.8.4.4, 8.17.1].

Cyllene 1. See NYMPHS.

Cyllene 2, daughter of Menephron, was raped by her father, an Arcadian. This Cyllene could be the same as Cyllene 1 [Hyg.Fab.253; Ov.Met.7.386].

Cyllenus. See DACTYLS.

Cyllo. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Cyllopodes. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Cymatolege. See NEREIDS.

Cymelus is one of the LAPITHS. He attended Pirithous' wedding and fought against the CENTAURS, being killed by Nessus 2 [Ov.Met.12.454].

Cymo. See NEREIDS.

Cymodoce 1. See NEREIDS.


Cymopolea was given by her father Poseidon to Briareus (one of the HECATONCHEIRES) on account of his braveness in the war against the TITANS [Hes.The.819].

Cymothoe. See NEREIDS.

Cynaethus. Son of impious Lycaon 2 [Apd.3.8.1].


Cynortas (see Cynortes) [Pau.3.13.1].

Cynortes (Cynortas) received the kingdom of Lacedaemon when his brother King Argalus died. Cynortes was son of Amyclas 1, son of Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, one of the PLEIADES. His mother was Diomede 2, daughter of Lapithus 1, son of Apollo and Stilbe, daughter of Peneus, one of the RIVER GODS. Cynortes had two sons: Perieres 1 and Oebalus 1 [Apd.3.10.3; Pau.3.1.3-4].


Cynurus. The Cynurians were called after him, and thus considered as Argives by descent. Cynurus is son of Perseus 1 and Andromeda [Pau.3.2.2].

Cynus is father of Larymna [Pau.9.23.7].

Cyparissus killed accidentally a stag that was dear to him, and unable to find consolation, asked Apollo for permission to grieve forever. The god, hearing his prayer, turned him into a cypress, and decided that the place of this tree should always be where others grieve [Ov.Met.10.121ff.].

Cyprius. One of ACTAEON'S DOGS. See Actaeon.

Cypselus 1 succeeded his father as king of the Arcadians, and was founder of a place called Basilis. He was son of Aepytus 4, son of Hippothous 6, son of Cercyon 2, son of Agamedes 2, son of Stymphalus 1, son of Elatus 2, son of Arcas 1, son of Zeus and Callisto. Cypselus 1's children are Merope 2 and Holaeas [see also Arcadia] [Pau.4.3.6, 8.5.6-7, 8.29.5].

Cypselus 2. Son of Eetion 4 and father of King Periander of Corinth, during whose reign Arion 2 was saved by a dolphin [Hdt.1.14, 1.20, 1.23; Lib.Met.4].


Cyrbia (Cydippe 3) was formerly called Cydippe 3. After her Cyrbe in Rhodes is called, which was destroyed by the Flood. She was daughter of Ochimus, son of Helius and Rhode 2; her mother was Hegetoria, one of the NYMPHS. Cyrbia married her uncle Cercaphus 1 and had by him sons: Lindus, Camirus, and Ialysus [see also Helius] [Dio.5.57.7-8].


Cyris. An ally of Perses 3 against Aeetes during the Colchian civil war [Val.6.80].

Cyrnus 1. This man was sent by Inachus to look for Io, but not finding her he settled in Caria in southwestern Asia Minor [Dio.5.60.4].

Cyrnus 2. A warrior in the army of Aeetes during the Colchian civil war. He was killed by Gesander. Cyrnus 2 was son of Aquites, a Colchian priest [Val.6.295ff.].

Cytisorus (Cylindrus) came from Aea in Colchis and delivered his grandfather Athamas 1 who was about to be sacrificed, after having been turned into a a scapegoat for their country. Cytisorus is son of Phrixus 1, son of Athamas 1, and of Chalciope 2, daughter of Aeetes [Apd.1.9.1; Hdt.7.197; Hes.GE.15; Val.5.462].

Cytus. Son of Zeus and Himalia, one of the NYMPHS [Dio.5.55.6].

Cyzicus. King of the Dolionians in an island in the Propontis (the Sea of Marmara). He received the ARGONAUTS with generous hospitality, but when they had left him, they were brought unawares to the same island by a storm that arose during the night. Cyzicus, thinking they were Pelasgian enemies, attacked them on the shore at night. He was killed by one of the ARGONAUTS (some say Jason, others Heracles 1) who joined him in battle in mutual ignorance of each other. Cyzicus was son either of Aeneus and Aenete, or of Eusorus (Aenete herself is otherwise said to be daughter of Eusorus). Cyzicus' wife was either Clite 2, daughter of Merops 1 (counted among the SEERS), or Larisa 2, daughter of Piasus, said to have had an incestuous relationship with his daughter before she married [AO.524; Apd.1.9.18; Arg.1.949, 1.975, 1.1030, 1.1056; Hyg.Fab.16; Parth.28.1; Val.2.636].


Daedalion was known for harshness, eagerness of war and readiness for violence. His fierce courage subdued kings and nations. But when his daughter Chione 2 (or perhaps Philonis?) died he could not find consolation, and kept ever bewailing his lost child. So finally, wishing to die, he gained Mount Parnassus in Phocis and hurled himself from its top. It was then that Apollo turned him into a hawk. His daughters Chione 2 and Philonis were loved by Hermes and Apollo. Some have said that Daedalion was father of Autolycus 1, the skilful thief who was among the ARGONAUTS. Daedalion was son of Eosphorus, who is Lucifer or the morning and evening star (Venus) [Hyg.Fab.200; Ov.Met.11.295ff., 11.339; Pau.8.4.6].




Daetes. See TROJANS.

Daetor. See TROJANS.

Daimenes led, together with his brothers, the Achaeans who settled in Ionia. He was son of Tisamenus 2, son of Orestes 2 [Pau.7.6.2].

Daiphron 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Apd.2.1.5].

Daiphron 2. One of the sons of Aegyptus 1. See DANAIDS [Apd.2.1.5].

Daira. See OCEANIDS.

Damarmenus. This is the fisherman who, after the Trojan War, recovered from the sea the bone of Pelops 1. During the war it was prophesied to the Achaeans that Troy could not be taken unless, among other things, they could bring the bone of Pelops 1. From Pisa in Elis was brought the bone of Pelops 1, a shoulder blade. But as they were returning home, the ship carrying the bone was wrecked off Euboea in a storm. Many years later, Damarmenus, a fisherman from Eretria, drew up the bone. Amazed at its size he kept it hidden in the sand. Later the bone was given to the Eleans following an oracle from Delphi [Pau.5.13.4ff.].


Characters (Silver version)
Gold version

Longer articles are at Biographies
Numbering of namesakes:
The numbers following the names of individuals are for identification purposes only; they do not point out a chronological order, and are consistent throughout all texts. The numbers do not belong originally to the names, and the absence of a number indicates that there is only one mythological character with that particular name.

Abarbarea 1 to Aetius
Aetnaeus to Althaemenes
Althepus to Antilochus
Antimache to Arsippe
Artaceus to Boetis
Boeus to Cephisus
Cerambus to Clytodora
Clytomedes to Damarmenus
Damasen to Dracius
Draco to Ereuthus
Ergeus to Eurytele
Eurythemis to Hecale
Hecamede to Hygia
Hylactor to Isander
Ischepolis to Leucopeus
Leucophrye to Meander
Mecionice to Mineus
Minis to Nyctimene
Nyctimus to Orthosie
Orthus to Perius
Pernis to Phylius
Phylleus to Priapus
Prias to Sancus
Sandocus to Talasius
Talaus to Thoos
Thoosa to Zorus

Geographical reference
Longer articles are at Places & Peoples
Map of Greece & Asia Minor
The geographical index is virtually complete regarding the following authors and works: Apd.; Apd.Ep.; Arg.; Cal.; Hes.The.; Hom.Il.; Hom.Od.; Hyg.Fab.; Ov.Met.; Nonn., and selective regarding the following: Aes.Sev.; DH.; Dio.; Eur.IA.; Hdt.; Hes.CWE.; Hes.Mel.; Hyg.Ast.; Lib.Met.; Ov.Fast.; Parth.; Pau.; Pin.Pyth.; Plu.GQ.; Plu.PS.; Plu.Rom.; QS.; Strab.; Val.; Vir.Aen.

Abae to Byzeres
Cabeiraea to Elysium
Emathia to Lycastus
Lyceum to Phicium
Phigalia to Zone

Sources: Abbreviations

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