S. FRED SINGER, Ph.D.
Professional Background


POSITIONS HELD:

1989-

Director and President, The Science and Environmental Policy Project. Foundation-funded, independent research group, incorporated in 1992, to advance environment and health policies through sound science. SEPP is a non-profit, education organization.

1994-2000

Distinguished Research Professor, Institute for Humane Studies at George Mason University, Fairfax, VA

1989-1994

Distinguished Research Professor, Institute for Space Science and Technology, Gainesville, FL. Principal investigator, Cosmic Dust/Orbital Debris Project.

1987-1989

Chief Scientist, U.S. Department of Transportation. Also: Deputy Administrator, Research and Special Programs Administration; Chairman, Navigation Council (GPS applications). Technical advisor on Air Traffic Control System procurement.

1971-1994

Professor of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. Planetary science; global environmental issues (acid rain, greenhouse warming, ozone depletion); cost-benefit analysis; oil and energy(economics and public policy); economic and environmental impacts of population growth.

1970-1971

Deputy Assistant Administrator (Policy), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Also, chaired Interagency Work Group on Environmental Impacts of the Supersonic Transport.

1967-1970

Deputy Assistant Secretary (Water Quality and Research), U.S. Department of the Interior. Also, integrated atmospheric/oceanographic activities within the Department.

1964-1967

(First) Dean of the School of Environmental and Planetary Sciences, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL. Expanded the oceanographic institute and added departments of atmospheric sciences and geophysics.

1962-1964

(First) Director, National Weather Satellite Center (now part of NOAA), U.S. Department of Commerce. Established operational systems for remote sensing and for management of atmosphere, ocean, and land surface data.

1953-1962

Director, Center for Atmospheric and Space Physics, and Professor of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD. Experiments, theory, and publications on rocket and satellite technology, remote sensing, cosmic rays, radiation belts, magnetosphere, the Moon, meteorites, general relativity.

1950-1953

Scientific Liaison Officer, U.S. Office of Naval Research, London. Reported on research in nuclear physics, astrophysics, and geophysics in European universities and laboratories.

1946-1950

Research Physicist, Upper Atmosphere Rocket Program, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD. Cosmic ray, ozone, and ionosphere research with instrumented V-2 and Aerobee rockets, launched from White Sands, NM and shipboard.


VISITING POSITIONS:

1997

Research Fellow, Independent Institute, Oakland, CA. Global climate change research.

1992-1993

Distinguished Visiting Fellow, The Hoover Institution, Stanford, CA. Environmental policy and economic impacts.

1991

Guest Scholar, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. U.S. space policy.

1991

Guest Scholar, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Early history of rocket and space science.

1984-1987

Visiting Eminent Scholar, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Public policy analysis on natural resources, environment, climate effects, strategic defense, space travel.

1982-1983

Senior Fellow, The Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C. Natural resources policy; oil price forecasts.

1978

(First) Sid Richardson Professor, Lyndon Baines Johnson School for Public Affairs, University of Texas, Austin, TX. Studies of manned exploration of Mars and Martian moons.

1972

U.S. National Academy of Sciences Exchange Scholar, Soviet Academy of Sciences Institute for Physics of the Earth, Moscow, USSR.

1971

Federal Executive Fellow, The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C. Cost-benefit analysis of environmental regulation.

1961-1962

Visiting Scientist, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Cal Tech, Pasadena, CA. Research and publications on planetary atmospheres.


 

HONORS: (Partial List)

Selected as one of "Ten Outstanding Young Men of the Nation," by the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1959.

White House Commendation (President Eisenhower) for early design of space satellites; for drafting in 1954 the resolutions on satellites for IUGG, URSI, and the International Geophysical Year.

Elected to the International Academy of Astronautics (Paris).

Member, European Academy for Environmental Affairs

U.S. Department of Commerce Gold Medal Award for the development and management of weather satellites.

(First)Science Medal from the British Interplanetary Society.

Commendation (1997), National Aeronautics and Space Administration, for research on particle clouds.

Honorary Doctorate of Science, Ohio State University, 1970.

Elected Fellow: American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), American Geophysical Union, American Physical Society, American Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics. Elected to the AAAS Council: Committee on Council Affairs, and Section Secretary.

Phi Beta Kappa National Lectureship

Membership in honorary societies, including Tau Beta Pi, Eta Kappa Nu, Sigma Xi.

Listed in Who's Who in America, American Men of Science, etc.


MAJOR SCIENTIFIC ACCOMPLISHMENTS:

First measurements, with V-2 and Aerobee rockets, of primary cosmic radiation in space (with James A. Van Allen, 1947-1950) and upper-atmospheric ozone (with J.J.Hopfield and H. Clearman, 1948).

Discovery, with rocket-borne magnetometer, of equatorial electrojet current in the ionosphere (1949).

Calculation of cosmic ray effects on meteorites, followed by first measurements of their ages (1952).

Design of Minimum Orbital Unmanned Satellite (MOUSE), (1952-1954).

Design of sensing instruments for MOUSE, including the first instrument for measuring stratospheric ozone (1956), now used in satellites.

First publications predicting the existence of trapped radiation in the earth's magnetic field (radiation belts, later discovered by Van Allen) to explain the magnetic-storm ring current (1956).

Design of the high-altitude FARSIDE rocket, to search for geomagnetically trapped radiation (1956).

Capture theory for the origin of the Moon and of the Martian satellites, Phobos and Deimos (1966).

Design study of Martian exploration by way of a manned base on Phobos/Deimos (Ph-D Project) (1977-78)

First calculation of methane increase due to population growth, and its effects on the stratosphere (1971). The theory serves as a paradigm for CFC-stratosphere effects. While developed in connection with the SST controversy, it is now of importance for both greenhouse warming and ozone depletion theories.

Theory for the behavior of world oil prices, and prediction in 1980 of the price collapse of 1983.

Discovery of orbiting debris clouds, using instruments on the LDEF satellite (1990).


PUBLICATIONS:

Books and Monographs(Partial List)

Global Effects of Environmental Pollution (Reidel, 1970)
Manned Laboratories in Space (Reidel, 1970)
Is There an Optimum Level of Population? (McGraw-Hill, 1971)
The Changing Global Environment (Reidel, 1975)
Arid Zone Development (Ballinger, 1977)
Economic Effects of Demographic Changes (Joint Economic Committee, U.S. Congress, 1977)
Cost-Benefit Analysis in Environmental Decisionmaking (Mitre Corp, 1979)
Energy (W.H. Freeman, 1979)
The Price of World Oil (Annual Reviews of Energy, Vol. 8, 1983)
Free Market Energy (Universe Books, 1984)
Oil Policy in a Changing Market (Annual Reviews of Energy, Vol. 12, 1987)
The Ocean in Human Affairs (Paragon House, 1989)
The Universe and Its Origin: From Ancient Myths to Present Reality and Future Fantasy (Paragon House, 1990)
Global Climate Change: Human and Natural Influences (Paragon House, 1989)
The Greenhouse Debate Continued (ICS Press, 1992)
The Scientific Case Against the Global Climate Treaty (SEPP, 1997)
Hot Talk, Cold Science: Global Warming's Unfinished Debate, (The Independent Institute, 1997)


Articles

More than 400 technical publications in scientific, economics, and public policy journals.

More than 200 articles and editorials in the Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, Washington Times, Chicago Tribune, Newsday, Cleveland Plain Dealer, Newsweek, New Republic, National Review,, Readers' Digest, and other publications.

News Media

Major features in Time, Life, U.S. News & World Report (cover stories on space research).

Numerous radio and television appearances in the United States and abroad: ABC News Nightline, NBC TODAY Show, PBS MacNeil-Lehrer News Hour, CBS Nightwatch, BBC, CNN, C-SPAN, National Public Radio, among others.

PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES (Partial List):

National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmospheres--Vice Chairman and member, 1981-1986.
White House Office of Science and Technology Policy--Acid Rain Panel and consultant, 1982-1987.
U.S. Dept. of State Science Advisory Board (Oceans, Environment, Science), 1982-1987.
White House Panel on U.S.-Brazil Science and Technology Exchange, 1987.
U.S. Department of Energy Nuclear Waste Panel, 1984.
NASA Space Applications Advisory Committee, 1983-1985.
Governor of Virginia Task Force on Transportation, 1975.

Consultant:

Federal government--House Select Committee on Space, GAO, OTA, NSF, DOE, NASA, AEC, Treasury (Secy. William Simon), DOD (Strategic Defense Initiative)

State governments--Alaska, Pennsylvania, Virginia

Corporations, Mitre Corp., Institute for Defense Analysis, GE, Ford, GM;
on oil pricing (late 1970s)--EXXON, Shell, Unocal, Sun Oil, ARCO;
on space research--Lockheed, Martin-Marietta, McDonnell-Douglas, ANSER, IBM.

Advisory Editor:

Regulation (CATO Institute), Environmental Conservation (Elsevier), Environmental Geology (Springer)

MILITARY SERVICE:

U.S. Navy--Mine warfare and countermeasures, design of electronic computer. 1944-1946.
U.S. Air Force Reserve, 1950-1953.

EDUCATION:

B.E.E. (Electrical Engineering), Ohio State University
A.M. and Ph.D.(Physics), Princeton University.

Background of Dr. Singer Dr. Singer's Recent Professional Activities