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BODIES

Committee of Experts (MG-S-ROM)
Coordinator for Roma issues
European Roma and Travellers Forum

DOCUMENTATION

Thematic reports and Documentation
Council of Europe Jurisprudence on Roma
ECHR
Social Charter

WHO WE ARE

 Contacts

LINKS

Council of Europe or European Union?

 

National delegations

Official number
(last census)

Estimate figures
(source in footnotes)

Average estimate

Seats at the Forum1

Turkey

No data available

300.000 to 3.500.000

1.900.000

2 (+2)

Romania

535.140 (2002)

1.200.000 to 2.500.000

1.850.000

4

Russian Federation

182.617 (2002)

450.000 to 1.000.000

725.000

2 (+1)

Spain

No data available

600.000 to 800.000

700.000

3

Bulgaria

370.908 (2001)

500.000 to 800.000

650.000

3

Hungary

190.046 (2001)

400.000 to 800.000

600.000

3

Serbia (excl. Kosovo)

108.193 (2002)2

400.000 to 800.000

600.000

2+1

Slovak Republic

89.920 (2001)

320.000 to 520.000

420.000

3

France

No data available

300.000 to 500.000

400.000

2(+1)

United Kingdom

4.096 (2001)3

Up to 300.000

300.000

2

Ukraine

47.600 (2001)

50.000 to 400.000

225.000

1 (+1)

Czech Republic

11.718 (2001)

150.000 to 300.000

225.000

2

Greece

No data available

80.000 to 350.000

215.000

(2)

Macedonia (FYROM)

53.879 (2002)

80.000 to 250.000

165.000

2

Italy

No data available

120.000 to 160.000

140.000

2

Germany

No data available

70.000 to 130.000

100.000

2

Albania

1.2614

80.000 to 120.000

100.000

1 (+1)

Moldova

12.280 (2004)

18.691 to 150.000

84.345

2

Portugal

No data available

40.000 to 50.000

45.000

1

Sweden

No data available

40.000 to 50.0005

45.000

1

Poland

12,731(2002)

20.000 to 60.000

40.000

1

Bosnia and Herzegovina

8.864 (1991)

20.000 to 60.000

40.000

1

Belarus

No data available

10.000 to 70.000

40.000

1

Ireland

24.000 (2002)

32.000 to 38.5006

35.250

1

Switzerland

No data available

Approx. 35.0007

35.000

1

Croatia

9.463 (2001)

30.000 to 40.000

35.000

1

Belgium

No data available

20.000 to 30.0008

25.000

1

Austria

No data available

20.000 to 25.000

22.500

1

Netherlands

No data available

5.000 to 40.0009

22.500

1

Montenegro

2.875 (2003)

20.000

20.000

(1)

Latvia

8,205 (2000)

8.000 to 15.000

11.500

1

Finland

No data available

Approx. 10.000

10.000

1

Slovenia

3.246 (2002)

7.000 to 10.000

8.500

1

Norway

No data available

2.300 to 11.00010

6.650

(1)

Denmark

No data available

1.000 to 10.000

5.500

1

Lithuania

2.570 (2001)

2.575 to 4.000

3.287

1

Georgia

1.744 (1989)

Over 2.000

2.000

(1)

Cyprus

No data available

Approx. 1.500

1.500

(1)

Estonia

542 (2000)

1.000 to 1.500

1.250

(1)

Luxembourg

No Roma/Travellers

100 to 500

300

(1)

Armenia

No official data

a few hundreds

a few hundreds

(1)

Andorra, Azerbaijan, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Malta, Monaco, San Marino

None

-

TOTAL number of seats for national delegations (for a total estimate of about 9.700.000)

55 to 70

The following 7 international Roma organisations have 3 seats each :
Centre Missionarie Evangelic Roma International (CMERI), European Movement for Women and Young Roma Network (EMW-YRN), Forum of European Roma Young People (FERYP) Gypsies and Travellers International Evangelical Fellowship (GATIEF), Internationa Romani Union (IRU), International Romani Women’s Network (IRWN), Roman National Congress (RNC)

7 x 3

 

TOTAL number of seats for International Roma Organisations

21

Total number of seats at the European Roma and Travellers Forum
(75 estimated seats according to the Partnership Agreement with the Council of Europe)

76 to 91

Footnotes
For each country, please find below the source for the estimate number. In bold are the minimum and maximum figures used to calculate the average. Minimum official sources’ figures prevail over NGOs’.

National delegations

Source for estimate number of Roma & Travellers

Estimate numbers

Turkey

ERRC report of Marcia Rooker’s field visit to Turkey based on Human Rights Association Istanbul (1997):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
Publication Etudes Tsiganes no.25 (2006):
Report from the CoE Coordinator on Roma activities following fact visit to Turkey (2006):
J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):

up to 3.500.000
-
-
550.000 to 700.000

up to 2.000.000
300.000 to 500.000

Romania

Institute for Quality of Life (1998):
Framework Convention state report (1st cycle) (1999):
Research Institute for Quality of Life (2000):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
Note GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):

UNDP report At Risk (2006):
International Comparative Data Set on Roma Education (www.soros.org) (2007):
J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):
Roma Education Fund report (April 2007):

1.452.700 to 1.588.552
1.500.000 to 2.000.000
1.452.700 to 1.588.552
1.500.000 to 2.000.000
1.200.000 to 2.200.000
1.800.000 to 2.500.000

1.800.000 to 2.000.000
1.800.000 to 2.400.000
1.452.700 to 2.500.000

Russian Federation

Framework Convention state report (1st cycle) (2000):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
Framework Convention state report (2nd cycle) (2005):
Report of the Federal National Cultural Autonomy of Roma on the Situation of Roma in Russia (2006):
J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):

see official figure
-
see official figure
-
see official figure

at least 1.000.000
450.000 to 600.000

Spain

Minority Rights Group (1995):
Framework Convention state report (1st cycle) (2000):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
Framework Convention state report (2nd cycle) (2006):
J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):

700.000 to 800.000
600.000 to 650.000
-
650.000
600.000 to 650.000
650.000 to 700.000
650.000 to 800.000

Bulgaria

Note PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
Note MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
Note GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):

Framework Convention state report (1st cycle) (2003):
UNDP report At Risk (2006):
Note International Comparative Data Set on Roma Education (www.soros.org) (2007):
Note J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):
Note Roma Education Fund report (April 2007):

-
-
-
-
700.000 to 800.000

500.000 to 800.000
700,000 to 800,000
700.000 to 800.000

Hungary

Framework Convention state report (1st cycle) (1999):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
International Comparative Data Set on Roma Education (www.soros.org) (2007):
J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):
Roma Education Fund report (April 2007):

400.000 to 600.000
400.000 to 800.000
500.000 to 600.000
600.000

520.000 to 650.000
550.000 to 600.000
550.000 to 800.000

Serbia
* figures for FRY

Framework Convention state report (1st cycle) (2002):
GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
UNDP report At Risk (2006):
International Comparative Data Set on Roma Education (www.soros.org) (2007):
J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):
Roma Education Fund report (April 2007):

*450.000 to 500.000
-
400.000 to 500.000

450.000 to 500.000
400.000 to 500.000
450.000 to 800.000

Slovak Republic

Framework Convention state report (2nd cycle) (1999):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
Framework Convention state report (2nd cycle) (2005):
International Comparative Data Set on Roma Education (www.soros.org) (2007):
J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):
Roma Education Fund report (April 2007):

see official figure
420.000 to 500.000
see official figure
350.000 to 380.000
380.000

480.000 to 520.000
400.000 to 450.000
320,000

France

PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
Etude du Ministère des Affaires étrangères (2006):
J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):
FNASAT Press Conference (March 2007) :

-
300.000
-
300.000
300.000 to 400.000
300.000 to 500.000

United Kingdom

Framework Convention state report (1st cycle) (1999):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
Note Morris and Clements (September 2002):

MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
Note CRE Strategy for Gypsies and Travellers (2004):

J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007): Framework Convention state report (2snd cycle) (2007):

-
300.000
maxi. 300.000
see official figure
-
300.000
100.000 to 150.000
-

Macedonia (FYROM)

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):
Roma Education Fund report (April 2007):

-
-
200.000 to 250.000
80.000 to 130.000

Ukraine

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
Roma sources (Roma NGO Strategy, 2004) :
Note J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):
Note NGO estimate from MG-S-ROM member (2006):

-
-
80.000 to 120.000
50.000 to 60.000
over 400.000

Czech Republic

Minority Rights Group (1995):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
J.P. Liégeois “Roms en Europe” (2007):
Roma Education Fund report (April 2007):

275.000
-
150.000 to 250.000
150.000 to 200.000
200.000 to 250.000
160.000 to 300.000

Greece

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):
Greek Helsinki Monitor:

-
80.000 to 150.000
160.000 to 200.000
300.000 to 350.000

Italy

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):
Official statistics according to International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR) :
NGO statistics according to IHFHR :

-
120.000
90.000 to 110.000

130.000
105,000 to 160,000

Germany

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
Framework Convention state report (1st cycle):
Note J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

70.000
-
70.000
70.000
110.000 to 130.000

Albania

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
ERRC report 1996, Minority Rights Group (1995):
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):
International Group of Minorities Rights (1995):

-
-
80.000 to 120.000
90.000 to 100.000
up to 120.000

Moldova

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
Framework Convention state report (1st cycle):
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):
Roma sources (NGO Roma of Moldova):

-
18.691
-
19.000
20.000 to 25.000
up to 150.000

Portugal

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

-
-
40.000 to 50.000

Sweden

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

40.000 to 50.000
40.000 to 50.000
40.000 to 50.000
15.000 to 20.000

Poland

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
Framework Convention state report (1st cycle):
Minority Rights Group (1995):
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):
Malopoloska Regional Roma Programme (2001):
Roma leaders (Mirga 1999, Stankiewicz 2001):

20.000
25.000 to 30.000
20.000 to 30.000
50.000 to 60.000
40.000 to 50.000
30.000 to 35.000
15.000 to 50.000

Bosnia&Herzegovina

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM report (1996):
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

20.000 to 50.000
50.000 to 60.000
40.000 to 50.000

Belarus

Official sources:
Belarussian Section of International Society for Human Rights:
Public Organisation “Belarussian Gypsy Diaspora” survey (2006):

10.000 to 17.000

70.000

58.435

Ireland

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
Note J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

32.000 to 38.500
26.000-26.500
-
22.000 to 28.000

Switzerland

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

35.000
35.000
35.000
30.000 to 35.000

Croatia

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
Note J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

Over 30.000
20.000 to 30.000
30.000 to 40.000

Belgium

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

-
20.000
25.000 to 30.000
10.000 to 15.000

Austria

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

-
20.000 to 25.000
20.000 to 25.000

Netherlands

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):
Forum/MG-S-ROM member (2006):

-
5.000 to 6.000
35.000 to 40.000
5,000 to 33,000

Montenegro

UNDP report:

20.000

Latvia

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):
2003 Report from Latvian Centre for Human Rights and Ethnic Studies «the situation of Roma in Latvia»

8.000
-
-
2.000 to 3.500

13.000 to 15.000

Finland

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

10.000
10.000
7.000 to 9.000

Slovenia

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

7.000 to 10.000
official figure
6.500 to 7.000
8.000 to 10.000

Norway

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

2.300 to 3.400
11.000
2.300 to 3.400
500 to 1.000

Denmark

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

1.000 to 10.000
1.000 to 10.000
1.750
1.500 to 2.000

Lithuania

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

-
2.575
-
3.000 to 4.000

Georgia

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
Human Rights Information & Doc. Centre (2003) :
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

-
-
over 2.000
-

Cyprus

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

1.500
-
500 to 1.000

Estonia

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

-
official figure
-
1.000 to 1.500

Luxembourg

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):
ENAR Alternative Report (2004):

0
-
100 to 150
250 to 500

Armenia

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):
FCNM monitoring visit (2006):

0
0
0
-
a few hundreds

Andorra

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

0
0
-

Azerbaijan

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

0
0
-
-

Iceland

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

0
0
0
-

Liechtenstein

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

0
0
-
-

Malta

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
MG-S-ROM (2003)1rev on Nomadic Populations:
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

0
0
0
-

San Marino

GT-ROMS (2003)9 (estimate by officials):
PACE doc. 9397rev (2002) on Legal Status of Roma:
J.P. Liégeois “Roma, Gypsies, Travellers” (1994):

0
-
-

Note 1 European Roma and Travellers Forum (ERTF) based in Strasbourg. In parenthesis, seats not yet occupied.
Note 2 Excluding Kosovo. In addition, there are about 100.000 to 120.000 IDPS from Kosovo.
Note 3 2.219 Travellers of Irish Heritage and Gypsies in England and Wales + 167 in Scotland + 1.710 in Northern Ireland. According to the latest figures from the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM) there are about 15,000 caravans travelling in the UK.
Note 4 Roma and Vlachs together.
Note 5 Roma and Travellers together.
Note 6 30.000 to 36.000 Irish Travellers + 2.000 to 2.500 Roma.
Note 7 Yenish population.
Note 8 Include 8,000 in Flanders and Brussels according to Toon Machiels’study “Roma/Travellers in Belgium” (2006).
Note 9 Include 5 to 10,000 Roma and Sinti + 23,000 autochtonous Travellers.
Note 10 Include 2.000 to 3.000 Roma/Travellers + 300 to 400 Roma/Gypsies (official source).