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2007/2008 Human Development Report

02Human development index trends
Human development index (trends) Excel Export results to Excel

HDI Rank Country 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
1 Iceland   0.868   0.890   0.899   0.918   0.923   0.947   0.968
2 Norway   0.870   0.889   0.900   0.913   0.938   0.958   0.968
3 Australia   0.851   0.868   0.880   0.894   0.934   0.949   0.962
4 Canada   0.873   0.888   0.911   0.931   0.936   0.946   0.961
5 Ireland   0.823   0.835   0.851   0.875   0.898   0.931   0.959
6 Sweden   0.872   0.882   0.893   0.904   0.935   0.952   0.956
7 Switzerland   0.883   0.895   0.902   0.915   0.926   0.946   0.955
8 Japan   0.861   0.886   0.899   0.916   0.929   0.941   0.953
9 Netherlands   0.873   0.885   0.899   0.914   0.934   0.947   0.953
10 France   0.856   0.872   0.884   0.907   0.925   0.938   0.952
11 Finland   0.846   0.866   0.884   0.906   0.918   0.940   0.952
12 United States   0.870   0.890   0.904   0.919   0.931   0.942   0.951
13 Spain   0.846   0.863   0.877   0.896   0.914   0.932   0.949
14 Denmark   0.875   0.883   0.890   0.898   0.916   0.935   0.949
15 Austria   0.848   0.862   0.876   0.899   0.918   0.938   0.948
16 United Kingdom   0.853   0.860   0.870   0.890   0.929   0.931   0.946
17 Belgium   0.852   0.869   0.883   0.903   0.931   0.943   0.946
18 Luxembourg   0.836   0.850   0.863   0.890   0.913   0.929   0.944
19 New Zealand   0.854   0.860   0.871   0.880   0.908   0.927   0.943
20 Italy   0.845   0.861   0.869   0.892   0.910   0.926   0.941
21 Hong Kong, China (SAR)   0.763   0.803   0.830   0.865   0.886   0.919   0.937
22 Germany   ..   0.863   0.871   0.890   0.913   0.928   0.935
23 Israel   0.805   0.830   0.850   0.869   0.891   0.918   0.932
24 Greece   0.841   0.856   0.869   0.877   0.882   0.897   0.926
25 Singapore   0.729   0.762   0.789   0.827   0.865   ..   0.922
26 Korea (Republic of)   0.713   0.747   0.785   0.825   0.861   0.892   0.921
27 Slovenia   ..   ..   ..   0.851   0.857   0.891   0.917
28 Cyprus   ..   0.809   0.828   0.851   0.870   0.893   0.903
29 Portugal   0.793   0.807   0.829   0.855   0.885   0.904   0.897
30 Brunei Darussalam   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.894
31 Barbados   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.892
32 Czech Republic   ..   ..   ..   0.845   0.854   0.866   0.891
33 Kuwait   0.771   0.789   0.794   ..   0.826   0.855   0.891
34 Malta   0.738   0.772   0.799   0.833   0.857   0.877   0.878
35 Qatar   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.875
36 Hungary   0.786   0.801   0.813   0.813   0.817   0.845   0.874
37 Poland   ..   ..   ..   0.806   0.822   0.852   0.870
38 Argentina   0.790   0.804   0.811   0.813   0.836   0.862   0.869
39 United Arab Emirates   0.734   0.769   0.790   0.816   0.825   0.837   0.868
40 Chile   0.708   0.743   0.761   0.788   0.819   0.845   0.867
41 Bahrain   ..   0.747   0.783   0.808   0.834   0.846   0.866
42 Slovakia   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.863
43 Lithuania   ..   ..   ..   0.827   0.791   0.831   0.862
44 Estonia   ..   0.811   0.820   0.813   0.792   0.829   0.860
45 Latvia   ..   0.797   0.810   0.804   0.771   0.817   0.855
46 Uruguay   0.762   0.782   0.787   0.806   0.821   0.842   0.852
47 Croatia   ..   ..   ..   0.812   0.805   0.828   0.850
48 Costa Rica   0.746   0.772   0.774   0.794   0.814   0.830   0.846
49 Bahamas   ..   0.809   0.822   0.831   0.820   0.825   0.845
50 Seychelles   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.843
51 Cuba   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.838
52 Mexico   0.694   0.739   0.758   0.768   0.786   0.814   0.829
53 Bulgaria   ..   0.771   0.792   0.794   0.785   0.800   0.824
54 Saint Kitts and Nevis   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.821
55 Tonga   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.819
56 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.818
57 Antigua and Barbuda   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.815
58 Oman   0.487   0.547   0.641   0.697   0.741   0.779   0.814
59 Trinidad and Tobago   0.756   0.784   0.782   0.784   0.785   0.796   0.814
60 Romania   ..   0.786   0.792   0.777   0.772   0.780   0.813
61 Saudi Arabia   0.611   0.666   0.684   0.717   0.748   0.788   0.812
62 Panama   0.718   0.737   0.751   0.752   0.775   0.797   0.812
63 Malaysia   0.619   0.662   0.696   0.725   0.763   0.790   0.811
64 Belarus   ..   ..   ..   0.790   0.755   0.778   0.804
65 Mauritius   ..   0.662   0.692   0.728   0.751   0.781   0.804
66 Bosnia and Herzegovina   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.803
67 Russian Federation   ..   ..   ..   0.815   0.771   0.782   0.802
68 Albania   ..   0.675   0.694   0.704   0.705   0.746   0.801
69 Macedonia (TFYR)   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.801
70 Brazil   0.649   0.685   0.700   0.723   0.753   0.789   0.800
71 Dominica   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.798
72 Saint Lucia   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.795
73 Kazakhstan   ..   ..   ..   0.771   0.724   0.738   0.794
74 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)   0.723   0.737   0.743   0.762   0.770   0.776   0.792
75 Colombia   0.663   0.694   0.709   0.729   0.753   0.772   0.791
76 Ukraine   ..   ..   ..   0.809   0.756   0.761   0.788
77 Samoa   ..   ..   0.709   0.721   0.740   0.765   0.785
78 Thailand   0.615   0.654   0.679   0.712   0.745   0.761   0.781
79 Dominican Republic   0.628   0.660   0.684   0.697   0.723   0.757   0.779
80 Belize   ..   0.712   0.718   0.750   0.777   0.795   0.778
81 China   0.530   0.559   0.595   0.634   0.691   0.732   0.777
82 Grenada   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.777
83 Armenia   ..   ..   ..   0.737   0.701   0.738   0.775
84 Turkey   0.594   0.615   0.651   0.683   0.717   0.753   0.775
85 Suriname   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.774
86 Jordan   ..   0.647   0.669   0.684   0.710   0.751   0.773
87 Peru   0.647   0.676   0.699   0.710   0.737   0.763   0.773
88 Lebanon   ..   ..   ..   0.692   0.730   0.748   0.772
89 Ecuador   0.636   0.678   0.699   0.714   0.734   ..   0.772
90 Philippines   0.655   0.688   0.692   0.721   0.739   0.758   0.771
91 Tunisia   0.519   0.575   0.626   0.662   0.702   0.741   0.766
92 Fiji   0.665   0.688   0.702   ..   0.743   0.747   0.762
93 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.761
94 Iran (Islamic Republic of)   0.571   0.578   0.615   0.653   0.693   0.722   0.759
95 Paraguay   0.667   0.701   0.707   0.718   0.737   0.749   0.755
96 Georgia   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.754
97 Guyana   0.682   0.684   0.675   0.679   0.699   0.722   0.750
98 Azerbaijan   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.746
99 Sri Lanka   0.619   0.656   0.683   0.702   0.721   0.731   0.743
100 Maldives   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.741
101 Jamaica   0.686   0.689   0.690   0.713   0.728   0.744   0.736
102 Cape Verde   ..   ..   0.589   0.627   0.678   0.709   0.736
103 El Salvador   0.595   0.590   0.611   0.653   0.692   0.716   0.735
104 Algeria   0.511   0.562   0.613   0.652   0.672   0.702   0.733
105 Viet Nam   ..   ..   0.590   0.620   0.672   0.711   0.733
106 Occupied Palestinian Territories   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.731
107 Indonesia   0.471   0.533   0.585   0.626   0.670   0.692   0.728
108 Syrian Arab Republic   0.547   0.593   0.628   0.646   0.676   0.690   0.724
109 Turkmenistan   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.713
110 Nicaragua   0.583   0.593   0.601   0.610   0.637   0.671   0.710
111 Moldova   ..   0.700   0.722   0.740   0.684   0.683   0.708
112 Egypt   0.434   0.482   0.532   0.575   0.613   0.659   0.708
113 Uzbekistan   ..   ..   ..   0.704   0.683   0.691   0.702
114 Mongolia   ..   ..   0.637   0.654   0.638   0.667   0.700
115 Honduras   0.528   0.578   0.611   0.634   0.653   0.668   0.700
116 Kyrgyzstan   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.696
117 Bolivia   0.519   0.553   0.580   0.606   0.639   0.677   0.695
118 Guatemala   0.514   0.550   0.566   0.592   0.626   0.667   0.689
119 Gabon   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.677
120 Vanuatu   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.674
121 South Africa   0.650   0.670   0.699   0.731   0.745   0.707   0.674
122 Tajikistan   ..   ..   0.705   0.703   0.638   0.640   0.673
123 Sao Tome and Principe   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.654
124 Botswana   0.509   0.571   0.624   0.674   0.658   0.631   0.654
125 Namibia   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.698   0.657   0.650
126 Morocco   0.435   0.483   0.519   0.551   0.581   0.613   0.646
127 Equatorial Guinea   ..   ..   0.484   0.505   0.529   0.606   0.642
128 India   0.419   0.450   0.487   0.521   0.551   0.578   0.619
129 Solomon Islands   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.602
130 Lao People's Democratic Republic   ..   ..   0.448   0.478   0.524   0.563   0.601
131 Cambodia   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.540   0.547   0.598
132 Myanmar   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.583
133 Bhutan   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.579
134 Comoros   ..   0.483   0.500   0.506   0.521   0.540   0.561
135 Ghana   0.442   0.471   0.486   0.517   0.542   0.568   0.553
136 Pakistan   0.367   0.394   0.427   0.467   0.497   0.516   0.551
137 Mauritania   0.383   0.410   0.435   0.455   0.487   0.509   0.550
138 Lesotho   0.499   0.541   0.571   0.605   0.616   0.581   0.549
139 Congo   0.478   0.520   0.567   0.559   0.546   0.518   0.548
140 Bangladesh   0.347   0.365   0.392   0.422   0.453   0.511   0.547
141 Swaziland   0.527   0.561   0.588   0.633   0.641   0.592   0.547
142 Nepal   0.301   0.338   0.380   0.427   0.469   0.502   0.534
143 Madagascar   0.407   0.444   0.440   0.450   0.463   0.493   0.533
144 Cameroon   0.422   0.468   0.523   0.529   0.513   0.525   0.532
145 Papua New Guinea   0.431   0.462   0.481   0.495   0.532   0.544   0.530
146 Haiti   ..   0.442   0.462   0.472   0.487   ..   0.529
147 Sudan   0.354   0.381   0.400   0.429   0.463   0.491   0.526
148 Kenya   0.466   0.514   0.534   0.556   0.544   0.529   0.521
149 Djibouti   ..   ..   ..   0.476   0.485   0.490   0.516
150 Timor-Leste   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.514
151 Zimbabwe   0.550   0.579   0.645   0.654   0.613   0.541   0.513
152 Togo   0.423   0.473   0.469   0.496   0.514   0.521   0.512
153 Yemen   ..   ..   ..   0.402   0.439   0.473   0.508
154 Uganda   ..   ..   0.420   0.434   0.433   0.480   0.505
155 Gambia   0.290   ..   ..   ..   0.436   0.472   0.502
156 Senegal   0.342   0.367   0.401   0.428   0.449   0.473   0.499
157 Eritrea   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.435   0.459   0.483
158 Nigeria   0.321   0.378   0.391   0.411   0.432   0.445   0.470
159 Tanzania (United Republic of)   ..   ..   ..   0.421   0.419   0.433   0.467
160 Guinea   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.456
161 Rwanda   0.337   0.385   0.403   0.340   0.330   0.418   0.452
162 Angola   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.446
163 Benin   0.312   0.344   0.367   0.374   0.403   0.424   0.437
164 Malawi   0.330   0.355   0.370   0.388   0.444   0.431   0.437
165 Zambia   0.470   0.478   0.489   0.477   0.439   0.420   0.434
166 Côte d'Ivoire   0.419   0.448   0.453   0.450   0.436   0.432   0.432
167 Burundi   0.290   0.318   0.352   0.366   0.347   0.368   0.413
168 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)   0.414   0.423   0.430   0.423   0.391   0.375   0.411
169 Ethiopia   ..   ..   0.311   0.332   0.347   0.379   0.406
170 Chad   0.296   0.298   0.342   0.364   0.377   0.397   0.388
171 Central African Republic   0.350   0.371   0.394   0.398   0.390   0.394   0.384
172 Mozambique   ..   0.304   0.291   0.317   0.335   0.375   0.384
173 Mali   0.245   0.268   0.272   0.296   0.321   0.352   0.380
174 Niger   0.246   0.264   0.261   0.279   0.296   0.321   0.374
175 Guinea-Bissau   0.267   0.271   0.300   0.322   0.350   0.365   0.374
176 Burkina Faso   0.257   0.280   0.305   0.321   0.337   0.353   0.370
177 Sierra Leone   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..   0.336


Sources :
calculated on the basis of data on life expectancy from UN (United Nations), 2007e. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2006 Revision. Database. Department of Ecopnomic and Social Affairs, Population Division, New York; data on adult literacy rates from UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Institute for Statistics. 2003. Correspondence on adult and youth literacy rates. March, Montreal. and UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Institute for Statistics. 2007a. Correspondence on adult and youth literacy rates. May, Montreal.; data on combined gross enrolment ratios from UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Institute for Statistics. 1999. Statistical yearbook. Montreal. and UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Institute for Statistics. 2007c. Correspondence on education data and indicators. April, Montreal; and data on GDP per capita (2000 PPP US$) and GDP per capita (PPP US$) from World Bank. 2007b. World Development Indicators 2007. Washington D.C.


Symbols :
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