The founder of polarography

Physicist and chemist Jaroslav Heyrovský (1890-1967) was the first Czech scientist to be awarded a Nobel Prize. In 1959 he was recognized for his discoveries in polarographic methods and their application in analytical chemistry.

The inventor of the screw propeller

Josef Ressel (1793 – 1857) was a Czech woodsman, inventor and writer. He is best known for having invented the screw propeller.

The father of modern physiology

Jan Evangelista Purkyně (1787 - 1869) was the most prominent Czech biologist of the 19th century, a scientist, explorer and exponent of the . His name today lives on in many specialized concepts and names used around the world.

The founder of genetics

Naturalist Johann Gregor Mendel (1822 - 1884) won world renown as the founder of the theory of heredity.

The founder of Hittitology

Exceptional Czech orientalist Bedřich Hrozný (1879 - 1952) is best known for deciphering the ancient Hittite language.

A pioneer of modern pedagogy

Educator and thinker Jan Amos Komenský (1592 - 1670) is one of the biggest figures in Czech History. Because of his pedagogical work, he is referred to as the Teacher of the Nation.

Did you know...


American Neil Armstrong, the first man to step onto the surface of the moon as part of the 1969 Apollo mission, counted among his personal items on the voyage a recording of Antonín Dvořák’s 9th symphony. The symphony ranks among the world’s best symphonic compositions of all time.