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PERL:Search/Replace:Regular Expression:Backus Naur Form:What is possible BNF for regular expression?

Oct 25th, 2003 15:26
Knud van Eeden,


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--- Knud van Eeden --- 21 October 2003 - 03:22 am --------------------

PERL:Search/Replace:Regular Expression:Backus Naur Form:What is 
possible BNF for regular expression?

expression = term

             term | expression

term = factor

       factor term

factor = atom

         atom metacharacter

atom = character

       .

       ( expression )

       [ characterclass ]

       [ ^ characterclass ]

       { min }

       { min ,  }

       { min , max }

characterclass = characterrange

                 characterrange characterclass

characterrange = begincharacter

                 begincharacter - endcharacter

begincharacter = character

endcharacter = character

character =

            anycharacterexceptmetacharacters

            \ anycharacterexceptspecialcharacters

metacharacter = ?

                * {=0 or more, greedy}

                *? {=0 or more, non-greedy}

                + {=1 or more, greedy}

                +? {=1 or more, non-greedy}

                ^ {=begin of line character}

                $ {=end of line character}

                $` {=the characters to the left of the match}

                $' {=the characters to the right of the match}

                $& {=the characters that are matched}

                \t {=tab character}

                \n {=newline character}

                \r {=carriage return character}

                \f {=form feed character}

                \cX {=control character CTRL-X}

                \N {=the characters in Nth tag (if on match side)}

                $N{=the characters in Nth tag (if not on match side)}

                \NNN {=octal code for character NNN}

                \b {=match a 'word' boundary}

                \B {=match not a 'word' boundary}

                \d {=a digit, [0-9]}

                \D {=not a digit, [^0-9]}

                \s {=whitespace, [ \t\n\r\f]}

                \S {=not a whitespace, [^ \t\n\r\f]}

                \w {='word' character, [a-zA-Z0-9_]}

                \W {=not a 'word' character, [^a-zA-Z0-9_]}

                \Q {=put a quote (de-meta) on characters, until \E}

                \U {=change characters to uppercase, until \E}

                \L {=change characters to uppercase, until \E}

min = integer

max = integer

integer = digit

          digit integer

anycharacter = ! " # $ % & ' ( ) * + , - . / :
               ; < = > ? @ [ \ ] ^ _ ` { | } ~
               0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
               A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
               a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

---

[book: see also: Bucknall, Julian - the Tomes of Delphi: Algorithms 
and Datastructures - p. 37 - 'Using regular expressions' - 
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-
/1556227361/qid=1065748783/sr=1-1/ref=sr_1_1/002-0122962-7851254?
v=glance&s=books]

---
---

Internet: see also:

---

Compiler: Grammar: Expression: Regular: Which grammar defines set of 
all regular expressions? [BNF]
http://www.faqts.com/knowledge_base/view.phtml/aid/25950/fid/1263

---

Perl Regular Expression: Quick Reference 1.05
http://www.erudil.com/preqr.pdf

---

Top: Computers: Programming: Languages: Regular Expressions: Perl
http://dmoz.org/Computers/Programming/Languages/Regular_Expressions/Per
l/

---

TSE: Search/Replace:Regular Expression:Backus Naur Form:What is 
possible BNF for regular expression?
http://www.faqts.com/knowledge_base/view.phtml/aid/25714/fid/1236

---

Delphi: Search: Regular expression: Create: How to create a regular 
expression parser in Delphi?
http://www.faqts.com/knowledge_base/view.phtml/aid/25645/fid/175

---

Delphi: Search: Regular expression: How to add regular expression 
searching to Delphi? [Systools]
http://www.faqts.com/knowledge_base/view.phtml/aid/25295/fid/175

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