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Americas
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Map of Americas - AD 600-1000
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Events
AD 600
Wari conquers territory stretching 560 miles along Peruvian coast
AD 600
Wari expansion begins to lead to Moche collapse
AD 650
Wari state starts to further expand territories
AD 650
Settlement sites of Xochicalco and Cacaxtle begin to develop
AD 650
Sonso period of Calima culture develops
AD 657
Pacal becomes king of the Maya religious centre, Palenque
AD 695
Waxaklahùn Ubàh K'awìl becomes ruler of Copán; begins huge building project
AD 700
Beginning of Puebloan cultures in the Southwest
AD 700
Teotihuacán destroyed by fire and deserted by its inhabitants
AD 700
Moche state disintegrates into several smaller states
AD 750
Wari control over highlands region begins to decline
AD 750
Sacred Cenote built at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán
AD 780
Murals at Bonampak, eastern Mexico, abandoned soon after completion
AD 790
Period of cultural paralysis in entire area: many sites abandoned
AD 800
Mound centres built in the central Mississippi region
AD 800
Around this time Wari highland capital is abandoned
AD 800
Beginning of the Mississippian Period in the eastern region
AD 850
Maize agriculture reaches south-west north America
AD 850
Small Chimú states begin to integrate into larger Chimor state; construction begins on capital at Chan Chan
AD 850
Chimú Sican culture, centred on Baton Grande, develops in northern Peru
AD 889
The date inscribed on one of the last monuments from central Maya region
AD 900
Thule culture, people from Alaska, begin migrating into Arctic Canada and Greenland
AD 900
Rise in power of Toltecs as Maya sites decline
AD 900
Around this time the Chimú kingdom of Chimor is fully established
AD 950
Great Serpent Mound constructed, Ohio
AD 950
Wari state enters period of decline
AD 982
Erik the Red, a Norwegian Viking, begins exploring Greenland
AD 985
Erik the Red founds colony in Greenland
AD 987
Toltec high priest and followers expelled from Tula by rival cult
AD 990
Exiled Toltecs take over Maya city of Chichén Itzá
AD 1000
Collapse of Andean states of Tiwanaku and Wari
AD 1000
Around this time Norse sailors from Greenland arrive at Newfoundland and build a boat-station at L'Anse aux Meadows
AD 1000
Toltec lead incursions into Maya territory
Americas

AD 600-1000

In North America during this period, plant cultivation developed into intensive agriculture. In the south-east, the Pueblo culture, living in the area covered today by the state of New Mexico, had established large villages. However, unlike many areas of the world, the development of agriculture and permanent settlements did not completely replace hunter gathering.

The societies of Central America and Mexico had constructed a number of major urban settlements and cities. They had developed writing systems, a sophisticated understanding of astronomy and a deep concern with time and predicting events using various calendars.

In tropical South America, in the Amazon rainforest, archaeologists have shown that there were large settlements of many thousands of people who built large earthworks and produced fine pottery. Cultivation of manioc was widespread by this time. Most settlements were on the banks of big rivers, giving access to huge quantities of fish.

In the Andes two large groups – effectively states – dominated the region. Tiwanaku, centred on the southern shore of Lake Titicaca, spread south into what is now northern Chile and Argentina. Further north the Wari state spread throughout what is now the central Peruvian highlands and along the coast.

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