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Plan Text read at glenbrooks: The United States federal government should commit all necessary resources to accept Russia's offer to construct an electrical power transmission line from Alaska to Russia across the Bering Strait in the U.S, for the transmission of renewable energy.


Contents

[edit] GENI Policy 1AC

Contention One: The GENI’s in the Bottle

Initially note, Russia is the renewable energy sleeping giant with surplus renewable energy that has not been utilized because of lack of demand

Elena Merle-Béral, an analyst for the International Energy Agency writes in, Our Planet: The magazine of the United Nations Environment Programme. - Nairobi. - ISSN 1013-7394 2005. Vol. 16 № 4


Moreover, Russia is expanding its renewable energy resources, ensuring a vast supply of alternative energy that will be available to global markets

Toby T. Gati, a Senior Director for Russia, Ukraine and the Eurasian States at the National Security Council, writes 2008. “Renewable Energy in Russia’s Future,” Foreign Affairs Journal, http://www.akingump.com/files/Publication/36e46167-9dce-4955-b7f0-055d492343c8/Presentation/PublicationAttachment/9cbab63d-5a8f-4386-b02a 098a6d129857/TTG_Renewable_Energy_in_Russia_s_Future_English.pdf


Hence, the Plan: The United States federal government should commit all necessary resources to accept Russia's offer to construct an electric power transmission line from Alaska to Russia across the Bering Strait in the United States for the transmission of alternative energy. Questions? Don’t guess, we’ll clarify!


Contention Two: Release the GENI

It takes two to tango and Russia wants to dance. To provide the United States access to Russia’s alternative energy resources Russia has proposed linking the US energy grid across the Bering Strait. Unfortunately, the US government has shown little interest in the project.

Sabra Ayres, a staff writer for the Anchorage Daily News reports on, April 21, 2007. “Russia-Alaska link: A Bering Strait tunnel,” http://dwb.adn.com/news/alaska/story/8811965p-8712739c.html


Additional, A Russia-America power bridge is the critical link to access vast renewable energy sources and create a global energy network

VICTOR N. Razbegin, the deputy chairman of Russia's Council for the Study of Productive Forces note in, 9/28/2007, “Eurasia-North America Multimodal Transport”, Executive Intelligence Review. http://www.larouchepub.com/other/2007/3438victor_razbegin.html


Moreover, the Bering Strait link is a mere 100 kilometers long—its feasible

Peter Meisen,, the Founder of the Global Energy Network Institute, writes 1992. “The Potential of an Electrical Interconnection Between Russia and North America,” http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/newsletters/1992/the-potential-of-an-electrical-interconnection-between-russia-and-north-america.shtml


Dozens of international energy girds already exist but the United States needs to take a lead role in creating a Bering Strait Energy Bridge to complete the missing link to create a global energy network—long distance transmission is possible now

Michael Powers, a board member of the Global Energy Network Initiative, VP, Sales & Marketing and co-founder of Stellar Solar LLP, which supplies PV solar energy systems in San Diego, writes in March 21, 2007, http://www.sustainablebusiness.com/index.cfm/go/news.printerfriendlyfeature/id/1431


Global energy links snowball and serve as an example for the rest of the world to follow Meisen, writes in 1997. “A United Strategy for Peace and Sustainable Development” http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/issues/global/war-conflict-peace/g7-summit.shtml


Global electricity grids are the only way to access large amounts of alternative energy—long-distance lines can tap into remote energy sources

Fred Pearce, a senior environmental correspondent for the New Scientist writes in, 7/8/1995. “GLOBAL POWER — The electric hypergrid,” http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/technical-articles/transmission/new-scientist/the-international-grid/index.shtml


Contention Three: GENI Will Rub the World the Right Way

Subpoint A is Overpopulation

Overpopulation is rampant now—the world is at its carrying capacity

Jon Popham, New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts Film & Television, June 20th, 2008. http://blogs.takepart.com/2008/06/20/world-population-to-reach-7-billion-in-2012/



Human population growth has become unsustainable – unless something is done now, the environment will be destroyed, threatening human extinction

A.R. Jones, Senior Research Associate, Centre of East Anglian Studies, University of East Anglia, 2003. “Population goals and ecological strategies for spaceship earth – Perspective,” Journal of Population Research


Luckily, a global energy grid makes population growth sustainable—electricity is the prerequisite to overpopulation

Peter Meisen, President, Global Energy Network International (GENI), November 1994. “Want To Contain Global Population? Expand Energy Resources,” Newsletter of the World Government of World Citizens, Volume VIII, Number 5. http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/geni/world-citizen-news/want-to-contain-global-population-expand-energy-resources/index.shtml


The establishment of a global energy grid will allow population rates to plateau

Peter Meisen, President, GENI, 1996. “Linking renewable energy resources around the world: A compelling global strategy,” The Sustainable Energy Industry Journal, Issue 2. http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/geni/the-sustainable-energy-industry-journal/index.shtml


Subpoint B is Global Stability

Global War is not a fiction now—there are dozens of scenarios for nuclear war now that could occur at any time Carol Moore, Activist, November 2007, Is Nuclear War Inevitable? http://www.carolmoore.net/nuclearwar/alternatescenarios.html


The Bering Strait Project solves the impulse for war creating an alternative to military confrontation

Rachel Douglas, EIR Intelligence Director for Russia and Eastern Europe, 6/22/07. “Bering Strait Project Featured in Russia,” Executive Intelligence Review


Thankfully, a global energy grid provides a long term solution to conflict

Peter Meisen, President – GENI, 1997. “LINKING ELECTRICITY FOR PEACE: A COMPELLING GLOBAL STRATEGY,” Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society, Vol. 17 No. 4, http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/geni/TheBulletinOfScienceTechnologyAndSociety/LinkingElectricityForPeaceACompellingGlobaStrategy.shtml


Subpoint C Russia

US-Russia relations have been on decline for years – future flashpoints threaten a new Cold War Vincent Sabathier et al, senior fellow and the director of Human Space Exploration Initiative at the Center for Strategic and International Studies et al, 8/18/2008. “Ensuring U.S. Access to the International Space Station,” [G. Ryan Faith, and Alexandros Petersen,] http://www.csis.org/component/option,com_csis_pubs/task,view/id,4776/


Relations solves global nuclear war

Michael Elliott, “Why Russia still matters to America”, Newsweek, 5-15-1995, Lexis


The Bering Strait energy bridge resolves the tense situation between Russia and the United States through sustained and long-term cooperation

Walter J. Hickel, Governor of Alaska, 4/24/2007. “Prospects for the Creation of a Multi-Modal Transport Corridor for Eurasia-North America via the Bering Strait,” Central House for Scientists, http://www.institutenorth.org/servlet/download?id=282




[edit] GENI K 1AC

Contention 1 is Electrical Genocide Despite Russian overtures, the US government has shown zero interest in building an intercontinental electrical wire stretching across the Bering Strait Anchorage Daily News, 4/21/2007. “Russia-Alaska link: A Bering Strait tunnel,” http://dwb.adn.com/news/alaska/story/8811965p-8712739c.html


And this is more than just a damn shame – a cross-Strait wire is the only thing standing in the way of a global electricity network that could provide power to the 2 billion people worldwide who don’t have it now Michael Powers, a board member of the Global Energy Network Initiative, VP, Sales & Marketing and co-founder of Stellar Solar LLP, which supplies PV solar energy systems in San Diego, writes in March 21, 2007, http://www.sustainablebusiness.com/index.cfm/go/news.printerfriendlyfeature/id/1431


Our refusal to act has real consequences – millions of people in non-Western countries die every year due to lack of electricity Paul Driessen, senior policy advisor for the Congress for Racial Equality, 8/18/08, http://acuf.org/issues/issue67/060912cul.asp


Further, without access to a global electricity network, local communities are forced to rely on woodburning to provide power, and we’re running out trees – soon, billions of people in the third world will be wiped out. M.R. de Montalembert and J. Clement, former officer for international energy affairs at the French Ministry of Industry and employee of the United Nations Forest and Agriculture Organization, 1983, http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5329e/x5329e00.htm


The US’ refusal to finance such an easy solution to this energy crisis represents the epitome of the concept of “discardable populations” – people that it’s “okay” to let die because they’re not “our people.” The perpetuation of this mindset can only end in one thing – extinction. Boaventura de Sousa Santos, Director for the Center of Social Studies at the University of Coimbra, 2003, http://bad.eserver.org/issues/2003/63/santos.html


Hence, the Plan: The United States federal government should commit all necessary resources to accept Russia's offer to construct an electric power transmission line from Alaska to Russia across the Bering Strait in the United States for the transmission of renewable energy. Questions? Don’t guess, we’ll clarify!


Contention 2 is A Bridge to Somewhere We have all the technology to make a cross-Strait wire now – all it takes is the political will to get it done Peter Meisen,, the Founder of the Global Energy Network Institute, writes 1992. “The Potential of an Electrical Interconnection Between Russia and North America,” http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/newsletters/1992/the-potential-of-an-electrical-interconnection-between-russia-and-north-america.shtml


And don’t worry, we’re topical – the bridge itself is an incentive for the use of Russian renewable energy sources VICTOR N. Razbegin, the deputy chairman of Russia's Council for the Study of Productive Forces, 9/28/2007, “Eurasia-North America Multimodal Transport”, Executive Intelligence Review. http://www.larouchepub.com/other/2007/3438victor_razbegin.html


The construction of the bridge would be also be a huge victory for the Global Energy Network Initiative, a California-based non-profit that has been working to create a global energy network that gives equal access to all since 1986 Tony Perry, LA Times Staff Writer, 1995, http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/media_coverage/los-angeles-times/this-game-anything-but-childs-play/index.shtml


GENI’s victory is everyone’s gain – this project, where local groups demand that their governments work on local projects that benefit the globe is our best hope to combat the neoliberal ideology that creates and sustains the labeling of entire populations as disposable. Voting aff is an endorsment of the “politics of reclamation” – local groups reappropriating their government for the global good Saskia Sassen, Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology @ Columbia University, 11/20/2006, http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2006-11-20-sassen-en.html


The active contestation of government agendas by local NGOs is the critical means for preventing collective suicide – no mere theoretical discussion can stop a very real process Boaventura de Sousa Santos, Director for the Center of Social Studies at the University of Coimbra, 2003, http://bad.eserver.org/issues/2003/63/santos.html


Finally, the public attention GENI and organizations like it will bring to bear on the global electricity network will cause any attempt to misappropriate it to backfire. “Electricity for all” will become the rallying cry for a new movement for global justice. Slavoj Zizek, either the Batman or the Joker, 1999, The Ticklish Subject [pp.204-209]


[edit] Dormant Commerce Clause 1AC

Broken in prelims of Emory

Contention One: Renewables are Coming

The Democratic wave in the November election ensures a national renewable portfolio standards program will exists in the status quo Suzanne Deffree, Managing Editor, Electronic News, November 10th 2008 “Obama plans could boost US solar development, demand, Gartner says” http://www.edn.com/article/CA6613145.html

The Democratic Party's … starts to recover," he continued.


Moreover, the federal RPS is following a flux of state programs that have been created mandating electrical utilities to generate renewable energy Nathan E. Endrud, J.D. Candidate, Harvard Law School, Harvard Journal on Legislation, Winter, 2008. Volume 45. Pg. 259.

Renewable portfolio standards … the years 2015 and 2025. 24


Contention Two: A Supremely Bad Situation

Initially note a brief intro to Constitutional law—the commerce clause of the US constitution has been interpreted to not only have a positive aspect to it—i.e. that Congress has the power to regulate interstate commerce—but also a negative aspect—that States cannot burden interstate commerce—this is used to strike down state laws that retain private benefits of commerce Nathan E. Endrud, J.D. Candidate, Harvard Law School, Harvard Journal on Legislation, Winter, 2008. Volume 45. Pg. 259.

The Commerce Clause … putative local benefits."


This doctrine will be used to strike down state renewable programs Nathan E. Endrud, J.D. Candidate, Harvard Law School, Harvard Journal on Legislation, Winter, 2008. Volume 45. Pg. 259.

Under the Supreme … also be invalidated. 82


Additionally, state renewable energy laws that provide for discretionary review by public utility commissions will also be struck down by the Court Nathan E. Endrud, J.D. Candidate, Harvard Law School, Harvard Journal on Legislation, Winter, 2008. Volume 45. Pg. 259.

In light of Hood, … putative local benefits." 132


The challenges are impending in the status quo on state renewable programs—its only a matter of time until the court strikes down the statutes, spuring copycat litigation, effectively ending state renewable programs Dr. Benjamin K Sovacool Senior Research Fellow for the Network for New Energy Choices in New York, Research Fellow at the Centre for Asia and Globalization at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy and Adjunct Assistant Professor at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University in Blacksburg, VA, & Christopher Coooper, Executive Director of the Network for New Energy Choices 2007 Electricity Journal, “Big Is Beautiful: The Case for Federal Leadership on a National Renewable Portfolio Standard,” May 2007, vol. 48, no. 4, Lexis-Nexis Academic)

Joel B. Eisen doesn't … renewable energy market.


If states cannot impose restrictions on renewable production, states will cease creating such programs Kirsten H. Engel, Associate Professor, Tulane Law School, 26 Ecology L.Q. 243, 1999

In the future, … renewable power production.


Moreover, the Supreme Court’s Current Dormant Commerce Clause Jurisprudence on face discourages implementation of renewable programs Kirsten H. Engel, Associate Professor, Tulane Law School, 26 Ecology L.Q. 243, 1999

The theory of … will likewise widen.


Hence the plan:

The United States Federal Government, specifically the United States Supreme Court, should rule that state renewable energy programs do not violate Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution, holding that state statutes that directly regulate or discriminate against interstate commerce are constitutional.


Contention 3: Democratic Federalism

The implications of Dormant Commerce Clause jurisprudence reach way beyond state renewable programs – the Court’s interpretation has thrown the entire political system out of whack, and will shortly collapse the Constitutional system of democratic federalism Michael J. Diederich, practicing environmental litigator, Fall 1993, Does Garbage Have Standing?: Democracy, Flow Control and a Principled Constitutional Approach to Municipal Solid Waste Management, 11 Pace Envt'l L. Rev. [lexis]

Our very …manage their own waste.


Supreme Court overturn of the Dormant Commerce Clause is the only way to restore democratic federalism – no other branch can stop the Court’s abuses of power Amy M. Petragnani, Associate Counsel, GOER. For Council, Albany Law Review, 57 Alb. L. Rev. 1215, Fall, 1994

Finally, the dormant … on interstate commerce.


We isolate two scenarios to the destruction of American democratic federalism; First, Russian Stability

Medvedev’s control over the Presidency creates a unique opportunity for a transition away from Putin’s authoritarianism towards democratic federalism – unlike Putin, he’s willing to explore a less centralized form of government Gordon Hahn, Ph.D., senior researcher at the Monterey Terrorism Research and Education Program and the Center for Terrorism and Intelligence Studies (CETIS) and an adjunct professor at the Graduate School of International Policy Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, 7/01/08, “The Politics of Unleashing,” http://www.russiaprofile.org/page.php?pageid=Politics&articleid=a1214911570

As Dmitry Medvedev … during Medvedev’s first term.


However, Russian progress isn’t inevitable – Russia looks to the United States for advice on structuring its federal system. A restoration of a proper democratic federalist system in the United States, especially regarding energy policy, is crucial to Russia’s future. Eugene Rumer, senior fellow of institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University, 9/29/04, “"What democracy can Putin destroy?” Christian Science Monitor [lexis]

Russia is joining … them with ultimatums.


If Russia doesn’t get the right signals from the United States, its authoritarian backsliding away from democratic federalism will continue, resulting in a hyper-aggressive foreign policy an internal civil war Strobe Talbott, president of the Brookings Institution and deputy US secretary of state from 1994-2001, 2004 "The strains of Putin's Clampdown" Financial Times [lexis]

Mr Putin is … to their solution.


Russian aggression means extinction – it could lead to global nuclear conflict at any moment Anne Penketh, diplomacy editor for The Independent UK, 8/26/07, The Independent UK (available online at http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/putins-cold-war-fishing-trip-whats-he-playing-at-463018.html)

If there is … the Cold War.


Russian civil war also goes nuclear Steven David, Professor of Political Science at John Hopkins, February 1999, “Saving America from the Coming Wars," Foreign Affairs [lexis]

Divining the … Russian civil war.


Second, American democratic federalism is key to global democracy


Bush’s freedom agenda doesn’t end with his administration – Obama is committed to exporting American democracy globally Michael Allen, contributor to Democracy Digest, 11/05/08, Democracy Digest [available online at http://www.demdigest.net/blog/975/obamas-freedom-agenda.html]

Such recommendations are … in repressive societies.”


However, democracy promotion in the status quo is doomed to failure – ethnic tensions in developing countries make democracy promotion self-defeating Amy L. Chua, Professor of Law @ Yale University, 2000, “The Paradox of Free-Market Democracy” [available online at http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/Chua_Indonesia_Paper.pdf]

The phenomenon of … by contemporary Indonesia.


Luckily, there’s a cure – if democratic federalism, instead of pure democracy, can be promoted, ethnic tensions can be resolved inside the democratic process Juan J. Linz, Sterling Professor of Political and Social Science at Yale University, 1997, “Democracy, Multinationalism, and Federalism” [available online at http://www.march.es/ceacs/ingles/publicaciones/working/archivos/1997_103.pdf]

Our argument is … respect for both.


Indeed, no democratic federalist government has ever collapsed – democratic federalism ensures the success of democracy promotion Juan J. Linz, Sterling Professor of Political and Social Science at Yale University, 1997, “Democracy, Multinationalism, and Federalism” [available online at http://www.march.es/ceacs/ingles/publicaciones/working/archivos/1997_103.pdf]

To start answering … democracy and federalism.


The United States is the world’s federalist model – the shape of our system determines whether we can successfully export federalism along with democracy. Our policy on environmental federalism is uniquely important – as long as the Dormant Commerce Clause is part of our environmental jurisprudence, we will never be able to effectively promote democratic federalism. Benjamin K. Sovacool, a Research Fellow in the Energy Governance Program at the Centre on Asia and Globalization, 27 Stan. Envtl. L.J. 397, June, 2008

Second, the Article … to the world.


The global spread of democracy solves extinction Larry Diamond, senior fellow Hoover Institute, 1995, Promoting Democracy in the 1990s p. 6

This hardly exhausts … sovereignty, and openness.


Global federalism solves war Steven Calabresi Assistant Prof – Northwestern U 1995, Michigan Law Review, 94 Mich. L. Rev. 752, p. lexis

First, the rules … will be kept.


[edit] UNCLOS 1AC

Broken in doubles of Harvard


Contention One: LOST at Sea

Initially note, the US has not signed the Law of the Sea Treaty and it awaits Senate ratification Kieran Dwyer, J.D. candidate at the University of Minnesota Law School. The Robert E. Hudec Article on Global Trade: Note: UNCLOS: Securing the United States' Future in Offshore Wind Energy. 18 Minn. J. Int'l L. 265 Minnesota Journal of International Law Winter, 2009

UNCLOS is a … Senate ratification. 65


Moreover, the prospect for quick ratification is dim—shakeups in the Senate indicate that the treaty will not be ratified any time soon John Boonstra, executive minister of the Washington Association of Churches, January 22, 2009, http://www.undispatch.com/archives/2009/01/trouble_for_law.php

Over at The … Hill staffer notes.


Conservatives are already starting to threaten a fight over LOST now, threatening ratification Ben Block, Staff Writer, Worldwatch Institute, January 22, 2009. http://www.worldwatch.org/node/5993


In his final … to support it.


Hence the plan:

The United States Federal Government should pass the Senate resolution for Treaty Number 103-39, providing advise and consent to the accession to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea , with annexes, adopted on December 10, 1982 and to the ratification of the Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, with annex, adopted on July 28, 1994.

Questions? Don’t guess, we’ll clarify.


Contention Two: Topicality is not a LOST cause

Wind is expanding rapidly now and Obama plans to add more incentives for wind in the SQ Susan Kraemer, Bay Area legislative activist who writes about climate change, January 12th, 2009, http://redgreenandblue.org/2009/01/12/obama-to-add-20-gw-of-wind-power-in-3-years/

An aide to … the Federal government.


The numbers speak for themselves: There’s no chance for uniqueness—US production ALONE just increased 50% with increased global demand ensuring continual wind power production Clean Tech Brief February 9th 2009 “United States Leads In Wind Power Production” http://cleantechbrief.com/node/170

The United States … CO2 every year.”


Alternative energy transition for the US is inevitable and is occurring now—its only a question of what sources the US utilizes—ratification of the UNCLOS is essential to encouraging off shore development Kieran Dwyer, J.D. candidate at the University of Minnesota Law School. The Robert E. Hudec Article on Global Trade: Note: UNCLOS: Securing the United States' Future in Offshore Wind Energy. 18 Minn. J. Int'l L. 265 Minnesota Journal of International Law Winter, 2009

The United States … to promote development.


UNCLOS is an incentive for the development wind in the EEZ and over the continental shelf—failure of the US to ratify the LOS treaty prevents expansion of wind under threat of violation of international law Kieran Dwyer, J.D. candidate at the University of Minnesota Law School. The Robert E. Hudec Article on Global Trade: Note: UNCLOS: Securing the United States' Future in Offshore Wind Energy. 18 Minn. J. Int'l L. 265 Minnesota Journal of International Law Winter, 2009

2. Recognition of Wind Resources UNCLOS explicitly contemplates … EEZ is possible.


Dispute resolution mechanisms in the LOS are a key incentive for off shore wind development Kieran Dwyer, J.D. candidate at the University of Minnesota Law School. The Robert E. Hudec Article on Global Trade: Note: UNCLOS: Securing the United States' Future in Offshore Wind Energy. 18 Minn. J. Int'l L. 265 Minnesota Journal of International Law Winter, 2009

An important feature … any conflict themselves.

Contention Three: Get Lost

Laws are being made now within the Commissions created by the UNCLOS NOW—the long the US delays, the less in put it will have in shaping the international law governing ocean policy John D Negroponte, Deputy Secretary of State under Bush, September 27th 2007 Congressional Testimony

WE NEED TO … for our country.


We’ll isolate several reasons why having the US ratify the UNCLOS now, allowing the US to participate in the Conventions rule-making processes, is good…


Subpoint A is Oceans

US ratification of LOST is critical to the global health of oceans, by strengthening global environmental standards – US will be able to leverage over other countries Lee Hamilton, president and director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, chairman and ranking member of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, chaired the Subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran, the Joint Economic Committee, and the Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress, director of The Center on Congress at Indiana University, 08/23/2007, “Joining the Law of the Sea,”

These economic benefits … ratify this Treaty.


Moreover, the ocean ecosystem is LOST at sea without US ratification Patricia Bauerlein, J.D. candidate Loyola Law School, 1995, 17 Loy. L.A. Int'l & Comp. L.J. 899

The health of … other nation-states.


And, we have to act now – if Obama doesn’t work to improve the environment immediately, no one will BBC NEWS, February 12, 2009 “Obama 'must act now' on climate” http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/science/nature/7885036.stm The US president … really lost it."


Our oceans are on the brink—only immediate action can prevent rapid acidification, devastating marine lifesystems Science Daily February 5th 2009 “Global Scientists Draw Attention To Threat Of Ocean Acidification” http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090201124553.htm

It is well … about acidification impacts.”


The ocean’s health is the biggest impact there is – it is the crux of all life on the planet Craig, a professor of Law at Indiana University, Winter, 34 McGeorge L. Rev. 155. 2003

The world's oceans …to future generations. 21


Subpoint B is Cables

US International telecom traffic depends on global oceanic cooperation—US failure to ratify leaves us LOST in translation outside of international protections, threatening over 90% of data communications DOUGLAS R BURNETT Holland & Knight LLP, October 4th 2007. Senate Foreign Relations Committee CQ Testimony Lexis

Over 70% of … to the Convention.


Single cable disruption causes economic havoc DOUGLAS R BURNETT HOLLAND & KNIGHT LLP, SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE CQ TESTIMONY, October 4th 2007 LEXIS

Under the 1884 … to the Convention.


Guarantees nuclear extinction Phil Kerpen, policy director for Americans for Prosperity October 28, 2008 7:53 AM http://www.philkerpen.com/?q=node/201

It’s important that … even greater scale.


Subpoint C is Polar Bears

Tensions over the Arctic could spark war at any moment—Increased military buildup and ongoing Russian aggression make immediate US ratification of the UNCLOS necessary to de-escalation and the prevention of catastrophe Vladimir Frolov, former director of the National Laboratory for Foreign Policy, a Moscow-based think tank, now President of LEFF GROUP, a government and public communications company. Mr. Frolov had a distinguished career in the Foreign Service, including postings at the Russian Embassy in Washington D.C. before serving as the Deputy Staff Director of the State Duma Committee on Foreign Affairs and Counsel to the Deputy Chief of the Presidential Administration for Foreign Policy. February 9th 2009 A Looming Battle for the Arctic? http://english.neftegaz.ru/english/info/press/press_rev.php?id=5644

Russia, the United … be a no-brainer.


The US sitting on the sidelines in crafting Arctic policy is unacceptable inter-country coordination is critical for the Arctic waters—failure for the US to play a role risks conflict with Russia Morris R. Beschloss, The Desert Sun (Palm Springs, California) June 26, 2008 Thursday

If you view … the Arctic Circle.


Failure to ratify LOST pushes the US to use force to control the Arctic Wall Street Journal 8-22-2007 “US Resistance to Sea Treaty Thaws” http://online.wsj.com/article/SB118772758771704410.html?mod=googlenews_wsj

All this has … world's fossil fuels.


And guarantees resource conflict and miscalculation between the US and Russia STATESMAN JOURNAL 9/10/2007

The hypothetical Northwest …our interests either.


Impact is nuclear war KANTER et al 99. [Arnold, a senior fellow at The Forum for International Policy. He was undersecretary of state from 1991-93, Sam Nunn, a former US senator from Georgia, is senior partner in the law firm of King & Spaulding. Brent Scowcroft, former national security adviser to presidents Ford and Bush, is president of The Forum for International Policy, Boston Globe 9-13]

Second, we want … pay the price.


We need to ratify the UNCLOS now—longer we delay, less chance we have to be able to determine the outcome for the Arctic WATKINS 2008. [Admiral James, the chairman of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy. Leon Panetta is the chairman of the Pew Oceans Commission. They co-chair the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative, which promotes meaningful ocean policy reform. “Why doesn’t U.S. join Law of the Sea treaty?” Aug 25, San Francisco Chronicle, http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2008/08/24/EDJL12GS9G.DTL]

It's a shame … to lose indeed.



We have until May 2009 to join—that’s the deadline to determine territorial limits DOYLE 1-30-2008 [ALISTER, STAFF WRITER, “SEABED RIGHTS OFF ANTARCTICA – WHY NOT POOL DATA?” http://blogs.reuters.com/environment/2008/01/30/seabed-rights-off-antarctica-why-not-pool-data/]

But a separate … any offshore minerals


[edit] Neg

Glenbrooks Round 3, Neg v. Cedar Rapids Washington KP (Natives)

Judge: Kauppi

1NC:

  • T - In the US
  • Chambliss-Martin Politics
  • Advantage CPs - legalize hemp and close Guantanamo Bay
  • Cap

2NR:

  • Cap


UNICORNS!! PUPPIES!! BUTTERFLIES!! FOUCAULT!!

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