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Opérateurs de chaînes> <Opérateurs d'incrémentation et décrémentation
Last updated: Fri, 23 Jan 2009

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Les opérateurs logiques

Les opérateurs logiques
Exemple Nom Résultat
$a and $b ET (And) TRUE si $a ET $b valent TRUE.
$a or $b OU (Or) TRUE si $a OU $b valent TRUE.
$a xor $b XOR (Xor) TRUE si $a OU $b est TRUE, mais pas les deux en même temps.
! $a NON (Not) TRUE si $a n'est pas TRUE.
$a && $b ET (And) TRUE si $a ET $b sont TRUE.
$a || $b OU (Or) TRUE si $a OU $b est TRUE.

La raison pour laquelle il existe deux types de "ET" et de "OU" est qu'ils ont des priorités différentes. Voir le paragraphe précédence d'opérateurs.

Exemple #1 Illustration des opérateurs logiques

<?php

// foo() ne sera jamais appeler car ces opérateurs s'annulent
$a = (false && foo());
$b = (true  || foo());
$c = (false and foo());
$d = (true  or  foo());

// "||" a un précédence supérieure que "or"
$e false || true// $e se vera assigner à (false || true), ce qui est true
$f false or true// $f se vera assigner à false
var_dump($e$f);

// "&&" a une précédence supérieure à "and"
$g true && false// $g se vera assigner à (true && false), ce qui est false
$h true and false// $h se vera assigner à true
var_dump($g$h);
?>

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher quelque chose de similaire à :

bool(true)
bool(false)
bool(false)
bool(true)


add a note add a note User Contributed Notes
Les opérateurs logiques
sandaimespaceman at gmail dot com
11-Sep-2008 08:07
There's one userful way to use the or operator:

<?php
//If the connection was success, "Connected to database" will be shown.
//If the connection was failed, "Unable to connect" will be shown.(NOTE: The @ will hide error messages)
@mysql_connect("localhost", "root", "password") or die("Unable to connect");
echo
"Connected to database";
?>

So you don't need to use if operators to add more lines.
jeffjeffleelee at hotmail dot com
06-Jul-2008 09:30
@zhustar:

I will verify the following:

<?php
$a
= false xor true;
var_dump($a);  // bool(false)

$a = (false xor true);
var_dump($a);  // bool(true)
?>

At first I thought this was some egregious bug, and then I realized that this is merely an issue of operator precedence. English-word boolean operators have relatively low precedence--in fact they take place after assignment. So the first example assigns false to $a, and then does an xor operation on $a and boolean true.
loaded67 at hotmail dot com
12-Jun-2008 10:40
Someone ever noted that C type operators are applicable in php as well?
more like a (bool / boolean) cast...

See:

<?php
ini_set
('display_errors', 1);
ini_set('error_reporting', 8191);// php5

$whatever = NULL;
$Iwaslike = 'WTF!';

if(!!(
$whatever)){
    echo
'$whatever'.PHP_EOL;
}
if(!!(
$Iwaslike)){
    echo
'$Iwaslike'.PHP_EOL;
}
if(!!!(
$whatever)){
    echo
'$whatever'.PHP_EOL;
}
if(!!!(
$Iwaslike)){
    echo
'$Iwaslike'.PHP_EOL;
}
?>
momrom at freenet dot de
12-Jun-2008 07:10
Some examples from the english manual that aren't avaiable in all languages:

Like in C, logical expressions are evaluated
from left to right until the result is known.
foo() will never get called in the following cases.
<?php
$a
= (false && foo());
$b = (true  || foo());
$c = (false and foo());
$d = (true  or  foo());
?>

"||" has a greater precedence than "="
which has a greater one than "or"
<?php
// same as ($e = (false || true)),
// expression is true and $e ist assigned to true
$e = false || true;

// same as (($e = false) or true),
// expression is true but $e is assigned to false
$f = false or true;
?>

"&&" has a greater precedence than "="
which has a greater one than "and"
<?php
// same as ($e = (true || false)),
// expression is false and $e ist assigned to false
$g = true && false;

// same as (($e = true) and false),
// expression is false but $e is assigned to true
$h = true and false;
?>
Benjamin
29-Feb-2008 09:48
Re:Richard

I show $b printing 1 rather than "banana". Here's how I understand what's going on.

<?php
//"||" has a greater precedence than "or"

$a=0 or $a="avocado"; //evaluated as ($a=0) or ($a="avacado")
//Since $a=0 is false, $a="avocado" is evaluated and $a is assigned the string value "avocado".
echo "$a"; //prints "avocado"
var_dump ($a); // string(7) "avocado"

$b=0 || $b="banana"; // evaluated as $b = (0 || $b = "banana")
echo $b; //prints "1"
var_dump ($b); // bool(true)
?>
Richard
30-Jan-2008 06:22
Re Lawrence:

You sort of can do conditional evaluation:

$a=0 or $a="avocado";
echo "$a";                              #Prints "avocado"

But oddly:

$b=0 || $b="banana";
echo $b;                                 #Prints "banana"
zhustar at gmail dot com
17-Jan-2008 07:02
$a = false xor true;
var_dump($a);  // bool(false)

$a = (false xor true);
var_dump($a);  // bool(true)
pepesantillan at gmail dot com
23-Dec-2007 03:23
worth reading for people learning about php and programming: (adding extras <?php ?> to get highlighted code)

about the following example in this page manual:
Example#1 Logical operators illustrated

...
<?php
// "||" has a greater precedence than "or"
$e = false || true; // $e will be assigned to (false || true) which is true
$f = false or true; // $f will be assigned to false
var_dump($e, $f);

// "&&" has a greater precedence than "and"
$g = true && false; // $g will be assigned to (true && false) which is false
$h = true and false; // $h will be assigned to true
var_dump($g, $h);
?>
_______________________________________________end of my quote...

If necessary, I wanted to give further explanation on this and say that when we write:
$f = false or true; // $f will be assigned to false
the explanation:

"||" has a greater precedence than "or"

its true. But a more acurate one would be

"||" has greater precedence than "or" and than "=", whereas "or" doesnt have greater precedence than "=", so

<?php
$f
= false or true;

//is like writting

($f = false ) or true;

//and

$e = false || true;

is the same as

$e = (false || true);

?>

same goes for "&&" and "AND".

If you find it hard to remember operators precedence you can always use parenthesys - "(" and ")". And even if you get to learn it remember that being a good programmer is not showing you can do code with fewer words. The point of being a good programmer is writting code that is easy to understand (comment your code when necessary!), easy to maintain and with high efficiency, among other things.
paranoiq at centrum dot cz
19-Nov-2007 08:00
and, or and xor can be used as conditional constructs:

<?php
// do_that() is executed only if do_this() returns false
if($something) do_this() or do_that();
// $b is assigned to $b, do_that() is executed if $b is false
if($something) $a = $b or do_that();

// do_that() is executed only if do_this() returns true
if($something) do_this() and do_that();
// $b is assigned to $b, do_that() is executed if $b is true
if($something) $a = $b and do_that();

// both do_that() and do_this() are executed..
if($something) do_this() xor do_that();
// .. so the behaviour is same as:
if($something) {
   
do_this();
   
do_that();
}
?>

for understanding what happens if $b is NULL or do_this() returns NULL, read the avbentem's comment on NULL type. generaly speaking, NULL is threated like false in most cases.
peter dot kutak at NOSPAM dot gmail dot com
01-Oct-2007 12:36
$test = true and false;     ---> $test === true
$test = (true and false);  ---> $test === false
$test = true && false;      ---> $test === false
Lawrence
28-Aug-2007 12:04
Note that PHP's boolean operators *always* return a boolean value... as opposed to other languages that return the value of the last evaluated expression.

For example:

$a = 0 || 'avacado';
print "A: $a\n";

will print:

A: 1

in PHP -- as opposed to printing "A: avacado" as it would in a language like Perl or JavaScript.

This means you can't use the '||' operator to set a default value:

$a = $fruit || 'apple';

instead, you have to use the '?:' operator:

$a = ($fruit ? $fruit : 'apple');
Andrew
13-Aug-2007 08:49
> <?php
> your_function() or return "whatever";
>
?>

doesn't work because return is not an expression, it's a statement. if return was a function it'd work fine. :/
looris at gmail dot com
17-Jun-2007 07:46
Please note that while you can do things like:
<?php
your_function
() or die("horribly");
?>

you can't do:
<?php
your_function
() or return "whatever";
?>
(it will give you a syntax error).
eduardofleury at uol dot com dot br
14-Jun-2007 06:16
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; P1 P2; And; OR  ; XOR ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; V  V ; V  ; V   ; F   ;
; V  F ; F  ; V   ; V   ;
; F  V ; F  ; V   ; V   ;
; F  F ; F  ; F   ; F   ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

<?php

$a
= 2;
$b = 3;
$c = 6;

print !(
$a > $b && $b < $c);// true

print (($a > $b) and ($b < $c));// false

print ($a == $b or $b < $c); // true

print $a == $b || $b < $c; // true

$x = $a < $b; //$x = true

$y = $b === $c; //$y = false

print  $x xor $y; // true

?>

 
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