Children, women and other animals

A Grammar of Khembelle Barushlani

Boudewijn Rempt

October 2002


Table of Contents

Preface
1. Acknowledgments
1. Introduction
1.1. The Barushlani people
1.2. Methodological and theoretical assumptions of this grammar
1.3. Sources
1.4. Previous work
2. Abbreviations
I. Phonology
3. Vowel phonemes and their allophones
4. Consonant phonemes and their allophones
5. Hiatus and the syllable
5.1. Syllabic nucleus
6. The orthography
II. Morphology
7. Nominal Morphology
7.1. Number
7.2. Gender
7.3. Case
7.3.1. Ergative/Locative
7.3.2. Absolutive
7.3.3. Instrumental
7.3.4. Genitive
7.3.5. Vocative
7.3.6. Comitative
7.3.7. Ornative
7.3.8. Ablative
7.3.9. Comparative
7.4. Compounding
7.5. Pronouns
7.5.1. Personal pronouns
7.5.2. Deictic pronouns
7.5.3. Possessive pronouns
7.5.4. Interrogative pronouns
7.6. Numerals
7.7. Adjectives
8. Verbal morphology
8.1. The finite verb
8.2. Negation
8.3. Personal prefixes
8.4. Tense, Aspect and Aspectivers
8.4.1. Tense
8.4.2. Aspect
8.4.3. Transitivity
8.5. The Infinitive
9. Derivational morphology
9.1. Nominalisation
9.1.1. First Participle
9.1.2. Second Participle
9.1.3. Nomen Agentis
9.2. Verbalisation
9.3. Compounding
III. Syntax
10. Declarative Sentences
10.1. Simple Declarative Sentences
10.2. Topic-comment Constructions
10.3. Passive Sentences
10.4. Participle Chaining
10.5. Complex Declarative Sentences
11. The verbs to be
11.1. Existence
11.2. Attributive
12. Questions
13. Comparisons
14. Incomplete Sentences
15. Discourse Structure
A. Corpus
A.1. Barushlani
A.1.1. Mar Masai
A.1.2. Yidenir fragments
A.1.3. Khembelle fragments I
B. Lexicon
B.1. Barushlani
C. Sources
C.1. Recordings
C.2. Manuscripts
Bibliography

List of Tables

2.1. Abbreviations
2. Vowel Phonemes
3. Diphtongs
4. Consonant phonemes
7.1. Number suffixes
7.2. Case suffixes
7.3. Khembelle Baruslani personal pronouns
7.4. Deictic pronouns
7.5. Khembelle Baruslani personal possessive pronouns
7.6. Khembelle Baruslani interrogative pronouns
7.7. Khembelle Barushlani numerals
7.8. Colours
8.1. Khembelle Barushlani affixes and slots
8.2. Negation prefixes
8.3. Intranstive actant prefixes
8.4. Transitive actant prefixes
8.5. Tense suffixes
C.1. Denden
C.2. Southern Colloquial Charyan
C.3. Matraian
C.4. Mostral
C.5. Barushlani

List of Examples

7.1. Unmarked for number
7.2. Duality for necessary dual referencs
8.1. Gender and verbal endings
8.2. Negation
8.3. Progressive aspect
8.4. Infinitive
9.1. First participle forms
9.2. Second participle forms
9.3. Nomen agentis
11.1. Negative existence
11.2. Attributive 'to be'