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Co-owner of Weasleys' Wizarding Wheezes
Fred Weasley (1 April 1978 - 2 May 1998) was a pure-blood wizard, a son of Molly and Arthur Weasley, and twin brother to George Weasley. He attended Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry from 1989 to 1996 and was sorted into Gryffindor house. Both he and his twin brother were popular students, known for their sense of humour, and Beaters for the Gryffindor Quidditch team. In their seventh year, they joined Dumbledore's Army. A brilliant prankster and inventor, Fred left Hogwarts shortly prior to graduation to become a successful entrepreneur, alongside his twin brother, and opened the joke shop Weasleys' Wizard Wheezes in Diagon Alley. Fred was also a member of the Order of the Phoenix; he fought in the Battle over Little Whinging in 1997 and was a commentator for Potterwatch during the height of the Second Wizarding War. In 1998, Fred participated in the Battle of Hogwarts, defending the castle's passageways with his twin. He was killed in a magical explosion likely caused by Death Eater Augustus Rookwood.
 Early Life
Fred Weasley, along with his identical twin George, was born April 1, 1978; appropriately enough, April Fool's Day. He was raised at his family home of the Burrow, near Ottery St. Catchpole, Devon. In addition to his twin brother, Fred had three older brothers, Bill, Charlie and Percy, and younger siblings Ron and Ginny. He and George were particularly close to their sister, who was most like them in temperament of their siblings, and delighted in teasing their brothers Percy and Ron. They enjoyed making mischief and were quite a handful for their parents.
Fred was educated at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry from from 1989 to 1996, and was sorted into Gryffindor House. He was very popular in school. Among his many friends was Lee Jordan, as well as Angelina Johnson, with whom he attended the Yule Ball. During his first year at Hogwarts, Fred swiped the Marauder's Map from Argus Filch's office with George. Four years later, they gave Harry Potter the map, as the brothers already knew the map by heart.
When many students speculated that Harry was the Heir of Slytherin in 1992, neither Fred nor George took it seriously, making jokes about it to lighten Harry up. The same year, they were delighted to hear that their older, stuffy brother Percy had a secret girlfriend because it was an opportunity to tease him.
Fred, alongside his brother George, played for the Gryffindor Quidditch team as a Beater. They both used Cleansweep Five broomsticks. They were so skilled at Quidditch that they were both described as being like "human Bludgers". Fred played for Gryffindor until 1996, when he was given a lifetime ban after the first match of that year along with George and Harry. This was after they began a fight when Slytherin player Draco Malfoy penned the demeaning song Weasley is Our King to humiliate Ron Weasley and then proceeded to insult the Weasley parents and the late Lily Potter.
That same year, Fred and George joined Dumbledore's Army to oppose the dictatorial running of Hogwarts under High Inquisitor Dolores Umbridge and to prepare to fight Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters. Before the end of his seventh year, Fred dropped out of Hogwarts with George in a final act of rebellion against Umbridge. They left in a flourish of fireworks, vandalism, and chaos, including hexing members of Umbridge's Inquisitorial Squad. A small part of a Portable Swamp created in the corridors by the twins was preserved by Professor Flitwick, as he saw it as an example of "extraordinary magic".
 Career as a Shop Proprietor
- Umbridge: "You two are about to learn what happens to wrong-doers in my school."
- Fred: "You know what? I don't think we are. George, I think we've outgrown full-time education... Time to test our talents in the real world, d'you reckon?"
- George: "Definitely."
- — The twins departing Hogwarts to open Weasleys' Wizard Wheezes[src]
Initially, Fred and George's ambitions to open a joke shop came as a disappointment to their parents, who had hoped they would seek employment with the Ministry of Magic like their father. However, the spectacular success of the twins' business, Weasleys' Wizard Wheezes, located at 93 Diagon Alley, impressed his parents and made them proud. What had started out as a mail-order experiment in entrepreneurialism sky-rocketed into a very lucrative undertaking. In fact, it was so successful that in 1996, the twins had moved out of their childhood home and into a flat above the store; later, the twins considered buying Zonko's Joke Shop in Hogsmeade, which had closed the previous year.
None of this might have been possible without the funding made available by Harry Potter, who was close friends with the twins and the entire Weasley family, as Harry gave the twins his Triwizard Tournament winnings of 1000 Galleons to start their business with. For Harry's generosity, the twins allowed him to take merchandise free of charge.
 Order of the Phoenix
Fred was a staunch admirer and supporter of Albus Dumbledore, and joined the Order of the Phoenix as soon as his parents would allow him. In 1995, Fred joined his family in fixing up the Order's headquarters at Number 12, Grimmauld Place, pocketing Doxies from behind the curtains for his experimental inventions.
In the summer of 1997, Fred and George took part in the Battle over Little Whinging, becoming two of the "seven Potters" to act as decoys while the Order removed Harry from 4 Privet Drive. Fred flew with his father on a broomstick, and was upset to learn that his twin lost an ear due to a Sectumsempra curse at the hands of Severus Snape during the battle. Although initially panicked to the point of being speechless when he saw his twin's loss, as soon as George started joking about it, Fred calmed down. That same summer, Fred eagerly flirted with two "pretty French girls" who came to the Burrow to attend their cousin Fleur Delacour's wedding to Bill, and reminisced about his late uncle Bilius.
- "Point is, people, don’t get lulled into a false sense of security, thinking he’s out of the country. Maybe he is, maybe he isn’t, but the fact remains he can move faster than Severus Snape confronted with shampoo when he wants to, so don’t count on him being a long way away if you’re planning to take any risks. I never thought I’d hear myself say it, but safety first!"
- —Fred reporting on Voldemort's movements on Potterwatch[src]
When the war reached its worst point in late 1997 and 1998, Fred participated under the codename "Rapier" in Potterwatch, a radio program hosted by his friend Lee that opposed Voldemort's reign of terror. They spread the truth about the Death Eater regime that was not being reported by the Daily Prophet or other news outlets, and encouraged the public to support Harry and to protect Muggles who were falling victim to the Death Eaters.
Fred, along with his family and friends, returned to Hogwarts in the spring to participate in the final battle. He and George were assigned to defend the castle's secret passages by Kingsley Shacklebolt. When the Death Eaters forced their way inside, Fred fought next to his brother Percy, who had recently been reconciled with the family and combatted his former boss, Imperiused Minister for Magic Pius Thicknesse. Fred was killed in an explosion probably created by Augustus Rookwood. His death was avenged when Rookwood was captured and confined by Aberforth Dumbledore, and was presumably sent to Azkaban.
- Percy: "Hello, Minister! Did I mention I’m resigning?"
- Fred: "You're joking, Perce! You actually are joking. . . . I don’t think I’ve heard you joke since you were –"
- — Fred Weasley's last words[src]
 Physical description
Fred, similar to all the Weasley children, bore a head of flaming-red hair and freckles. He was short and stocky like his brothers George and Charlie. Fred and George had brown eyes like their mother and sister.
 Personality and traits
Fred Weasley was perhaps the more outspoken, daring, and sarcastic of the twins. During the rescue from the Dursleys in 1992, George picked the lock on Harry's bedroom door with a hairpin, while Fred insisted Muggle tricks were important to know, even if it was "a bit slow". Fred also "dropped" a Ton-Tongue Toffee for Dudley Dursley to find and eat. Fred also concocted the scheme of trying to fool Albus Dumbledore's Age Line to get into the Triwizard Tournament, though it was unsuccessful.
Both he and George were renowned for their senses of humour; they were able to make people laugh and relax even in very trying times. They were also staunchly loyal to their loved ones and very brave, having been sorted into Gryffindor and unafraid to stand up against what they thought was wrong, whether it was Dolores Umbridge's tyranny at Hogwarts or Death Eaters. Although not a high achiever academically, Fred was a very clever, talented, and creative wizard.
 George Weasley
George Weasley was Fred’s twin, best friend, and partner in crime. The two were very close and did just about everything together. They often finished each other’s sentences and spoke in a back and forth way that could confuse others at times. Together, Fred and George designed many ingenious pranks and shared the ambition to found a joke shop together. They were also both Beaters for the Gryffindor Quidditch team and close friends with Lee Jordan.
 Other Siblings
- Ginny: "Well – Percy's got a girlfriend.... You won't tease him, will you?"
- Fred: "Wouldn't dream of it."
- George: "Definitely not."
- — Fred "looking as if his birthday had come early" at something to tease Percy about[src]
Like his younger siblings, Fred tended to look up to his older brothers Bill and Charlie. However, he and George delighted in teasing Percy, who was closer to their age and quite different from them in personality. The twins were the angriest with Percy when he became estranged with the rest of the family over their support of Albus Dumbledore instead of the Ministry, but they were also the first to accept his apology just before the Battle of Hogwarts. During the battle, Fred and Percy fought side by side, and Percy was devastated over his brother’s death, fiercely protecting his body and furiously pursuing Augustus Rookwood.
The twins also enjoyed teasing their only younger brother, Ron. Notably, they nearly manipulated him into taking an Unbreakable Vow, transfigured his teddybear into a spider, and teased him over his embarrassing crush on Fleur Delacour. Fred was quite close to his sister Ginny, who was similar to the twins in temperament. They were protective of her, as well, and disapproved of her love life.
 Harry and Hermione
Fred and George were friendly with Harry Potter and Hermione Granger, Ron’s best friends, to the point of considering them like younger siblings. The twins cheered Harry up when many suspected he was the Heir of Slytherin in 1992, and gave him the Marauder's Map to help him sneak into Hogsmeade the following year. They also stood up for Harry when others doubted his claim that Lord Voldemort had returned or challenged his authority in the D.A.. Both twins risked their lives in the operation to remove Harry from his relatives’ home in 1997.
- Fred: "...we've decided we don't care about getting into trouble any more."
- Hermione: "Have you ever?"
- — Fred and Hermione[src]
Although Hermione generally disapproved of some of the twins’ antics, since she was a Prefect, she got on fairly well with them. They were outraged when Draco Malfoy called her a “Mudblood” in 1992, to the point of attempting to physically attack him. Fred and George also tried to get Hermione to relax, joking around with her about things such as their late uncle Bilius’s penchant for making mischief at weddings. Hermione also admired the twins’ cleverness and creativity in their spell work, though she did not agree with how they put it to use.
The name Fred is generally considerared a short form of the name Frederick. It is the English form of a Germanic name meaning "peaceful ruler", derived from frid, "peace", and ric, "ruler, power". It has been a very common name for rulers of the Holy Roman Empire, Germany, Austria, and Scandinavia, such as Frederick the Great of Prussia. Fred is also sometimes used as a diminutive of Alfred, derived from the Old English Ælfræd, meaning "elf counsel", or Alfrid, meaning "old peace". Alfred the Great was a ninth-century king of Wessex who battled the Danes and translated many Latin books into Old English. In Norweigan, Danish, and Swedish, Fred means "peace".
There has been some suggestion that Fred and George are named after their maternal uncles, Fabian and Gideon Prewett, who were killed in the First Wizarding War, who may have been twins, and who share Fred and George's first initials.
 Behind the scenes
- Fred is played by James Phelps in the film versions of the books.
- Fred and George each earned fewer O.W.L.s than the rest of their brothers.
- In the Goblet of Fire, the old Fred Weasley was portrayed by actor Christian Simpson.
- When Harry and his friends lose 150 House points in 1991, he loses favor with the Gryffindor Quidditch team. While understandable, it seems odd that Fred and George turned on him.
- In the book, J.K. Rowling described the twins as "shorter and stockier" and Percy and Ron as "long and lanky", but in the film, Fred and George were a lot taller and longer than Percy and Ron.
- In her drawing of the Weasley family tree, J.K. Rowling put the year of Fred's death down as 1997. In canon, he actually died in May of 1998.
- Despite the fact that they only earned 3 OWLs each, in Goblet of Fire, Fred mentioned that he was transfiguring a raccoon in Transfiguration. In Order of the Phoenix , George said that he might be able to sell a "'few Extendable ears before Herbology." Lee Jordan said that Fred and George played Exploding Snap during Defense against the Dark Arts, and that they had an inspected Charms lesson. They could have taken different subjects, though this is highly unlikely.
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (First appearance)
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film)
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film)
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- Harry Potter: Quidditch World Cup
 Notes and references
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- ↑ Times Online - The unwritten story of Harry's friends and their children
- ↑ Behind the Name" Fred
- ↑ Behind the Name: Frederick
- ↑ Behind the Name: Alfred
- ↑ Weasley family tree