Cinchona

All Cinchona specien are native plants of tropical south America. This became first recognized by the world at large, when a preparation of the bark cured the countess Dona Ana de chincon [wife of the viceroy of peru] in 1638. In 1820, the active principle of the bark, quinine was discovered. The first plants to be grown outside of south America was in the botanic gardens of paris And in London in 1848 A British expedction to south America brought bank seeds and plants in 1860 and that material is were planted at Hakgala Jaruany 1861. The planted acarage had risen to 64,000 in 1883 and the exports increased to a peak 15 million pounds in 1886.






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